How did improvements in agriculture in the countryside


How did the improvements in agriculture in the countryside likely affect the lives of townspeople? Food was better and more plentiful. Peasants crowded the cities for jobs and to quit farming.

How did an agricultural revolution contribute to population growth?

A huge increase in agricultural productivity and output during the agricultural revolution contributed to the population growth. The agriculture revolution created a surplus of food, so fewer people died from starvation. Statistics show that the agricultural revolution contribution a rapid growth in population.

How did technological advances in agriculture affect the industrial revolution?

How did technological advances in agriculture affect the Industrial Revolution? Wealthy landowners began to consolidate farms by enclosing them to have larger pastures. In addition, better farming equipment and better practices helped increase the supply and quality of food.

Which of the following was an agricultural improvement of the 1600s?

what is an agricultural improvement of the 1600’s? fertilizer from livestock.

In what way did the agricultural revolution pave the way for the industrial revolution?

The Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century paved the way for the Industrial Revolution in Britain. New farming techniques and improved livestock breeding led to amplified food production. This allowed a spike in population and increased health. The new farming techniques also led to an enclosure movement.

How did inventions help farming?

However, other inventions more directly affected the food supply. Reapers allowed huge amounts of grain to be harvested, while threshers made sure that the grains would fall from the stalks, decreasing waste. The spread of railroads and trains helped make farming during the Industrial Revolution more profitable.

How did innovations in farming affect societies?

Effects on Rural Population Labor-saving equipment reduced the need for hired help and led to an incentive to farmers to expand their acres. As farms grew larger with less hired help, the rural population decreased, putting a stress on the small towns and rural institutions like churches, hospitals and schools.

Why did agricultural production improve?

Agricultural production has gained importance recently because of climate change and food security. The exponential increase in the world’s population leads to an increased demand for food.

How did the British achieve an increase in agricultural productivity?

How did Britain achieve this agricultural productivity? process of enclosure, whereby landlords would reclaim and privatize fields that for centuries had been held in common by multiple tenants. This increased agricultural productivity, but it also impoverished many tenant farmers, many of whom lost their livelihoods.

Why did people live in rural areas before the Agricultural Revolution?

Why did many people live in rural areas before the Agricultural Revolution? They could grow food on small areas of land. What is the most likely reason the Agricultural Revolution caused an increase in population? More and better food allowed people to be healthy and fed.

What were the major innovations of the Agricultural Revolution that led to better food production?

Processes like Lord Townshend’s crop rotation and Bakewell’s inbreeding methods allowed for increase in food production; further with all the extra crops, inventions such as the ‘Spinning Jenny’ and the Cotton Gin allowed for the replacement of agricultural workers because machines could do more of the work.

What was life before the Agricultural Revolution How did farming change people’s lives?

Before farming, people lived by hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants. When supplies ran out, these hunter-gatherers moved on. Farming meant that people did not need to travel to find food. Instead, they began to live in settled communities, and grew crops or raised animals on nearby land.

What were the results of the Agricultural Revolution?

The agricultural revolution had a variety of consequences for humans. It has been linked to everything from societal inequality—a result of humans’ increased dependence on the land and fears of scarcity—to a decline in nutrition and a rise in infectious diseases contracted from domesticated animals.

How did advances in technology lead to the Industrial Revolution?

New Power Technologies In the early part of the Industrial Revolution natural power sources such as water and wind were used as power. Later, new power technologies such as a steam power and electricity played a major role in allowing the Industrial Revolution to grow.

How did agriculture change due to the introduction of industrial agriculture techniques?

New technology, including chemicals and larger tractors, allowed farmers to work larger areas of land with less labor. Government policies encouraged farmers to scale up their operations. Farmers were also motivated by economies of scale—the economic advantage of producing larger numbers of products.

What agricultural inventions were made in the Industrial Revolution?

Jan 1, 1701. The Seed Drill. Seed Drill. … Jan 1, 1703. Rotherham Plow. Rotherham Plow. … Jan 1, 1734. Threshing Machine. Threshing Machine. … Jan 1, 1794. Cotton Gin. Cotton Gin. … Jan 1, 1801. Field Enclosure. … Jan 1, 1828. Reaping Machine. … Jan 1, 1830. Lawn Mower. … Jan 1, 1837. John Deere Steel Plow.More items…

What were the 3 most important inventions of the Industrial Revolution?

The three most important inventions of the first Industrial Revolution include the steam engine, the spinning jenny, and the telegraph. The three most important inventions of the Second Industrial Revolution include the combustible engine, electricity, and the lightbulb.

Why did people start farming?

In the Near East, for example, it’s thought that climatic changes at the end of the last ice age brought seasonal conditions that favored annual plants like wild cereals. Elsewhere, such as in East Asia, increased pressure on natural food resources may have forced people to find homegrown solutions. But whatever the reasons for its independent origins, farming sowed the seeds for the modern age.

What was the farming revolution?

Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the ” Neolithic Revolution.”. Traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles, followed by humans since their evolution, were swept aside in favor of permanent settlements …

What is the meaning of “agriculture”?

agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). annual plant. Noun. plant with a life cycle of no more than one year, and often much less. barley. Noun. grass cultivated as a grain.

What mutation occurred during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe?

But at some point during the spread of farming into southeastern Europe, a mutation occurred for lactose tolerance that increased in frequency through natural selection thanks to the nourishing benefits of milk.

When was rice first grown?

The origins of rice and millet farming date to around 6,000 B.C.E. The world’s oldest known rice paddy fields, discovered in eastern China in 2007, reveal evidence of ancient cultivation techniques such as flood and fire control.

When did rice and millet farming start?

The origins of rice and millet farming date to around 6,000 B.C.E.

Where did the wild produce originate?

The wild progenitors of crops including wheat, barley and peas are traced to the Near East region. Cereals were grown in Syria as long as 9,000 years ago, while figs were cultivated even earlier; prehistoric seedless fruits discovered in the Jordan Valley suggest fig trees were being planted some 11,300 years ago. Though the transition from wild harvesting was gradual, the switch from a nomadic to a settled way of life is marked by the appearance of early Neolithic villages with homes equipped with grinding stones for processing grain.

How did agriculture improve?

Agricultural production improved because they started getting better tools such as the iron plow, that carved deep into the soil, and they got a new kind of harness which let them use horses rather than oxen to pull the plows . This made everything faster. Plus they figured out a new way of rotating crops which allowed them to plant more of their lands. These advances made the agricultural production grow faster and faster.

What were the advantages of living in a medieval city?

Some advantages the townspeople living in a medieval city had were that they had the right to choose their own leaders and control their own affairs. I would prefer living in a medieval city than in the country. This is because in the city in the city, there are more goods, more trade and I could become a member of the guilds. Also, if I was a merchant I could own my own business. In addition, there are more job opportunities.

Why was the revival of trade important?

Because of it, coined money began to appear in circulation again. Then the need for capital grew and led to the growth of banking houses. The economy then started rising which was very important.

Why did the Medieval cities grow?

Because of the improvements in agriculture, farmers produced more food. With more food available, the population began to grow. Medieval cities began to grow and become more crowded.

How did the Crusades affect the end of Europe?

The Crusades helped quicken the pace of major economic and political changes, contributing to the end of medieval Europe. They helped increase the level of trade, encouraged the growth of money economy, helped increase the power of monarchs, and their experiences and of travelers like Marco Polo expanded European horizons and contributed to the end of medieval Europe by bringing Europe into a wider world from which it had been cut off since the fall of Rome.

What did guilds do?

Guilds made rules to protect the quality of guild members’ goods, regulate hours of labor, and set prices. Guilds also provided social services. They operated schools and hospitals, looked after the needs of their members, and provided support for the widows and orphans of their members.

Why was the invasion of the Byzantine Empire by the Seljuk Turks significant?

The invasion of the Byzantine empire by the Seljuk Turks was significant because the longtime rivals, Roman popes and Byzantine emperors, finally united. They united to help fight the Muslim Turks.

How did the agricultural revolution help the Industrial Revolution?

6 The Agricultural Revolution helped bring about the Industrial Revolution through innovations and inventions that altered how the farming process worked. 7 These new processes in turn created a decline in both the intensity of the work and the number of agricultural laborers needed. Because of the decline in need for agricultural workers, many worked industrial jobs, further fueling the Industrial Revolution. 8 At the beginning of the Agricultural Revolution farm hands chose to migrate to the city to work industrial jobs; however, as the decline in need for agricultural workers grew, many were forced to look for work in the industries.

What were the factors that drove the agricultural revolution?

Innovations and Inventions were the only factor that drove the Agricultural Revolution.

What were the negative effects of the agricultural revolution?

Another negative that came from the Agricultural Revolution was the necessary conditions needed for efficient farming, such as; adequate farm buildings, access of roads, drainage of wetlands, transport facilities for marketing, and sources of finance for farmers.These were negative effects seen across Europe by many who joined in the Revolution.

Why was agriculture the largest source of employment?

Though the labor was difficult, agricultural work became the largest source of employment because of the ‘self-supply’ benefit, which is the ability to stock their own food stores through their own work.

How did the Industrial Revolution happen?

The Industrial Revolution was made possible due to the many changes and innovations in the agriculture industry. Major Contributors such as Jethro Tull and Lord Townshend found innovative ways to utilize the land and animals alongside new agricultural machines from Inventors, Robert Bakewell and James Hargreaves. 19 Processes like Lord Townshend’s crop rotation and Bakewell’s inbreeding methods allowed for increase in food production; further with all the extra crops, inventions such as the ‘Spinning Jenny’ and the Cotton Gin allowed for the replacement of agricultural workers because machines could do more of the work. 20 With a rising population and a large, cheap available work force the Industrial Revolution was made possible. Fewer men were involved in agriculture, which meant that more would find employment in other industries further driving the Industrial Revolution. Though the many inventions and inventors contributed to further drive the Agricultural Revolution, it is also not limited to these factors alone; many other influences helped drive the agricultural revolution, and ultimately the Industrial Revolution.

What was the first invention of the Industrial Revolution?

Eli Whitney another inventor born in America in 1765, made another key invention of the industrial revolution, the cotton gin (picture to the right) which was invented in 1794. A cotton gin is a machine that quickly separates cotton fibers from their seeds. The invention of the cotton gin allowed for much greater productivity than manual labor, resulting in this invention greatly increasing the production rate for clothing and other cotton goods. Despite the cotton gins success, Whitney made little money from his invention due to patent-infringement issues. For his work, he is credited as a pioneer of American manufacturing. 16

What were the factors that contributed to the Industrial Revolution?

Though there were many contributing aspects to the Agricultural Revolution,the innovations and inventions were one of the largest factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolutions. This page will focus specifically on five major inventors whose inventions allowed for more people to move to the city for industrial work. Thus allowing the Industrial revolution to begin.

What was the importance of farming in medieval England?

Medieval Farming. Many peasants in Medieval England worked the land and, as a result, farming was critically important to a peasant family in Medieval England. Most people lived in villages where there was plenty of land for farming. Medieval towns were small but still needed the food produced by surrounding villages.

What crops were planted in one field?

Wheat or rye was planted in one field, and oats, barley, peas, lentils or broad beans were planted in the second field. The third field was left fallow. Each year the crops were rotated to leave one field fallow. This system also ensured that the same crop was not grown in the same field two years running.

Why were medieval fields narrow?

Medieval fields were characteristically very long and narrow because peasants wanted to plow the longest furrows possible before they were required to turn the plow around, a cumbersome process.

How did the Crusades help Europe?

The crusades began just as Europe was starting major economic and political changes, and the Crusades helped accelerate these processes. Since travel was increased, trade was also increased. Since they had to finance a trip to the Holy Land, they needed money so peasants were allowed to pay in money rather than grain or labor.

What did the Seljuks do to the Byzantine Empire?

The change of power was threatening the travel to the Holy Land and endangered the Byzantine empire.

What were the most important innovations of the agricultural revolution?

Crop Rotation. One of the most important innovations of the Agricultural Revolution was the development of the Norfolk four-course rotation, which greatly increased crop and livestock yields by improving soil fertility and reducing fallow.

What were the new agricultural practices?

The Agricultural Revolution, the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries, was linked to such new agricultural practices as crop rotation, selective breeding, and a more productive use of arable land.

How did legumes help plants grow?

The planting of legumes helped to increase plant growth in the empty field due to the bacteria on legume roots’ ability to fix nitrogen from the air into the soil in a form that plants could use . Other crops that were occasionally grown were flax and members of the mustard family.

What crops were grown in open field?

During the Middle Ages, the open field system initially used a two-field crop rotation system where one field was left fallow or turned into pasture for a time to try to recover some of its plant nutrients. Later, a three-year three-field crop rotation routine was employed, with a different crop in each of two fields, e.g. oats, rye, wheat, and barley with the second field growing a legume like peas or beans, and the third field fallow. Usually from 10–30% of the arable land in a three-crop rotation system is fallow. Each field was rotated into a different crop nearly every year. Over the following two centuries, the regular planting of legumes such as peas and beans in the fields that were previously fallow slowly restored the fertility of some croplands. The planting of legumes helped to increase plant growth in the empty field due to the bacteria on legume roots’ ability to fix nitrogen from the air into the soil in a form that plants could use. Other crops that were occasionally grown were flax and members of the mustard family. The practice of convertible husbandry, or the alternation of a field between pasture and grain, introduced pasture into the rotation. Because nitrogen builds up slowly over time in pasture, plowing pasture and planting grains resulted in high yields for a few years. A big disadvantage of convertible husbandry, however, was the hard work that had to be put into breaking up pastures and difficulty in establishing them.

Why is rotation important for crops?

Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons to help restore plant nutrients and mitigate the build-up of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one plant species is continuously cropped . Rotation can also improve soil structure and fertility by alternating deep-rooted and shallow-rooted plants. The Norfolk System, as it is now known, rotates crops so that different crops are planted with the result that different kinds and quantities of nutrients are taken from the soil as the plants grow. An important feature of the Norfolk four-field system was that it used labor at times when demand was not at peak levels. Planting cover crops such as turnips and clover was not permitted under the common field system because they interfered with access to the fields and other people’s livestock could graze the turnips.

What was the Industrial Revolution?

Industrial Revolution: The transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools, and the rise of the factory system.

What is crop rotation?

crop rotation: The practice of growing a series of dissimilar or different types of crops in the same area in sequenced seasons so that the soil of farms is not used to only one type of nutrient. It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yield.


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