how did the agricultural revolution affect the industrial revolution



The Agricultural Revolution helped bring about the Industrial Revolution through innovations and inventions that altered how the farming process worked. These new processes in turn created a decline in both the intensity of the work and the number of agricultural laborers needed.

How did the Industrial Revolution change the agriculture industry?

Machines became widely used in farming, and consequently, farms required fewer workers. Large, technologically advanced farms replaced subsistence farms. The Industrial Revolution demonstrates an idea known as economies of scale. According to this principle, increased production of goods leads to increased efficiency.

Was agriculture affected by the Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution was a changing point for many aspects of human life and the overall standard of living. Agriculture changed as well during this time as technology, such as the seed drill, the Dutch plough, was able to increase human productivity and led there to be higher outputs of food (Johnson).

Was the Agricultural Revolution necessary for the Industrial Revolution?

Was the revolution in agriculture necessary to the Industrial Revolution? Yes. The new inventions and ways of farming increased the amount of food made and allowed for the population to grow. These modern ideas and inventions introduced new ways of thinking and allowed for improvement on old ideas.

What role does agriculture play in relation to industrialization?

Agriculture is important because it employs so much of the labor force in the early stages of development. It has the capacity to exploit productivity-increasing technological innovations that make large net additions to national income and hence to purchasing power.

What are the effects of the Agricultural Revolution?

The agricultural revolution had a variety of consequences for humans. It has been linked to everything from societal inequality—a result of humans’ increased dependence on the land and fears of scarcity—to a decline in nutrition and a rise in infectious diseases contracted from domesticated animals.

How did the Agricultural Revolution lead to the Industrial Revolution quizlet?

How did the Agricultural Revolution lead to the Industrial Revolution? When farming methods improved, food supplies increased, and so did England’s population; this led to increased demand for goods. Small farmers lost their land to enclosed farms and became factory workers.

What is the difference between Agricultural Revolution and Industrial Revolution?

Agriculture revolution resulted into expansion of the economy through agricultural technology, the complex division of labours permanent settlement and advanced trade. The industrial revolution resulted into centralisation of work in factories and specialized division of labour.

How did England change from an agricultural country to an industrial one?

The rise in productivity accelerated the decline of the agricultural share of the labour force, adding to the urban workforce on which industrialization depended: the Agricultural Revolution has therefore been cited as a cause of the Industrial Revolution.


Why did agriculture explode?

One of the reasons for the explosion of agricultural production in the Agricultural Revolution (which in effect continues today) was that it fueled (and was fueled by) the Industrial Revolution. New inventions and demands made farming ever more productive.

How did crop yields increase?

Crop yields per acre were increased by new knowledge about what techniques would allow plants to grow. Fertilizers, minerals, and soil amendments as well as crop rotations were used to improve soil fertility and crop yields. In mid-1700s, rudimentary pest-control was introduced. Composting techniques had been around for a long time, but methods of making and using composts were upgraded as time passed by.

How did the factory system help the economy?

The factory system allowed the concentration of machines and workers, which gave managers the ability to develop more efficient systems allowing even more productivity. The factories were at first confined to areas near rivers where water power and mills were used to run the machinery. The development of the steam engine, powered by wood, coal, or oil, allowed factories to be built anywhere. The first steam engine was a steam pump, built by Thomas Savery. In 1769, James Watt developed an efficient steam engine which was put to work in factories and soon saw service turning the paddle wheels of ships and driving locomotives.

What was the new invention in the late 1800s?

The late 1800s saw new innovations in powering machines. Electricity could power small devices and provide light. The advent of oil was especially auspicious in the area of transport. Oil was a relatively clean alternative when used in conjunction with the internal combustion engine. The development of cheap steel made the internal combustion engine light (compared to the steam engine); so it could be used to power personal vehicles like motorcycles and automobiles, as well as trucks and diesel engines (for the transport of goods), not to mention tractors which boosted agricultural productivity on farms even more.

What were the crops that were introduced in Ireland?

Farm animals were bred to produce more meat, more wool, and higher quality eggs. New crops were introduced such as the potato, sugar beet, oil seeds that added variety to peoples’ foods. For many years potato was the main crop that fed the farmers and peasants of Ireland, until the great potato blight that caused famine across the country.

What were the tools and processes that were developed to ensure that less people were needed to cultivate larger areas and produce ever

New tools, and processes were developed to ensure that less people were needed to cultivate larger areas and produce ever increasing amounts of food. New plows, rakes, and other farm implements began to be used. By the mid-1800s farm machinery, such as the McCormick reaper, vastly increased the productivity of every farm worker. The Enclosure Movement occurred throughout the 1700s in England where common land was divided among the local farmers and peasants. The land ended up becoming enclosed by fences (thus the name). With private ownership of the land it became far more productive.

Why did Thomas Malthus believe that most of the population would live in poverty and experience starvation?

Thomas Malthus in the early 1800s hypothesized that most of the population would live in poverty and experience starvation because the food supply would not be able to keep up with population growth. He was proved to be wrong, as agricultural production far exceeded his and many other economist’s expectations. Most food shortages are caused by artificial barriers imposed by governmental bodies.

What were the effects of the agricultural revolution?

The increase in agricultural production and technological advancements during the Agricultural Revolution contributed to unprecedented population growth and new agricultural practices, triggering such phenomena as rural-to-urban migration, development of a coherent and loosely regulated agricultural market, and emergence of capitalist farmers.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect the demand for rural labor?

The development and advancement of tools and machines decreased the demand for rural labor. That together with increasingly restricted access to land forced many rural workers to migrate to cities, eventually supplying the labor demand created by the Industrial Revolution.

How did free market capitalism affect farmers?

With the development of regional markets and eventually a national market aided by improved transportation infrastructures, farmers were no longer dependent on their local markets and were less subject to having to sell at low prices into an oversupplied local market and not being able to sell their surpluses to distant localities that were experiencing shortages. They also became less subject to price fixing regulations. Farming became a business rather than solely a means of subsistence. Under free market capitalism, farmers had to remain competitive. To be successful, they had to become effective managers who incorporated the latest farming innovations in order to be low-cost producers.

Why did agriculture increase in Britain?

The unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain due to increases in labor and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries. Agricultural output grew faster than the population over the century to 1770 and thereafter productivity remained among the highest in the world.

What was the most productive agricultural revolution in Europe?

The Agricultural Revolution gave Britain at the time the most productive agriculture in Europe, with 19th-century yields as much as 80% higher than the Continental average. Even as late as 1900, British yields were rivaled only by Denmark, the Netherlands, and Belgium.

Why did farmers become less dependent on their local markets?

With the development of regional markets and eventually a national market aided by improved transportation infrastructures, farmers were no longer dependent on their local markets. This freed them from having to lower prices in an oversupplied local market and the inability to sell surpluses to distant localities experiencing shortages. They also became less subject to price fixing regulations. Farming became a business rather than solely a means of subsistence.

How did the increase in food supply affect the population of England and Wales?

Social Impact. The increase in the food supply contributed to the rapid growth of population in England and Wales, from 5.5 million in 1700 to over 9 million by 1801 , although domestic production gave way increasingly to food imports in the 19th century as population more than tripled to over 32 million.

How did the agricultural revolution affect the industrial revolution?

A further increase in population provided labor for the industries. The agricultural revolution, which led to a greater abundance of food, had led to significant reductions in the prices of foodstuffs. The population thus had more disposable income to spend on industrial products. The need to sustain food production inspired more inventions in technology which facilitated the industrial revolution. During the agricultural period, the United Kingdom became economically prosperous and wealthy as farmers acquired capital to invest in industries and technology. The innovations in Agricultural revolution, coupled with improved infrastructure further fueled the industrial revolution.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect the UK?

Better infrastructure meant that produce reached local and international markets through exports. As food production increased, a rise in population was experienced as more people could be sustained. A large population in the UK became non-land holders as the tenure system of land came into effect, a situation which created a large market for agricultural produce and help boost trade. Improved trade enabled growth of the banking sector and development of loan facilities as economic assistance to farmers, and therefore underpinning industrial revolution.

How did the steamboat help the economy?

The Steamboat enabled faster and cheaper transport and facilitated the invention of the steam-powered train by Stephenson. With better infrastructure, produce could now travel throughout the country, a situation which further helped to boost trade.

What were the factors that facilitated the Revolution?

Several factors facilitated the revolution, the first being acts of Parliamentary legislation regarding land enclosure. A series of Parliamentary legislation in the United Kingdom promoted land consolidation, either owned or rented. The aim of this system was to establish separate chunks of land to allow efficient and economical utilization of land. The acts laid the foundation for a land-owning system in Britain. Large tracts of land could be utilized for agricultural purposes, and productivity increased. The formation of agricultural societies and annual shows facilitated innovation and the spread of ideas. More efficient methods were adopted as knowledge became widespread. Other factors were changing climatic conditions, increased populations of livestock, innovations and higher yields.

What were the innovations of the Revolution?

Notable innovations included the seed drill, which was invented by Jethro Tull and enabled seeds to be planted deep into the soil mechanically. Previously, seeds had been planted on the top layer and were quickly washed away or lost.

What was the main crop rotation system?

The crop rotation system, championed by agriculturalists such as Charles Townshend, was widely adopted by farmers. In the system, fodder crops such as turnips and clover were planted instead of leaving the land fallow. Clover and Turnips were fed to cattle and also improved the soil fertility.

What were the innovations that helped farmers?

Numerous other innovations included the Hay-tossing machine, the flying shuttle, the spinning jenny, and Crompton’s mule for the production of yarn. As more and more innovations were made, agriculture increasingly became automated.

How did new technologies and practices affect agriculture?

New technologies and practices increased agriculture production and also reduced the need for farm workers. New laws (in England at least) changed the way that land was distributed among the population. The farmers who ended up with a larger amount of land ended up being more helpful in bringing “modern” practices.

What were the inventions that were made to help agriculture?

New inventions were made to help agriculture, which decreased the need for human labor and increase the number of people who could work in factories: Chemical fertilizers were made that helped the land’s fertility. Iron and steel was used as tools. Mechanical seed drills were used.

Why did farmers use animal manure?

The practice of using animal manure to fertile fields and using crop rotation methods because common. Farmers found that by changing which crops were grown yearly, the soil could faster recover its fertility. New drainage techniques allowed for swamps and marshes to be used for production as well.

What percentage of people were farmers in the 1800s?

Prior to the Industrial Revolution, most people were peasant farmers. By 1800, thirty-six percent was involved in agriculture, and by 1900 the number was less than seven percent. While England experienced this issue the most, other nations found a similar pattern to be true.

Who found the most trouble with providing food for its growing cities?

Many people had moved from farms to the city to seek work in the factories. This yielded in a smaller percentage of the population left that had to provide for the entire rest of the areas with the foods (vegetables, meats). England found the most trouble with providing food for its growing cities.

How many acres were there in the agricultural revolution?

Between 1604 and 1914, over 5,200 individual acts were put into place, enclosing 6.8 million acres. Agricultural Revolution: The unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain due to increases in labor and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries.

Why is rotation important for crops?

Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons to help restore plant nutrients and mitigate the build-up of pathogens and pests that often occurs when one plant species is continuously cropped . Rotation can also improve soil structure and fertility by alternating deep-rooted and shallow-rooted plants. The Norfolk System, as it is now known, rotates crops so that different crops are planted with the result that different kinds and quantities of nutrients are taken from the soil as the plants grow. An important feature of the Norfolk four-field system was that it used labor at times when demand was not at peak levels. Planting cover crops such as turnips and clover was not permitted under the common field system because they interfered with access to the fields and other people’s livestock could graze the turnips.

What crops were planted in the Middle Ages?

Following a two-field crop rotation system common in the Middle Ages and a three-year three field crop rotation routine employed later, the regular planting of legumes such as peas and beans in the fields that were previously fallow became central and slowly restored the fertility of some croplands.

How did legumes help plants grow?

The planting of legumes helped to increase plant growth in the empty field due to the bacteria on legume roots’ ability to fix nitrogen from the air into the soil in a form that plants could use . Other crops that were occasionally grown were flax and members of the mustard family.

What were the new agricultural practices?

The Agricultural Revolution, the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries, was linked to such new agricultural practices as crop rotation, selective breeding, and a more productive use of arable land.

Why is crop rotation important?

It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yield.

How did enclosures increase the value of land?

Enclosure could be accomplished by buying the ground rights and all common rights to accomplish exclusive rights of use , which increased the value of the land. The other method was by passing laws causing or forcing enclosure, such as parliamentary enclosure. The latter process of enclosure was sometimes accompanied by force, resistance, and bloodshed, and remains among the most controversial areas of agricultural and economic history in England.

How did the agricultural revolution affect people?

The agricultural revolutions affected how people worked and got their food. The first caused people to grow crops and raise animals for food. The second caused people to move into cities and work in factories . The third led to an increase in human population.

What were the main developments in agriculture during the agricultural revolution?

In China, humans used flood and fire control to create rice paddies beginning around 6,000 B .C. They domesticated water buffalos and yaks to eat their meat and milk and their hair and hide to make clothing. In Mexico, humans selectively bred a wild plant called teosinte to create maize or corn. The earliest known corn cob dates from 3,500 B.C. These same humans grew squash, which would become a staple food throughout the Americas. At the same time in the Andes Mountains of South America, humans grew potatoes.

Why did the first agricultural revolution occur?

Because this revolution began about 14,000 years ago at the end of the last Ice Age, experts theorize the warmer climate drove early humans to plant crops and build homes. At the same time, humans developed aspects of culture like religion and art. Archeologists have discovered cave art and figurines from this period. These discoveries demonstrate how humans had developed greater intellectual capabilities than their ancestors. Additionally, these new beliefs may have encouraged humans to settle in a permanent community with like-minded people.

What was the second agricultural revolution?

The Second Agricultural Revolution, or the British Agricultural Revolution, began during the 18th century. Major changes to farming techniques, which included livestock breeding, crop rotation, and mechanical farm equipment, decreased the number of workers needed on farms.

How did agriculture change the world?

The innovations in agriculture radically changed how humans produced food. Crop rotation and livestock breeding resulted in higher yields, while new mechanical equipment required fewer workers. Because their work was no longer needed, people traveled to cities to find work. Some people were desperate for employment in factories or other city jobs. Their small family farms could not compete with larger, industrial farms, or modern farming equipment had rendered their labor obsolete. In contrast, the children of successful farmers could now leave their families to look for other employment without worrying about who would work on the farm. The surplus produce from industrial farms could be sold to city dwellers, which in turn allowed more people to have occupations other than farming.

Why was the Third Agricultural Revolution called the Green Revolution?

This time period received its name because of the emphasis on creating crops that yielded the most produce. Improvement in fertilizers and irrigation allowed crops to grow in climates previously too dry. Agricultural scientists like American researcher Norman Borlaug bred plants resistant to disease, produced more grain, and responded well to fertilizers. Industrial farms raised a single strain of highly productive plant. While these homogeneous crops increased yield, they were less disease-resistant and elevated the need for pesticides.

Why did the seed drill revolution start?

This revolution started because of developments in technology, a shift towards industrialization, and the growth of cities. In the early 18th century, British inventor Jethro Tull perfected the seed drill, which allowed farmers to efficiently sew seeds in rows rather than scattering seeds by hand.

Factors Fueling The Agricultural Revolution

Changes in Technology and Farming Methods

Role of Climate and Weather Patterns

  • In the mid-1600s, the climate in England became colder and wetter, and intelligent seed selection became even more crucial for British farmers. New and superior varieties such as White-Eared Red Wheat, Red-Stalked Wheat and narrow-eared barley, which had an extended season and which could be stored in barns for lesser periods were developed. As more and more new crops …

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Effects on Greater British Society and Trade

  • The effects of the revolution were immense and far-reaching. Now farmers were able to provide enough for the population, and the surplus produce was traded. Better infrastructure meant that produce reached local and international markets through exports. As food production increased, a rise in population was experienced as more people could be sustained. A large population in the …

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The Agricultural Revolution’s Facilitation of The Industrial Revolution

  • The agricultural revolution in Britain was instrumental in the developments that characterized the industrial revolution. The enclosure system had displaced people who subsequently moved into cities. A further increase in population provided labor for the industries. The agricultural revolution, which led to a greater abundance of food, had led to …

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