WWI (1914-1918) In WWI the American farmers increased their production to almost entirely sustain the Allied effort. This increased production was important as it helped start the engine for the war and also led to the overproduction of the Roaring 20’s leading to the Great Depression.
What happened to the strategic importance of Agriculture after World War II?
In the post–World War II period, the changing technologies and logistics of war sharply reduced the strategic importance of agriculture. During the 1940s and 1950s, the national security doctrine asserted the need for the United States to maintain a preponderance of power—power that was not based solely upon strategic nuclear weapons.
What is the connection between war and agriculture?
War and agriculture have often been intertwined during the nation’s history. Although this usually involved arable land and farm production, there were times when agricultural trade was at issue.
How did agriculture change in the south during the Civil War?
Southern agriculture continued during much of the war, maintained by slave labor; the main change was diversification from large cotton crops to corn and other foodstuffs as the South was cut off from Northern wheat supplies.
How did WW1 affect the lives of farmers?
In this process it was poor White and Black farmers who were disadvantaged by the war. Combined with the impact of the 1913 Land Act and the increased demand for cheap labour on farms, black squatters faced increased pressure in the form of taxes, rents, evictions, and access to land.
How did the war affect the population centers?
The World War II period resulted in the largest number of people migrating within the United States, in the history of the country. Individuals and families relocated to industrial centers for good paying war jobs, and out of a sense of patriotic duty.
Who was the lead in April 1942 Bataan?
Edward (“Ned”) King, U.S. commander of all ground troops on Bataan, surrendered his thousands of sick, enervated, and starving troops on April 9, 1942. The siege of Bataan was the first major land battle for the Americans in World War II and one of the most-devastating military defeats in American history.
What does bohemian mean in relation to artists writers and musicians?
What does “Bohemian” mean in relation to artists, writers, and musicians? It means artistic and unconventional.
What significant population shifts occurred during the war?
What significant population shifts occurred during the war? Many people moved to California. African Americans moved north to cities. How did the GI Bill of Rights help war veterans?
What is the Bataan Death March quizlet?
Bataan Death March. A march in which soldiers marched 55 miles to get to prison camps. Thousands of Americans and Filipinos died in this march. Battle of Bataan. The battle in which General Douglas MacArthur surrendered to the Japanese.
How were the allies victorious in the Soviet Union North Africa and Italy quizlet?
The Allies were victorious in Soviet Union by trapping a large German force in Stalingrad. In North Africa, General Dwight D. Eisenhower defeated German troops and took back the land. The Allies took over Sicily, got Mussolini imprisoned, and eventually drove Nazis out of the country.
What is boho music?
Bohemianism is the practice of an unconventional lifestyle, often in the company of like-minded people and with few permanent ties. It involves musical, artistic, literary, or spiritual pursuits. In this context, bohemians may be wanderers, adventurers, or vagabonds.
What is bohemian aesthetic?
Boho style incorporates an eclectic mix of colors, patterns, and textures. The relaxed, global-inspired aesthetic bends traditional design rules to create a layered, personalized look. Embrace the style’s laidback vibes with these bohemian decorating ideas.
What are some examples of mass media quizlet?
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the Internet, and other means of popular communication. The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
What social changes took place after WWII?
New families were created as women married servicemen of other nations and moved overseas; children were born in fatherless homes as a result of demobilised troops leaving the UK to return to the US or Canada or due to a death as a result of the war; and the divorce rate spiked as many families struggled to re-adjust …
Which government agencies assigned priorities with respect to the use of raw materials and transportation during the war?
The War Production Board established in 1942 was the major war-time agency in charge of converting peacetime industries to meet war needs. It allocated scarce materials vital to war production, established priorities in the distribution of materials and services, and prohibited non-essential production.
How did the war affect families and personal lives?
The war brought vast changes: While there was an increase in marriages, job opportunities, and patriotism there was also a definite decline in morale among some Americans. Despite the increase in rising wages, poverty increased and some families were forced to move in search of work.
What is the relationship between agriculture and war?
Agriculture and War. Agriculture and War. War and agriculture have often been intertwined during the nation’s history. Although this usually involved arable land and farm production, there were times when agricultural trade was at issue.
What did farmers receive during the war?
During the war, farmers received draft deferments as well as loans for increasing production through mechanization, land acquisition, and increased use of fertilizers. The index of gross farm production (with 1939 at 100) rose from 108 in 1940 to 126 in 1946.
How did the Department of Agriculture distribute commodity support payments?
The postwar U.S. Department of Agriculture distributed commodity support payments according to the total output and landholdings of farmers; marginal producers received less and were thereby encouraged (in many cases forced) to leave farming.
How did the Roosevelt administration respond to the Depression in agriculture?
During the 1930s, the Roosevelt administration responded to the depression in agriculture with commodity support programs that provided benefits to the more affluent commercial farmers, especially midwestern corn growers and southern cotton producers.
What were the requirements of the American Revolution?
The American Revolution, for example, stemmed in part from British mercantilist regulations, including the requirements that the colonies ship certain commodities, such as tobacco, only to England, and that the English have a monopoly of the American market on certain foodstuffs such as tea.
What was the Westward Expansion of Agriculture?
The westward expansion of American agriculture was founded on military conquest and the displacement of Native Americans. The Mexican War of 1846–48 also involved westward expansion, this time at the expense of Mexicans as well as Indians.
What was the purpose of the Peace Treaty of 1783?
The peace treaty of 1783 provided the new United States with land as far west as the Mississippi River. Westward expansion of agriculture intensified the pressures on American Indian nations and fueled intermittent wars with them. The westward expansion of American agriculture was founded on military conquest and the displacement …
How did the war affect agriculture?
The war had reduced the role of foreign competition as agricultural production in Europe was severely disrupted during the war years.
What was agriculture dominated by?
In the Orange Free State (OFS, now Free State Province) and the Transvaal (now made up of Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and the North West provinces) agriculture was still dominated by rent landlordism, rather than commodity production up to the end of the Anglo-Boer war. Capitalisation of agriculture only really developed after the formation …
What did the 1913 Land Act do to the Black Peasantry?
White farmers increased their petitions to the state to introduce measures that would intensify the application of those provisions of the 1913 Land Act aimed at eliminating what remained of an independent Black peasantry through sharecropping.
What were the effects of the 1913 Land Act on black squatters?
Combined with the impact of the 1913 Land Act and the increased demand for cheap labour on farms, black squatters faced increased pressure in the form of taxes, rents, evictions, and access to land.
Who was the driving force behind the Land Act of 1913?
In the OFS capitalisation of agriculture was hindered by the survival of a prosperous African peasantry, and it is not surprising that it was J. B.M Hertzog who was the driving force behind the legislation of the 1913 Land Act. When the National Party (NP) was formed in 1915, most farmers in the OFS left the South African Party …
What was the period 1870-1920?
While the period 1870 -1920 saw the fundamental transformation of agriculture from small-scale individual producers to large-scale capitalist enterprises, the process itself was uneven throughout the country. The wide regional variation in the nature of production, labour and market conditions, as well as class differentiation among White farmers, …
What happened to the Great Plains in 1941?
“Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, ended the reluctance of most Great Plains farmers to increase production. Quickly, the army became the major buyer of flour from wheat and beef produced in the Great Plains. Farm prices sky rocketed by 42 percent while farm costs increased only 16 percent from the previous year.”
How did the Great Plains farmers meet the challenge of the United States Department of Agriculture?
“Great Plains farmers met the challenge of the United States Department of Agriculture and other government agencies to increase production by seeding more acres, raising more livestock, and working longer days.”
Why did farm men, women, and children exhibited a “can-do” spirit for the sake of
“farm men, women, and children exhibited a “can-do” spirit for the sake of the nation’s war effort. This patriotic sentiment, pride, and efforts to increase production continued until the war ended”