How does agriculture affect networks


Agricultural information is transferred through social interactions; therefore, ties to agricultural informants and network structures within farmers’ local neighborhoods determine their information-gathering abilities.


How does agriculture affect the environment?

These gases have a negative effect on climate change and include carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Various types of agriculture also use fertilization and pesticides, which releases phosphorus and nitrate in the air, among other things.

What are the effects of agricultural land demand?

For agricultural land demand, people tend to clear forests. Therefore, natural ecosystems lost. For palm oil, for instance, people convert natural ecosystems into palm tree plantations in Far Eastern Countries. Natural ecosystems have been diminishing in size and their functions. Often, this is irreversible.

How can social media be used in the agriculture industry?

With access to an internet connection social media can be incorporated into businesses to make communication a better and more efficient process. Due to changing technology methods of production in Ag have developed extensively in recent years.

Why is there so much negativity surrounding the Ag Industry?

Lots of negativity has surrounded the Ag industry from social media, mostly at a time when farmers weren’t tech savvy. Information whether true or fake will spread rapidly through social media.


What is Network in agriculture?

Networking in the agricultural industry is about making connections and building enduring and mutually beneficial relationships with fellow farmers, input suppliers, agribusinesses and other industry role-players.

How does agriculture affect technology?

Today’s agriculture routinely uses sophisticated technologies such as robots, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology. These advanced devices and precision agriculture and robotic systems allow businesses to be more profitable, efficient, safer, and more environmentally friendly.

What is the impact of Internet of things in agriculture?

With IoT, companies can enjoy benefits like better crop productivity and improved worker safety. They can use less fertilizer, water and pesticides. Because farmers can decrease the fertilizers and pesticides they use, there is less runoff into groundwater and rivers. This results in a lower impact on the ecosystem.

Why is networking important for farmers?

It provides an effective way for extension and other agricultural professionals to reach and increase the success of agricultural producers; Data suggest that when farmers convene, new opportunities arise for increased economic viability, improved quality of life, and greater community interaction.

What are the positive and negative effects of agriculture?

While negative impacts are serious, and can include pollution and degradation of soil, water, and air, agriculture can also positively impact the environment, for instance by trapping greenhouse gases within crops and soils, or mitigating flood risks through the adoption of certain farming practices.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of technology in agriculture?

Positive and negative impacts of modern farming technologyPositiveNegativeFewer workers so less wages for farmer to payAs people become unemployed, they move away to find work leading to rural depopulationCrops are harvested faster so they are fresherMachines are expensive to buy and repairs can be costly3 more rows

What are the challenges of IoT in agriculture?

The biggest challenges faced by IoT in the agricultural sector are lack of information, high adoption costs, and security concerns, etc. Most of the farmers are not aware of the implementation of IoT in agriculture.

How do farmers get their information?

The poll shows 84% of farmers who use the Internet use it to get information on the weather, and 72% do so at least weekly. Most farmers who use the Internet also access market information (78%), general ag news (75%) and information about crop production (68%), and many do so on a fairly regular basis.

What is extension in networking?

The Network Extension is an expansive framework. It provides a set of APIs that can be used to customize core networking features of the OS.

What is open access?

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author (s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

What did AP and AS do?

AP carried out the review and development of key concepts, fieldwork, data collection, data analysis and produced a draft manuscript. AS helped in improving the content, analysis, and writing of this manuscript, providing further insights in all of the sections, and finalizing the manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

What is degree centrality?

Degree centrality measures the importance of a vertex by the number of its connections and was obtained from peer advice network information. A farmer with a higher degree of centrality maintains more contacts with other farmers and is considered relatively influential in the farmers’ network. Degree centrality is:

How many people are in a farmers group?

Farmers cultivating the same commodity and residing in the same or nearby neighborhoods are encouraged to form a farmers’ group, which usually comprises 20–30 people. One or two extension workers are assigned to each group; they monitor farmers’ progress and advise them at least once a month during group meetings.

What is an official advice network?

Official advice networks are a function of the number of government officials or local extension service workers whom farmers consult regarding coffee and/or cocoa cultivation. Officials are considered an annex of farmers’ local networks.

How is agricultural information transferred?

Agricultural information is transferred through social interactions; therefore, ties to agricultural informants and network structures within farmers’ local neighborhoods determine their information-gathering abilities. This paper uses a spatial autoregressive model that takes account of spatial autocorrelation to examine such network connections, including friendship networks and advice networks, upon farmers’ knowledge-gathering abilities during formal agricultural training. We found that peer advice networks are important to support knowledge-gathering activities, while friendship networks are not. Further examination of network structures confirms that farmers who occupy a central position in their local neighborhood networks are found to perform better in learning outcomes to some extent, indicating that local network position is positively related to problem-solving ability in an unknown environment outside their locale.

What is a friendship network?

A friendship network is defined in terms of the number of farmers from the same farmers’ group attending training at the same location. Farmers were randomly assigned to training locations, so they could not simply choose where, and with whom, they wanted to attend. Friendship network data were obtained in April 2013 during the administration of the quiz questionnaire and the training. For instance, Farmer A from Farmers’ Group 1 has Farmers B and C who are also from the Farmers’ Group 1 attending the hometown training. In this respect, Farmer A, B, and C from Farmers’ Group 1 each have a friendship network of 2 people in this experimental context. Those who are in the friendship network, albeit coming from the same farmers’ group, are not necessarily in the advice network.

Where does nitrogen come from in fertilizer?

Roughly half the nitrogen in synthetic fertilizers escapes from the fields where it is applied, finding its way into the soil, air, water, and rainfall. After soil bacteria convert fertilizer nitrogen into nitrates, rainstorms or irrigation systems carry these toxins into groundwater and river systems.

What is the effect of nitrogen on soil?

In addition, fertilizer application in soil leads to the formation and release of nitrous oxide, one of the most harmful greenhouse gases.

How does irrigation affect water?

Irrigation causes increases in water evaporation, impacting both surface air temperature and pressure as well as atmospheric moisture conditions . Recent studies have confirmed that cropland irrigation can influence rainfall patterns not only over the irrigated area but even thousands of miles away.

What is irrigation related to?

Irrigation has also been connected to the erosion of coastlines and other kinds of long-term ecological and habitat destruction. A huge amount of agricultural territory is used primarily as pasture for cattle and other livestock.

What causes algae blooms in China?

Nutrient pollution is a causal factor in toxic algae blooms affecting lakes in China, the United States, and elsewhere. As excessive amounts of organic matter decompose in aquatic environments, they can bring about oxygen depletion and create “dead zones” within bodies of water, where nothing can survive.

What are the consequences of irrigation?

One of the most obvious consequences is the depletion of aquifers, river systems, and downstream ground water. However, there are a number of other negative effects related to irrigation.

How do cattle damage soil?

Cattle and other large grazing animals can even damage soil by trampling on it. Bare, compacted land can bring about soil erosion and destruction of topsoil quality due to the runoff of nutrients. These and other impacts can destabilize a variety of fragile ecosystems and wildlife habitats. Chemical Fertilizer.

What are the effects of agriculture on the environment?

Pollutants such as pesticides are also a major part of agriculture that negatively impacts the environment. It is self-explanatory; these products are chemicals that can have a long-lasting effect on soil and plants if used continuously.

What are the environmental impacts of agriculture?

This environmental impact of agriculture is the effect of various farming practices, and it can vary greatly depending on the country we are looking at. Many critical environmental issues are tied to agriculture, such as climate change, dead zones, genetic engineering, pollutants, deforestation, soil degradation, waste, and many others.

How does deforestation affect agriculture?

Because of deforestation, many animal species lose their habitat, and as previously mentioned, it leads to climate change. Climate change and deforestation are the two biggest and most important ways through which agriculture impacts our environment.

What are the two things that agriculture releases?

Various types of agriculture also use fertilization and pesticides, which releases phosphorus and nitrate in the air , among other things. Various types of agriculture also use fertilization and pesticides, which releases phosphorus and nitrate in the air, among other things.

How does irrigation affect the environment?

It can lead to the depletion of underground layers of water that are crucial for the environment. Agriculture can have a massive impact on the ecosystems surrounding it. This environmental impact …

What is deforestation caused by?

Farmers often cause deforestation by clearing land for their crops. Most of the deforestation happens because of slash-and-burn farming.

Why is irrigation important?

Irrigation, the process of applying controlled amounts of water to plants, can also create various problems for the environment. It can lead to the depletion of underground layers of water that are crucial for the environment.

What impact does agriculture have on the environment?

Agriculture is the leading source of pollution in many countries. Pesticides, fertilizers and other toxic farm chemicals can poison fresh water, marine ecosystems, air and soil. They also can remain in the environment for generations.

What are 3 effects of agriculture on the environment?

Significant environmental and social issues associated with agricultural production include changes in the hydrologic cycle; introduction of toxic chemicals, nutrients, and pathogens; reduction and alteration of wildlife habitats; and invasive species.

Why is agriculture bad for the environment?

Agricultural livestock are responsible for a large proportion of global greenhouse gas emissions, most notably methane. In addition, overgrazing is a major problem regarding environmental sustainability. Cattle and other large grazing animals can even damage soil by trampling on it.

What are the positive impacts of agriculture?

Urban agriculture on a small scale can help to localize food production, reducing the overall environmental footprint of our modern food systems. Benefits include lower greenhouse gas emissions, minimal transportation requirements, and reduced energy use for food production.

How does agriculture affect human health?

Farmers have an increased prevalence of many acute and chronic health conditions including cardiovascular and respiratory disease, arthritis, skin cancer, hearing loss, and amputations. Other health outcomes have been little studies in the agricultural workplace, such as stress and adverse reproductive outcomes.

What is the biggest problem in agriculture?

Poor access to reliable and timely market information for the farmers, absence of supply & demand forecasting, poorly structured and inefficient supply chains, inadequate cold storage facilities and shortage of proper food processing units, large intermediation between the farmers and the consumers are some of the

Is agriculture the worst mistake in human history?

Archaeologists studying the rise of farming have reconstructed a crucial stage at which we made the worst mistake in human history. Forced to choose between limiting population or trying to increase food production, we chose the latter and ended up with starvation, warfare, and tyranny.


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