Agricultural production plays an important role in Viet Nam’s economic, with 70% population in rural and dominates 24% Gross Domestic Product (GSO, 2015). Before the innovation period, Government focused on food security, the pressure to increasing quantity requires using more inputs leads to agricultural pollution. With the trend of agricultural development, waste arising from cultivation, husbandry, aquaculture include residue of pesticide; packaging pesticides and animal feed and excrement,… all tend to increase, threatening to the living environment. These factors are the main cause the agricultural pollution in the land, water, air environment. Consequences of pollution damaged natural resources, biological diversification and negative effects on human health. Besides, the effecting in the resource not only affect the present generation but also future generations.
What is the economic impact of Agriculture in Vietnam?
While the GDP share of the agriculture sector has been decreasing in recent years due to Vietnam’s shift towards a service economy, the GDP value of this sector has been growing steadily. In addition, agriculture has been the largest employer across economic sectors in Vietnam, employing over 18.8 million Vietnamese in 2019.
What happened to Vietnam’s agriculture in the 1980s?
Foremost among Vietnam’s agricultural troubles was exceptionally adverse weather, including a drought in 1977 and major typhoons and widespread flooding in 1978. The drought overtaxed Vietnam’s modest irrigation systems which were also damaged in the floods. In addition, the floods reportedly reduced herds of cattle by 20 percent.
What’s behind Vietnam’s underproduction of key industrial crops?
Kiet also blamed the state price system for underproduction of key “industrial crops” that Vietnam exported, including jute, sugar, groundnut, coffee, tea, and rubber.
Why can’t Vietnam break the agricultural price cycle?
The more agricultural products produced, the lower the cost and Vietnam cannot seem to break the vicious cycle. The markets have plenty of room for all the excess product, but farmers are not growing for the new demands the market requires.
How does agriculture affect the atmosphere?
Agriculture contributes to climate change At every stage, food provisioning releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Farming in particular releases significant amounts of methane and nitrous oxide, two powerful greenhouse gases.
How does climate affect agriculture in Vietnam?
On a national scale, Viet Nam will lose about 2 million hectares of rice land, equivalent to about 50% if the sea level rises by 1 m (Dat et al., 2019). Climate change also increases saline intrusion in coastal areas, causing agricultural land area to be lost, especially in the Mekong Delta (Dat et al., 2019).
How does agriculture affect the environment?
Agriculture contributes to a number larger of environmental issues that cause environmental degradation including: climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss, dead zones, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.
What effects the climate has on Vietnam?
Vietnam is among the most vulnerable nations to climate change impacts according to a recent International Panel on Climate Change report. The country’s diverse geography means it is hit by typhoons, landslides, flooding and droughts, weather events expected to worsen in coming years.
How do people in Vietnam modify their environment?
The people of Vietnam modify their environment by putting houses on stilts if they are in an area that floods or has typhoons. Tying to their interactions, a cultural norm of Vietnam is farming. Agriculture and aquaculture are popular in Vietnam.
Has the weather in Vietnam changed recently?
Recent temperature data for Vietnam show an accelerating warming trend in the recent decades, with an average value of ~0.2°C/decade over the last 40 years and the highest increase in the last decade.
How does agriculture affect air pollution?
Agriculture’s Role in Air Pollution Today, agriculture plays a primary role in air pollution. Smoke from slash and burn agriculture, and the production of silt, ash, and soil dust from activities like tillage, transporting, and harvest, contaminate the air with particulate matter.
How does agriculture and farming cause global warming?
Dominant sources of agricultural greenhouse gases (GHGs) include carbon dioxide (CO2) from tropical deforestation, methane (CH4) from livestock and rice production, and nitrous oxide (N2O) from fertilizing or burning croplands. Agriculture is responsible for about half of global methane emissions.
How much does agriculture contribute to greenhouse gases?
11%Emissions and Trends In 2020, greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture economic sector accounted for 11% of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture have increased by 6% since 1990.
What are the environmental issues in Vietnam?
The following eight problems deserve special attention; 1) deforestation, 2) decrease of agricultural land resources, 3) irrational use of water resources, 4) over exploitation of fishery resources, 5) irrational use of mineral resources, 6) loss of genetic resources, 7) environmental pollution, 8) environmental damage …
What is the environment of Vietnam?
Vietnam has both a tropical climate zone and a temperate climate zone, with all of the country experiencing the effects of the annual monsoon. Rainy seasons correspond to monsoon circulations, which bring heavy rainfall in the north and south from May to October, and in the central regions from September to January.
How is the climate in Vietnam?
Vietnam has a tropical climate which is dominated by the monsoon season. The temperature in Vietnam typically ranges between 70°F and 95°F throughout the year. Average annual humidity is around 85%.
In 2004, agriculture and forestry accounted for 21.8 percent of Vietnam’s gross domestic product (GDP), and between 1994 and 2004, the sector grew at an annual rate of 4.1 percent. Agriculture’s share of economic output has declined in recent years, falling as a share of GDP from 42% in 1989 to 26% in 1999, as production in other sectors of the economy has risen. However, agricultural employment was much higher than agriculture’s share of GDP; in 2005, approximately 60 percen…
Production and trade
In Viet Nam, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, are important sectors of the economy, accounting for 21 percent of GDP in 2009. Vietnam possesses certain comparative advantages in agriculture and forestry due to the country’s abundance of factors in favor of productive crop like cultivation land, forest cover, sea territories, tropical climate and labor (availability and cost).
In 1986, the Vietnamese government’s agricultural policy has changed from a centrally planning …
According to Dave D’Haeze, Vietnamese farmers growing coffee rely on monocultures and use far too much fertilizer, and water, and have very little knowledge on farming in general. He mentions that little information/training is available to farmers. According to Will Frith, some climate change models predict 50% of the fields available in Vietnam to have a significant reduction of yield and/or even fail completely.
• Irrigation in Vietnam
• Improving resource allocation and incomes in Vietnamese agriculture:A case study of farming in the Dong Nai River Basin, an International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) discussion paper.
• Vietnam Gardening and Agriculture