How does agriculture affect us in the central valley

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Despite the amazing productivity of agriculture in the Central Valley

Central Valley

The Central Valley is a flat valley that dominates the geographical center of the U.S. state of California. It is 40 to 60 miles wide and stretches approximately 450 miles from north-northwest to south-southeast, inland from and parallel to the Pacific Ocean coast. It covers approximately 18,…

, there are significant problems with the kind of farming that currently prevails there. Industrial agriculture has caused soil erosion and salinization, land subsidence from groundwater pumping, economic disparity, and the disappearance of family farms.

Using fewer than 1% of U.S. farmland, the Central Valley supplies 8% of U.S. agricultural output (by value) and produces 1/4 of the Nation’s food, including 40% of the Nation’s fruits, nuts, and other table foods.

Full
Answer

How has farming changed in the Central Valley?

Today, the valley, which provides America with over 25% of everything we eat, is dramatically changed – almost entirely a patchwork of farms and, increasingly, urban and suburban developments. Since its beginning, farming in the Central Valley has been characterized by innovation.

What percentage of food does the Central Valley produce?

Using fewer than 1% of U.S. farmland, the Central Valley supplies 8% of U.S. agricultural output (by value) and produces 1/4 of the Nation’s food, including 40% of the Nation’s fruits, nuts, and other table foods.

What is the Central Valley and why is it important?

According to the U.S Geological Services the Central Valley supplies eight percent of U.S. agricultural output and produces 1/4 of the Nation’s food, including 40 percent of the Nation’s fruits, nuts and other table foods.

Will the house help Central Valley farmers?

Today the House will act on legislation to provide relief to farmers and help return water flows to the Central Valley.

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Why is the Central Valley a good place for agriculture?

The unique features of California’s Central Valley make it the only place suited for growing the majority of America’s permanent crops. Well-developed transportation and water infrastructure, proximity to major ports, cheap credit, and high human capital entrenches California’s agricultural advantages.


Why is California’s Central Valley so important to U.S. agriculture?

The Central Valley alone produces over 250 crops with a value of about $17 billion per year, contributing an estimated 25 percent of the nation’s food. The Central Valley includes parts of 19 counties, which together are home to more than 35,000 farms and nearly 6 million harvested acres.


Is the Central Valley is famous for agriculture?

It is California’s most productive agricultural region and one of the most productive in the world, providing more than half of the fruits, vegetables, and nuts grown in the United States. More than 7,000,000 acres (28,000 km2) of the valley are irrigated via reservoirs and canals.


What is the Central Valley agriculture industry?

ECONOMY: Agriculture is the primary industry in much of the Central Valley, with its irrigated valleys accounting for a large share of the fruits and vegetables consumed in the United States. Lettuce, grapes and lemons are among the major crops grown in this region.


Why is California agriculture important?

California’s agricultural sector is the most important in the United States, leading the nation’s production in over 77 different products including dairy and a number of fruit and vegetable “specialty” crops.


Why is California Central Valley so fertile?

A Fertile Valley The Sacramento and San Joaquin Valleys form the 450-mile-long Central Valley, which was once an inland sea. Sediment from mountain erosion created its ultrarich soil. Water Source Gradual spring snowmelt once provided a reliable water supply, collected in dammed lakes and man-made reservoirs.


What is so important about the Central Valley?

Valley Facts Using fewer than 1% of U.S. farmland, the Central Valley supplies 8% of U.S. agricultural output (by value) and produces 1/4 of the Nation’s food, including 40% of the Nation’s fruits, nuts, and other table foods.


What are the environmental advantages of Central Valley?

The Central Valley supports healthier streams, resilient floodplains and riparian corridors, resulting in more jobs, cost savings, and other societal benefits. Public and private investments in conservation in the Central Valley are accountable and transparent.


Are valleys good for agriculture?

With soils that are more fertile than in the uplands and water and/or soil moisture available throughout the year, inland valleys provide smallholder farmers with opportunities to produce crops all year round, particularly in drought years, thereby mitigating food shortages in upland fields and improving farmers’ …


What is the agricultural valley in California?

The San Joaquin Valley produces the majority of the 12.8% of the United States’ agricultural production (as measured by dollar value) that comes from California. Grapes—table, raisin, wines, cotton, nuts (especially almonds and pistachios), citrus, and vegetables.


What is the purpose of the Central Valley Project?

Extending 400 miles through central California, the Central Valley Project (CVP) is a complex, multi-purpose network of dams, reservoirs, canals, hydroelectric powerplants and other facilities. The CVP reduces flood risk for the Central Valley, and supplies valley domestic and industrial water.


How much of the world’s food does the Central Valley produce?

According to the U.S Geological Services the Central Valley supplies eight percent of U.S. agricultural output and produces 1/4 of the Nation’s food, including 40 percent of the Nation’s fruits, nuts and other table foods.


Why don’t farmers like the term Central Valley?

Most farmers don’t like the generic term Central Valley because it expunges the distinctiveness of the two valleys that grow more than 230 crops and one-third of the nation’s fruits and vegetables. This expanse is also more populated than Oregon and larger than Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts combined.


What is the Central Valley Project?

So the federal government launched the Central Valley Project, joined later by the California State Water Project, building dams, reservoirs, aqueducts, canals, tunnels, and lateral ditches to send water up and down the state.


What countries settled in San Joaquin Valley?

By the 1890s, settlers from Japan, Sweden, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Turkish Armenia, and other regions helped make the center of the San Joaquin Valley “one of the more cosmopolitan regions in the country,” says the scholar David Vaught. By 1900, farming colonies blurred into new settlements, “creating a vast, unbroken region of small farmers.”.


Why is San Joaquin Valley called the other California?

Nicknamed “The Other California” because its character is distinct from the state’s tourist and metropolitan haunts, the San Joaquin Valley joins the Sacramento Valley to stretch 450 miles through nearly three-fifths the length of the state. It comprises the largest area of the richest soil in the world.


What caused the Valley fever epidemic?

With no federal or state surface water, farmers let millions of acres go unplanted, costing agriculture billions of dollars. Hot, dry winds stirred up fungus spores from the dirt, causing a silent epidemic of deadly valley fever, mostly among the poor.


Where did my grandfather grow wheat?

That’s when my Béarnais-American grandfather grew wheat and barley as a tenant farmer along the San Joaquin River. After World War I, with the expansion of irrigation and the development of deep-well turbine pumps, he moved to the interior valley to plant a vineyard and cotton on his own forty acres.


Which region of California has the most agricultural land?

Here’s why the Central Valley has the most productive agricultural land and diverse communities. California’s San Joaquin Valley is often dismissed as small and rural. To the contrary, it’s a massive area of farms, ranches, small towns, and growing cities, emblematic of the American West as a blend of Old West values and New West technology.


Introduction

The face of the Central Valley has changed tremendously in the 150 years since the California Gold Rush.


In the News

Six months after the March 16 release of the CALFED Phase II interim report and three proposed alternatives, debate continues over water storage and conveyance in the ongoing effort to craft a long-term Bay-Delta solution. (See March/April Western Water for more information.)


What is the Central Valley?

The Central Valley, also known as the Great Valley of California, covers about 20,000 square miles and is one of the more notable structural depressions in the world. Occupying a central position in California, it is bounded by the Cascade Range to the north, the Sierra Nevada to the east, the Tehachapi Mountains to the south, and the Coast Ranges and San Francisco Bay to the west. The Valley is a vast agricultural region drained by the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers. The Valley averages about 50 miles in width and extends about 400 mi northwest from the Tehachapi Mountains to Redding. Generally, most of the valley lies close to sea level and the land surface has very low relief, but is higher along the valley margins.


What are the two parts of the Central Valley?

The Central Valley can be divided into two large parts: the northern one-third is known as the Sacramento Valley and the southern two-thirds is known as the San Joaquin Valley. The San Joaquin Valley can be split further into the San Joaquin Basin and the Tulare Basin.


How many valleys are there in the Central Valley?

The Central Valley is really two valleys: San Joaquin to the south and Sacramento to the north. It is about 450 miles long from Bakersfield to Redding. The valley is 60 miles at its widest, between the Sierra Nevada to the east and the Coast Ranges to the west.


How many days a year does the Central Valley have sunshine?

by Maxwell Norton, retired farm advisor in Merced County, 35 years. Sunshine nearly 300 days a year, warm days and cool nights, no snow, no floods, and the largest patch of class 1 soils in the world makes California’s Central Valley a precious gem. The Central Valley is really two valleys: San Joaquin to the south and Sacramento to the north.


Who is the direct benefactor of saving farmland?

The obvious direct benefactor of saving farmland is the farmer and his/her family, but the extended benefits to people and communities, and the state as a whole, are tremendous. So, what is the value or impact to a county of an acre of farmland?


Why does the multiplier effect happen?

Plainly, the multiplier effect comes about because injections of new demand for goods and services into the circular flow of income stimulate further rounds of spending – in other words one person’s spending is another’s income. This can lead to a bigger eventual final effect on output and employment.


How much is Central Valley worth?

According to the USGS website, more than 250 different crops are grown in the Central Valley, and it holds an estimated value of $17 billion per year. The valley was almost made to become what it is today, one of the leading producers of various types of foods, with the world’s largest patch of Class 1 soil, the best there is.


What is the biggest exporter of agricultural products?

Stated by the CDFA, California is the country’s biggest exporter of many agricultural commodities, supplying more than 99 percent of almonds, artichokes, dates, dried plums, figs, garlic, kiwifruit, olives and olive oil, pistachios, raisins, table grapes and walnuts.


Where are almonds exported?

According to the California agricultural exports, almonds rank first among the agricultural commodities exported from California, accounting for more than $5 billion in 2015, exporting to destinations such as Spain, China, India, Germany and Japan.


Is Central Valley considered a past state?

The Central Valley is often looked past. It doesn’t seem like much. What it does, not only for California, but for the rest of the country–and world–doesn’t seem to be acknowledged. When someone thinks of California they do not think of Fresno, Bakersfield, Madera, etc. and those people may not know what these cities and towns produce or provide.


Is California a major agricultural producer?

California continues to set the pace for the rest of the nation as the country’s largest agricultural producer and exporter, according to the California Department of Food and Agriculture.

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