In rural areas throughout the world, agriculture represents the predominant land use and amajor component of the viability of rural areas. Farming and related activities make up thebasic fabric of rural life, contributing significantly to the overall state of rural regions in termsof employment and business opportunities, infrastructure and quality of the environment.
What is the importance of Agriculture in rural areas?
In rural areas throughout the world, agriculture represents the predominant land use and a major component of the viability of rural areas. Farming and related activities make up the basic fabric of rural life, contributing significantly to the overall state of rural regions in terms of employment and business opportunities,…
What is the impact of agricultural landscape change?
Land‐cover changes cause the disappearance of traditional agricultural landscape and are responsible for vegetation modifications which have an impact on regional climate, carbon sequestration, and biodiversity losses. Agriculture also has impact on the natural systems and ecosystem services on which humans depend.
What is the impact of industrial agriculture on Environment?
Extensive forms of agriculture used in past mainly in Europe and North America were transformed into industrial‐style agriculture accompanied by intensification and specialization. The large inputs of fertilizers, pesticides, fossil fuels have large, complex effects on the environment.
What caused that agriculture is a dominant form of Land Management globally?
Human expansion throughout the world caused that agriculture is a dominant form of land management globally. Human influence on the land is accelerating because of rapid population growth and increasing food requirements.
Which are the factors affecting rural land use?
Following factors affect the land use in rural areas: Climate, soil, type of slope, Irrigation facilities etc.
What are the effects of changing land use pattern?
Land use and land cover changes have significant environmental consequences at local, regional, and global scales. These changes have intense implications at the regional and global scales for global loss of biodiversity, distresses in hydrological cycles, increase in soil erosion, and sediment loads .
What is a land use pattern?
The layout or arrangement of the use of the land are known as ”Land Use Pattern” Land use may be determined by many factors like relief features, climate, soil, density of population, technical and socio-economic factors.
What are the factors affecting the use of land in agriculture?
Factors Affecting Land Availability and Uses Land tenure system. Population pressure. The size of useful land in the country. Climatic factors.
How has agricultural land use affected the environment?
Agricultural land use may also result in loss of native habitats or increased wind erosion and dust, exposing humans to particulate matter and various chemicals. Some land uses can accelerate or exacerbate the spread of invasive species.
What can cause the changes in land use patterns over a period of time explain with the help of three examples?
Economic policies like subsidise on land, altering prices or taxes etc. also influence the decision making process among humans leading to change in land use pattern. The advancment of technology has also converted land into agriculture land or subsistence agriculture into intensive agriculture etc.
What is land use pattern in agriculture?
AccordingtoIwena,(2008) landusepatternsissynonymoustoagricultural. systems which entail the various methods land can be use for both crop and animal. production.
What is rural land use patterns?
Specific agricultural practices shape different rural land-use patterns. Rural settlement patterns are classified as clustered, dispersed, or linear. Rural survey methods include metes and bounds, township and range and long lot.
What is land use pattern and list the factors which influence the land use pattern?
a Physical factors- Topography, relief features, climatic conditions, type of soil determines the land use pattern of a particular region. b. Human factors- Factors like population density , level of development, technological capability also determines the land use pattern.
What are the factors affecting the use of land?
The use of land is determined both by physical factors such as topography, climate, soil types as well as human factors such as population density, technological capability and culture and traditions etc.
What is importance of agriculture?
Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.
What are the environmental factors that affect agriculture?
Environmental factors that influence the extent of crop agriculture are terrain, climate, soil properties, and soil water. It is the combination of these four factors that allow specific crops to be grown in certain areas.
What are the main concerns of the rural-urban fringe of North America?
In the rural-urban fringe of North America, the main concerns are fire behavior potential, at-risk human values, and the infrastructure to support firefighting capabilities.
What is rural urban fringe?
The rural-urban fringe is a general term for human development near to, or abutting, forested or other natural areas. This area represents a transition zone between urban and rural land uses. Other names for this transition zone are urban hinterland and wildland urban interface. Some general factors that are important in defining the rural-urban fringe include the housing density, the human population density, the distance from homes to wildland vegetation, and the condition of the current and future wildland vegetation.
How are wildlife suitability models used?
The wildlife suitability models discussed in this book are intended to be used for planning over large geographic areas. Such broad applications are useful for addressing complex natural resource issues. Landscape-scale decision support models allow us to investigate these large-scale issues in cases where the collection of field data is logistically and economically prohibitive. The large spatial scales addressed by landscape models are beneficial to planning efforts, but it makes the models hard to validate. Collection of independent data at the necessary temporal and spatial scales is costly and difficult. However, when viewed in an adaptive management framework, continued model refinement and evaluation becomes tractable, reduces uncertainty, and facilitates resource management.
How much of the world will be urban by 2050?
The United Nations have projected that the global population living in urban areas will reach 66% by 2050 (UNDESA, 2014 ). Urbanization results in irrevocable changes to the landscape, a shift in demographic patterns, and economic, social, and environmental impacts on a region.
Why is urbanization a common phenomenon?
The increasing conversion of rural land use into urban land use is a common phenomenon in most parts of the world because of perceived benefits of urban living as opposed to rural living. Urbanization involves the outward expansion of population centers beyond their original limits to accommodate a growing population.
Where is groundwater important?
Groundwater resources in Africa are important in Libya, Algeria, Egypt, and Sudan ( MacDonald et al., 2012 ), and are increasingly threatened by overexploitation in all African basins.
Why is the expansion of agricultural land important?
For example, the expansion of agricultural land may be promoted in response to a need to increase food production or agricultural export revenues, and increases in forest area may be promoted as a way to improve livelihoods, protect biodiversity and deliver environmental services.
What are the factors that affect the conversion of forests to agriculture?
Underlying factors affecting the conversion of forests to agriculture include population growth and changing food consumption patterns; agricultural developments, such as changing markets, technological improvements and active policy interventions; land-tenure security; and the governance of land- use change.
How do forests help communities?
Forests can increase the resilience of communities and improve human well-being by providing food, wood energy, shelter, fodder and fiber as well as by generating income and employment to allow communities and societies to prosper, and finally by harboring biodiversity. They can support sustainable agriculture and increase agricultural productivity …
What percentage of deforestation was caused by agriculture?
Commercial agriculture was responsible for 40 percent of the deforestation over that period, and subsistence agriculture for 33 percent, with large variation across regions. In Southeast Asia, oil-palm plantations have replaced substantial areas of natural forests;
What is the importance of forests?
1. Introduction. Forests are more than just trees; they are fundamental for food security and improved livelihoods. A forest is defined by the FAO as a land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 m and a canopy cover of more than 10 % or trees being able to reach these dimensions. It does not include land …
What is the dominant driver of deforestation in Africa?
In Africa, it is the small-scale subsistence farming that is the dominant driver of deforestation. In poorer countries, the increase of land area devoted to agriculture was mainly driven by population increase in rural areas.
How much of the forest has declined over the last 5000 years?
Some estimates suggest that over the last 5000 years, surface covered by forests declined by 1.8 billion hectares, that is about half of the total area of forests today. Archaeological and historical evidence indicates that much of this forest loss was associated with population increases, and demand for land for crops and grazing, along with unsustainable levels of exploitation of forest resources; for instance, for fuel or shipbuilding.