How does biodiversity benefits medicine and agriculture


Healthy agricultural biodiversity results in many benefits like:

  • Clean and safe water supply
  • Protection of soil
  • Recovery of nutrient
  • Provision of food
  • Provision of medicine
  • Availability of wood products
  • Much more diverse wildlife
  • Future resources and their protection
  • Maintenance of climate

Biodiversity Underpins Economic Activity

Food production relies on biodiversity for a variety of food plants, pollination, pest control, nutrient provision, genetic diversity, and disease prevention and control. Both medicinal plants and manufactured pharmaceuticals rely on biodiversity.


What are the benefits of Agriculture to biodiversity?

Benefits to Biodiversity. DELIVERY OF ECOSYSTEM SERVICES: Agriculture occupies more than one-third of the land in most countries of the world. Agricultural lands and coasts managed sustainably as ecosystems contribute to wider ecosystem functions such as maintenance of water quality, soil moisture retention with reduction of runoff,…

What is agricultural biodiversity management?

Informed adaptive management of planned agricultural and unplanned associated biodiversity above and below ground secures agricultural production.

How does biodiversity contribute to disease prevention?

Second, biodiversity due to protected natural areas has been linked to lower instances of disease such as Lyme disease and malaria. While the exact origin of the virus causing COVID-19 is still unknown, 60% of infectious diseases originate from animals and 70% of emerging infectious diseases originate from wildlife.

Why is biodiversity important for livestock?

Biodiversity within livestock is important for the same reasons, and there are thousands of heritage breeds of pigs, cattle, poultry and other animals that are beautiful, unique and specially adapted to their environments. Maintaining biodiversity in the wild and in crops has benefits on the farm.


How does sustainable agriculture help biodiversity?

Sustainable agriculture embraces biodiversity by minimizing its impact on wild ecosystems and incorporating numerous plant and animal varieties into complex, on-farm ecosystems.

What is biodiversity and agriculture?

Biodiversity and Agriculture. Biodiversity is the immense variety we see in all life on earth. As living things adapt to their environment and evolve over time, more and more variation emerges. Scientists estimate that at least 8.7 million unique species of animals, plants, fungi, and other organisms exist on Earth, …

What are the innovations that helped farmers produce more food per acre?

Widespread adoption of steel plows, hybrid seeds, GMOs, chemical fertilizers and pesticides helped farmers produce more food per acre than ever before. More recently, the adoption of genetically modified seeds helped to increase yields even further. This productivity comes at a great cost, however. Wide fields of a single crop (called monocultures) provide simplicity for farmers and a steady supply of feed to factory farms, but they are biodiversity deserts. Maintaining monocultures requires intense chemical inputs that reduce the abundance of wild species both on and off the farm.

How do plants help the ecosystem?

Plants provide food and habitat to beneficial insects and birds that pollinate them and manage pests. Livestock can recycle leftover parts of crops and provide natural fertilizer to fields and pasture through manure. Agroecosystems depend on diversity to stay in balance, and industrial agriculture disturbs this.

How does monocropping destroy biodiversity?

Industrial agriculture’s impacts are not limited to habitat destruction through its expanding footprint: its reliance on heavy chemicals to create giant stands of single crops has serious consequences for plant, animal and microorganism biodiversity.

What is the most serious threat to biodiversity?

22 Climate change is one of the most serious threats to biodiversity, and affects even remote areas scarcely touched by humans.

How did humans harness genetic diversity?

Long ago, humans harnessed and steered genetic diversity by domesticating edible plants and animals. Even without understanding genetics, the earliest farmers did this simply by choosing to raise plants that produced large, edible seeds.

Why is biodiversity important in agriculture?

The biodiversity in agriculture is essential to satisfy human needs for food and security of livelihood. Biodiversity interacts with food and nutrition to deal with several issues. It helps to provide food security, nutrition, and well-being for a variety of animals and plants (both domesticated and wild).

How does biodiversity help humans?

Agricultural biodiversity helps to provide humans with foods, raw materials for goods like cotton, wool, wood, fuel, and the roots of wild plants are used for medicines. They also help to become a source of biofuel. The process of agricultural biodiversity also helps to provide valuable services to ecosystems.

How does conservation tillage help the soil?

This practice allows crop residue to remain on the surface, reducing the opportunity for soil erosion. The practice of conservation tillage has started to increase on farms. The main objective is to build organic matter in the soil that will help to promote biodiversity. 2. Planting Cover Crops.

What is cover crop?

Cover crops are planted by farmers in between the cash crop harvests. The goal is to plant crops that recycle nutrients back into the soil. Crops like radishes or rye; assist in conserving soil, preventing soil erosion, and replenish lost nutrients and provides a number of benefits to the soil for future crops.

How does conventional farming affect biodiversity?

Farmers usually don’t consider the negative impact of convention al farming on the evolution of biodiversity, as they choose to maximize profits. If farmers choose to consider biodiversity into the equation of agriculture they may go onto make crops with better yields, as well as save the environment from taking damage.

Why are grassland strips important?

These strips are usually grasslands and play an important role in maintaining as well as promoting biodiversity by providing a habitat for animals and birds. This is particularly beneficial in areas that have hilly terrain.

What is biodiversity in agriculture?

Biodiversity in agriculture includes all components involved in promoting diversity of food products and agriculture. It includes genetic resources of crops, wild plants harvested and managed for foods, trees on farms, rangeland species, pastures, and lastly medicinal plants. SEE ALSO 21 Examples of Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Resources.

What are the benefits of biodiversity?

A healthy biodiversity provides a number of natural services for everyone: – Ecosystem services, such as. Protection of water resources. Soils formation and protection. Nutrient storage and recycling. Pollution breakdown and absorption. Contribution to climate stability. Maintenance of ecosystems. Recovery from unpredictable events.

How would industrial farming destroy biodiversity?

Industrial-farming techniques would deprive these diverse species of food sources and instead assault them with chemicals, destroying the rich biodiversity in the soil and with it the basis for the renewal of the soil fertility.

Why is genetic diversity important?

A report from Nature magazine also explains that genetic diversity helps to prevent the chances of extinction in the wild (and claims to have shown proof of this).

What is the importance of species diversity?

For example, – A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. – Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms. – Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.

How do species depend on each other?

While there might be survival of the fittest within a given species, each species depends on the services provided by other species to ensure survival. It is a type of cooperation based on mutual survival and is often what a balanced ecosystem refers to.

What do bacteria feed on?

Bacteria feed on the cellulose fibers of straw that farmers return to the soil. Amoebas feed on bacteria making lignite fibers available for uptake by plants. Algae provide organic matter and serve as natural nitrogen fixers. Rodents that bore under the fields aerate the soil and improve its water-holding capacity.

Why is biodiversity important in agriculture?

Agricultural biodiversity is essential to satisfy basic human needs for food and livelihood security. Biodiversity, food and nutrition interact on a number of key issues. It contributes directly to food security, nutrition and well-being by providing a variety of plant and animals from domesticated and wild sources.

What is the role of biodiversity in agriculture?

Agricultural biodiversity also performs ecosystem services such as soil and water conservation, maintenance of soil fertility, conservation of biota and pollination of plants, all of which are essential for food production and for human survival.

What are the resources of animals?

Animal genetic resources include domesticated animals, wild animals hunted for food, wild and farmed fish and other aquatic organisms, insect pollinators and microbial and fungal genetic resources. Agricultural biodiversity provides humans with food, raw materials for goods such as: cotton and wool for clothing; wood for shelter and fuel;

How does genetic diversity affect agriculture?

In addition, genetic diversity of agricultural biodiversity provides species with the ability to adapt to changing environments and to evolve by increasing their adaptation to frost, high temperature, drought and waterlogging as well as their resistances to diseases, insects and parasites.

What is the basis of agriculture?

Biodiversity is the basis of agriculture and our food systems. It has enabled farming systems to evolve since the origin of agriculture about 10,000 years ago. Our civilization evolved when human beings started domesticating plants and animals. Agricultural biodiversity includes all components of biological diversity of relevance to food …

What is agricultural biodiversity?

Agricultural biodiversity includes all components of biological diversity of relevance to food and agriculture. It includes plants’ genetic resources: crops, wild plants harvested and managed for food, trees on farms, pastures and rangeland species, medicinal plants and ornamental plants of aesthetic value.

Why are coping mechanisms important?

Coping mechanisms based on indigenous plants are particularly important for the most vulnerable people who have little access to formal employment, land or market opportunities. Wild indigenous plants provide alternate sources of food when harvests fail. Finally, genetic diversity of plant’s genetic sources is the basis of crop improvement.

Why is biodiversity important?

Image: REUTERS/Edgar Su. Biodiversity is critically important to human health, economies and livelihoods. Humans have caused the loss of 83% of all …

How does biodiversity help our economy?

1. Biodiversity ensures health and food security. Biodiversity underpins global nutrition and food security.

What is the Nature Action Agenda?

The Nature Action Agenda initiative, within the Platform for Accelerating Nature-based Solutions, is an inclusive, multistakeholder movement catalysing economic action to halt biodiversity loss by 2030. Dynamic and flourishing natural ecosystems are the foundation for human wellbeing and prosperity.

How much do humans get from ecosystems?

Humans derive approximately $125 trillion of value from natural ecosystems each year. Globally, three out of four jobs are dependent on water while the agricultural sector employs over 60% of the world’s working poor. In the Global South, forests are the source of livelihoods for over 1.6 billion people.

What is biodiverse ecosystem?

Biodiverse ecosystems provide nature-based solutions that buffer us from natural disasters such as floods and storms, filter our water and regenerate our soils. The clearance of over 35% of the world’s mangroves for human activities has increasingly put people and their homes at risk from floods and sea-level rise.

What is the restoration economy?

Although some fear environmental regulation and the safeguarding of nature could threaten businesses, the “restoration economy” – the restoration of natural landscapes –provides more jobs in the United States than most of the extractives sector , with the potential to create even more.

What percentage of drugs are derived from rainforest plants?

For example, 25% of drugs used in modern medicine are derived from rainforest plants while 70% of cancer drugs are natural or synthetic products inspired by nature. This means that every time a species goes extinct, we miss out on a potential new medicine. Second, biodiversity due to protected natural areas has been linked to lower instances …


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