GEOGRAPHY‘S AFFECT ON AGRICULTURE Nigeria’s land isn’t considered arable in some parts because of soil degradation, flooding, air and water pollution, desertification, and overall loss of arable land. These factors make it difficult it to maintain agriculture. Yet, Nigeria’s diverse climates, make it possible to produce all agricultural products.
Why is agriculture important in Nigeria?
GEOGRAPHY’S AFFECT ON AGRICULTURE Nigeria’s land isn’t considered arable in some parts because of soil degradation, flooding, air and water pollution, desertification, and overall loss of arable land. These factors make it difficult it to maintain agriculture. Yet, Nigeria’s diverse climates, make it possible to produce all agricultural products.
What are the challenges facing Nigeria’s agriculture sector?
· How does agriculture and geography affect the well-being of the people living in Nigeria What are the primary agricultural products in Nigeria? Major; Peanuts, Oil Other: Cotton,. corn, rice, cocoa, rubber, and yams. Nigeria is hot along the eastern coast of Guinea, which is just 26 miles just north of the equator.
What is the geography like in Nigeria?
Over 70 percent  of Nigerians engage in the agriculture sector mainly at a subsistence level. Despite the contribution to the economy, Nigeria’s agricultural sector faces many challenges which impact on its productivity. These include; poor land tenure system, low level of irrigation farming, climate change and land degradation.
What are the geographical factors influencing agriculture?
Nigeria is a patchwork of distinctive regions, including deserts, plains, swamps, mountains, and steamy jungles. It has one of the largest river systems in the world, including the Niger Delta, the third largest delta on Earth. Much of Nigeria is covered with plains and savannas. These tropical grasslands spread out as far as the eye can see …
How does geography influence agriculture?
Physical geography features (access to water, climate, soil types, landforms) influence how people farm in a region. Irrigation, terrace farming, deforestation, desertification, and the drainage of wetlands have occurred as farmers try to increase production to feed an ever-growing human population.
How does climate affect agriculture in Nigeria?
Climate change is a big threat to Nigerian food security, affecting both subsistence and commercial farming. Climate change causes an increase of diseases and pests, thereby declining agricultural production. Declining rainfall in northern areas of Nigeria is causing increasing desertification.
Is geography needed for agriculture?
Nature of Agricultural Geography Not only agricultural distribution at a particular place is important, but socio-economic and institutional characteristics that influence agriculture are also important.
What are the agricultural problems in Nigeria?
Nigeria’s agricultural sector is faced with so many challenges, some of which are:Access to farmland.Inadequate financing.Poor transport system.Poor road network.Aging farmer population.Education.Farming System and techniques.Insecurity.More items…•
How do climate affect agriculture?
Climate change can affect agriculture in a variety of ways. Beyond a certain range of temperatures, warming tends to reduce yields because crops speed through their develop- ment, producing less grain in the process. And higher tem- peratures also interfere with the ability of plants to get and use moisture.
What are the climatic factors affecting agriculture?
Climatic factors such as light, water, and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect farming in various ways. Just like other abiotic elements of environmental factors such as soil and topography, they influence how crops grow and develop.
Why agricultural geography is important?
ADVERTISEMENTS: Six main objectives of agricultural geography are as follows: (i) To examine the spatial distribution of crops, livestock and other agricultural activities. The cropping patterns and crop and livestock combinations vary in space and time.
What role does geography play in productive farming?
Geographic components such as climate and natural resources determine the type of crops and livestock that can be grown and raised in a particular area. Relying on locally grown foods has both pros and cons.
What is agriculture according to geography?
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets.
What is the geography like in Nigeria?
Nigeria is a patchwork of distinctive regions, including deserts, plains, swamps, mountains, and steamy jungles. It has one of the largest river systems in the world, including the Niger Delta, the third largest delta on Earth. Much of Nigeria is covered with plains and savannas.
What are the problems affecting agriculture?
There are increasing pressures from climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss and from consumers’ changing tastes in food and concerns about how it is produced. And the natural world that farming works with – plants, pests and diseases – continue to pose their own challenges.
What are the challenges facing agriculture?
These three challenges – feeding a growing population, providing a livelihood for farmers, and protecting the environment – must be tackled together if we are to make sustainable progress in any of them.
Why is agriculture important in Nigeria?
Agriculture is important in Nigeria because 80 percent of food grown is the total food there. Nigeria has been slow on growing such crops due to the weather being tropical and over flowing the crops. There are about 76 acres or 33 percent of Nigeria’s land area. Nigeria is mostly a crop growing country in Africa.
What is Nigeria’s agriculture?
Nigeria’s agriculture is based on its varied geography. It is composed of savannas, coastal wetlands, and tropical forests. The central part of the country contains plateaus and hills, while the southern part is composed of lowlands. On the other hand, the northern area is drier than the central and southern areas, because it is nearer to the equator. Nigeria has very good agricultural land that allows for a diverse crop and livestock production. The dry, northern savanna is suitable for growing sorghum, millet, maize, groundnuts and cotton, and is also the principal livestock-raising area. In addition to that, Nigeria’s multiple vegetation zones, plentiful rain, surface water, underground water resources, and moderate climatic extremes allow for production of diverse food and cash crops. The main cash crops are cocoa, cotton, groundnuts, oil palm, and rubber. Rice is grown in the low-lying and seasonally flooded areas as well.
Is Nigeria a 3rd world country?
Though Nigeria is Africa’s most populated country it is also a 3rd world country meaning it must face the struggles of poverty. Nigeria has great agriculture land but has been unable to keep up with the population growth. Therefore, Nigeria has gone from being an important exporter of crops to involuntarily having to import crops and food. Being an impoverished country also has direct affects on the crops themselves. More that 40% of Nigeria’s goods are spoiled after their harvest because of the inadequate supply of electricity which is crucial for storing and processing crops.
How did Nigeria’s polytheistic religion affect agriculture?
The Nigerians believed that all of the negative outcomes were because the gods were furious while all of the positive results were because the gods were pleased with their sacrifices and their doings.
What is the main industry in Nigeria?
Agriculture is vital to Nigerian economy. Forty percent of Nigeria’s GDP, gross domestic product, is from agriculture . The agriculture industry accounts for 70% of labor force in all of Nigeria, and 90% in the rural areas. Eighty percent of crops makes up all the food in Nigeria, but due to rapid population growth, the other 20% is imported. Most crops and livestock are grown and raised in small farms, large-scale farming in not common. Although Nigeria has an abundant supply of water, favorable climate, and large areas of unused land, agriculture is restricted due to low soil fertility and non-efficient methods of cultivating. Only 33% of the land, 76 acres, is cultivated. Nigeria is the world’s largest producer of yams and cassava. Northern Nigeria crops include millet, maize, and cotton. Central Nigeria grows cassava, taro, cocoa, yams, and plantains. Southern Nigeria grows palm oil trees and rubber, which are important cash crops.
What is the country of Nigeria?
Nigeria is a country on the Atlantic coast of Central Africa . It is bordered by Benin on the west, Niger on the north, Chad and Cameroon on the east, and the Gulf of Guinea on the south. The landscape of Nigeria includes extensive, flat plains with occasional granite mountains that run north of the Niger and Benue rivers. In the south, there are rainforests, swamps, and lowlands. There are many natural resources in the soil of the land; oil, gas, and minerals.
What are the challenges of Nigeria’s agriculture?
These include; poor land tenure system, low level of irrigation farming, climate change and land degradation. Others are low technology, high production cost and poor distribution of inputs, limited financing, high post-harvest losses and poor access to markets.
How does forestry affect Nigeria?
The contribution of forestry to agriculture and development in general cannot be overstressed. Nigeria’s forest ecosystems are threatened by rapid population growth and economic activities with annual deforestation rate ranging between 0.72 and 2.38percent, according to FAO 2018 report. Agricultural expansion, heavy reliance on firewood and charcoal for energy, unsustainable timber extraction, urbanization, grazing, bush fires, infrastructure development are among the factors behind this trend.
How much rice is produced in Nigeria?
Nigeria’s rice production rose from 3.7 million metric tons in 2017 to 4.0 million metric tons in 2018. Inspite of this, only 57percent of the 6.7 million metric tons of rice consumed in Nigeria annually is locally produced leading to a deficit of about 3 million metric tons, which is either imported or smuggled into the country illegally. To stimulate local production, the Government banned importation of rice in 2019.
What is the largest fish consumer in Africa?
Nigeria is the largest fish consumer in Africa and among the largest fish consumers in the world with about 3.2 million metric tons of fish consumed annually. Its fisheries and aquaculture are among the fastest growing subsectors in the country. With a coastline of 853km and over 14 million hectares of inland waters, total fish production per year is close to 1 million metric tons (313,231 metric tons from aquaculture and 759,828 metric tons from fisheries). Fishing is a vital livelihood for the poor as well as an important protein source at the household level in Nigeria.  The aquaculture sub-sector is considered a very viable alternative to meeting the nation’s need for self-sufficiency in fish production and nutritional needs.
What is the land of Nigeria?
Much of Nigeria is covered with plains and savannas. These tropical grasslands spread out as far as the eye can see and are interrupted here and there by trees and shrubs. The southwestern plains are home to the Yoruba people, who have lived there for thousands of years.
How long has Nigeria been around?
HISTORY. Although the country of Nigeria is fairly new, the area’s history stretches back for thousands of years. The town of Nok in central Nigeria was once the home of a culture that existed more than 2,000 years ago. Archaeologists have found many of their clay carvings.
What did the ancient people of Nigeria learn?
Hundreds of thousands of years before the Nok culture, ancient people in Nigeria began making stone tools and eventually learned to farm and keep animals. In the 1600s, many Africans became victims of the European slave trade. Millions of people lost their freedom.
Which is the most important country in West Africa?
Nigeria is the most important country politically and economically in West Africa. It is richer than all other West African nations and holds considerable power.
When did Nigeria gain independence?
Since Nigeria won independence from Britain in 1960, it has suffered through corrupt leaders and occasional military rule. In 1999 the country adopted a new constitution and the first democratic elections in 20 years were held. Nigeria is the most important country politically and economically in West Africa.
Where are the gorillas in Nigeria?
Green plants grow everywhere, broken by flashes of color from flowers, fruits, birds, and butterflies. This is the home of rare western lowland gorillas, once thought to be extinct in Nigeria.
How many languages are spoken in Nigeria?
PEOPLE & CULTURE. There are at least 250 languages spoken in Nigeria and possibly more than 400. Music and art spring from strong tribal roots and are prevalent throughout society. At least 60 percent of Nigerians live below the poverty line, existing on less than a dollar a day.
How does topography affect agriculture?
Topography affects agriculture as it relates to soil erosion, difficulty of tillage and poor transportation facilities. Mechanization of agriculture depends entirely on the topography of land. On rough, hilly lands, the use of agricultural machinery is impossible.
What are the factors that influence agriculture?
Political factors also play a vital role in agricultural development. The political system, i.e., capitalistic, communist or socialistic system determines the pattern of agriculture. For example in China, agriculture is fully controlled by government; similar was the case of former USSR. On the other hand, in USA, Canada and in most of the other countries of the world, agriculture is a private concern.
What are the effects of government policies on agriculture?
The government policies regarding land, irrigation, marketing and trade, etc., have a direct impact on agriculture. Similarly, subsidies, loan policy, purchase policies, agricultural marketing and international trade and tax policy of the government also have a direct impact on agricultural production and its development.
How do social factors affect agriculture?
These factors are more effective in tribal cultures. Another way in which social factors can affect agriculture is in the ownership and inheritance of land. In many parts of the world the land of a father is divided between his children.
Why is mechanised farming capital intensive?
The occidental farmer has to invest large amount of capital in agriculture because he has to buy agricultural machinery and chemical fertilizers.
What determines the character of agriculture?
Labour supply determines the character of agriculture. Intensive agriculture is essentially labour-intensive and exemplifies the human pressure on land.
Why are terraces used in agriculture?
In areas where the pressure on soil is great, even the slopes of mountains are terraced into small farms to provide agricultural land. In China, farm terraces may be seen clinging to hillsides to a height of several thousand feet. It is known that in extreme cases agriculture may succeed in conquering slopes of as much as 45 degrees.
What is the landscape of Nigeria?
Much of Nigeria’s surface consists of ancient crystalline rocks of the African Shield. Having been subject to weathering and erosion for long periods , the characteristic landscape of this area is extensive level plains interrupted by occasional granite mountains. These features form a major landscape type of Nigeria and of West Africa as a whole. There are also smaller areas of younger granites found, for example, on the Jos Plateau.
What is the elevation of Nigeria?
The elevational pattern of most of Nigeria consists of a gradual rise from the coastal plains to the northern savanna regions, generally reaching an elevation of 600 to 700 meters. Higher altitudes, reaching more than 1,200 meters in elevation, are found only in isolated areas of the Jos Plateau and in parts of the eastern highlands along the Cameroon border. The coastal plain extends inland for about ten kilometers and rises to an elevation of forty to fifty meters above sea level at its northern boundary. The eastern and western sections of the coastal plain are separated by the Niger Delta, which extends over an area of about 10,000 square kilometers. Much of this is swampland, separated by numerous islands. The coastal plain region penetrates inland about seventy-five kilometers in the west but extends farther in the east. This region is gently undulating with elevation increasing northward and a mean elevation of about 150 meters above sea level. Much of the population of southern Nigeria is located in these eastern and western coastal plains and in some of the contiguous areas of the coast and the lower Niger Basin.
What are the average temperatures in Nigeria?
Highest temperatures occur during the dry season; rains moderate afternoon highs during the wet season. Average highs and lows for Lagos are 31° C and 23° C in January and 28° C and 23° C in June. Although average temperatures vary little from coastal to inland areas, inland areas, especially in the northeast, have greater extremes. There, temperatures reach as high as 44° C before the onset of the rains or drop as low as 6° C during an intrusion of cool air from the north from December to February.
Where is the most rainfall in Nigeria?
The greatest total precipitation is generally in the southeast, along the coast around Bonny (south of Port Harcourt) and east of Calabar, where mean annual rainfall is more than 4,000 millimeters. Most of the rest of the southeast receives between 2,000 and 3,000 millimeters of rain per year, and the southwest (lying farther north) receives lower total rainfall, generally between 1,250 and 2,500 millimeters per year. Mean annual precipitation at Lagos is about 1,900 millimeters; at Ibadan, only about 140 kilometers north of Lagos, mean annual rainfall drops to around 1,250 millimeters. Moving north from Ibadan, mean annual rainfall in the west is in the range of 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters.
When is the rainy season in Nigeria?
In the coastal and southeastern portions of Nigeria, the rainy season usually begins in February or March as moist Atlantic air , known as the southwest monsoon, invades the country. The beginning of the rains is usually marked by the incidence of high winds and heavy but scattered squalls. The scattered quality of this storm rainfall is especially noticeable in the north in dry years, when rain may be abundant in some small areas while other contiguous places are completely dry. By April or early May in most years, the rainy season is under way throughout most of the area south of the Niger and Benue river valleys. Farther north, it is usually June or July before the rains really commence. The peak of the rainy season occurs through most of northern Nigeria in August, when air from the Atlantic covers the entire country. In southern regions, this period marks the August dip in precipitation. Although rarely completely dry, this dip in rainfall, which is especially marked in the southwest, can be useful agriculturally, because it allows a brief dry period for grain harvesting.
What are the two main rivers in Nigeria?
Separating the two segments of the coastal plain and extending to the northeast and northwest are the broad river basins of the Niger and Benue rivers . The upper reaches of these rivers form narrow valleys and contain falls and rapids. Most of the lower portions, however, are free from rapids and have extensive floodplains and braided stream channels. To the north of the Niger and Benue basins are the broad, stepped plateau and granite mountains that characterize much of northern Nigeria. Such mountains are also found in the southwest, in the region between the western coastal plains and the upper Niger Basin. The western wedge between Abeokuta and Ibadan and the Niger Basin reaches elevations of 600 meters or more, while the extensive northern savanna region, stretching from Kontagora to Gombe and east to the border, includes extensive areas with elevations of more than 1,200 meters or more at its center. The mountainous zone along the middle part of the eastern border, the Cameroon Highlands, includes the country’s highest point (2,042 meters). In the far northeast and northwest, elevation falls again to below 300 meters in the Chad Basin in the far northeast and the Sokoto Basin in the northwest.
Where is the volcanic rock in Nigeria?
They are found on the Biu Plateau in the northeast, extending into some localized volcanic areas along the eastern border with Cameroon, and on the Jos Plateau in the northern center of the country.