How does nigeria’s geography affect agriculture


In addition to that, Nigeria’s multiple vegetation zones, plentiful rain, surface water, underground water resources, and moderate climatic extremes allow for production of diverse food and cash crops. The main cash crops are cocoa, cotton, groundnuts, oil palm, and rubber.

How is agriculture affected by geography?

Physical geography features (access to water, climate, soil types, landforms) influence how people farm in a region. Irrigation, terrace farming, deforestation, desertification, and the drainage of wetlands have occurred as farmers try to increase production to feed an ever-growing human population.

What are the factors affecting agriculture in Nigeria?

Five Major Problems Facing Agriculture in Nigeria.Lack of Information: Lack of information is one of the major problems that exist in Nigeria’s agriculture sector. … Poor Infrastructure: … Poor Research and Record Keeping: … Finance:

How does climate affect agriculture in Nigeria?

Climate change is a big threat to Nigerian food security, affecting both subsistence and commercial farming. Climate change causes an increase of diseases and pests, thereby declining agricultural production. Declining rainfall in northern areas of Nigeria is causing increasing desertification.

What are Nigeria’s primary agricultural products?

Nigeria’s major agricultural imports include wheat, sugar, fish and milk, while the main agricultural exports include sesame seeds, cashew nuts, cocoa beans, ginger, frozen shrimp and cotton. Sesame, cashew nuts and cocoa account for more than half of the nation’s agricultural exports.

What is the geography like in Nigeria?

Nigeria is a patchwork of distinctive regions, including deserts, plains, swamps, mountains, and steamy jungles. It has one of the largest river systems in the world, including the Niger Delta, the third largest delta on Earth. Much of Nigeria is covered with plains and savannas.

What are the factors affecting the agriculture?

Different factors which influence agriculture are soil, climate, monsoon, irrigation facilities, availability or adoption of different technology.

How do climate affect agriculture?

Climate change can affect agriculture in a variety of ways. Beyond a certain range of temperatures, warming tends to reduce yields because crops speed through their develop- ment, producing less grain in the process. And higher tem- peratures also interfere with the ability of plants to get and use moisture.

How does climate affect agricultural production?

Climate change can disrupt food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality. For example, projected increases in temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, changes in extreme weather events, and reductions in water availability may all result in reduced agricultural productivity.

How does weather affect agriculture?

Changes in ozone, greenhouse gases and climate change affect agricultural producers greatly because agriculture and fisheries depend on specific climate conditions. Temperature changes can cause habitat ranges and crop planting dates to shift and droughts and floods due to climate change may hinder farming practices.

Why agriculture is important in Nigeria?

Agriculture is at the center of the Nigerian economy, providing the main source of livelihood for the majority of Nigerians. The farming sector of this West African country employs about 70 percent of the entire country’s labor force.

Does Nigeria have good agriculture?

Nigeria has 70.8 million hectares of agriculture land area with maize, cassava, guinea corn, yam beans, millet and rice being the major crops. Nigeria’s rice production rose from 3.7 million metric tons in 2017 to 4.0 million metric tons in 2018.

What is the impact of agriculture in Nigeria economy?

The agricultural sector in Nigeria remains a dominant economic force, contributing 25.2 % (N10. 50 trillion) to the nation’s GDP2 as at 2019.

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