How europe’s agricultural policy hurts africa


A recent study from the Institute of Economic Affairs in Britain estimates that EU agriculture policies have reduced African exports of milk products by more than 90 percent, livestock by nearly 70 percent, meat by almost 60 percent, non-grain crops by 50 percent and grains by more than 40 percent.

Bread made from wheat flour became the staple food of the European colonial rulers. Since wheat does not grow well in Africa’s climate, a deadly dependency began: in Senegal, for example, millet consumption per capita decreased from 80 kilograms in 1961 to 25 kilograms in 2010.Jun 29, 2020


Is EU agriculture policy’still hurting farmers in developing countries’?

EU agriculture policy ‘still hurting farmers in developing countries’. Trade campaigners have expressed concern at the impact on poor countries. “The biggest problem is that subsidies keep prices artificially low, mainly for grain traders, so developing country farmers cannot compete,” said Ruth Bergan, co-ordinator from the Trade Justice Movement.

What should Africa’s agricultural policy look like in developed countries?

Therefore, agricultural policies in developed countries should be of great interest to Africa and the rest of the world. Agriculture has been — and in the foreseeable future will continue to be — the backbone of sub-Saharan Africa’s economy. The sector employs about 70 per cent of the labour force.

What has happened to the EU’s agriculture budget?

High commodity prices, which automatically push down income support, as well as 25 years of CAP reform have slashed EU spending on agriculture. Despite the decline, it still absorbs almost half of the EU budget.

What should African countries do to increase agricultural productivity?

African countries must remember that higher world prices of agricultural products would encourage their own farmers to produce more, with the potential for their countries to become exporters of food. With that in mind, African countries must also continue to reduce domestic taxes on farmers.


How does agriculture affect African economies?

Agriculture is by far the single most important economic activity in Africa. It provides employment for about two-thirds of the continent’s working population and for each country contributes an average of 30 to 60 percent of gross domestic product and about 30 percent of the value of exports.

What major impact did agriculture have on Europe?

The Agricultural Revolution gave Britain at the time the most productive agriculture in Europe, with 19th-century yields as much as 80% higher than the Continental average. Even as late as 1900, British yields were rivaled only by Denmark, the Netherlands, and Belgium.

What are the problems of agricultural development in Africa?

In this chapter, authors review the main challenges of the agricultural sector in sub-Saharan Africa. It includes gender disparities, dependence on rain-fed agriculture, low use of irrigation, limited public investment and institutional support.

What is wrong with the common agricultural policy?

By ignoring the rules of supply and demand, the Common Agricultural Policy is hugely wasteful. It leads to overproduction, forming mountains of surplus produce which are either destroyed or dumped on developing nations, undermining the livelihoods of farmers there.

Why is the EU common agricultural policy so important?

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) protects family farm incomes, supports the rural economy, ensures the production of high-quality safe food for consumers and protects rural landscapes and the environment.

What were the positive and negative effects of the Agricultural Revolution?

– Positive: There are more people because there is enough food. More ideas can be created and the population can become more diverse. – Negative: More competition for space and resources.

What is the problems of agricultural development in West Africa?

Many developing countries in West Africa are faced with numerous problems that militate against the development of agriculture. Some of these problems are: Inadequate Land or Land Tenure System. Poor Storage and Processing Facilities.

What are the major problems of agriculture?

Farmers need to deal with many problems, including how to:Cope with climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss.Satisfy consumers’ changing tastes and expectations.Meet rising demand for more food of higher quality.Invest in farm productivity.Adopt and learn new technologies.More items…

What are the principle reasons for the relative stagnation of developing country agriculture in Africa?

The reasons for such stagnation are multiple, says the CAADP: continuing dependence on uncertain rainfall, nutritional deficiencies in Africa’s soils, small and dispersed domestic markets, the instability and decline of world prices for African agricultural exports, the small size of most farms, farmers’ frequent lack …

Which country benefits most from the Common Agricultural Policy?

FranceNationally, France is the country that benefits the most from the CAP funding, followed by Germany and Spain. Overall, farmers in the 15 older EU member states benefit much more from the CAP than the newer members, as their farmers get larger payments per hectare.

Why is the Common Agricultural Policy controversial?

Highly controversial because of its cost and impact on the environment, today the CAP is facing a new set of challenges because of budgetary constraints and the relationship between agriculture and climate change.

Is the common agricultural policy a success?

The CAP is often quoted amongst the most successful European policies both in terms of effectiveness and as a step towards European integration. It is considered a milestone in the process of increasing interconnections between member States.

What is the CAP reform?

CAP reform comes against the background of the EU’s commitment to what it calls policy coherence for development, which seeks to ensure that all policies, not just development, promote growth in developing countries. The continuing high level of farm subsidies will make it hard for EU policymakers to square the circle.

Does the EU’s agricultural policy absorb half of the EU budget?

Despite the decline in subsidies, the common agricultural policy still absorbs almost half the EU budget.

What is CAP in agriculture?

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the centerpiece of the Eu-ropean Union’s agricultural policy and is arguably their most pro-tectionist programme. In this essay Gemma Bewley analyses whether this system, designed to support EU farmers, has had external conse-quences on the economic development of African nations. She does this through the application of three trade theories before turning to the empirical evidence to further support her argument.

What are the causes of the CAP?

Some of these causes include government policies, supply chain issues, animal or plant health issues, e.g. avian influenza (European Commission, 2018). They also acknowledge that there are other large countries, such as the United States, China or Brazil who may also impact the domestic agricultural production of the developing world.

How do agricultural subsidies affect Africa?

Agricultural subsidies in developed countries reduce world prices, and thus the incomes of African farmers. World Bank studies suggest that US subsidies alone reduce West Africa’s annual revenue from cotton exports by $250 mn a year. The EU also heavily subsidizes its farmers.

Why are African countries food importers?

But in reality, some of those countries are food importers in part because of the subsidies. African countries must remember that higher world prices of agricultural products would encourage their own farmers to produce more, with the potential for their countries to become exporters of food.

How do subsidies affect the world?

Subsidies influence world prices, since they encourage farmers in developed countries to export more agricultural products than they would otherwise. Therefore, agricultural policies in developed countries should be of great interest to Africa and the rest of the world.


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