How has science improved agriculture in india

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New farming irrigation methods such as drip irrigation, stronger and more resistant pesticides, more efficient fertilizers, and newly developed seeds helped in proficient crop growth. As a result of such new improvements in agricultural methods, India experienced drastic increases in crop production.Jun 6, 2017

How can we improve the agriculture in India?

A lot has been done to improve the cultivation, yet at the same time, Indian agriculture relies upon traditional farming techniques, natural waters irrigation, and development techniques. Farmers depend on ground waters, rivers and rains.

How has the Indian agriculture changed over the years?

The change in Indian agriculture began with the Green Revolution, which was trailed by accomplishments of large achievements: Blue revolution, white revolution, yellow and Bio-Technology revolutions. In India, agriculture is the core sector for food security, nutritional security, and sustainable development & for poverty alleviation.

Which is the major focus area of Agriculture in India?

Dryland agriculture should be the major focus area as more than 60 percent of the cultivated area in the country is without irrigation. The water use efficiency under a conventional flood of the irrigation system, which is practiced in Indian agriculture, is very low due to substantial conveyance.

What are the factors that influenced the development of Agriculture in India?

Early farm machinery development in India was greatly influenced by technological developments in England. The horse drawn equipment imported from England were suitably modified to suit Indian draught animals, and thus as a result, mould board ploughs, disc harrow and cultivators were introduced in India.

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How has science improved agriculture?

Technological innovations have greatly shaped agriculture throughout time. From the creation of the plow to the global positioning system (GPS) driven precision farming equipment, humans have developed new ways to make farming more efficient and grow more food.


How science and technology is helping Indian agriculture?

Here the application of Science and Technology in agriculture generally refers to improving the crop yield, protecting the crop against diseases and pests, the method to store the crops for long life, healthy and high yielding livestock’s and also predicting the whether.


How has scientific research helped agriculture?

In agriculture, scientists actively seek to discover procedures that will increase livestock and crop yields, improve farmland pro- ductivity, reduce loss due to disease and insects, develop more effi- cient equipment, and increase overall food quality.


What is the big impact of science in agriculture?

Science made agriculture a business, not a relatively low-paying way of life. Science saved the American farmer from agrarian peasantry, and gave his children the opportunity of higher education and so the right and freedom to compete in any occupation.


What are the uses of science in agriculture?

agricultural sciences, sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use.


What are the technological changes in Indian agriculture?

Technological changes in the form of high-yielding dwarf wheat varieties became an instant success in India. Thus began the golden period in Indian agriculture called the “Green Revolution.” The spread of HYVs of rice was relatively slow compared to that of wheat.


What is the importance of crop science?

Crop science can help to identify and to develop new strains and breeds which are more resistant to specific pests. This would also lead to a decrease in the application of pesticides which are typically subjected to the plants to prevent reduction or even destruction of the harvest due to pests.


Why is it necessary to develop agriculture on scientific lines in the world?

Thus it becomes necessary to develop agriculture and farming system on the bases if the scientific lines as to feed the growing population of earth and to safeguard it from other harmful aspects of diseases, pests, and invasive species.


What technological advances improved agricultural production?

As time passed, more technological advances appeared in agriculture. The tractor was introduced, followed by new tillage and harvesting equipment, irrigation and air seeding technology, all leading to higher yields and improved quality of the food and fibre that was grown.


How does science and technology affect the growth of a nation?

Science and Technology hold the key to the progress and development of any nation. Technology plays a Fundamental role in wealth creation, improvement of the quality of life and real economic growth and transformation in any society.


How science has benefitted agriculture so far

Indeed, it has been science-based improvements in agricultural technology that have contributed significantly — across two Green Revolutions (GR) — to alleviating hunger and poverty in India and most of Asia.


GMO crops: A third Green Revolution

I also envision that, sometime around 2030, a third GR (GR3.0) will commence when Indian and other farmers start planting yield-plateau-busting C4 rice and nitrogen-fixing rice. These varieties will be extraordinarily environmentally friendly as, to produce higher yield, they will only need half the amount of water and nitrogen currently used.


Fast-tracking adoption of new agricultural technologies

Although still on hold in India, Bt brinjal has been released in Bangladesh. Interestingly, Bangladesh approved Bt brinjal based on the data generated here in India, which illustrates a concept that I would like to promote further.


Notes

The Luddites were 19th-century English textile workers who protested against newly developed labour-economising technologies from 1811 to 1816.


Further Reading

Dar, Manzoor, Alain de Janvry, Kyle Emerick, David Raitzer and Elisabeth Sadoulet (2013), “ Flood-tolerant rice reduces yield variability and raises expected yield, differentially benefitting socially disadvantaged groups ”, Scientific Reports, Volume 3.


What is the role of agriculture in India?

From ancient times, agriculture has played a vital role in India’s growth and can be traced back to Indus Valley Civilization. Rich fertile land, plenty of water for irrigation, and domestication of crops and animals were some of the key factors for its success.


What is the history of scientific farming in India?

History of scientific farming in India. The rich history of scientific farming has paved way to prcision farming. Use of geospatial technology can further help in boosting crop production. Agriculture has always been a lifeline for India. Even though with age, India has made a mark in various spheres and has progressed in …


What is remote sensing used for in agriculture?

According to a report by Department of Agronomy, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka , farming makes use of remote sensing to macro-control of GPS to locate precisely ground position and of GIS to store ground information.


How does precision farming affect the environment?

Precision farming not only may utilize full resources, but also reduce investment, decrease pollution of the environment and get the most of social and economic efficiency , but also makes farm products, the same as industry, become controllable, and be produced in standards and batches.


What are the new farming methods used in India?

New farming irrigation methods such as drip irrigation, stronger and more resistant pesticides, more efficient fertilizers, and newly developed seeds helped in proficient crop growth. As a result of such new improvements in agricultural methods, India experienced drastic increases in crop production.


What was the transition period in India in the 1980s?

While 1980s can be termed as a transition time, where reforms under the guidance of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had just started steering its way to economic stability, it was only in 1991 during the time of “ Liberalization ”, India saw some major reforms that gave impetus to the economy. It was during this time that ISRO was also trying its best to launch remote sensing in India. In 1988 the space agency launched Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite – IRA-1A through a Russian rocket. Then in 1991 it launched second operational remote sensing satellite IRS-1B. After this a series of launches were seen. The space agency went aggressive to put India on the radar of global space giants.


Why is G-tech important?

G-tech to propel economy’s growth trajectory. Agricultural scientists believed that remote sensing could help solve many issues, but this ideology took some time to evolve in India. The era of 2000 was a period where a lot of innovations, new Bills and reforms were introduced.


Why is agriculture important in India?

Some benefits of agricultural technology include; Higher crop productivity. Decreased use of water quantity, fertilizer, and pesticides, which in turn keeps food prices down.


What percentage of India’s agriculture is without irrigation?

Dryland agriculture should be the major focus area as more than 60 percent of the cultivated area in the country is without irrigation. The water use efficiency under a conventional flood of the irrigation system, which is practiced in Indian agriculture, is very low due to substantial conveyance.


What is protected cultivation?

Protected or greenhouse cultivation is the area where the production of horticultural crops has improved qualitatively. In India, the area under greenhouse cultivation is presently 25,000 hectares. While the greenhouse vegetable cultivation area is 2000 hectares. Polyhouses can be utilized for rainwater harvesting.


How much water can be reduced by drip irrigation?

Compared with furrow irrigation, drip irrigation methods can reduce the volume of water applied to fields by up to 70 percent, while increasing crop yields by 20 to 90 percent.


What are the technologies used in agriculture?

Technologies in agriculture developed to increase production, resolve chemo-physical, biological, and socioeconomic constraints related to crop production. The technology covers everything from powered machinery that does work formerly preformed people and animals to enhanced seed technologies that support crop growth and protect plants from insects.


Why is water important in agriculture?

The availability of water is critical for increasing productivity in agriculture. In India, around 78 percent of water goes to the agriculture sector, as the remaining part shared out between drinking, industry and another usage.


What is the role of technology in agriculture?

Agricultural technology mainly refers to technology for the production of machines used on a farm to help with farming.


How much of India’s crop yield is sustainable?

Crop yields in India are still just 30% to 60% of the best sustainable crop yields achievable in the farms of developed and other developing countries. And poor infrastructure and unorganized retail means India has one of the world’s highest levels of post-harvest food loss. Clearly, it is time for change.


Why are farmers in India threatened?

India’s farmers are constantly threatened by adverse weather and environmental conditions that spell disaster for their produce. Extreme situations such as flooding and droughts constantly plague India’s farming community. PPPs that protect the agricultural sector against the vagaries of nature can be life savers.


How does biotechnology help growers?

Biotechnology, meanwhile, can equip growers with techniques for developing high-yield crops, managing pests, better utilizing waste water and focusing on nutrition. The remarkable breakthroughs made in the cereal production industry show how much of an impact biotechnology can make.


Is agriculture a natural resource?

The natural resources on which agriculture is based – land and water, above all – are being degraded and there is growing competition for their use. Climate change is already exacerbating this situation, making agriculture more risky, and it will have an even greater impact in the future.


What should the implements and machines for the Indian farmers be simple in construction?

(i) That the implements and machines for the Indian farmers should be simple in construction so that they could be operated by the illiterate farmers, and should either be manufactured or could be repaired by the village artisans or mechanics;


What are the principles of research in India?

Principles of Research: In India, the holdings are generally small, the average farmer is poor, and the draft cattle are also small and ill fed. Taking these factors into consideration, certain principles, on which research is to be carried out, have been laid down.


What are the recommendations for the work of improvement, development and standardization of indigenous implements?

Recommendations: 1. The work of improvement, development and standardization of indigenous implements should be carried out in co-ordinated manner with due regard to different soils, climatic conditions and cultural practices prevailing in various regions of the country. 2.


How much of the population in rural areas depended on agriculture?

More than 80% of the population living in rural areas was dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. The Royal Commission on Agriculture in its report in 1928 had laid stress on harnessing science to develop and spread new agricultural technologies for the irrigated, arid and semi-arid areas. However, the quantum of efforts generated in …


What was the Royal Commission on Agriculture’s report in 1928?

The Royal Commission on Agriculture in its report in 1928 had laid stress on harnessing science to develop and spread new agricultural technologies for the irrigated, arid and semi-arid areas. However, the quantum of efforts generated in agricultural engineering research and education till 1947 was microscopic in relation to …


When did agricultural engineering start?

Research in agricultural engineering related to farm implements and machinery began at the Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Naini in 1921 with Prof. Mason Vaugh as the Research Engineer.


When did India start producing tractor?

During 1960 indigenous production of tractors started in India with a production of a few hundred tractors year which has now reached to a production level of more than, 2,00,000 tractors / year and India has emerged as number one tractor producing country in the world.

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Role of Technology in Agriculture


Importance of Latest Agricultural Technologies in India

  • Farmers no longer have to apply water, fertilizers, and also pesticides uniformly across entire fields. Some benefits of agricultural technologyinclude; 1. Higher crop productivity 2. Decreased use of water quantity, fertilizer, and pesticides, which in turn keeps food prices down 3. Reduced impact on natural ecosystems 4. Less runoff of chemicals …

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Stages in The Development of Farm Technology

  • The process of change in agriculture technology was not an abrupt event. It has undergone through the below stages; 1. Changes in farm machine technology 2. Changes in animal production technology 3. Changes in plant production technology 4. Changes in land use technology 5. Changes in food and fiber processing technology.

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Use of Modern Irrigation Methods in Agriculture Technology

  • The availability of water is critical for increasing productivity in agriculture. In India, around 78 percent of water goes to the agriculture sector, as the remaining part shared out between drinking, industry and another usage. So, it is required that water storage facilities be increased in the country to 450 million cubic meters by 2050. Dryland agriculture should be the major focus area …

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Protected Cultivation in Agriculture

  • Protected or greenhouse cultivation is the area where the production of horticultural crops has improved qualitatively. In India, the area under greenhouse cultivation is presently 25,000 hectares. While the greenhouse vegetable cultivation area is 2000 hectares. Polyhouses can be utilized for rainwater harvesting. The irregular annual demand for a 175 square meter poly-hous…

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New and Latest Technologies in Agriculture in India

  • Artificial Intelligence For the growth of agriculture, it is essential to identify factors that can contribute to better crop yield and place of harvest. With Artificial Intelligence tools entering the new technology space in agriculture, it becomes possible to reach solutions based data that indicates weather conditions, type of harvest a crop would need, and the type of soil most suitab…

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