How himalayas support agriculture


In addition to providing surface and groundwater, the Himalayan mountain system provides huge inputs to agriculture through regulating micro-climates as well as wind and monsoon circulation, and by supporting river and wetland ecosystems in South Asia.

What is the importance of the Himalayas in Indian agriculture?

So in short they provide water for agriculture and throughout the year. Since himalayas are young fold mountains and made of sedimentary rocks, the rivers see higher erosion and eventual floodplains are formed which happen to be the biggest agricul Himalayas play a more than significant role in indian agriculture esp the north Indian floodplains.

What can we learn from the Himalayas?

Some scholarship takes the Himalayan region as an important site in which to learn how human communities are shaped by the natural environment; other studies consider the reverse, how people influence the ecological communities within the Himalaya.

What are the crops grown in the Himalayas?

The other crops are wheat, maize, potatoes, tobacco and ginger. Tea is a unique crop which can be grown on the hill slopes only. A wide variety of fruits such as apples, pears, grapes, mulberry, walnut, cherries, peaches, apricot, etc. are also grown in the Himalayan region.

How does the formation of Himalayas influence the climate?

The formation of himalayas influences the climate in various ways. The himalayan ranges keep the country warm by obstructing the northern winds. This helps indian agriculture to cultivate many varieties of crops. Himalayas play a more than significant role in indian agriculture esp the north Indian floodplains.


What are the challenges of agriculture in the Himalayas?

This transformation from subsistence systems to commercial agriculture poses new challenges for improving and maintaining productivity and quality. Among these challenges are crop failures due to inadequate pollination. This is caused by several factors, the most important of which include the lack of adequate number of pollinators as a result of decline in pollinator populations and diversity due to several factors such as decline in wilderness and loss of habitat, land use changes, monoculture-dominated agriculture and excessive and indiscriminate use of agricultural chemicals and pesticides. Consequently, the need for ensuring pollination particularly through conserving pollinators and incorporating managed crop pollination has increased and will increase further. This calls for a more intensive focus on the issue from the perspective of policy, research, development and extension. Policy reorientation, improving institutional capabilities and human resources development are the key areas needing attention.

How to improve crop yields?

There are two well known methods for improving crop productivity. The first method is making use of agronomic inputs, including plant husbandry techniques such as the use of good quality seeds and planting material, and practices to improve yields, for example, providing good irrigation, organic manure and inorganic fertilizers and pesticides. The second method includes the use of biotechnological techniques, such as manipulating rate of photosynthesis and biological nitrogen fixation, etc. These conventional techniques ensure healthy growth of crop plants, but work up to a limit. At some stage crop productivity becomes stagnant or declines with additional inputs for the known agronomic potentials of crop will have been harnessed (Partap and Partap, 1997).


“In choosing to study the relationship between Himalayan societies in Nepal and Ladakh and their environment, the authors of this book propose a new interpretation of present-day landscapes, of their diversity as well as of their transformation.

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What are the roles of the Himalayas in India?

Himalayas play a more than significant role in indian agriculture esp the north Indian floodplains. They have played their part through the following: Their glaciers like gangotri, yamnotri have provided the country with one of the largest river systems.

Why are the Himalayas important?

Himalayas are responsible for causing rainfall in the plains during summer season and ultimately to have a monsoon type climate in the country , without that the india would have been a tropical desert.

Why is India a monsoon land?

The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.

Which Himalayan river has a perennial flow?

Himalayan rivers i.e., ganga , indus and brahmaputra and their tributaries have a perennial flow as they are fed by the glaciers.

What is the Himalayan region responsible for?

Himalayas are responsible for causing rainfall in the plains during summer season and ultimately to have a monsoon type climate in the co. Continue Reading. Himalayas are responsible for causing rainfall in the plains during summer season and ultimately to have a monsoon type climate in the country.

What would have happened if there were no Himalayas?

If there would have been no Himalayas then the Serbian Goldwing could have affected the most part of Northern India and it could have been white desert. All the perennial rivers originating from Himalayas including Ganga and Jamuna.

What is the Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering?

Featuring next on this list is Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Bhopal, which was founded in 1976 for proving research and development platform in the field of agricultural engineering.

What are the problems farmers face in the Himalayas?

Our report, Smallholder Farming Systems in the Indian Himalayas, shows that farmers in the eastern and central Himalayas have experienced increasingly erratic rainfall, drought and floods, higher temperatures, and a rise in crop pests and diseases, leading to lower yields.

What are traditional crops and innovations?

Traditional crops and innovations are offering farmers in the Himalayan region a way to deal with the challenges of climate change, but there is much work to be done for this to become a truly viable alternative.

What are the crops that farmers in the East grow?

They are dedicating more areas to perennial drought-tolerant crops such as broomstick grass and cardamom, which they are intercropping with food grains and vegetables. Broomstick grass, which was domesticated by farmers to reclaim degraded land after a major landslide in 1968, has become a key cash crop in the region.

How is Himalayan ecology related to human ecology?

Himalayan ecology has been approached and studied from a range of disciplinary perspectives that nonetheless are connected by a common concern with human-environment relations. Attention, broadly, to Himalayan ecology as a distinct subfield appears to have gathered momentum in the 1990s, in the wake of perceptions of an environmental crisis in the Himalaya. Prabhakar 2001 provides a broad overview of different Himalayan ecosystems. An edited volume, Maithani 1991 describes the ecosystems and environmental resources of the central Himalaya and places greater emphasis on the physical and natural environment and relatively less weight on the ways in which human communities shape and are shaped by it. Kapoor and Kapoor 1994 considers the reciprocal impacts of human activity on different Himalayan ecosystems. More recent works have expanded the ways in which human-environment relations are conceptualized in the Himalaya. Thus, Singh 1998 highlights the diversity within mountain ecosystems in what is now Himachal Pradesh but does so from an historical perspective. Guneratne 2010 covers a wide swath of the Himalayan region and shows how anthropological perspectives that attend to local understandings of environment and natural resources may be brought to bear on thinking about Himalayan ecology.

What is the Himalayan region?

The Himalayan region, spanning Bhutan, Nepal, northern India, Pakistan, and the Tibet Autonomous Region, may be defined by its mountainous geography, but it is characterized by tremendous ecological diversity. This diversity results from the altitude, slope, and aspect of the mountains and complex glaciology and hydrology as well as …

What are the uses of land in Singh’s book?

Singh instead highlights the dynamic interaction among distinctive, but interrelated, land uses that include agriculture, pastoralism, forests, and wastelands, and he shows the ways in which people worked within and across these regions to manage natural resources, organize social and political life, and conduct trade.


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