For the modernization of agriculture, scientific methods should be applied. Qualitative seeds, chemical fertilizers and pesticides should be made available to the Indian farmers. Central and state government has given top dominance to agriculture.
What has been done by the Indian government to improve agriculture?
But there was little done by the government. Instead of revolutionising our own agriculture, India depended on food aids from every big and small country of the world. It continued for 20 years. At that time, Indian yields were one of the lowest in the world.
How to modernize agriculture?
For the modernization of agriculture, scientific methods should be applied. Some farmers don’t have enough knowledge about proper utilization of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Farmers should avoid growing same crop on same land again and again.
What is the future of Agriculture in India?
The modern revolutions in Agriculture such as hygrophonics, aerophonics and micro irrigation facilities can enrich Indian fields as our fields are of less holding capacity. Livestock with bio energy plants can be the revolutionary agents of our farms.
What are the modern revolutions in agriculture in India?
The modern revolutions in Agriculture such as hygrophonics, aerophonics and micro irrigation facilities can enrich Indian fields as our fields are of less holding capacity. Livestock with bio energy plants can be the revolutionary agents of our farms. Paddy with fishery can give optimum outcomes to the farmers.
How can India agriculture be modernized?
For the modernization of agriculture, scientific methods should be applied. Qualitative seeds, chemical fertilizers and pesticides should be made available to the Indian farmers. Central and state government has given top dominance to agriculture. Multipurpose projects are being built in all the states of India.
How can we modernize the agriculture?
The primary objectives of modernizing agriculture system are as follows:Provision of loan.Use of agriculture tools and technology.Training and focus on agriculture education.Facility of irrigation.Joint farming system.Research and Innovation.Commercialization of agriculture.Crops diversification.
What is modernization process in agriculture?
Agricultural Modernization is the process of transforming the agricultural. sector into one that is dynamic, technologically advanced, and competitive, yet. centered on human resource development, guided by the sound principles of. social justice (AGRICOM, 06 June 1996).
What is the modernization process?
Modernization is the current term for an old process—the process of social change whereby less developed societies acquire characteristics common to more developed societies. The process is activated by international, or intersocietal, communication.
Why is modernization necessary in agriculture?
For this process to be successful, the agricultural sector must be modernized. Agricultural modernization prepares conditions for industrialization by boosting labor productivity, increasing agricultural surplus to accumulate capital, and increasing foreign exchange via exports.
What are the features of modern agriculture system?
The main characteristics of the modern farm are: new machinery and equipment, technologies, modern production buildings, farms apply a range of innovations, farmers are seeking knowledge are interested in innovation, take part in exhibitions, events, they are energetic, creative and implementing good management …
How can we commercialize and modernize agriculture?
To modernize the agriculture, modern agricultural tools and technology should be accessible to the farmers. For this purpose government and concern authority should have proper planning. Commercialization of agriculture is another measures to modernize agriculture.
What are the features of modern farming?
The basic features of modern agricultural techniques are:(i) HYV seeds: Under the new agricultural strategy special emphasis has been placed on the development and widespread adoption of high yielding varieties of seeds. … (ii) Chemical Fertilizers: … (iii) Irrigation: … (iv) Pesticides: … (v) Multiple Cropping:
How much of India’s population is agriculture?
About 50 to 60% of Indian population depends on agriculture and it currently contributes to 16% of the GDP. Till date, the primary occupation of a majority of villagers in the country is farming. But still, it is disheartening to see that people lack the basic knowledge about agriculture equipment in India. They are still unaware of new and improved ways to increase the yield of their crops. While a majority of the citizens indulge in farming, still the country is not self-sufficient in producing enough food to feed the population. Each year, tons of food grains are imported from other developed countries to feed the Indian population. So, where are we lacking? What are we doing wrong? There are few reasons that cause the backwardness of agriculture in the country. These are: 1 Each year, the yield of the crops is affected due to uncertainty and irregularity of monsoon. 2 Due to increasing population of the country, more and more land is getting acquired leaving very little space for farming. 3 There is an unavailability of canal irrigation which means that farmers are dependent on the rainy season for a fruitful yield.
What equipment do farmers need to grow crops?
Introduction of the latest agriculture equipment such as tractors, front-end loaders, backhoe and more will help farmers to increase their productivity. Apart from the equipment, taking care of the crops is also important.#N#Instead of relying on animals such as oxen, buffalo, and camels, the farmers should opt for mechanized farm equipment that will produce great results and help the farmer to use less manual power. Instead of manually seeding, opting for seed drill can reduce work load while increasing efficiency.
What should be made available to Indian farmers?
Qualitative seeds, chemical fertilizers and pesticides should be made available to the Indian farmers. Central and state government has given top dominance to agriculture. Multipurpose projects are being built in all the states of India. These projects have made irrigation facilities approachable to the farmers.
Why is agriculture important?
Agriculture is of extreme importance for the progress of developing country like India.
Why is agriculture backward?
Low rainfall regions require irrigation facility. But due to lack of the facility is another reason for backwardness of agriculture. Due to unavailability of canal irrigation in the country, most of the farmers of different parts depend on rainy season.
How to overcome the problem of manure?
Some industries overcome the problem of manure. Some farmers don’t have enough knowledge about proper utilization of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Hence, farmers are required to educate through proper mass media like television, newspaper or radio. Agriculture should be established on a co-operative basis.
Why is farming affected by monsoons?
Presence of wide range of Himalayas allows monsoon winds long time in our country. But, due to the uncertainty and irregularity of monsoon, agriculture is affected. Land holdings available for farming are very small and scattered.
What is the primary occupation of most villagers in India?
Primary occupation of most of the villagers in India is farming. Economy of this nation depends on the agricultural productivity. Hence, it is very important to boost the agricultural production by modernizing it.
Should agriculture be established on a co-operative basis?
Agriculture should be established on a co-operative basis. Only hard working and regular persons should be made responsible for performing government policies. Modern science and technology is changing very fast. We should make the best use of it as per our capabilities.
What is the future of agriculture in India?
The future of Indian agriculture. There is a need for work on cost-effective technologies with environmental protection and on conserving our natural resources. Agriculture in India is livelihood for a majority of the population and can never be underestimated.
What changes were made to agricultural marketing after 2003?
Agricultural marketing reforms after 2003 made changes in marketing of agricultural outputs by permitting private investment in developing markets , contract farming and futures trading, etc. These amendments in marketing acts have brought about some changes but the rate is less.
How can nanotechnology be used in agriculture?
Nano-materials in agriculture will reduce the wastage in use of chemicals, minimise nutrient losses in fertilisation and will be used to increase yield through pest and nutrient management.
How will globalization affect India?
Increasing population, increasing average income and globalisation effects in India will increase demand for quantity, quality and nutritious food, and variety of food. Therefore, pressure on decreasing available cultivable land to produce more quantity, variety and quality of food will keep on increasing.
Why is biotechnology important?
Use of biotechnology and breeding will be very important in developing eco-friendly and disease resistant, climate resilient, more nutritious and tastier crop varieties. 4. Some technologies will be frequently and widely used in future and some will become common in a short time while some will take time to mature.
How many internet users will India have in 2025?
India has improved remarkably in its digital connectivity and market access has become very easy. The number of internet users is projected to reach 666.4 million in 2025. Farmers will be behaving more smartly with mobiles in hands and would be able to be more aware and connected with different stake holders.
Is India’s crop productivity low?
In spite of all these facts, the average productivity of many crops in India is quite low. The country’s population in the next decade is expected to become the largest in the world and providing food for them will be a very prime issue. Farmers are still not able to earn respectable earnings.
1. Increase Food Production
Indian agriculture has seen a dramatic increase in food production since introducing new technologies like the Green Revolution in agriculture practices. An annual growth rate of 2.08% was recorded during the 1970s. An annual growth rate of 3.5% was recorded in food grains in 1980.
2. Agricultural Diversification
Agriculture not only completes the demand for food grains, but it is also fulfilling other development needs.
3. Emerging Trend in Horticulture Production
India is considered the largest producer of fruits and the second-largest vegetable producer. The diversity of geographical, climatic and soil features enables India to grow a large variety of horticultural crops, including fruits, vegetables, spices, cashew, coconut, cocoa, areca nut, root and tuber crops, medicinal and aromatic plants etc.
4. Raise in Floricultural Output
Presently, flowers are grown in about 31,000 hectares of land spread over Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. However, since the establishment of liberalization, commercial cultivation of floriculture has been gradually increasing. As a result, the demand for Indian cut flowers is growing continuously in the international market.
5. Free Trade
Liberalization has removed all restrictions on the movement of agricultural produce within the country. It has helped in the expansion of trade in agricultural products, especially food grains.
6. Agriculture Exports
India is the biggest exporter of agricultural products. Hence, it is one of the important emerging trends in agricultural marketing under liberalization. Due to the deregulation, the volume of agricultural exports is growing under the WTO’s rule and its growth prospects in the near future.
7. Developing New Biological Techniques
During the Green Revolution, the increased application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides was encouraged on a large scale to meet the growing demand for the food needed to feed the increasing population.
What is the most important sector of India’s economy?
Agriculture in India is the means of livelihood of almost two-thirds of the workforce in the country. It employees nearly 62% of total population and 42% of total geographical area. It is therefore considered to be the most important sector of India Economy.
What is the apex body of agriculture?
The apex body for education, research, training and transfer of technology in the field of agriculture is the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), established in 1929. India’s transformation from a food deficit to a food surplus country is largely due to ICAR’s smooth and rapid transfer of farm technology from the laboratory to the land.
What was the stock of food grains in 2005?
Stock of food grains as on June 1, 2005 was 27.33 million tonnes, which was lower by 13.6% than the level of 31.64 million tonnes as on June 1, 2004.
What is the Ministry of Food Processing Industries?
The Ministry of Food Processing Industries, set up in July 1988, is the central agency of the Government responsible for developing a strong and vibrant food-processing sector with a view to create increased job opportunities in rural areas , enable the farmers to reap benefit from modern technology, create surplus for exports and stimulating demand for processed food.
When was the Technology Mission on Oilseeds launched?
A Technology Mission on Oilseeds was launched in 1986 to increase production of oilseeds in the country and attain self-sufficiency. Pulses were brought under the Technology Mission in 1990. After the setting up of the Technology Mission, there has been consistent improvement in the production of oilseeds.
Is India self sufficient?
India today is not only self- sufficient in grain production but also has a substantial reserve. The progress made by agriculture in the last four decades has been one of the biggest success stories of free India.
Is fertilizer a part of India?
The Government is keen to see that fertiliser reaches the farmers in the remote and hilly areas. It has been decided to decontrol the prices, distribution and movement of phosphatic and potassic fertilisers.
Is irrigation a good improvement?
i. In regard to irrigation, through the area has shown a good improvement, the flow of benefit has not been commensurate. This is reflected both in the low intensity of cropping and in the under utilisation of the potential created. The efficiency in the use of irrigation facilities also leaves much to be desired. In view of this, the productivity of irrigated land in the country is less than 50 per cent of the potential.
Is the interdependence between agriculture and manufacturing weakened?
Although the inter-dependence of the agricultural and the industrial sectors has increased over the years, the strength of linkage between the agricultural and the manufacturing sectors has weakened . It must be realised that the majority of the population still depending on agriculture, and with a high rural bias in the culture of the population, weakening of this linkage is a serious matter of concern.