As the food production is resource-intensive, food wastes and losses are indirectly accompanied by impacts of environment, such as erosion of soil, deforestation, air and water pollution, as well as greenhouse gas emissions that occur in the processes of food production, storage, transportation, and waste management [ 8 ].
How does the industrialization of agriculture affect the environment?
Industrialization of agriculture has resulted in greater food security and better food conservation technology to minimize wastage. However, on the other hand, the industrialization of agriculture has wreaked havoc on the natural resources; depleting the soil of nutrients and destroyed water reservoirs & marine animals.
What’s wrong with the industrial food system?
The industrial food system is built for scale and efficiency, and while it often results in food that is less expensive for the consumer, it also creates “externalized” costs — paying for environmental cleanup or public health fallout— that must be absorbed by governments and taxpayers.
What are the effects of industrial agriculture on drinking water?
Thus, families that rely upon private drinking water wells are especially vulnerable to the harmful effects of water pollution from factory farms and other forms of industrial agriculture and must test their own drinking water to avoid health problems. 54
What is industrialized agriculture?
Industrialized agriculture is heavily dependent on the use of machines and chemicals like pesticides, antibiotics, and others to maximize the yield per acre.
How does agriculture contribute to food waste?
Growing food uses fertilizer, arable land, pesticides, energy, and water; and can degrade the environment through nutrient runoff or effects of pesticides on non-target organisms.
How did industrialization affect food?
The Industrial Revolution also paved the way for larger corporations and restaurant chains to take over food production, which resulted in a decrease in food prices and an overall increase in accessibility to foods that were produced due to the Industrial Revolution.
Why industrialized food production has a negative impact on the environment?
According to some estimates, industrialized farming–which produces greenhouse gas emission, pollutes air and water, and destroys wildlife–costs the environment the equivalent of about US$3 trillion every year.
What are the effects of industrialized agriculture?
Industrial agriculture pollutes the air, water, and soil with toxic agrochemicals and livestock manure. It is a major source of pollution, accounting for more than twenty-percent of total greenhouse gas emissions � even more than transportation.
What are the disadvantages of industrial agriculture?
While industrial agriculture depends on machinery, that doesn’t mean human work isn’t necessary….It increases the risk of animal cruelty. … It negatively impacts small business agriculture. … It creates environmental concerns. … It contributes to health problems. … It can produce low-quality food.
What is the industrialization of food?
The increasing intensification and capitalization of the production, transport, storage, and retailing of foods, especially of ‘Westernized’ products, associated with agribusiness and transnational corporations.
How does industrialized agriculture affect the environment?
Industrial agriculture harms the environment through pollution of air, soil and water. Air emissions from livestock operations make up 14.5 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Conventional crop production degrades soil health and causes soil erosion.
How does the food industry affect the environment?
Food waste produces 3.3 billion tons of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. If food waste were a country it would be the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases after the US and China. By the year 2050 the world’s population will increase 33% to 10 billion.
How does agriculture affect the environment negatively?
Agriculture contributes to a number larger of environmental issues that cause environmental degradation including: climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss, dead zones, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.
What are three major problems of industrial agriculture?
Industrial agriculture has led to several public health concerns such as antimicrobial resistance, impacts on occupational and community health, and transfer of zoonotic diseases to humans (Marshall & Levy, 2011).
Why is industrial agriculture unsustainable?
The industrial agriculture system consumes fossil fuel, water, and topsoil at unsustainable rates. It contributes to numerous forms of environmental degradation, including air and water pollution, soil depletion, diminishing biodiversity, and fish die-offs.
How does industrial agriculture cause deforestation?
Meat production is a leading cause of deforestation. It destroys animal habitats, cripples biodiversity, and increases GHG emissions in our atmosphere. Consumers often unknowingly support deforestation by purchasing foods, animal byproducts, and wood products sourced from unsustainable operations.