How information system is applied in agriculture


GIS is an integral part of automated field operations, also referred to as precision agriculture or satellite farming. Using data collected from remote sensors, and also from sensors mounted directly on farm machinery, farmers have improved decision-making capabilities for planning their cultivation to maximize yields.

Agricultural information interacts with and influences agricultural productivity in a variety of ways. It can help inform decisions regarding land, labour, livestock, capital and management. Agricultural productivity can arguably be improved by relevant, reliable and useful information and knowledge.May 16, 2008


What are the uses of Agricultural Information Systems?

They can also be used to develop suggestions to solve the common problems in agriculture information systems, to improve the policy programs, the extension1 and research activities, and to manage information on agriculture.

How to betterment of Information Systems in agriculture?

To betterment of information systems in agriculture it is highly recommend to establish communication between farmers, coordinators, agricultural experts, research centers, and 10 fcommunity by information technology.

How information technology and agriculture are related?

Well, many people wonder how information technology and agriculture are related, yet they are totally different disciplines. Agriculture has been there for several centuries, on the contrary, IT is a young discipline which was discovered some decades ago. However, IT plays a big role in the agricultural sector.

What is wrong with the agricultural information system?

The complexity of the agricultural information system leads to an underestimation among end-users. Lack of knowledge of agricultural information may weaken the support for public information funding as a major priority in agriculture. An increase in


How information system is used in agriculture?

Background. Agricultural information systems have been defined as an information system in which agricultural information is generated, transformed, and consolidated with the intention of underpinning knowledge utilization by agricultural producers (de Oliveira, Painho, Santos, Sian, & Barriguinha, 2014).

How can we apply ICT in agriculture explain with example?

Some of the key areas where ICT in agriculture plays a vital role are:Regulatory policy and governance. … Agricultural extension and advisory services. … Enhanced market access. … Environmentally sustainable agriculture. … Early warning system (EWS) for disaster management. … Food safety & traceability.More items…

What is information technology write the role of information technology in agriculture?

In developing countries, ICT in agriculture provides farmers with vital information pertaining to sowing, crop protection, and improving soil fertility that enables them to improve agricultural productivity.

What are the sources of information in agriculture?

Sources of information are: radio, television, extension workers, cooperative societies, friends and colleagues, newspapers and magazines, books/leaflets, phones, libraries and institutes. Also, observation of people organizations, speeches, documents, picture and art work can also be described as information sources.

What are three applications of computer technology in agriculture?

Computers in agriculture have three distinct applications, each of equal importance. The statistical analysis of research data. Decision making with recommendations. Routine summarization of facts and the preparation of reports, costs, etc.

What are the innovative ways to use information and communication technology in agriculture?

Farmers are using various ICT platforms viz. mobiles, web-portals, information kiosks, e-markets, etc for marketing their produce. ICT platform adds market knowledge and give farmer greater confidence in understanding the demand and enhance ability to the control production and manage supply chains.

What type of information do farmers rely on?

The priority areas on which farmers typically seek information include seeds, fertilisers, agriculture credit, irrigation, disease and pest management. The information-seeking behaviour of the farmers depends on two variables: the nature of the crisis and the reliability of the information available.

What is importance of agriculture?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.

What are various information sources?

Information can come from virtually anywhere — media, blogs, personal experiences, books, journal and magazine articles, expert opinions, encyclopedias, and web pages — and the type of information you need will change depending on the question you are trying to answer. Look at the following sources of information.

What is the meaning of ICT?

information and communications technologyICT, or information and communications technology (or technologies), is the infrastructure and components that enable modern computing.

What are the roles of ICT in agricultural and rural development?

ICTs play also an important role in facilitating agricultural growth because they increase the efficiency of market interactions and provide access to real time information mainly by enhancing farmers’ access to markets and their pricing power through the use of trading platforms over the Internet through web/mobile …

Why is IT important to agriculture?

Arguably the most important aspect of agriculture is that it’s the source of the world’s food supply. No matter where or what you are eating, the ingredients in your meals came from somewhere. All roads lead to agriculture.

What is the role of information technology in business?

Information technology is able to analyse specific data and help to plan the business journey accordingly using the trends and information presented in data. IT can also efficiently equip businesses with plentiful tools which can solve challenging business obstacles and help to plan the future growth of the company.

How does digitalization affect agriculture?

Digitalization is fundamentally changing the way of the agricultural technologies and such new technologies help farmers, manufacturers, retailers, and customers in their daily activities. The development of digital technologies with the presence of information systems is essential in altering the mode of business processes. However, on the other hand, the differences between rural and urban technological facilities broadens due to a lack of information access. To bridge the rural and urban divide, technologies can play an important role among rural entrepreneurs. This chapter is an attempt to investigate the agricultural entrepreneurs or agripreneurs use of agricultural information systems to implement innovative approaches in dynamic market conditions.

What is the role of AgRIS in Africa?

Agricultural Information Systems (AGRIS) as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Africa: A Critical Literature Review. The absence of well-developed agricultural information systems (AGRIS) has continued to hinder agricultural development in Africa.

How does AgRIS help Africa?

In view of the foregoing, this chapter discusses AGRIS as a catalyst for SDGs in Africa. An effective AGRIS will strengthen decisions on the general management of the agricultural sector. Deploying the AGRIS for the management of agriculture will boost food production, increase the GDPs and directly strengthen the actualization of SDG 1, SDG 2, SDG 3, SDG 8, SDG 9, SDG 10, SDG 11, SDG 12, SDG 14, SDG 15, SDG 17, and indirectly impact other SDGs. Ultimately, this chapter suggests leveraging AGRIS for mitigating all the identified challenges to agricultural development in the continent.

What is the difference between livestock and crop farming?

(Rao, 2007), while livestock farming is about raising animals like goats, pigs, sheep, cattle, camels, poultry, etc. Livestock/crop farming involves cultivating the land as well as engaging in livestock farming. The potentials of agricultural information to farmers have been reported by Vidanapathirana (2012) for him, agricultural information within the hands of the farmers means empowerment through control over their resources and decision-making processes. This assertion makes it very clear that when farmers are bestowed with information, they become empowered and are able to make positive changes in their farming activities. …

What are the tools used in agriculture?

But there are also some more universal tools that can be put to good use in agriculture. Let’s see: 1 Computer-controlled devices or automated systems. For example, automated milking systems that milk the dairy cattle without human labor. This way, farmers can save time for supervisory duties. 2 RFID (Radio-frequency identification) allows easier identification and provides to data, such as bearer’s location, name of breeder, origin of livestock, sex, and dates of movement. Also, RFID technology will provide improvements in controlling disease outbreaks in livestock. 3 Smartphone mobile apps in agriculture. Several smartphone apps were developed for agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry and farm machinery. 4 E-learning. This one is pretty clear: it’s never too late to learn. And with E-learning, farmers will be able to share information and learn within a greater community. 5 E-commerce: an easy way for farmers to buy agri-inputs and agri-equipment, as well as sell their products. 6 Сomputer-aided manufacturing. A computer that assists in all operations of the farm, including planning and management.

Why is RFID important for farmers?

This way, farmers can save time for supervisory duties. RFID (Radio-frequency identification) allows easier identification and provides to data , such as bearer’s location, name of breeder, origin of livestock, sex, and dates of movement. Also, RFID technology will provide improvements in controlling disease outbreaks in livestock.

What is e-commerce for farmers?

E-commerce: an easy way for farmers to buy agri-inputs and agri-equipment, as well as sell their products.

What are the technologies used in remote sensing?

Remote sensing using satellite technologies, agronomy and soil sciences, geographic information systems , just to name a few. All of them are used to increase the agricultural output. However, these technologies are pretty expensive, thus, more suitable for farming on a larger scale.

Why is information technology important for farmers?

Information technology plays a vital role in ensuring the farmers get access to this information, regardless of their agro ecological location.

Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is a major sector which is vital for the survival of modern man. Plants are the producers in the food chain, and without them, the life cycle would just not be possible. Agriculture is a wide field which requires the support of disciplines from other sectors for it to fully thrive.

Why is location important in farming?

The location of a farm is very important, as it dictates the varieties of seed to be used, the amount of irrigation to be used and above all the type of crop to be plante d. With the use of IT, It is easier to locate a farm, even if it is miles away. This is made possible by the use of Information technology through the global positioning system (G.P.S )Which has also enabled professionals in the agricultural field to be able to classify different areas into different agro ecological zones

How can community involvement in agriculture be increased?

When a community adopts modern methods for agriculture, the production of local goods can be increased. There are some places where people greatly benefit from the land and their resources for agriculture, and with IT, there can be improved union in local farmers which can lead to their community’s overall improved production that may lead to better income for everyone involved.

What is the role of weather forecasting in agriculture?

Weather forecasting and climate smart farming. The climate and weather play a vital role in farming. With the use of IT infrastructure, farmers are able to receive weather forecasts, and therefore they plan when to irrigate, or when to plant, and how much water should be used for irrigation. This plays a vital role in the agricultural production.

What is information technology?

Information technology refers to the utilization of computers along with other telecommunication equipment for the storage, retrieval, transmission, and manipulation of data, among other tasks, which are aimed to improve the efficiency of different sectors. Among the sectors that utilize IT Is agriculture.

Is information technology incorporated in agriculture?

Information technology is an integral part of the day to day activities in the modern world.It must therefore be incorporated in all the sectors including Agriculture.

What are the applications of computers in agriculture?

The statistical analysis of research data. Decision making with recommendations. Routine summarization of facts and the preparation of reports, costs, etc. The proper and complete statistical analysis of data collected from research projects regardless …

How does a computer help farm management?

The routine summarization of facts by a computer greatly facilitates farm management and farm accounting. Computers have been adapted to turn out statements and summaries of operations, monthly, quarterly, and yearly. This type of information brings together in an accurate and clear manner the financial pictures of any type of farm enterprise. From such statements the farm operator independently, or in conjunction with farm management consultants, can determine the strong and weak spots in a business and make decisions as to the changes that should be made to improve the financial picture.

How do dairy farmers keep records?

In the area of livestock the adaption of dairy record keeping to electronic data processing is probably the prize example. Milk production records along with feed records are recorded monthly by supervisors visiting the dairy farm or by dairy farmers themselves. These records are forwarded to a computer centre, processed, and a monthly statement is returned to the dairy farmers in three or four days. The statement shows the production per cow and makes recommendations for feeding. In some of the more sophisticated computer programs in the United States, the computer even calculates the income per cow. In this fast moving society with rising costs and the scarcity of labour, a dairy farmer must have records of this nature to assist him in running his business. The inefficient cow must go if his bank book is to stay out of the red.

Why is computer breeding important?

Today with artificial breeding holding an important role in the cattle industry it is essential that the accuracy of selecting sires be improved. In the past a genetically poor sire could not seriously harm a breed of livestock but to-day through artificial breeding , one sire breeding 1,000 cows a month could create havoc. The genetically superior animals must be selected for this extensive kind of service.

How does a soil test work?

In the soil testing program the basic chemical analysis of each sample are first punched on cards with proper farm identification and other pertinent information such as the kinds of crops to be grown and the organic matter content of the soil. The computer is programmed in such a manner that it takes this new information, analyses it, draws from storage data pertaining to fertilizer recommendations, make decisions within the limits of the written program and then types out on printed form the general fertilizer recommendations. These recommendations are then taken by soil specialists and modified if necessary for particular soil and crop condition. The computer thus helps in the original decision, making it at a speed and accuracy far greater than would be possible by man.

What is the most impressive fact about the age of computers?

The most impressive fact about the age of computers is how young it still is and how little society has yet felt the full impact of the computers potential. The computer will eventually become as close to every day life as the telephone – a sort of public utility of information.

How do computers help in feed formulas?

In the development of least cost feed formulas computers are playing a large role not only from a research point of view but also from the straight production line approach. The idea in this area of work is to develop feed formulas for livestock and poultry that meet the nutrient requirements of the animal utilizing available feeds in such a manner that the cost of the final product is a minimum. This approach is currently being used by a number of companies in the feed manufacturing industry. They want to put on the market a uniform product meeting all the nutrient requirements and at the least possible cost. This should also be the objective of individual livestock feeders who prepare their own feeds. This approach through the use of computers is in its infancy, but there will be considerable growth in the future.

What is GIS in agriculture?

A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a tool that creates visual representations of data and performs spatial analyses in order to make informed decisions. It is a technology that combines hardware, software, and data. The data can represent almost anything imaginable so long as it has a geographic component.

How does GIS help farmers?

GIS can help a farmer adapt to these different variables, monitor the health of individual crops, estimate yields from a given field, and maximize crop production. There are many sources for GIS data free of charge and also for a fee. Universities, government agencies, and private companies are all repositories of spatial data.

What is GIS used for?

GIS is very functional in traditional map making, to plot things like fire hydrants along a road, or to draw boundaries, like the area of different crop fields on a farm. Illustration of GIS data being used in Precision Ag ( The real power of GIS, though, lies in its ability to analyze multiple data layers …

What are some examples of GIS?

Simple examples of this within the realm of agriculture would be; a map showing the number of farm injuries by county, or the number of crop acres lost to flood by tax map parcel. The polygons representing different ownership or municipalities can convey the change in values in different ways, the most common being a changing color ramp.

What is the purpose of satellites?

Satellites, drones, and manned aircraft are used for remote sensing, which is the gathering of information about the earth’s surface by scanning it from high altitudes. The Landsat 8, a joint effort of the USGS and NASA, is an observation satellite which orbits the earth every 16 days.

What is variable rate technology?

Variable rate technology (VRT) is the component of precision agriculture, which really enables the data to be put directly to use. It joins farm machinery, control systems, and application equipment to apply precise amounts of growing inputs at exact times or locations. Precision farming with VRT has both economic and environmental advantages. Applying seed, fertilizer, nutrients, or pesticides only where and when they are needed can have a substantial cost savings for the farmer and boost revenues. Additionally, negative environmental impacts from over application of some chemicals are alleviated, and the use of certain chemicals could potentially be eliminated entirely based on data analysis. Persistent dilemmas like nitrogen application can also be addressed, helping the farmer find the right amount between excessive and insufficient. Once a system is in place, a precision agriculture operation follows a closed loop cycle that would look something like: collect/analyze data, plan the harvest, apply the plan, and analyze the results for the following season.

What is GPS technology?

It is a technology that combines hardware, software, and data. The data can represent almost anything imaginable so long as it has a geographic component. The hardware can be anything from a desktop computer or laptop to satellites, drones, and handheld GPS units.


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