How is agriculture different in the south and north east

image

With few exceptions, crops grown in the northeast never went more than a few miles from where they were grown. Conversely, the south farm was frequently known as a plantation, speaking to its large size. But unlike the multi-crop farms of the north, southern farms tended to be single crop, cotton, tobacco, being the prime crops.

But unlike the multi-crop farms of the north, southern farms tended to be single crop, cotton, tobacco, being the prime crops. Southern farmers have a much longer growing season allowing for multiple harvest dates and a very wide range of crops.Feb 13, 2016

Full
Answer

What is the difference between the northeast and southern farming regions?

With few exceptions, crops grown in the northeast never went more than a few miles from where they were grown. Conversely, the south farm was frequently known as a plantation, speaking to its large size. But unlike the multi-crop farms of the north, southern farms tended to be single crop, cotton, tobacco, being the prime crops.

Why did the north produce more crops than the south?

The North’s increased crops is most likely due to the recent invention of many farming machines that the South did invent and utilize. The northern farms were originally centered around little communities, but as they pushed farther west, they became more isolated and only worked with their families to make a profit.

What was the south’s agricultural system like?

The South’s agricultural system was more focused on cotton growing and slave trade than other aspects of farming. Southerners utilized the plantation system, creating a wealthy planter class, who owned hundreds of slaves to do the difficult farming labor of planting and harvesting cotton and keep up with the daily farm tasks.

What is the difference between North and South American farm?

Conversely, the south farm was frequently known as a plantation, speaking to its large size. But unlike the multi-crop farms of the north, southern farms tended to be single crop, cotton, tobacco, being the prime crops.

image


How was agriculture different in the north and south?

The northern economy relied on manufacturing and the agricultural southern economy depended on the production of cotton. The desire of southerners for unpaid workers to pick the valuable cotton strengthened their need for slavery.


Did the North or the South have better agriculture?

The Northern free states also were proved to produce more crops than the South, even with the North having considerably smaller labor force than the South’s slave industry.


What is the agriculture in the Northeast?

Dairy is the largest farming sector in the region, and the Northeast produces a higher proportion of fruits and vegetables and lower proportion of livestock than the US as a whole.


What was agriculture like in the South?

The South has always been a region dominated by agriculture. Long ago, farmers relied upon mule-pulled plows to turn acres of soil, so that crops like tobacco, cotton, and corn could be grown. Farming was a way of life, supporting families with both food and money.


What were the differences between farms in the northeast West and South?

Farms tended to be small. With few exceptions, crops grown in the northeast never went more than a few miles from where they were grown. Conversely, the south farm was frequently known as a plantation, speaking to its large size.


How did the North and South differ?

Northern states experienced greater urbanization and industrialization, while the Southern states largely remained rural (with only a few well-populated urban areas) and focused on plantation agriculture. The population of the Northern states was more than twice that of Southern states.


What are the agricultural products of the Northeast?

The Northeast’s top agricultural exports are consumer-ready products, such as fruits, vegetables, processed and value-added food products, including dairy products. In 2016, the region exported more than $6.3 billion in agricultural products, with $3.9 billion of those products being consumer-ready.


What types of crops were grown in the South?

The cash crops of the southern colonies included cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo (a plant that was used to create blue dye). In Virginia and Maryland, the main cash crop was tobacco. In South Carolina and Georgia, the main cash crops were indigo and rice.


What makes the Northeast region different from other regions?

The Northeast region is about halfway between the North Pole and the equator, so the climate is very different than the climate of the Southeast. Winters in the Northeast are long and cold, with lots of snowstorms. One kind of snowstorm, called a northeaster, can bring over a foot of snow at one time.


What was agriculture like in the North?

Wheat, the main cash crop in the North, was sown broadcast (flung from a bag of seed carried around the farmer’s neck), while corn, the staple of the Midwestern diet, was planted in hills. Sheep shearing, goose plucking, collecting maple sap, and finding beehives were other common tasks.


Did the North use agriculture?

Only about 40 percent of the Northern population was still engaged in agriculture by 1860, as compared to 84 percent of the South.


Did the north or south have plantations?

In the North, the soil and climate favored smaller farmsteads rather than large plantations, which did not need slavery to operate them. Industry and manufacturing might flourished, which was fueled by European immigrant labor. Natural resources such as iron and copper were more abundant in the North than in the South.


North China

North China is where the big cities like Tianjin and the nation’s capital Beijing are located, though it also includes smaller farming provinces such as the Hebei and Henan provinces through which the Yellow River runs. North China relies on its economy of agriculture and industrial-based services such as energy and manufacturing plants.


South China

South China consists of 16 provinces including Guangdong, and cities include Xiamen, Hangzhou, Chongqing, Guangzhou and Wuhan. These cities focus on electrical engineering, high technologies and light industries; they have grown quickly due to the success of private sectors.


Authors

Currently finishing up my BSc in Med Sci at Western University, open to expanding my opportunities when it comes to writing articles.


When did agriculture begin?

Agriculture began independent ly in both North and South America ∼10,000 years before present (YBP), within a few thousand years of the arrival of humans in the Americas. This contrasts with the thousands of years that people were present in the old world before agriculture developed. In this paper, I hypothesize that the drastic extinctions …


When were squash and peanuts first domesticated?

For instance, a house in the mountains of the Andes was found to contain squash from ∼10,000 years ago and peanuts from ∼8,500 years ago. Genetic studies and the location of the wild ancestors indicate the crops were likely first domesticated in the warm, wet, lowland tropical forests.


What is the extinction rate of South America?

South America had an extinction rate of 93% of animals >200 kg (43 species), North America had an extinction rate of 86% (37 species), Eurasia 28% (7 species), Africa 24% (7 species) and Australia 89% (8 species). There is a significant linear relationship between both the percentage and number of large species to go extinct and the amount …


How does agriculture affect the environment?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield. Agriculture is one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures, particularly habitat change, climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Agriculture is the main source of toxins released into the environment, including insecticides, especially those used on cotton. The 2011 UNEP Green Economy report stated that agricultural operations produced some 13 per cent of anthropogenic global greenhouse gas emissions. This includes gases from the use of inorganic fertilizers, agro-chemical pesticides, and herbicides, as well as fossil fuel-energy inputs.


How did agriculture help the human population?

The development of agriculture enabled the human population to grow many times larger than could be sustained by hunting and gathering. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa, in at least 11 separate centres of origin. Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 105,000 years ago. From around 11,500 years ago, the eight Neolithic founder crops, emmer and einkorn wheat, hulled barley, peas, lentils, bitter vetch, chick peas and flax were cultivated in the Levant. Rice was domesticated in China between 11,500 and 6,200 BC with the earliest known cultivation from 5,700 BC, followed by mung, soy and azuki beans. Sheep were domesticated in Mesopotamia between 13,000 and 11,000 years ago. Cattle were domesticated from the wild aurochs in the areas of modern Turkey and Pakistan some 10,500 years ago. Pig production emerged in Eurasia, including Europe, East Asia and Southwest Asia, where wild boar were first domesticated about 10,500 years ago. In the Andes of South America, the potato was domesticated between 10,000 and 7,000 years ago, along with beans, coca, llamas, alpacas, and guinea pigs. Sugarcane and some root vegetables were domesticated in New Guinea around 9,000 years ago. Sorghum was domesticated in the Sahel region of Africa by 7,000 years ago. Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 5,600 years ago, and was independently domesticated in Eurasia. In Mesoamerica, wild teosinte was bred into maize by 6,000 years ago. Scholars have offered multiple hypotheses to explain the historical origins of agriculture. Studies of the transition from hunter-gatherer to agricultural societies indicate an initial period of intensification and increasing sedentism; examples are the Natufian culture in the Levant, and the Early Chinese Neolithic in China. Then, wild stands that had previously been harvested started to be planted, and gradually came to be domesticated.


What were staple food crops?

Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. In India, wheat, barley and jujube were domesticated by 9,000 BC, soon followed by sheep and goats. Cattle, sheep and goats were domesticated in Mehrgarh culture by 8,000–6,000 BC.


How does industrialized agriculture depend on fossil fuels?

Industrialized agriculture depends on fossil fuels in two fundamental ways: direct consumption on the farm and manufacture of inputs used on the farm. Direct consumption includes the use of lubricants and fuels to operate farm vehicles and machinery. Agriculture and food system share (%) of total energy.


How much of the world’s land is used for livestock production?

Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2.


How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.


What is agricultural science?

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. It covers topics such as agronomy, plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop modelling, soil science, entomology, production techniques and improvement, study of pests and their management, and study of adverse environmental effects such as soil degradation, waste management, and bioremediation.


When is corn grown in the Southeast?

Corn is grown throughout the Southeast on a wide range of soils (Figure 7.5). It is planted from March to May and harvested from August to October. The most productive soils are loam and silt-loam soils, which provide excellent nutrient-holding potential as well as water-holding capacity. FIGURE 7.5.


Where is wheat grown?

Wheat prefers well-drained soils and is commonly grown in arid regions west of 95°W longitude. However, soft-red-winter wheat is predominantly grown in the northern stretch of the Southeast that includes Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee (Figure 7.6). FIGURE 7.6.


What is a double crop rotation?

Varieties with shorter seasons are used in double-crop rotations where a summer soybean crop follow s a winter cereal crop such as barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), rye or soft-red-winter wheat. For maximum yields, production is managed to utilize the entire length of the growing season. FIGURE 7.3.


Why is nitrogen management important for corn?

Nitrogen management is an important consideration for corn crops grown in conservation tillage rotations. Sandy soils in the Southeast have inherently low fertility. A legume cash crop or cover crop is included in rotations to assist with nitrogen fixation as part of overall nitrogen fertility management.


What nutrients are removed from soybeans?

High-yielding soybeans remove considerable amounts of potassium and phosphorus, as well as other macronutrients and micronutrients, from the soil.


Why is wheat a winter cover crop?

Wheat is also grown as a winter cover crop in conservation tillage systems; it produces ample biomass, protects the soil surface and takes up inorganic nitrogen from the soil profile.


How are peanuts raised?

In recent years, research has found that peanuts can be raised using conservation tillage techniques including rotation with high-residue cover crops (Table 7.2). Peanuts are planted using strip-tillage to allow peanut pegs to be planted in a clean and loosened soil.


What is the difference between the northeast and the south?

People in the northeast are all enlightened , superior beings, while the people in the south are just about the most horrible people in the entire planet. Here’s a good comparison: the south = pre-Mao China; the north = post-Mao China. There, that should get the point across! S.


What is the economy of the southern coast?

The southern east coast economy is more centered around agriculture, trade, fishing, services, leisure, tourism, travel, and manufacturing. That’s a pretty deep topic that you can discuss, but you’ll need to do more research. Higher education also has a big disparity between north and south along the east coast.


How old are New England towns?

Aside from the occasional rural area, New England is full of towns and cities that are at least 150 years old. As such, the architecture of these cities are drastically different. While there are definitely exceptions to this (Alabama has a lot of Old World-looking areas), I’d say it’s mostly pretty accurate.


What are the schools in the northeast?

Consider the schools located in the northeast: University of Pennsylvania, Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Yale, Columbia, Cornell, Brown, and others. Some of the most acclaimed institutions of higher education in the world are located in the northeast USA.


Is the East Coast homogeneous?

You have to realize the East Coast is fairly homogeneous, as there has been a large migration of retirees from the North East Coast to the South East Coast. It is not a good example to use.


Is the Northeast a financial mecca?

As I stated, the northeast is an international financial mecca. The south is home to companies that are more service oriented, manufacturing, consumer goods, agriculture, and so on. That was my only point; not that there aren’t many companies based in the south, just that the industries are different.


Is Florida part of the South?

Most people consider the upper half a part of the south, but when they think florida in alabama, they mostly think of the lower portion. Tampa, Orlando, etc. ergo they consider florida as a whole not part of the south because their mind thinks of the unsouthern parts of florida when they think of florida.

image

Leave a Comment