How is agriculture produced

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Agriculture is the process of producing food and other products by growing plants and raising animals. It’s also called farming.

Agricultural production includes these activities (when they result in a product that will be sold at retail): Agriculture – cultivating soil, planting, raising and harvesting crops, rearing, feeding, and managing animals. Aquaculture – raising private aquatic animals (fish) Floriculture – growing flowering plants.

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What is agricultural production?

What Is Agricultural Production? Jennifer Chait is a former writer for The Balance Small Business who covered organic businesses. She runs a family-oriented blog on green living. Agricultural production is the use of cultivated plants or animals to produce products for sustaining or enhancing human life.

What are the byproducts of Agriculture?

Agricultural production byproducts can be used in industrial applications such as textiles or used to reinforce plastics. 2  Fiber crops include cotton (one of the top 10 crops produced in the U.S. every year), wool, and silk. Agricultural producers also use hemp to make rope and flax for linen.

How are organic crops manufactured?

The crops are purchased by businesses that specialize in processing them for their expected purposes and then sold to manufacturers or distributors. The National Organic Program (NOP)—part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture—certifies only agricultural products that fall into a specific, narrow category for use.

What is the difference between agriculture and agriculture?

While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.

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What are the basic requirements for agricultural production?

Basic requirements of agriculture are: Knowledge of seeds, crops, mechanism, soil, climate, & agriculture science. Right use of resources like soil and water. Time management. Market demand drive production.


What affects agricultural production?

Environmental factors that influence the extent of crop agriculture are terrain, climate, soil properties, and soil water. It is the combination of these four factors that allow specific crops to be grown in certain areas.


Are crops produced?

A crop is a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested for profit or subsistence.


What is agriculture Short answer?

The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming.


Why is agricultural production important?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another.


What are agriculture products?

(1) Agricultural product The term “agricultural product” means any agricultural commodity or product, whether raw or processed, including any commodity or product derived from livestock that is marketed in the United States for human or livestock consumption.


What is production in agricultural science?

DEFINITION OF PRODUCTION. Production refers to all economic activities which result in the creation of goods and services. In other words, production is the process of making or manufacturing goods as well as the process of providing services.


What is crop on TikTok?

If there’s a TikTok video with a funny or strange image in it, commenting ‘crop’ is how you let the creator know that you want a cropped screenshot of that thing.


What do farmers produce?

Crop farmers grow grains, fiber, fruits, and vegetables. They till soil, fertilize, plant, spray, and harvest. Then, they make sure the crops are properly packaged and stored.


What is produced in plantation agriculture?

The crops that are grown include cotton, coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar cane, opium, sisal, oil seeds, oil palms, fruits, rubber trees and forest trees. Protectionist policies and natural comparative advantage have sometimes contributed to determining where plantations are located.


What is agricultural system?

An agricultural system is an assemblage of components which are united by some form of interaction and interdependence and which operate within a prescribed boundary to achieve a specified agricultural objective on behalf of the beneficiaries of the system.


What is planting in agriculture?

These are activities carried out by the farmer after land pre-planting operation. planting and post planting operations in agriculture are farming activities the farmer should do or ought to be prepared to aware of while the seeds, seedlings or planting materials are being put in the soil.


How many states produce agricultural products?

U.S. agricultural production occurs in each of the 50 States. The United States produces and sells a wide variety of agricultural products across the Nation. In terms of sales value, California leads the country as the largest producer of agricultural products (crops and livestock), accounting for almost 11 percent of the national total, …


How are agricultural markets analyzed?

Markets for major agricultural commodities are typically analyzed by looking at supply-and-use conditions and implications for prices. From an economic perspective, these factors determine the market equilibrium.


How many acres of corn and soybeans were planted in the United States in 1990?

Since 1990, combined acreage planted to corn, wheat, soybeans, and upland cotton in the United States has ranged from 219 million to 242 million acres. Starting in the 1990s, policy changes increased planting flexibility provided to farmers.


What percentage of corn is used to make ethanol?

Corn is the major agricultural input used in the United States to produce ethanol, which has accounted for over 40 percent of U.S. corn use in recent years.


What are the leading fruits and vegetables?

fruit and tree nut value of production has increased steadily over the past decade, while the value of vegetable production has been more stable. Grapes, apples, strawberries, and oranges top the list of fruits; tomatoes and potatoes are the leading vegetables.


How much milk is produced in 2019?

Milk output has risen 70 percent since 1980 and in 2019 exceeded 218 billion pounds per year. Genetic developments and technological improvements underlie a pronounced upward trend in milk output per cow. Consolidation in the dairy sector also has facilitated efficiency gains in milk production.


Which states have the most livestock?

Livestock production and sales occur in all 50 States. Texas, Iowa, California, Nebraska, and Kansas lead the country in sales value of livestock and their products. The cattle sector is the dominant source of value in Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska. Milk from cows accounts for about 57 percent of livestock-sale value in California. Both the hog and cattle sectors are large sources of sales value in Iowa. North Carolina is the leading producing State of poultry and eggs, followed by Georgia.


What is the origin of agriculture?

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.


Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.


What were staple food crops?

Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. In India, wheat, barley and jujube were domesticated by 9,000 BC, soon followed by sheep and goats. Cattle, sheep and goats were domesticated in Mehrgarh culture by 8,000–6,000 BC.


How does industrialized agriculture depend on fossil fuels?

Industrialized agriculture depends on fossil fuels in two fundamental ways: direct consumption on the farm and manufacture of inputs used on the farm. Direct consumption includes the use of lubricants and fuels to operate farm vehicles and machinery. Agriculture and food system share (%) of total energy.


How much of the world’s land is used for livestock production?

Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2.


How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.


What is agricultural science?

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. It covers topics such as agronomy, plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop modelling, soil science, entomology, production techniques and improvement, study of pests and their management, and study of adverse environmental effects such as soil degradation, waste management, and bioremediation.


What is the most water consumed by agriculture?

Agricultural production, including livestock production , consumes more fresh water than any other human activity. Western U.S. agriculture accounts for about 81% of the fresh water consumed after being withdrawn. Growing plants render all water nonrecoverable through evaporation and transpiration. In the United States, about 62% of the water used in agricultural irrigation comes from surface sources and 38% ground water sources.


What were the preindustrial economies?

Preindustrial economies in Britain and Europe were widespread in scale, dominated by agricultural production, processing, and manufacture, with populations based primarily in rural villages. A range of processed goods were essential to farms and households, although restricted incomes reduced purchasing power. Solar energy, water, regional fuels, and the ebb and flow of the seasons dictated the energy of labor expenditure in workers’ lives.


What are the problems of the food system?

In addition, Sonnino (2019) and IPES Food (2017) point out that the food system, as it is structured and operates, contributes to major problems such as climate change, food waste, food loss, environmental degradation, and the increase of economic inequalities.


Crop production across the world

In the visualizations we present the latest data on crop production across the world, based on estimates published by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).


Meat and dairy production

You can find data and research on meat and dairy production and consumption across the world in our entry here.


Fish and seafood production

You can find data and research on fish and seafood production and consumption across the world in our entry here.


Environmental impacts of food production

You can find data and research on the environmental impacts of food production in our entry here.


How much revenue does agriculture generate?

In the United States, agriculture generated $374 billion in revenue in 2018, when adjusted for inflation. Around 75% of this income was from meat and feed for the animals that produce it. 4  By comparison, just 17% of U.S. agricultural receipts were from non-meat food for people. This includes fruits, nuts, vegetables, wheat, and rice. The remaining 10% of receipts were from cotton, tobacco, and miscellaneous products.


Why is sustainable agriculture important?

22  It’s called sustainable because it doesn’t degrade the natural resources needed for future farming.


What is the biggest crop in the United States?

Sorghum, barley, and oats are also used for feed. The nation’s biggest crop is corn , and the United States is the world’s largest producer. 5  The 90-million acre “corn belt” is mostly in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska. 6  Corn is also used for cereal, alcohol, and corn syrup.


Why are antibiotics used in agriculture?

To prevent illnesses from these cramped conditions, animals are fed antibiotics. In 1951, the Federal Drug Administration approved antibiotic use because it also increases weight gain of the animals. 19  Some scientists estimate that 80% of all antibiotics sold are used in agriculture.


What is a commodity market?

A commodities market is an auction where commodity traders bid on a price of hard assets. They bid on everything from wheat and corn to oil and gold. Through this auction, commodities traders determine the prices on an open exchange. As a result, food prices change daily because they are traded on the market.


Why is food supply important?

America’s food supply must be protected from extreme weather like droughts, tornadoes, and hurricanes. The government has a role in ensuring food production during wars, recessions, and other economic crises. Food production is considered to be more important to the nation’s welfare than other business products.


How much do small farms make?

Despite this, most small farms only make $350,000 a year before costs. U.S. agriculture is dominated by the 3% of farms that are large or very large. Large farms have an income of $1 million or more. 1  These large farms are successful because they focus on one crop.


Link to report

Monthly report on crop acreage, yield and production in major countries worldwide. Sources include reporting from FAS’s worldwide offices, official statistics of foreign governments, and analysis of economic data and satellite imagery.


Production, Supply and Distribution Online (PS&D)

Data on production, supply and distribution of agricultural commodities for the U.S. and key producing and consuming countries.


How long has agriculture been around?

Human agriculture has existed for about 12,000 years, and industrial farming is less than a century old. But the latter has become so prevalent that sustainable farming practices are now sometimes branded “alternative.”


What is industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture is the large-scale, intensive production of crops and animals, often involving chemical fertilizers on crops or the routine , harmful use of antibiotics in animals (as a way to compensate for filthy conditions, even when the animals are not sick). It may also involve crops that are genetically modified, …


How does crop farming affect the environment?

There is soil depletion and soil infertility related to monoculture, soil erosion, water pollution, loss of biodiversity, increased greenhouse gas emissions (particularly methane and nitrous oxide) from cow digestion and manure as well as nitrogen-based fertilizers, and pesticide overuse leading to potential pesticide toxicity (especially in farmworkers). Studies show that employees of CAFOs are at risk from potentially deadly antibiotic-resistant bacteria; workers can also bring these bacteria home. Farmworkers and local communities can also be exposed to hazardous fumes wafting from unlined, uncovered pits of animal waste and other sources. And despite the fact that CAFOs often must meet permitting requirements and are regulated by both state and federal agencies, NRDC has discovered a worrying lack of transparency. Discrepancies between data collected by states and the EPA suggest the EPA is unaware of the size, number, and location of CAFOs across the country and what those operations are doing to control pollution. And that’s just for starters. Here are some areas of particular concern.


How much manure was produced in 2012?

In 2012 livestock and poultry raised in the largest CAFOs in the United States produced 369 million tons of manure, according to an analysis of USDA figures done by Food & Water Watch. All that waste has to go somewhere.


Why is monoculture bad for the soil?

Monoculture also renders the soil prone to rapid erosion, since the practice leaves the soil bare outside of the crop’s growing season. Perhaps more problematically, repeatedly planting the same crop invites pests that prey on a certain plant to wait around the same spot for their favorite food to return.


Why do industrial farms use antibiotics?

Industrial farms overuse antibiotics, feeding large amounts of the drugs—often the same ones used to treat human illnesses—to healthy animals to help them survive in crowded, dirty CAFOs. Low-level exposure to antibiotics creates the perfect breeding ground for superbugs, those pathogens that antibiotics can’t kill.


What did ancient farmers plant?

Ancient farmers planted seeds from only the sweetest fruits, generation after generation, ensuring that any genetic variations that increased sweetness survived. By selecting plants with increasingly white, increasingly tiny, flowers, farmers turned a weedy little herb into cauliflower. It was slow but effective.


What is the cash crop of Nevada?

Alfalfa hay is the leading cash crop of the state. Much of the hay is sold to dairy operations in surrounding states. Significant quantities of alfalfa cubes and compressed bales are exported overseas each year. Alfalfa seed is another substantial crop. Additional crops produced in Nevada include potatoes, barley, winter and spring wheat, corn, …


What is Nevada’s most important industry?

Agriculture is One of Nevada’s Most Important Industries. Agriculture is one of Nevada’s most important industries, contributing significantly to the economies of rural communities and the state as a whole. Nevada’s ranches may be few in number, but they rank third in the nation in size, averaging 3,500 acres.

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Overview


Environmental impact

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield. Agriculture is one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures, particularly habitat change, climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Agriculture is the main source of toxins released into the …


Etymology and scope

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager ‘field’ and cultūra ‘cultivation’ or ‘growing’. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years. Agriculture is defined with varying scopes, in its broadest sense using natural resources to “produce commodities which maintain life, including food, fiber, forest products, horticultural crops, and t…


History

The development of agriculture enabled the human population to grow many times larger than could be sustained by hunting and gathering. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa, in at least 11 separate centers of origin. Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 105,000 years ago. In the Paleolithic levant, 23,000 years a…


Types

Pastoralism involves managing domesticated animals. In nomadic pastoralism, herds of livestock are moved from place to place in search of pasture, fodder, and water. This type of farming is practised in arid and semi-arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India.
In shifting cultivation, a small area of forest is cleared by cutting and burning th…


Contemporary agriculture

From the twentieth century, intensive agriculture increased productivity. It substituted synthetic fertilizers and pesticides for labour, but caused increased water pollution, and often involved farm subsidies. In recent years there has been a backlash against the environmental effects of conventional agriculture, resulting in the organic, regenerative, and sustainable agriculture movements. O…


Production

Overall production varies by country as listed.
Cropping systems vary among farms depending on the available resources and constraints; geography and climate of the farm; government policy; economic, social and political pressures; and the philosophy and culture of the farmer.
Shifting cultivation (or slash and burn) is a system in which forests are burnt, r…


Crop alteration and biotechnology

Crop alteration has been practiced by humankind for thousands of years, since the beginning of civilization. Altering crops through breeding practices changes the genetic make-up of a plant to develop crops with more beneficial characteristics for humans, for example, larger fruits or seeds, drought-tolerance, or resistance to pests. Significant advances in plant breeding ensue…

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