How many americans were employed in agriculture in 1870


How many people worked on a farm in the 1870s?

1870-1900: Industrial Development. After the Civil War, the United States rapidly transformed into an industrial, urbanized nation. Technological innovation, economic growth, development of large-scale agriculture, and the expansion of the federal government characterized the era, as did the social tensions brought about by immigration …

How many gainful workers in 1880 were really in agriculture?

The most decisive contrast for these decades is in agriculture, where U.S. employment increased 100 per cent, while in the U.K. it decreased 15 per cent. The forceful U.S. advance in agriculture did far more than surpass the 1840—60 rate; it was of a different character. American wheat Shad begun flooding into markets from Wales to Sicily …

What is the history of Agriculture in the United States?

A Condensed History of American Agriculture 1776–1999 1776–99 1785 The Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture and other agricultural groups organized 1793 Invention of cotton gin. 1800. … 1870. 1874 Availability of barbed wire allowed fencing of rangeland, ending era of unrestricted, open-range grazing. 1887 Hatch Experiment

How did the early 20th century affect American agriculture?

 · Between the years 1870 and 1874 there were on the average 66,630 of them. The growth of cheese factories and the liquid-milk trade removed the whey from the farms, however, and there gradually ceased to be any compelling technical reason why pig-keeping should form part of dairy farming. Nevertheless, the movements in the total head of pigs shown in Table 4 …


What percent of US citizens were involved in agricultural labor?

Agriculture and its related industries provide 10.3 percent of U.S. employment.

How many US workers work in agriculture?

The average employment of hired workers in US agriculture is about 1.5 million, and there are 2.5 million individuals employed for wages on US farms sometime during a typical year. Farm employment is concentrated in three interrelated ways: by geography, commodity, and size of farm.

What percentage of the labor force was the number of farmers in 1890?

Agriculture’s share of the labor force, which had been about 74% in 1800, and 60% in 1860, had fallen to roughly 40% in 1890.

How much of the US workforce worked in agriculture in 1900?

about one-thirdIn 1870, agricultural workers comprised half of all workers; in 1900, about one-third of all workers; and in 1950, less than a fifth of all workers.

What percent of Americans were farmers?

In the 1800s, 90 percent of the population lived on farms; today it is around one percent.

What percentage of Americans are farmers?

While farmland may stretch far and wide, farmers and ranchers themselves make up just 1.3% of the employed US population, totaling around 2.6 million people. Today, there are about 2 million farms in operation in the US, a steep decline from 1935, when the number of farms peaked at nearly 7 million.

What percentage of workers were employed in agriculture in 1910?

Thirty-one percentThirty-one percent of “gainful workers” in 1910 worked in farm occupations, as did 27 percent in 1920, compared with less than 1 percent of employed people now.

How many workers were there in the United States in 1860?

About 6 million, because new farm machinery reduced the number of farmers needed. In what decade did the percentage of nonfarm workers first exceed the percentage of farm workers? What was the trend for the rest of the century? About how much did the average farm worker earn in 1860?

What percent of people were farmers before the industrial revolution?

50 – 80 percentIn preindustrial economies farmers made up 50 – 80 percent of the population.

What percentage of the American labor force were farm workers in 1860?

53 percentPercentage of American Labor Force in Agriculture180083 percent184063 percent185055 percent186053 percent3 more rows

What percentage of the population of the United States were farmers in 1950?

15.3%In 1920, when the farm population was first identified as a separate group, 30.2% of the population lived on farms; by 1950, the proportion had fallen to 15.3%.

How many farmers were in the U.S. in 1950?

More farms were consolidated or sold during this period than in any other period in our history. The number of people on farms dropped from over 20 million in 1950 to less than 10 million in 1970. The average size of farms went from around 205 acres in 1950 to almost 400 acres in 1969.


The history of agriculture in the United States covers the period from the first English settlers to the present day. In Colonial America, agriculturewas the primary livelihood for 90% of the population, and most towns were shipping points for the export of agricultural products. Most farms were geared toward subsistence production for family use. The rapid growth of population and the expansion of the frontier opened up large numbers of new farms, and clearing the land …

Pre-Colonial era

Prior to the arrival of Europeans in North America, the continent supported a diverse range of indigenous cultures. While some populations were primarily hunter-gatherers, other populations relied on agriculture. Native Americans farmed domesticated crops in the Eastern Woodlands, the Great Plains, and the American Southwest.

Colonial farming: 1610–1775

The first settlers in Plymouth Colony planted barley and peas from England but their most important crop was Indian corn (maize) which they were shown how to cultivate by the native Squanto. To fertilize this crop, they used small fish which they called herrings or shads.
Plantation agriculture, using slaves, developed in Virginia and Maryland (where tobacco was grown), and South Carolina (where indigo and rice was grown). Cotton became a major plantatio…

New nation: 1776–1860

The U.S. economy was primarily agricultural in the early 19th century. Westward expansion, including the Louisiana Purchase and American victory in the War of 1812plus the building of canals and the introduction of steamboats opened up new areas for agriculture. Most farming was designed to produce food for the family, and service small local markets. In times of rapid economic growth, a farmer could still improve the land for far more than he paid for it, and then …

Railroad age: 1860–1910

A dramatic expansion in farming took place from 1860 to 1910. The number of farms tripled from 2.0 million in 1860 to 6.0 million in 1906. The number of people living on farms grew from about 10 million in 1860 to 22 million in 1880 to 31 million in 1905. The value of farms soared from $8 billion in 1860 to $30 billion in 1906. The 1902 Newlands Reclamation Actfunded irrigation projects …

South, 1860–1940

Agriculture in the South was oriented toward large-scale plantations that produced cotton for export, as well as other export products such as tobacco and sugar. During the Civil War, the Union blockade shut down 95 percent of the export business. Some cotton got out through blockade runners, and in conquered areas much was bought by northern speculators for shipment to Europe. The great majority of white farmers worked on small subsistence farms, that supplie…


The Grange was an organization founded in 1867 for farmers and their wives that was strongest in the Northeast, and which promoted the modernization not only of farming practices but also of family and community life. It is still in operation.
Membership soared from 1873 (200,000) to 1875 (858,050) as many of the state and local granges adopted non-partisan political resolutions, especially r…

World War I

The U.S. in World War I, was a critical supplier to other Allied nations, as millions of European farmers were in the army. The rapid expansion of the farms coupled with the diffusion of trucks and Model T cars, and the tractor, allowed the agricultural market to expand to an unprecedented size.
During World War I prices shot up and farmers borrowed heavily to buy out their neighbors and e…

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