How many jobs are in agriculture

image

Agriculture and its related industries provide 10.3 percent of U.S.

U.S.
us is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United States. It was established in early 1985. Registrants of . us domains must be U.S. citizens, residents, or organizations, or a foreign entity with a presence in the United States.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki

employment. In 2020, 19.7 million full- and part-time jobs were related to the agricultural and food sectors—10.3 percent of total U.S. employment.Feb 24, 2022

What are the highest paying jobs in agriculture?

 · Scientists who work in agriculture may specialize in crops, livestock or food production. Jobs in agriculture. Whether you are interested in pursuing a career in administration, sales, engineering, science or labor, an agriculture job may provide a rewarding professional path. Discover the average salaries and primary duties for 12 agriculture jobs.

What are 20 careers in agriculture?

 · While it is true that less than 2 percent of Americans are directly employed by the agricultural industry, many more work for a business that is adjacent to it …

How does agriculture affect the US economy?

 · In 2020, 19.7 million full- and part-time jobs were related to the agricultural and food sectors—10.3 percent of total U.S. employment. Direct on-farm employment accounted for about 2.6 million of these jobs, or 1.4 percent of U.S. employment. Employment in agriculture- and food-related industries supported another 17.1 million jobs.

How many people work on a farm?

 · A recent Feeding the Economy study, co-sponsored by the American Farm Bureau Federation and conducted using IMPLAN economic impact analysis software, revealed total direct jobs related to food and agriculture at 22.8 million.

image


How many jobs does agriculture provide in the world?

Globally, about 1 billion people* work in the agricultural sector, about 28% of the population employed in 2018. This is down from 44% in 1991.


How many career fields are in the agriculture industry?

If you are pondering a career in agriculture, you can consider a wide range of jobs in a variety of fields. Whether you work in sales, administration, engineering, science or manual labor, you can specialize in agriculture.


How many people are employed in an agricultural career?

Other industries depend on agriculture More than 22 million people are employed in agriculture related field. That’s one in 12 American jobs. These are jobs in fields like food science and food inspection, packaging, conservation or agricultural engineering.


How many agriculture jobs are in India?

The agriculture sector of India had the highest number of employees that amounted to nearly 152 million as of financial year 2021.


What careers are there in agriculture?

Career DescriptionsAgricultural Economist.Agricultural Engineer.Agronomist.Animal Nutritionist.Animal Physiologist.Aquaculturist.Biochemist.Biometrician.More items…


Which job is best in agriculture?

Top Careers in AgricultureAgricultural engineer. … Agricultural economist. … Farm manager. … Soil and plant scientist. … Conservation planner. … Commercial Horticulturalist. … Agricultural salesperson.


How big is the agriculture industry?

Agriculture, food, and related industries contributed $1.055 trillion to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) in 2020, a 5.0-percent share. The output of America’s farms contributed $134.7 billion of this sum—about 0.6 percent of GDP.


What is the rate of job creation in agriculture?

Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate) in India was reported at 41.49 % in 2020, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.


What percent of the population is involved in agriculture?

Almost 45% of the population in the world lives in households where agricultural activities represent the main occupation of the head and a large share of this agriculture-dependent group, close to 32%, is poor.


What percent of India works in agriculture?

42.6 percentIn 2019, 42.6 percent of the workforce in India were employed in agriculture, while the other half was almost evenly distributed among the two other sectors, industry and services. While the share of Indians working in agriculture is declining, it is still the main sector of employment.


Which country has the largest workforce in agriculture?

IndiaThe country with the highest number of people working in agriculture is India, followed by Indonesia and Ethiopia. The populations of HongKong, San Marino and Argentina have the lowest proportions of agricultural workers.


How much of India’s population works in agriculture?

60 percentThe agriculture sector is one of the most important industries in the Indian economy, which means it is also a huge employer. Approximately 60 percent of the Indian population works in the industry, contributing about 18 percent to India’s GDP.


What are 9 agriculture career focus areas?

The featured agricultural careers fit within nine exciting career focus areas: agribusiness; animal; biotechnology; environmental service; food products and processing; natural resources; plant; power, structural and technical; and agricultural education.


What are the largest career areas in agriculture?

What are some of the highest paying jobs in agriculture?Water resources engineer. National average salary: $49,446 per year. … Farm manager. National average salary: $50,929 per year. … Water treatment specialist. … Grower. … Forester. … Agricultural equipment technician. … Food technologist. … Environmental scientist.More items…•


What are the predicted top 5 careers in agriculture for 2020?

Here are our predicted top five careers in agriculture in 2020.Drone Technologists. Show farmers how to increase yields and reduce crop damage using sensors, robotics and images from the air. … Hydrologists. … Agriculture Communicators. … Food Scientists. … Precision Agriculture Technologists.


What is the highest paid job in agriculture?

Food Scientists1. Food Scientists. One top paying career in agriculture today is that of a food scientist. The main objective of a food scientist is to ensure that food and food production processes are safe for consumers.


How many people are employed in agriculture?

While it is true that less than 2 percent of Americans are directly employed by the agricultural industry, many more work for a business that is adjacent to it or otherwise dependent upon it. More than 22 million people are employed in agriculture related field. That’s one in 12 American jobs. These are jobs in fields like food science and food inspection, packaging, conservation or agricultural engineering.


How old is the average farmer?

This group of workers is aging too. The median age for a farmer in the U.S. is 55.9 years old.


What are the industries that supply Americans with food?

Plus, everyone else is connected to the industry in all kinds of different ways too. Farming, agricultural and their related industries supply Americans with more than just food.


Is farming changing?

However, the industry is changing. First of all, farmers are getting younger. More and more young people are leaving white-collar jobs and choosing to go into farming. And, they’re often doing things just a little differently than those that came before them. They’re far more likely to grow organically, diversify crops and animals, be involved in community supported agriculture (CSA) programs and farmers markets, and their farms are generally a bit smaller than the farms of the past.


Is agriculture changing?

Indoor agriculture allows farms to expand into areas in and around cities through the use of techniques like verticals farming, and hydroponics and aquaponics. The agriculture industry, and the profession of farming, is definitely changing. But, it’s a vital and essential industry that’s not going anywhere any time soon.


How much of the population in poor countries works in agriculture?

While more than two-thirds of the population in poor countries work in agriculture, less than 5% of the population does in rich countries. It is predominantly the huge productivity increase that makes this reduction in labor possible.


How is agriculture value added per worker calculated?

Agriculture value added per worker is calculated as the total agricultural value added divided by the number of people employed in agriculture.#N#Overall , we see that the agriculture value added per worker is higher in higher-income nations. The same applies to most countries over time: as countries get richer, the agriculture value added per worker increases; this is likely to result from several factors including technology adoption, affordability of agricultural inputs, and the implementation of more productive practices.#N#Click to open interactive version


What is the FAO?

The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) aim to capture data on the role of women in agriculture and land ownership within its Gender and Land Rights Database. In this map we see the share of agricultural landowners who are female as a percentage of total agricultural landowners. As part of its definition the FAO notes that this measure is inclusive of women who own the land solely or jointly with someone else inside or outside of the household. 1


Why does agriculture value increase as countries get richer?

The same applies to most countries over time: as countries get richer, the agriculture value added per worker increases; this is likely to result from several factors including technology adoption, affordability of agricultural inputs, and the implementation of more productive practices.


What percentage of land ownership is female?

For the majority of countries, female land ownership represents less than 30 percent of total ownership. However, this has significant variation across the world, without a strict continental pattern. Overall, we see the highest rates of female ownership in Europe, however Botswana and Malawi both have ownership shares greater than 30 percent. Although some of the lowest rates are recorded in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, high-income countries can also have a low incidence of female land ownership; the United States, United Kingdom, Norway and Finland all have shares below 15 percent.


Is labor required for vegetables?

Labor requirements are considerably higher for vegetables than for cereals, as shown in this graph.


Is the 2010 census consistent across all countries?

Note that this census year is not consistent across all countries. Data for most European and North American countries is based on 2010-11 datasets, whereas other countries can extend from 1993-2011. For graphing consistency, this has been shown as a single year (e.g. assuming these figures are representative of 2011). The actual years of measurement for each country can be found in the referenced FAO report and database.


How many hours do agricultural workers work?

Agricultural workers usually do their tasks outdoors in all kinds of weather. Most work full time, and some work more than 40 hours per week.


What are the duties of an agricultural worker?

Duties. Agricultural workers typically do the following: Plant, inspect, and harvest crops. Irrigate farm soil and maintain ditches or pipes and pumps.


What do farmworkers do?

Farmworkers also apply fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides to crops. They repair fences and some farm equipment. Nursery and greenhouse workers prepare land or greenhouse beds for growing horticultural products, such as trees, plants, flowers, and sod. They also plant, water, prune, weed, and spray the plants.


How long does it take to become an animal breeder?

Training. Many agricultural workers receive short-term on-the-job training of up to 1 month. Employers instruct them on how to use simple farming tools and complex machinery while following safety procedures.


What is seasonal schedule in agriculture?

Seasonal schedules typically include longer periods of work during planting or harvesting or when animals must be sheltered and fed.


What do nursery workers do?

Nursery and greenhouse workers prepare land or greenhouse beds for growing horticultural products, such as trees, plants, flowers, and sod. They also plant, water, prune, weed, and spray the plants. They may cut, roll, and stack sod; stake trees; tie, wrap, and pack plants to fill orders; and dig up or move field-grown shrubs and trees.


How long does it take to get a farm worker training?

Many agricultural workers receive short-term on-the-job training of up to 1 month. Employers instruct them on how to use simple farming tools and complex machinery while following safety procedures. Agricultural equipment operators may need more extensive training before being allowed to operate expensive farming equipment.


What is the agricultural industry?

Agriculture involves the commercial production of plant and animal products including fruits, vegetables, nuts and honey, as well as timber, beef, poultry, pork and fish. Many jobs in this field require performing the physical tasks necessary to cultivate such products. Agricultural careers also include jobs in research, inspection and management.


Is there a school of agriculture in each state?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, a school of agriculture exists in at least one land-grant university in each state; a prospective agricultural manager should choose a program that matches his particular interests and geographical region.


What are the sectors of agriculture?

Sectors related to agriculture include: food and beverage manufacturing; food and beverage stores; food services and eating and drinking places; textiles, apparel, and leather products; and forestry and fishing.


What is the agriculture sector?

The U.S. agriculture sector extends beyond the farm business to include a range of farm-related industries. The largest of these are food service and food manufacturing. Americans’ expenditures on food amount to 13 percent of household budgets on average. Among Federal Government outlays on farm and food programs, …


How many jobs are there in the food industry in 2019?

In 2019, 22.2 million full- and part-time jobs were related to the agricultural and food sectors—10.9 percent of total U.S. employment. Direct on-farm employment accounted for about 2.6 million of these jobs, or 1.3 percent of U.S. employment.


How much does agriculture contribute to GDP?

Agriculture, food, and related industries contributed $1.109 trillion to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019, a 5.2-percent share. The output of America’s farms contributed $136.1 billion of this sum—about 0.6 percent of GDP.


How many people are employed in food and beverage manufacturing?

In 2019, the U.S. food and beverage manufacturing sector employed 1.7 million people, or just over 1.1 percent of all U.S. nonfarm employment. In thousands of food and beverage manufacturing plants located throughout the country, these employees were engaged in transforming raw agricultural materials into products for intermediate …


How many jobs are there in agriculture?

A recent Feeding the Economy study, co-sponsored by the American Farm Bureau Federation and conducted using IMPLAN economic impact analysis software, revealed total direct jobs related to food and agriculture at 22.8 million. These food and agricultural jobs represent total wages of $729 billion, federal tax contributions of $537 billion, state tax contributions of $376 billion and generate economic output of $2.1 trillion — proving that agriculture and its related industries have a sizable impact on the U.S. economy.


What percentage of jobs are directly tied to agriculture?

In portions of the country with higher metropolitan populations and less agricultural production, the percentage of jobs directly tied to agriculture is lower. For example, in Massachusetts, Connecticut and New Jersey, less than 3.5 percent of food and agricultural jobs are directly tied to farming activities.


What percentage of food and agriculture jobs are in the supply chain?

At the national level, approximately 11 percent of food and agricultural jobs are in farming-related activities, while 89 percent of food and agricultural jobs are downstream in the supply chain. To measure the agricultural job intensity across the U.S. the percentage of direct agricultural jobs to total direct jobs in food and agriculture, i.e., agricultural jobs divided by the sum of direct food and agricultural jobs across the agricultural, manufacturing, wholesale and retail supply chain, was calculated. This intensity level will identify which states have a higher percentage of food and agricultural jobs directly tied to farming.


What are direct food and agriculture related jobs?

Direct food- and agriculture-related jobs include a variety of functions such as commodity production and farming activities, manufacturing and wholesale and retail channels. Importantly, industries included in this study go beyond purely agricultural jobs and include many jobs further down the supply chain, such as food manufacturing and service.


How many jobs are there in direct farming?

Following direct farming activities are manufacturing jobs, e.g., rice milling or tortilla manufacturing, at 2.1 million jobs, or 9 percent, and then wholesale jobs at 942,000 jobs, or 4 percent of all direct food and agricultural jobs.


What is the largest direct job category in food and agriculture?

The largest direct job category in food and agriculture is retail, e.g., grocery and food service, which represents 17 million jobs, or 75 percent of all direct agricultural and food jobs. Principal farming jobs total 2.6 million and represent 11 percent of all direct food and agricultural jobs. Following direct farming activities are manufacturing …


Which state has the most direct food and agriculture jobs?

The number of direct food and agricultural jobs is the highest in states with agricultural- and labor-intensive industries, as well as large population centers that support the retail food sectors. California leads the nation with 2.8 million direct food and agriculture jobs, followed by Texas at 2 million jobs and Florida at 1.4 million jobs.


How many people will work in agriculture in 2020?

According to data from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), wage and salary employment in agriculture (measured as the annual average number of full- and part-time jobs)—including support industries such as farm labor contracting—stabilized in the 2000s and has been on a gradual upward trend since 2010, rising from 1.07 million in 2010 to 1.16 million in 2020, a gain of 9 percent.


What are the two types of agricultural workers?

The U.S. agricultural workforce has long consisted of a mixture of two groups of workers: (1) self-employed farm operators and their family members, and (2) hired workers . Both types of employment were in long-term decline from 1950 to 1990, as mechanization contributed to rising agricultural productivity, reducing the need for labor.


What are farm workers?

Hired farmworkers are found in a variety of occupations, including field crop workers, nursery workers, livestock workers, graders and sorters, agricultural inspectors, supervisors, and hired farm managers. The majority are wage and salary workers, hired directly by farmers, but some are employees of agricultural service companies, including farm labor contractors, custom harvest providers, and management service providers. Many industrywide employment estimates also include support personnel on farms, such as human resource managers, sales agents, and truck drivers.


What are the demographic differences between crop workers and livestock workers?

A larger share of laborers in crops and related support industries are female (28 percent versus 22 percent in livestock). Crop laborers are also less likely to be non-Hispanic White (24 percent versus 50 percent for livestock), and less likely to have been born in the United States ( 37 percent for crop workers in manual labor occupations versus 61 percent for manual livestock workers). Finally, crop laborers have lower levels of educational attainment: 53 percent lack a high school degree, compared with 34 percent in livestock.


Where do farmworkers come from?

Many hired farmworkers are foreign-born people from Mexico and Central America, with many lacking authorization to work legally in the United States. In recent years, farmworkers have become more settled, fewer migrating long distances from home to work, and fewer pursuing seasonal follow-the-crop migration. The number of young, recent immigrants working in agriculture has also fallen, and as a result the farm workforce is aging. Over the past 30 years, wages for hired farmworkers have gradually risen, both in real terms and in relation to wages for the average nonsupervisory worker in a nonfarm occupation.


What percentage of farm workers are hired?

Hired farmworkers make up less than 1 percent of all U.S. wage and salary workers, but they play an essential role in U.S. agriculture. According to data from the 2017 Census of Agriculture, wages and salaries plus contract labor costs represented just 12 percent of production expenses for all farms, but 43 percent for greenhouse and nursery operations and 39 percent for fruit and tree nut operations.


What is NAWS in agriculture?

Notably, the U.S. Department of Labor’s National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS), discussed below, finds larger shares of foreign-born, Hispanic, and less educated employees among crop and support workers than does the ACS (livestock workers are not surveyed in NAWS).


How were agricultural workers liberated from farm work?

Second, to a large degree, historians note that agricultural workers were liberated from farm work by technology and machinery. Toiling on farms was tough, seasonal work, which generally didn’t pay that well and offered poor security and few opportunities for advancement. A century ago, many of the workers rendered redundant by industrialized farms were able to find better paying jobs, with better working conditions and benefits — in factories, or stores, or schools. But in recent decades, many of the manufacturing workers displaced haven’t had the same luck. Often, they have been forced to trade down to lower-paying service jobs in which wages and benefits aren’t as robust.


What was the impact of farming on the 20th century?

With each passing year of the 20th century, farming made significant leaps in efficiency. There was greater use of machinery and technology — tractors, combines, crop-dusters. But the industry also developed more effective seeds, irrigation techniques, fertilizers and pesticides, and the logistics that made all the products move around the country efficiently. Farming became industrialized.


Why are manufacturing jobs lost?

First, many manufacturing jobs have been lost because existing factories have become more efficient and hence need fewer people. But many have also been lost because labor costs and other factors means it no longer makes economic sense to make things like television, or lightbulbs, or T-shirts in the United States. That’s explicitly not the case with agricultural products — precisely because of all the automation, technology, and infrastructure, the U.S. agriculture industry is far more competitive than that of many countries in the world where labor costs are far lower.


Is growing fruits and vegetables labor intensive?

But the increase in output has been immense. And although the cultivation of fruits and vegetables remains quite labor-intensive, that isn’ t the case for other crops. In recent years, I’ve visited a farm in North Dakota, where a farmer and a handful of workers managed a few thousand acres of soybean and grain crops, and I’ve spent time on a dairy farm in upstate New York where a half-dozen people (and a bunch of equipment and machines) handled the milking, feeding, and monitoring of several hundred cows.


Will machines start doing jobs?

Futurists warn that in coming decades, machines will start doing many of the jobs that humans have been doing for centuries. That process has already happened in what, for most of humanity’s history, has been the world’s largest industry.


Does agriculture have fewer people than manufacturing?

Like manufacturing, American agriculture has near-record output, but employs far fewer people than it did decades ago.

image

Leave a Comment