How many types of agriculture are there


Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions.


What are the 5 types of farming?

  • Peasant farming- In this system of farming, farmer himself is manager and he practices agriculture in his own way. …
  • Capitalistic farming– main objective is to maximize the profit. …
  • State farming- Such farming system is often practiced to carry out farm research work, demonstration and production of quality seeds, e.g. …

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What are the types of traditional agriculture?

What are the types of traditional agriculture?

  1. Farming is done using old practices and traditional equipments also called traditional farming. Ploughing of fields using bullock or ox is an example
  2. Cultivation is done using high yielding variety of seeds
  3. Irrigation is done using old techniques.Hence Groundwater level is not reduced

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What are three types of Agriculture?

Types of agricultural activities include subsistence farming, nomadic herding, commercial plantation, livestock rearing, etc. Agriculture involves plants and animals breeding and land cultivation to offer fiber, food and medicine. It also provides other products necessary for life enhancement and sustenance.

What are the different types of agricultural practices?

Types of Agriculture

  • Types of Agriculture. Agriculture is one of the most widespread activities in the world, but it is not uniform throughout.
  • Nomadic Herding. …
  • Livestock Ranching. …
  • Shifting Cultivation. …
  • Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage. …
  • Intensive Subsistence Farming With Rice Dominant. …
  • Mediterranean Agriculture. …
  • Livestock and Grain Farming. …
  • Subsistence Crop and Stock Farming. …

What are the types of agriculture?

Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming: … Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop): … Mediterranean Farming: … Commercial Grain Agriculture: … Arable Farming: … Shifting Cultivation: … Nomadic Herding: … Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•

What are the 11 types of agriculture?

Top 11 Types of Agricultural PracticesPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Shifting Agriculture.Mixed Farming.Nomadic Agriculture.Sedentary Agriculture.Subsistence Farming.Commercial Agriculture.More items…•

What are the 6 types of agriculture?

6 main types of commercial agriculture in MDCs:Mixed crop and livestock.Dairy farming.Grain farming.Livestock ranching.Mediterranean agriculture.Commercial gardening and fruit farming.

What are the 10 types of agriculture?

Terms in this set (19)Slash and Burn (Shifting Cultivation) … Pastoral Nomadism. … Intensive Subsistence. … Wet Rice Intensive Subsistence Dominant. … Sawah. … Intensive subsistence non wet rice dominant. … Plantation Farming. … Mixed crop and livestock farming.More items…

What are the 9 types of agriculture?

Types of AgricultureAgriculture not only gives riches to a nation, but the only riches she can call her own.Nomadic Herding.Livestock Ranching.Shifting Cultivation.Intensive Subsistence Farming.Commercial Plantations.Mediterranean Agriculture.Commercial Grain Farming.More items…•

What is the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

What are the 8 types of farming?

#2. Shifting Agriculture:#3. Plantation Agriculture:#4. Intensive Farming:#5. Dry Agriculture:#6. Mixed and Multiple Agriculture:#7. Crop Rotation:#8. Terrace Cultivation:

What are the 2 main types of farming?

Depending upon the geographical conditions, demand of produce, labour and level of technology, farming can be classified into two main types. These are subsistence farming and commercial farming. This type of farming is practised to meet the needs of the farmer’s family.

How many types of agriculture are there in India?

Overall, there are 9 different types of agriculture or farming in India. It depends on the availability of irrigational facilities, climatic conditions, and nature of land.

What are the three types of farming?

The different types of farming are as follows: Dairy Farming. Commercial Farming. Plantation Farming.

What is farming in India?

Farming is a process of growing crops and raising livestock animals for the purpose of food and other material. Farming has been the oldest tradition followed for centuries throughout the world for human survival. However, the methods followed in farming/agriculture are different for each country. The farmers of India follow different farming …

Why are two different crops shown?

Usually, two different crops with varying periods of maturity are shown so that they won’t compete with growth period and nutrients. This type of farming system is followed in regions where abundant rainfall is expected and good irrigation facilities are available.

What are the characteristics of subsistence farming?

Main features of Subsistence farming include: 1 The entire family depends on the cultivation of land. 2 Most of the farming is done manually without any help of tools. 3 Traditional farming methods are followed in growing crops. 4 Expect small extent lands. 5 The crop yield expected is low. 6 The entire crop is consumed by farmer family and commercial crop selling is not possible.

What is plantation farming?

Plantation farming is nothing but a tree or bush farming which had been introduced by the British around the 19th century. It mostly refers to single crop orchards or crops such as tea, rubber, spice crops, coconut, coffee, lime, oranges, apples etc..

What is subsistence farming?

Subsistence Farming (Pic Source by Independent Newspapers Nigeria). This farming system is being used by many farmers in India as most of them are small scale farmers who cannot able to afford high yielding seeds and required crop fertilizers.

Why is plantation farming important?

Plantation farming is very useful for export business. Most of the orchards produce crops for many years. Some crops take many years to get into the harvesting stage, but these crops are worth growing, as there are huge profits afterward. Plantation agriculture is mostly confined to the tropical climate.

Why do crops rotate?

Crop Rotation. In order to increase soil fertility or fix the nitrogen in the soil, multiple crops are grown one after another in the same field instead of growing the same crop for more than a year. This will be practiced in a fixed rotation. The completion of rotation crops depends on the type.

What are the two types of agriculture?

Currently, agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture. Let’s explore and learn more about these two types of agriculture. 8:41.

What are the most common crops grown in the same field?

For this type of agriculture, the most common crops are rice and vegetables, which are grown in the same fields using the polyculture method. The second most common kind of subsistence agriculture is shifting cultivation, and this occurs in Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia, Nigeria, Senegal and Indonesia.

Why is subsistence agriculture labor intensive?

This type of agriculture is very labor-intensive because all of the work is done by humans and animals and only hand tools and simple machines are used to work the land. Subsistence agriculture does not rely on chemical fertilizers or pesticides and instead utilizes more natural techniques.

What is the difference between industrialized and subsistence farming?

Another major difference between industrialized and subsistence agriculture is what is being planted.

How does industrialization affect crop yield?

Industrialized agriculture also increases crop yield by investing in large irrigation systems and by using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The chemical fertilizers that are used in industrialized agriculture often add inorganic nutrients to the soil to increase yield and plant size.

Why is industrialized agriculture important?

Industrialized agriculture is important because it makes it possible to produce large amounts of food to feed the growing human population. Subsistence agriculture is equally as important because it provides food to people on the smaller scale and also involves a great deal of family participation and history in the production of the food.

What is subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence agriculture is when a farmer lives on a small amount of land and produces enough food to feed his or her household and have a small cash crop. The goal of subsistence agriculture is to produce enough food to ensure the survival of the individual family. If there is excess food produced, it is sold locally to other families or individuals.

What is the origin of agriculture?

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.

How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?

At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.

What were staple food crops?

Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. In India, wheat, barley and jujube were domesticated by 9,000 BC, soon followed by sheep and goats. Cattle, sheep and goats were domesticated in Mehrgarh culture by 8,000–6,000 BC.

How does industrialized agriculture depend on fossil fuels?

Industrialized agriculture depends on fossil fuels in two fundamental ways: direct consumption on the farm and manufacture of inputs used on the farm. Direct consumption includes the use of lubricants and fuels to operate farm vehicles and machinery. Agriculture and food system share (%) of total energy.

How much of the world’s land is used for livestock production?

Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2.

How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.

What is agricultural science?

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. It covers topics such as agronomy, plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop modelling, soil science, entomology, production techniques and improvement, study of pests and their management, and study of adverse environmental effects such as soil degradation, waste management, and bioremediation.

What is the difference between farming and agriculture?

But here is the difference and easy breakdown to understand. Agriculture is a much wider and broader bracket term that deals with all agriculture activities, including farming, crop cultivation, cattle rearing, and horticulture. It has husbandry, livestock, tillage as well under the activities. Farming is, in turn, is the process in which agriculture takes place. It is with regard to the particular technique or method on how land cultivation and crops work.

What are the most common crops in the world?

The most common crops here are sugarcane, rice, and wheat. In the Intensive farming technique, the method involves raising the labor or capital investment on the same small land to raise the current yield. The small farms go through intense cultivation using more significant inputs.

What is an arable farming system?

This is a perfect and apt fit method for hotter and warmer climatic conditions that systematically use the land to grow crops. The Arable types of farming henceforth is dominant around the U.K. regions. Farming is mainly popular in areas with fertile flat land without steeps heavily and moist land that is not very dry or wet. In the Arable farming method, grain crops such as wheat, barley, maize, rice, and millets are perfect. The continuous following method of this farming can help increase the soil nitrogen from within.

What were the first crops?

The earliest crops around were barley, wheat, and rearing of cattle, sheep, and pigs. The types of farming methods, crops cultivation have come over with good development in a while, depending on new processes, techniques, climate, and other factors. Crop rotation, clearing, and land reclamation were common practices in ancient days, …

What is subsistence farming?

It is a very small-scale practice of growing and cultivating crops and rearing animals for household personal and family use.

What is pastoral farming?

2. Pastoral Farming: As the name Pastoral farming suggests, this types of farming technique are solely for rearing animals and cattle, not for growing crops. This producing livestock method is ideal for sheep, beef cattle, dairy farming, and other rearing.

Why is pastoral farming important?

If the land has stronger steeps and slopes, pastoral farming is helpful to rear animals such as sheep instead of growing crops. The highland regions of the U.K. and west follow this farming practice. It is the most common one too in various types of farming. 3.


Introduction to Farming

Types of Farming – Subsistence Farming / Agriculture

  • This farming system is being used by many farmers in India as most of them are small scale farmers who cannot able to afford high yielding seeds and required crop fertilizers. These farmers also hold a small chunk of lands and will not have any irrigation and electricity facilities. The whole family works in the field for the production of food. The entire crop is kept for their family …

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Types of Farming- Shifting Agriculture

  • In this type of farming system, usually a small extent of forest land is cleared for growing crops. Mostly tribal farmers used to practice this. This is done by removing dried up trees, burning tree trunks, tree branches, and other weeds. Generally, farmers cultivate this kind of lands for 2 to 3 years as soil fertility goes down. After this, farmers move on to other forest areas and repeat a si…

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Types of Farming- Plantation Agriculture / Farming

  • Plantation farming is nothing but a tree or bush farming which had been introduced by the British around the 19th century. It mostly refers to single crop orchards or crops such as tea, rubber, spice crops, coconut, coffee, lime, oranges, apples etc.. Plantation agriculture requires investment and cultivation facilities like good irrigation, modern…

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Types of Farming – Intensive Farming / Agriculture

  • What is intensive farming? Well, it is a cultivation practice where one can obtain a high yield per unit area. As farmers use fertilizers and pest controls on a great extent, especially where irrigation facilities are available. They also try to sow the seeds of high yielding with modern farming methods by using machinery. These factors led to intensive farming/agriculture. In some areas, …

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Types of Farming – Dry Farming / Agriculture

  • Dry agriculture is growing crops in drought areas where fewer irrigation facilities are available. Farmers grow drought-resistant crop varieties. This is being mostly practiced in areas where average annual rainfall is low. Sometimes, there may be partial irrigation in dry agriculture. You can expect lower yields in dry agriculture.

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Types of Farming – Mixed and Multiple Farming / Agriculture

  • What is mixed farming? Well, it is nothing but growing agricultural crops along with livestock simultaneously (raising animals). Whereas multiple farming refers to growing more than one crop in the same field. Usually, two different crops with varying periods of maturity are shown so that they won’t compete with growth period and nutrients. This type of farming system is followed in …

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Types of Farming – Crop Rotation

  • In order to increase soil fertility or fix the nitrogen in the soil, multiple crops are grown one after another in the same field instead of growing the same crop for more than a year. This will be practiced in a fixed rotation. The completion of rotation crops depends on the type. Some may complete within the year whereas some may complete in the following year. Gram crops (legumi…

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Types of Farming – Permanent Agriculture Or Settled Cultivation

  • In this type of farming system, farmers get settled in one place start growing crops. This is mostly practiced everywhere.

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Types of Farming – Terrace Cultivation / Farming

  • What is terracecultivation? Well, it is nothing but growing crops in lands with sloppy nature. Hilly areas are a perfect example of this system. Usually, hills and mountain slopes are cut to form a terrace. The land is being used in the same way as in permanent agriculture. With this farming system, one can prevent soil erosion.

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