How much land is available for agriculture


Globally agricultural land area is approximately five billion hectares, or 38 percent of the global land surface.May 7, 2020

What percent of the Earth is used for agriculture?

– One source indicates that of all the habitable land on Earth, about 50% is used for agriculture. This is the predominant habitable land land use, with forestry in second

What are the three resources used in agriculture?

resources are grouped into those that affect agriculture, such as cultivated plants, pollinators, and pests; those that are sources of scientific inputs, such as agricultural plant varieties (and their wild relatives) that provide genetic resources; and those that provide natural goods and services, such as wildlife, fish, and scenic beauty.

How can land be saved for agriculture?

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What are the high inputs cost for agriculture?

Seeds,fertilizers,pesticides, fuel,electricity,etc form the Variable costs or the input costs.However Human costs or the costs incurred for employing people,at different stages of cultivation, which forms a part of the Variable costs is the highest.Practical and need based mechanization of operations could reduce the input costs substantially.


How many percent land is available for agriculture in India?

60.43 %Agricultural land (% of land area) in India was reported at 60.43 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.

What is the percentage of land suitable for cultivation?

At present some 11 percent (1.5 billion ha) of the globe’s land surface (13.4 billion ha) is used in crop production (arable land and land under permanent crops). This area represents slightly over a third (36 percent) of the land estimated to be to some degree suitable for crop production.

What is the percentage of agricultural land in India 2020?

Data from World Bank shows that around 60.3 percent of India’s land area is agricultural land. The bank defines agricultural land as “share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures.” In fact India has the second largest agricultural land in the world.

Which land is suitable for agriculture?

Fertile plains and river valleys offer suitable land for agriculture. Explanation: Agriculture includes the rearing of the livestock and crops for commercial purposes i.e farmland the crops land.

What are the 5 types of agricultural land use?

Agricultural land use categories include: (1) irrigated cropland; (2) dry cropland; (3) improved pastureland; (4) native pastureland; (5) orchard; (6) wasteland; (7) timber production; (8) wildlife management; and (9) other categories of land that are typical in the area.

Which country is No 1 in agriculture 2021?

Agriculture in China 545,960 square kilometers of land is irrigated in China. China is the largest rice-producing country in the world.

Who owns the most land in the world 2021?

With her 6.6 billion acres, Elizabeth II is far and away the world’s largest landowner, with the closest runner-up (King Abdullah) holding control over a mere 547 million, or about 12% of the lands owned by Her Majesty, The Queen.

Do we have enough land for farming?

Earth is a pretty big place, but it’s not as big as our appetite. That’s the conclusion of a new study by researchers in Canada, who calculated that if the entire world population tried to eat what the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) actually recommends, we wouldn’t have enough farms to feed everybody.

How much land is used for agriculture?

A few different estimates of the amount of land used for agriculture (compared to other land uses) on Earth are: – One source indicates that of all the habitable land on Earth, about 50% is used for agriculture. This is the predominant habitable land land use, with forestry in second.

How much of the world’s arable land is used for farming?

One-third of global arable land is used to grow feed. – [Of the 51 million km squared area of habitable land used as agricultural land in the world, 40 million km squared is used for livestock/meat and dairy, and 11 million km squared is used for crops excluding feed.

How much of the world’s oats are eaten by animals?

In the United States, animals directly consume 95 percent of oat production and 80 percent of our corn. Just 55 percent of the world’s crop calories are actually eaten directly by people … [whilst] Another 36 percent is used for animal feed …. And the remaining 9 percent goes toward biofuels and other industrial uses.

How much farmable land is left?

How Much Farmable Land Might Be Left. Estimates put the remaining farmable land left at about 27 million square kilometers, and for crop production specifically, there might be 2.7 billion ha with crop production potential left.

What is the purpose of arable land?

Arable land is also used not only to grow edible crops for direct human consumption, but also to grow animal feed for livestock consumption (hay, cereals and oil seeds can be crops grown for livestock feed).

What is arable land used for?

Some arable land is used to grow crops (such as corn, barley, oats, soy, and so on) that become feed for livestock (instead of going straight to human consumption), which technically means it’s part of the total land being used for livestock production.

How much of the Earth’s land is pasture?

One-quarter of the earth’s land (excluding Antarctica) is used as pasture land overall ( 26% of the Earth’s ice-free terrestrial surface is used for grazing ( Right now, the the FAO reports 7.9 billion acres of arable land in the world (

Land use in agriculture by the numbers

The source article for this piece can be found on the FAO Statistics Division website.

Global trends

Globally agricultural land area is approximately five billion hectares, or 38 percent of the global land surface. About one-third of this is used as cropland, while the remaining two-thirds consist of meadows and pastures) for grazing livestock.

Regional trends

Regional distribution of agricultural land use is a combination of local agri-climatic edaphic – soil –conditions, and socio-economic drivers.

Country trends

On average over the last decade, China was the country with the largest agricultural land extent (about 500 million hectares or Mha), followed by the United States, Australia (about 400 Mha each) and Brazil (278 Mha).

What percentage of land is used for agriculture?

Half of all habitable land is used for agriculture. 2. This leaves only 37% for forests; 11% as shrubs and grasslands; 1% as freshwater coverage; and the remaining 1% – a much smaller share than many suspect – is built-up urban area which includes cities, towns, villages, roads and other human infrastructure.

What percentage of the world’s agricultural area is permanent?

The agricultural area use is divided into 3 categories: arable land (28% of the global agricultural area), permanent crops (3%) and permanent meadows and pastures (69%) which account for the largest share of the world’s agricultural area. 6.

What is pastureland used for?

Pastureland (permanent meadows and pasture) For most countries, the majority of agricultural land is used for livestock rearing in the form of pastureland. In the map here we see the share of permanent meadows and pasture as a percentage of total land area.

What are the two main uses of agricultural land?

There are two main uses of agricultural land: arable farming (which is land dedicated to growing crops), and pastureland ( which includes meadows and pastures used for livestock rearing). In the chart here we see a global map of land used for arable agriculture (as a share of total land area).

How much of the world’s land is livestock?

If we combine pastures used for grazing with land used to grow crops for animal feed, livestock accounts for 77% of global farming land.

What is the use of land?

But we are also studying other uses of land, including land required for human settlement. Agriculture is a major use of land. Half of the world’s habitable land is used for agriculture . The extensive land use has a major impact on the earth’s environment as it reduces wilderness and threatens biodiversity.

Is land used for agriculture increasing?

The share of land used for agriculture has been slowly increasing across most of the world’s regions over the past few decades. However, land use across Europe and Central Asia- particularly within the European Union (EU) zone- and North America has been declining. Click to open interactive version.

How much is farmland in 2020?

U.S. farmland values remained high in 2020, averaging $3,160 per acre, a small decrease of 0.8 percent compared with 2019. At the same time, farm income was forecast to increase nationwide in 2020 (see Farm Income and Wealth Statistics for details).

What is the value of farmland in 2020?

Between 2019 and 2020, U.S. average cropland and pastureland values both fell by 0.8 percent, to $4,100 and $1,400 per acre, respectively.

When did farmland values start to increase?

USDA’s annual June Area Survey indicates that farmland values began rising in 1988 and, except for single-year declines in 2009 and 2016, have continued rising. After adjusting historical data for inflation, however, farmland values did not begin to increase until 1993, and between 2016 and 2020 were 1.3 percent below their 2016 level on average.

What percentage of pastureland has increased in 2016?

Over the same timeframe, pastureland values have increased the most in the Southern Plains (3.5 percent), and have fallen the most in the Corn Belt (-6.2 percent).

What percentage of the US land base was used for agriculture in 2012?

About 52 percent of the 2012 U.S. land base (including Alaska and Hawaii) is used for agricultural purposes, including cropping, grazing (on pasture, range, and in forests), and farmsteads/farm roads.

What are the three land types?

Although the shares of land in different uses have fluctuated to some degree over time, land area in the top three categories (grassland pasture and range, forest, and cropland) has remained relatively stable. Land dedicated to special uses, which includes land in State/national parks and wilderness areas, has increased substantially since …

What are some regional changes in cropland used for crops?

Some regional changes in cropland used for crops represent year-to-year fluctuations that tend to balance out over time, but other areas (e.g. , the Northeast, Southeast, and Mountain regions) have experienced clear long-term declines.

How has technology impacted land use?

The rapid adoption of new technology, improved crop varieties, improved insect and disease control, and other changes have boosted agricultural productivity to the extent that more production can be obtained from the same cropland base.

What is land dedicated to special uses?

Land dedicated to special uses, which includes land in State/national parks and wilderness areas, has increased substantially since the MLU series began 1945. Urban land use has also increased, albeit more modestly, as population and economic growth spur demand for new housing and other forms of development.

Why does land use change?

Land-use change occurs for a variety of reasons. Changing commodity and timber prices, agricultural and natural resource policies, urban pressure, and environmental factors ( e.g., droughts) prompt private landowners to shift land to uses that maximize economic returns.

Is land use change bidirectional?

While land-use change can be bidirectional for some uses —such as forestry, grassland, and cropland—conversions to an urban use are typically irreversible. As part of the Major Land Uses program, ERS analyzes trends in all of these uses and examines factors driving broad land-use patterns and trends.

What is agricultural land?

Agricultural land includes: – Arable land (cropland) used for crop production (usually with suitable soil conditions for crop production) Of the land used for crops, some types of crops such as wheat, maize, rice and barley take up much more total and proportional cropland than others.

What are the major uses of land in the United States?

Major Uses Of Land In The United States. Using the United States as one example of what a country uses it’s land for, pasture/rangeland, forest and cropland are the major land uses in the US across all States, in terms of total acreage. Special use, miscellaneous and urban came in third through sixth.

What percentage of the world’s land is habitable?

According to another source that doesn’t distinguish between habitable land and all land on Earth, they provide the following proportions for the world’s land areas – Other land 31%, Forest area 31%, Meadows and pastures 26%, and Arable land and crops 12%.

What are the threats to forests?

Additionally, forests can be divided into tropical, boreal, temperate and subtropical domains. Deforestation is one of the major threats to forests and trees worldwide, with land use conversion from forests to land used for agriculture being a major cause of deforestation .

What are some examples of habitable land?

Other uses of land might include forests, shrubland, urban development, and fresh water.

What is forestland?

Forestland is land that mostly contains trees. Trees can be native, or they can be plantation forests grown for the purpose of producing wood and other materials. There are different types of native forests, such as tropical, temperate, boreal and so on. Land used for forests and trees provides a number of benefits.

What percentage of the Earth’s surface is land?

Most of the Earth’s surface is water (both saltwater, and fresh water bodies) Only about 29% of the total surface of the Earth is land (such as continents and islands) Types Of Land, & Land Uses. Two of the major types of land on Earth are habitable land (that we can live and produce on), and non habitable land (that we can’t live or produce on, …


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