How much land is used for agriculture in india


India’s arable land area of 159.7 million hectares (394.6 million acres) is the second largest in the world, after the United States. Its gross irrigated crop area of 82.6 million hectares (215.6 million acres) is the largest in the world.


What is the percentage of agricultural land in India?

India – Agricultural land as a share of land area. In 2016, agricultural land as a share of land area for India was 60.4 % .

How much of the world’s land is used for agriculture?

Globally agricultural land area is approximately five billion hectares, or 38 percent of the global land surface. About one-third of this is used as cropland, while the remaining two-thirds consist of meadows and pastures) for grazing livestock.

What is the arable land area of India?

India‘s arable land area of 159.7 million hectares is the second largest in the world. Explore statistical data figures on agricultural crop land area use of India for fruits, vegetables, sugarcane, rice, cotton, Jute and sown, etc.

What is the scope of Agriculture in India?

Around 75% of the Indian population is occupied in agricultural activities. This overwhelming size of this segment engenders it to dominate the preliminary skills of cultivation and food production. In fact, this sector employs a quarter of the Indian economy which constitutes around 60% of the rural workforce.


What is the percentage of agricultural land in India?

60.43 %Agricultural land (% of land area) in India was reported at 60.43 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.

How much of land is used for agriculture?

About 52 percent of the 2012 U.S. land base (including Alaska and Hawaii) is used for agricultural purposes, including cropping, grazing (on pasture, range, and in forests), and farmsteads/farm roads. Land-use change occurs for a variety of reasons.

What is the percentage of agricultural land in India 2020?

Data from World Bank shows that around 60.3 percent of India’s land area is agricultural land. The bank defines agricultural land as “share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures.” In fact India has the second largest agricultural land in the world.

What percentage of land is used in India?

In India, about 51.09% of the land is under cultivation, 21.81% under forest and 3.92% under pasture. Built up areas and uncultivated land occupy about 12.34% (Kundra, 1999). About 5.17% of the total land is uncultivated waste, which can be converted into agricultural land. The other types of land comprises up 4.67%.

Which country has the most land for agriculture?

Indonesia tops the chart showing countries with the largest overall area, with 225,000 square kilometres taken by permanent cropland, or 12.4% of its total. Second on the list is China, with 160,000 sq km – some 1.7% of its total land area.

What state is number 1 in agriculture?

U.S. agricultural production occurs in each of the 50 States In terms of sales value, California leads the country as the largest producer of agricultural products (crops and livestock), accounting for almost 11 percent of the national total, based on the 2012 Census of Agriculture.

Which country is No 1 in agriculture 2021?

Agriculture in China 545,960 square kilometers of land is irrigated in China. China is the largest rice-producing country in the world.

Who owns the most land in the world 2021?

With her 6.6 billion acres, Elizabeth II is far and away the world’s largest landowner, with the closest runner-up (King Abdullah) holding control over a mere 547 million, or about 12% of the lands owned by Her Majesty, The Queen.

What percentage of land is used for agriculture in India Class 10?

1 Answer. Agricultural lands in India was estimated to be 60.45% in 2015. Agriculture is the principal means of income in India. The agricultural lands refer to the lands that are suitable for cultivation, that is arable land.

What percentage of Indian population is dependent on agriculture 2020?

Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihoods in India. 70 percent of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood, with 82 percent of farmers being small and marginal.

Which country has no agriculture land?

According to a recent World Bank report, the countries with the smallest percentages of land used for agriculture today include Suriname, Greenland, Singapore, the Bahamas, the Seychelles, and Norway.

What percentage of total agriculture land is unusable in India?

According to government data, nearly 30 percent of the land in India, or about 97 million hectares, is degraded.

What is agricultural land?

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow.

What is land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation?

Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, …

How much land is used for agriculture in India?

The agricultural land in India features around 157.35 million hectares, only next to the U.S.A. Next, the agriculture land use in India depends upon the following factors: The quality of land: It should be of good quality in order to bear fruitful agricultural produce.

What are the factors that determine land use in India?

Some other factors governing land use in India are as follows: Size of the economy. Composition of the economy. Population and demography of a specific region. Division of land shares under forests, cultivable lands, fallow lands, and permanent pastures. Employment and occupation in the agricultural sector.

What is land utilization?

Land utilization refers to the process of using agricultural land effectively in order to produce a cultivable yield. The land utilization procedure is inclusive of the production of goods such as crops, and services such as forest lands engendering rich biodiversity.

How long does it take for a crop to rotate?

The time duration for crop rotation may be one year or even beyond that. Usually, it starts with cereal crops like wheat and rice followed by pulses and legumes. Legumes have an effective nitrogen-fixing ability. Crops like tobacco and sugarcane can be grown afterward in cereal crops with the use of fertilizers.

What is the history of agriculture in India?

The history of Indian agriculture dates back to the Indus Valley civilization. Today, India features as the second largest country engaged in farming and ranks seventh in agricultural exports in foreign nations. This article discusses the different factors pertaining to agriculture in India. It describes agricultural land utilization, types …

Why is agriculture shifting in India?

After clearing up forest land, farmers carry the agricultural activities on it for the next 2-3 years. This is because of the retardation in the fertility and soil quality of the farmland.

Why is the agrarian sector important?

This is because our farmers give their sweat and blood to farming activities so that we can eat healthily and live a sustainable lifestyle.

How many hectares of land were operational holdings in 2012?

Consider this: The latest National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) report on land and livestock holdings estimates that around 95 million hectares of land was classified as operational holdings in 2012-13. Operational holdings are land that was used wholly or partly for agricultural production. While this includes land being used as kitchen garden or livestock growing, it leaves out cooperative farming and institutional/government ownership.

Is the census based on land records?

Sure, there are differences between the two surveys in collecting information. The agricultural census is primarily based on land records with states, except some including West Bengal, Odisha, and Kerala where these are not available.

Is the agricultural census different from the actual situation?

Indeed the agricultural census admits that the situation reflected in land records might be different from the actual situation on ground.

What is the land use pattern in India?

Land use pattern has undergone tremendous transformations due to the impact of urbanization and industrialization. Changes in the land use pattern bring associated ecological changes. Therefore, at the outset, it is important to give an overview of land use pattern.

What is land used for?

Land is a distinctly limited resource and one which is central to all human kind’s needs and activities. Land provides the base for three fourth of our food, all our timber and all our natural fibres. It provides the space for homes, stores, offices, factories, schools, hospitals and other facilities that make up cities, towns and villages.

How much land is arable in 1970?

During 1970-71 the latest year for which the land-use data are available, the arable land (the net area sown plus the current & fallow lands) was estimated at 161.3 million hectares or 52.7 per-cent of the total reporting area. Around 65.9 million hectares or 21.6 per-cent of the total area was under forests.

How much of the world’s forest is under forest?

Around 65.9 million hectares or 21.6 per-cent of the total area was under forests. Land put to non-agricultural uses was estimated at 16.1 million hectares (5.2 per-cent of the total) and the barren and un-culturable land at 30.2 million hectares or 9.9 per-cent of the reporting area.

What is the area of land use classification?

The area, for which data on the land-use classification are available, is known as the ‘reporting area’ . In areas where the land- use classification figures are based on land records, the reporting area is the area according to village papers or records maintained by the village revenue agency and the data are based on a complete enumeration of all the areas.

What is the reporting area of a village?

The reporting area is the aggregate of the areas based on these two methods. The areas for which no statistics are available is called ‘non-reporting area’.

Why do we need more land?

As population and affluence grow, we need more land for all the uses mentioned. But since one land cannot grow except at the expense of another, there is inevitable conflict between those desiring the same land for different purposes and especially when the choice is between use and preservation.

How much land is used for agriculture?

Globally agricultural land area is approximately five billion hectares, or 38 percent of the global land surface. About one-third of this is used as cropland, while the remaining two-thirds consist of meadows and pastures) for grazing livestock.

What is the distribution of agricultural land?

Regional distribution of agricultural land use is a combination of local agri-climatic edaphic – soil –conditions, and socio-economic drivers. Averaged over the decade between 2007 and 2016, the largest share of agricultural land area was in Asia, accounting for 1.6 global hectares (gha) or 34 percent, followed by the Americas (1.2 gha, or 25 percent) and Africa (1.1 gha, 24 percent), with Europe and Oceania representing each about 9-10 percent of the total.

Which country has the most irrigated land?

The two countries with the largest irrigated cropland area were India and China, with about 68 Mha each, followed by the United States (27 Mha), Pakistan (20 Mha) and Iran (9 Mha).

Why is land important for agriculture?

Land – a notion which broadly includes climate, topography, vegetation, soils and other natural resources – is the basis for agriculture, and the interaction between these components is vital for determining the productivity and sustainability of agro-ecosystems. Especially in the face of climate change and variability, selecting the right land uses for given biophysical and socio-economic conditions is essential for minimizing land degradation, rehabilitating degraded land, ensuring the sustainable use of land resources, and maximizing resilience.

Which region has the most land area for irrigation?

In terms of irrigation capacity, the region with the largest land area equipped for irrigation over the past decade was by far Asia, with 237 mega hectares (mha), or 70 percent of the world’s total, followed by the Americas (52 mha, or 16 percent), Europe (26 mha, 8 percent), Africa (15 mha, 5 percent) and Oceania (3 mha, 1 percent).


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