How much of canada’s land is agricultural



STAT Canada United States
Agricultural growth 107 Ranked 110th. The same as United St … 107 Ranked 105th.
Agricultural growth per capita 100 Int. $ Ranked 97th. The same as Uni … 100 Int. $ Ranked 93th.
Agricultural land > Sq. km 625,970 sq. km Ranked 16th. 4.11 million sq. km Ranked 2nd. 7 times …
Agricultural machinery > Tractors > … 23.16 per 1,000 people Ranked 14th. 42% … 16.37 per 1,000 people Ranked 21st.

Jun 3 2022



What percentage of the land in Canada is used for agriculture?

Agricultural land (% of land area) in Canada was reported at 6.4914 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Canada – Agricultural land (% of land area) – actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the World Bank on March of 2022.

How big is the average farm in Canada?

The size of the average Canadian farm has increased over time. At the same time, the number of Canadian farms has decreased as farmers and corporations expand their business by buying other farms. The 2016 census counted 193,492 farms in Canada. The average Canadian farm is about 800 acres (a little more than 3 km 2 ).

What is the agriculture sector in Canada?

Canada’s agriculture sector is a major part of the lives of many Canadians and their communities across the country. Not only does the sector feed us, but it adds massive value to the economy through billions of dollars worth of sales, exports and employment each year. You’ll find many kinds of agricultural goods across Canada’s vast expanse.

What is the main type of farming in Canada?

Farming Regions of Canada. Most of Canada’s crop farming takes place in the Prairie provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba). Alberta has the most beef cattle operations of any province. Saskatchewan produces the most durum wheat, canola and lentils. Manitoba has the most pig farms and is second in potato production.


What percent of the population of Canada is farming?

In total, the rural farm population represented 9.5% of the total rural population in Canada (Table 3). This proportion varied across the country, with the largest proportion in Saskatchewan (27.8%) and the smallest in the Atlantic provinces (2.4%).

What percentage of the land in Canada is arable?

4.315 %Arable land (% of land area) in Canada was reported at 4.315 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources.

What percent of Canada’s land is used?

Land use: agricultural land: 6.8% (2018 est.) arable land: 4.7% (2018 est.) permanent crops: 0.5% (2018 est.) permanent pasture: 1.6% (2018 est.)

Does Canada have agricultural land?

About half of Canada’s total agricultural land is used for growing crops. There are approximately 160 million acres of agricultural land in Canada. Agricultural land is cultivable, permanent crops, and permanent pastures. The ground beneath the gardens, and the land falls temporarily.

Does Canada have fertile land?

For Canada, that means a potential quadrupling of agricultural land. Arable land made up 11% of the world’s land mass in 2016, the most according to United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization records dating back to 1961.

What are the top 3 imports of Canada?

The largest categories of goods that Canada imports include Automotive products ($115 billion); machinery ($69 billion); electronics ($72 billion); plastics ($45 billion); and energy ($37 billion). These imports don’t always involve the purchase of a consumer product such as a car or a laptop.

What is most of Canada’s land used for?

Most of Canada’s land suitable for growing crops are in the Prairies, and Ontario and Quebec. Accordingly, these regions showed the most forest to cropland land-use change. The Pacific region, which consists of British Columbia, showed the smallest amount of land-use change.

What percent of Canada’s land is urban?

81.48%Canada is one of the largest countries in the world regarding land area, second behind Russia….Canada: Degree of urbanization from 2010 to 2020.CharacteristicShare of urban population201981.48%201881.41%201781.35%201681.3%7 more rows

How much of Canada is undeveloped?

80 per centCanada is the second-biggest country on earth, yet over 80 per cent of its land is uninhabited, and most Canadians live clustered in a handful of large cities close to the U.S. border. This reality stems from Canada’s unique geography, which is, all things considered, rather unfriendly to humans.

What percent of Ontario is farmland?

At the national level, the percentage was 5.3%. In Ontario, 22.0% of farms reported being incorporated in 2016, up from 16.8% in 2011. Nationally, incorporated farms accounted for 25.1% of the total in 2016.

Does Canada grow its own food?

Production of many crops, including wheat, barley, grain corn, field peas, flaxseed, and dry beans has experienced large growth from 1908 to 2008 (Chart 1.4). As well, many new crops, including canola, soybeans and fodder corn are now grown extensively in Canada.

What is Canada the largest producer of?

Just off the podium The biggest crop that Canada produces is wheat; in 2017, Canadian farmers grew nearly one billion bushels of wheat.

What percentage of Canada’s land is used for farming?

Only a small fraction (7 per cent) of Canada’s land area is suitable for farming. Most of this land is in Western Canada. However, marginal (poor) land can be used to ranch beef cattle . Farms vary according to topography, soil type and location (latitude).

How much of Canada’s land is farmland?

Only about 7 per cent of Canada’s land can be farmed. Other marginal (poorer) land can be used to ranch cattle. Aquaculture operations are found on the East and West Coasts and in the Great Lakes. Some crops such as tomatoes, cannabis and flowers are grown in greenhouses in urban centres.

What is protected cultivation?

Another type of agriculture is called protected cultivation. This is the growing of food, flower, mushroom and cannabis crops in greenhouses or warehouses ( see Greenhouse Crops ). Some farmers also rear animals for fur or grow crops for various uses (e.g., fibre for composite building materials).

Why is no till cropping better for the environment?

No-till cropping is more climate friendly because tilling releases sequestered (stored) carbon into the atmosphere. Tilling also requires farmers to spend more time running tractors that consume fuel.

What are the challenges farmers face in Canada?

Some areas in which farmers face challenges include crop protection, soil conservation, labour , climate change and health.

What is agriculture in Canada?

August 31, 2020. Agriculture is the practice of growing crops and rearing animals mainly for food. Farmers also produce other items such as wool from sheep and CBD oil from hemp plants. In Canada, agriculture is an important industry. Only about 7 per cent of Canada’s land can be farmed.

How have farmers and governments worked together?

Farmers, industry and governments have worked together over the past two decades to improve conditions for livestock. For example, Canadian egg farmers are phasing out the use of small cages for their hens. Evolving regulations from agencies such as Health Canada have played a role in many of these changes. In recent years, for example, farmers, industry groups and government have changed practices to reduce antibiotic use. This is because overuse of antibiotics in livestock farming threatens human health. ( See Antibiotic Resistance in Canada .)

The agri-food system

Canada’s food system is resilient and innovative, sustains our environment and supports our economy. In 2020, the whole agriculture and agri-food system:

Primary agriculture

Primary agriculture is defined as work that is performed within the boundaries of a farm, nursery or greenhouse. Canadian primary agriculture is an economic driver highly diversified across the country:

Food and beverage processing

Food and beverage processors transform raw food materials or substances into new products, which may be finished, so that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, so that they become raw material to be used in further manufacturing.

International trade and domestic market

The success of the Canadian agriculture sector depends heavily on our ability to export to other countries and Canada is one of the world’s largest food exporters. In 2020, Canada exported nearly $74 billion in agriculture and food products (including raw agricultural materials, fish and seafood, and processed foods).

Sustainable economic growth

Canada has some key advantages that can help make us a leader in food production and processing:


The latest data on farm numbers are from 2016 and do not capture other and miscellaneous farms. All other data is from 2020.

What are the main crops in Canada?

Early in the 21st century, Canadian agronomists were aware of 48 “primary grain, vegetable and fruit crops”, based on surface area and value. In 2007, the Canadian Federation of Agriculture broke down into five primary “production sectors” Canadian agriculture according to cash receipts: 1 grains and oilseeds: 34% 2 red meats – livestock: 24% 3 dairy: 12% 4 horticulture: 9% 5 poultry and eggs: 8%

How many wineries are there in Canada?

British Columbia holds 240 wineries, spread throughout 4,152 hectares (10,260 acres). There are 138 wineries in Quebec, which manage 808 hectares (2,000 acres) of vineyards in the province. Nova Scotia holds 20 wineries, which manages 290 hectares (720 acres) of vineyards in the province.

What are the animals that are raised in the prairies?

115,000 cattle roamed the southern prairies by 1900. Livestock can include the raising of cows, also commonly called cattle. Recently domestication of the buffalo and elk has initiated a new food industry. Sheep have been raised for both wool and meat. Bovine or pig barns have been a part of livestock culture. Scientists have been making forward steps in swine research giving rise to intensive pig farming. The domestication of various farm animals meant that corresponding industries such as feedlots, animal husbandry and meat processing have also been studied, and developed. Two corporations (Cargill Foods and Brazil-based multinational JBS) control 80 percent of beef processing, and four retailers capture 72 percent of retail sales. From 1921 to 2011, farming operations have become more intensive and specialized. The total number of animal farms in Canada went from 8.1 per 100 inhabitants to 0.6 per 100 inhabitants. During this period, the number of Canadian pigs rose from 3,324,291 to 12,679,104, while the number of pig farms dropped from 452,935 to 7,371. In 2011, the hog industry was the fourth largest in Canada, after canola, dairy products and cattle, with cash receipts of $3.9 billion. The size of farms had also increased substantially, with the national average rising to 1,720 hogs per operation in 2011.

What did Saskatchewan produce in 1925?

In 1925, Saskatchewan produced over half of the wheat in the Dominion of Canada, threshing in excess of 240,000,000 bushels (6,500,000 metric tons) of wheat. Rapeseed, alfalfa, barley, canola, flax, rye, and oats are other popularly grown grain crops.

What are the three prairie provinces in Alberta?

The open parkland area extends across the three prairie provinces: Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Canada’s production of wheat, oats, flaxseed, and barley come mainly from this area.

What is Alberta known for?

Alberta is renowned still for its stampedes, and cattle ranching is a main industry. The agricultural industry is supplemented by livestock and mixed farming and wheat crops. Alberta is the second largest producer of wheat in Canada. Grain and dairying also play a role in the livelihoods of Alberta farmers.

How much did the Dominion Land Act of 1872 cost?

The Dominion Land Act of 1872 offered agricultural pioneers an opportunity to “prove up” a quarter section of land (160 acres/65 hectares) in western Canada for a $10.00 filing fee and three years of improvements combined with residence on the land.

Where are the highest yielding crops in Canada?

However, the widest range of crops and the highest yields occur in southwestern British Columbia and southern Ontario. farm in Saskatchewan. Harvesting wheat on a farm in the grain belt near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada. A potash mine appears in the distant background. George Hunter.

What is the most valuable resource in Canada?

The most valuable forest region for timber production is the west coast, where the climate is conducive to the growth of giant trees with excellent lumber.

Why is Canada the leader in fish exports?

Canada catches only a tiny fraction of the fish taken from the world’s oceans, but it ranks among the leaders in volume of fish exports because of Canada’s relatively small population and low per capita fish consumption.

What was the impact of overfishing on the southern coast of Canada?

Overfishing and pollution depleted the fish resources in southern Canada significantly after the mid-20th century. Indeed, in 1992 the Canadian government imposed a moratorium on cod fishing—with disastrous effects for employment along the east coast.

What are the crops in the Prairies?

The Prairies are known for grain (particularly wheat ), oilseeds (especially canola), and cattle grazing. Central and eastern Canada have a wider variety of crops and livestock, and farmers tend to specialize in either a particular cash crop or a livestock type. Southwestern Ontario produces large amounts of grain corn (maize), soybeans, …

Why is dairying important?

Dairying is important around all the major cities. Because of the challenging climate and soil conditions, many Canadian farmers have embraced genetically modified organisms, though their disfavour in Europe jeopardizes exportability.


Agriculture and food infographics provide quick overviews to help you understand key information derived from statistical programs.


Find agriculture and food data and analytical products released in The Daily.

Data visualization

The Agriculture Stats Hub includes a variety of interactive data visualization tools.

Census of Agriculture

The Census of Agriculture provides a statistical portrait of Canada’s agriculture industry and its farm operators and families.

Crop condition

The Crop Condition Assessment Program (CCAP) interactive mapping application provides weekly cropland and pasture condition reports across Canada and the northern United States.

Cannabis stats

The Cannabis Stats Hub provides Cannabis information related to health, justice, economy and prices.

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What is agricultural machinery?

Agricultural machinery > Tractors : Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Tractors : Number of tractors 2000.

What is permanent pasture?

Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. Figures expressed per thousand population for the same year.


Primary Agriculture

  • Primary agriculture is defined as work that is performed within the boundaries of a farm, nursery or greenhouse. Canadian primary agriculture is an economic driver highly diversified across the country: 1. 193,492 farms 2. farms cover 68.9 million hectares or 6.9% of Canada’s land area 3. concentrated across the Prairies, Quebec and Southern Ontari…

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Food and Beverage Processing

  • Food and beverage processors transform raw food materials or substances into new products, which may be finished, so that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, so that they become raw material to be used in further manufacturing. The food and beverage processing sector is the largest manufacturing sector in Canada in terms of both GDP and employment: 1. 1…

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International Trade and Domestic Market

  • The success of the Canadian agriculture sector depends heavily on our ability to export to other countries and Canada is one of the world’s largest food exporters. In 2020, Canada exported nearly $74 billion in agriculture and food products (including raw agricultural materials, fish and seafood, and processed foods). Canada is the fifth-largest exporter of agri-food and seafood in t…

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Sustainable Economic Growth

  • Canada has some key advantages that can help make us a leader in food production and processing: 1. abundant land and water resources 2. access to international markets 3. strong research and development capacity 4. strong global reputation as a trusted supplier of safe, top-quality food 5. strong stewards of the land Agriculture and agri-food is one of the sectors with th…

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Canada is one of the largest agricultural producers and exporters in the world. As with other developed nations, the proportion of the population agriculture employed and agricultural GDP as a percentage of the national GDP fell dramatically over the 20th century, but it remains an important element of the Canadian economy. A wide range of agriculture is practised in Canada, from s…

Major agricultural products

Various factors affect the socio-economic characteristics of Canadian agriculture. The 2006 Census of Agriculture listed seven: Quantity and type of farms; Biogeography: crop and land use areas; land management practices; Quantity of livestock and poultry; Agricultural engineering: Farm machinery and equipment; Farm capital; Farm operating expenses and receipts; Farm-related …

Canadian agricultural government departments

The Department of Agriculture set out in the British North America Act of 1867 (BNA) states each province may have jurisdiction over agricultural concerns, as well as the Dominion Government may also make law in regard to agriculture. Newfoundland agricultural affairs were dealt with by the Agricultural Division of the Department of Natural Resources at Confederation.
The BNA states that the federal Government has sole authority in coastal and inland fishery mat…

Agricultural economy

Canadian farms, fisheries and ranches produce a wide variety of crops, livestock, food, feed, fibre, fuel and other goods by the systematic raising of plants and animals which are dependent upon the geography of the province. In 2001 farms numbered only 246,923 at a size of 676 acres (2.74 km ) as the production of food and fibre for human or livestock sustenance has evolved into intensive and industrial practices. As of 2002, wheat constituted the largest crop area at 12.6%. …


The marketing and economic movement of Canada’s various agriculture commodities has been a challenge. Domestic trade encompasses providing goods within Canada provincially and inter-provincial. Support agencies and services such as storage, railways, warehouses, stores, banking institutions all affect domestic trade. Trade of wheat from the Canada’s prairies was monitored by the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) prior to the privatization and sale of the CWB to foreign interes…


Agribusiness are activities of food and fibre production and processing which are not part of the farm operation. This would include the production of farm equipment and fertilizers to aid farm production. Agribusiness also includes the firms that purchase the raw goods from the farm for further processing. The meat packing industry, flour mill, and canning industry would be included in the agribusiness sector processing farm products. A recent growth area in agribusiness is th…

Agricultural science

Agricultural science began developing new styles of farming and strains of wheat and crops so that farming could become a successful venture. Farming methods were developed at places such as Dominion Experimental Farm, Rosthern Experimental Station, and Bell Farm. From 1914 to 1922, the Better Farming Train travelled around rural of Saskatchewan areas educating pioneer farmers. The 1901 census showed 511,100 farms and the number of farms peaked in 1941 at a …


Farming activities were very labour-intensive before the industrial revolution and the advent of tractors, combines, balers, etc. From the late 19th century to the mid-20th century, a great percentage of the Canadian labour force was engaged in high labour, smaller farming practices. After mechanization, scientific advancement, improved marketing practices farms became more efficient, larger and less labour-intensive. The labour population was freed up and went to indust…

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