How to Increase Agricultural Biodiversity
- Diversify Plant Species. A simple way to increase biodiversity is to diversify your plant species. Planting crop…
- Use Cover Crops. Cover crops protect your soil from erosion when the field isn’t being used for production. You can…
- Add Organic Matter. Finally, by adding organic matter, you can increase the biodiversity in the…
- Strategic Irrigation. Plants need water to survive. …
- High Quality Seeds. …
- Better Monitoring Technology. …
- Green Methods of Pest Control. …
- Cover Cropping. …
- Organic Fertilizers. …
- Intercropping / Polyculture.
How can we increase agricultural output?
Meanwhile, providing better incentives to farmers, including reductions in food subsidies, could raise agricultural output by nearly 5%. 5. Make better use of information technology Information technology can support better crop, fertilizer and pesticide selection.
How can we boost agricultural income in Africa?
Esoko, a provider of a mobile crop information services, estimates they can boost incomes by 10-30%. 6. Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops The adoption of GM crops in Africa remains limited.
How can we encourage farmers to adopt better farm technology?
Transport Facilities: To facilitate the farmers to produce new farm inputs and enable them to sell their product in markets, villages should be linked with mandies. It would help to raise their income which in turn stimulates the farmer’s interest to adopt better farm technology with sufficient income.
How to improve a farm’s productivity?
A good understanding of water usage, plant forms, soil, seeds, and weather can contribute to increased agricultural productivity. To achieve high production and profit, you must make informed decisions. Please see the list below for some ideas on how to improve a farm’s productivity. And get a good return on your investment.
How we can improve agriculture?
How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•
How can we solve agricultural problems?
Below are the top solutions to the Problems of Agriculture: Provision of Adequate Education to Farmers. … Provision Large Area of Land to Farmers. … Reducing of the Cost Farmer Inputs to Farmers. … Encouragement of the Gender and Age in Farming Sector. … Farmers should be Encourage to Join Co-operative Society.More items…•
How can developing countries improve agriculture?
8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growthDevelop high-yield crops. … Boost irrigation. … Increase the use of fertilizers. … Improve market access, regulations, and governance. … Make better use of information technology. … Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.More items…•
How can government help farmers?
Provision of straightforward farming loans from the banks at a low rate of interest. Insurance of their cultivation. Provision of supported fertilizers, pesticides, and HYV seeds. Farming faculties and facilitates ought to be provided at no value.
Why does the majority of the population depend on agriculture?
As we know, that in our country, majority of population depends on agriculture to earn their both ends meet. This increases the pressure of population on land which leads to subdivision and fragmentation of land holdings.
How should farmers be made familiar with the advantage of chemical fertilizer?
The farmers should be made familiar with the advantage of chemical fertilizer through exhibitions and these inputs should be made easily available through co-operative societies and panchayats. Liberal supplies of insecticides and pesticides should be distributed at the cheap rates all over the country side.
How to protect farmers from exploitation?
To protect the farmers exploitation, effective steps are needed to be taken to check the sale of adulterated fertilizers.
Why should efforts be made to plug the loopholes in the existing land legislations?
It is also suggested that efforts should be made to plug the loopholes in the existing land legislations so that the surplus land may be distributed among the small and marginal farmers. The administrative set-up should be streamlined and corrupt elements should also be punished. It will help to implement the law properly.
How to save farmers from moneylenders?
To save the farmers from the clutches of moneylenders, adequate credit facilities should be made available at reasonable cheap rates in rural areas. The land mortgage banks and co-operative credit societies should be strengthened to provide loans to the cultivators.
Why should climate be generated?
Therefore, proper climate should be generated to encourage the farm people to start employment in subsidiary occupations. It will help to reduce the population pressure on land. Surplus labour should be withdrawn from agriculture sector and be absorbed in non-agricultural sector.
What should be done in rural areas?
In rural areas, more emphasis should be made to set up cottage and small scale industries. This will raise the income of the peasants and keep them busy during the off season.
What is the first thing farmers do to increase agricultural productivity?
When it comes to increasing agricultural productivity the first thing each farmer does is buying special AG machinery. We mean, tractors, harvesters, cultivators, spreaders etc. This is not a new trend as tractors have been used worldwide in AG for over a hundred years. However, precise agriculture does even more. It improves the functionality with the help of digital solutions. A GPS method of data transmission from the satellite that was a real breakout for AG. Even the simplest GPS trackers installed on farming machinery allow a wide range of possibilities:
How to improve farm productivity?
What Methods Are Especially Productive for Farm Improvement? 1 They help to track the route of each machinery item to provide thorough control of the working process. 2 They help in mapping the territory of the farm. 3 They allow making precise calculations of the number of seeds needed to sow or of a future crop. 4 They help to avoid errors and gaps in tractor fieldwork.
How does automatic steering work on tractors?
Thus, your tractor is driven by a GPS RTK device that tracks the route. This technology also reduces labor costs and frees up the driver. It is cost-efficient as you do not have to pay your employees extra as the work is done by equipment not by a person. Its accuracy is even higher than that of a man-driven tractor. It helps to avoid human factors and thus, minimize drawbacks in all the field works from plowing to harvesting.
How does the internet help farmers?
It can offer a lot of help here also. Farmers can use the Internet to gather a lot of knowledge regarding almost everything, like the fact that the internet is an ocean of knowledge that is not at all alien to us. You can learn about a lot of new and old ways to increase yield, the best season for each and every crop, best fertilizers, nutrients, and a lot more. Overall, with the help of this boon from technology, farmers can further enhance their already amazing skills, mix their beautiful traditional methods with some of the best technical and scientific methods and see the magic afterward. Therefore, it is a must-have and must be used by all the farmers.
What does a smartphone do for farmers?
With the help of a smartphone, a farmer can get all the details regarding the weather conditions , which plays one of the most crucial roles for all the farmers and related people. Google and many other players can provide the predictions that whether the sky will remain clear or is it likely to rain so that the people concerned can prepare themselves in advance. Furthermore, with the aid of smartphones, farmers can manage their fields remotely to a large extent and even connect CCTV cameras at some of the hotspots and manage them remotely without the need of going into the field frequently. A smartphone also has a lot of other benefits to offer. Moreover, smartphones are also not that expensive nowadays and most people can afford it. And one can even buy it in EMI or loan schemes.
Why do farmers need cameras?
It can prevent animals and birds from devastating entire crops. A combination of cameras can be placed at all the crucial spots and this very combination can then be managed from a remote place, most preferably the home of a farmer with the aid of a smartphone. Furthermore, a scary object, which is mostly placed in the field to avoid animals and birds from destroying crops along with this powerful arrangement of cameras can perform miracles together. With the help of this formula, farmers can have a sharp eye over their field 24*7 and if they see any danger in the form of an animal or bird trying to enter the crucial zone or trying to damage the crops then they can rush to the field and protect the crops. So, in this very process, the need for the farmers to stay 24*7 in the field is eliminated and it is a big thumbs up feature, all thanks to technology.
Can farmers use apps?
This is one of the most needed things and yes, it is somewhat incomplete without a smartphone. There are many apps that can be used by farmers and other concerned people to increase the yields. There are a lot of beneficia l and good apps that have a lot to offer to boost productivity in this very segment. One can use apps to learn about new and advanced methods with which they can increase their yields, learn more and more about the latest scientific patterns with a traditional touch which can work wonders, and last but not least, there are a lot of apps which are designed or backed by the central government that provides various vital information to all the farmers and also serve as a platform for all the farmers to take loans as per various central schemes. Therefore, apps are one of the most vital and powerful tools that can help to bring a smile in the face of framers by supporting them and in turn increase and promote productivity.
How to improve the soil of Africa?
1. Develop high-yield crops. Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement. A dollar invested in such research by the CGIAR consortium of agricultural research centres is estimated to yield six dollars in benefits. 2.
How can information technology help farmers?
It also improves land and water management, provides access to weather information, and connects farmers to sources of credit.
Why is government support important for smallholder farmers?
Government support, crucial to coordinate the integration of smallholder farmers into larger cooperatives and groups, may be needed in other areas that aid integration with wider markets..
How did the Green Revolution affect the world?
The Green Revolution benefited most regions of the world , particularly East Asia and the Pacific, where cereal yields quadrupled between 1960 and 1990. But Africa missed out on this and the continued lack of progress in agricultural productivity has been blamed for holding back the region’s overall economic growth.
Is GM growing in Africa?
But with Africa’s rapid population growth, high-yield GM crops that are resistant to weather shocks provide an opportunity for Africa to address food insecurity.
What is an option to procuring more land?
An option to procuring more land is to improve existing land.
What does the crop price slump show?
This summer’s crop price slump shows that farmers have little ability to control prices. What they do have more control over, though, is the prices they pay for inputs. This contribution to fiscal stability can provide the framework to grow a farm.
Where did Ray Gaesser farm?
Ray Gaesser started his farming operation with wife Elaine in Iowa during the glory days of the late 1970s, just before the farm economy crashed in the 1980s. “In hard times, we learned a lot of things,” says the Corning, Iowa, farmer. “I learned that ag is cyclical, that there are ups and downs.”.
Why do we use lime in soil?
It all starts with sound soil fertility, he says. He’s applying lime to decrease the soil acidity that hampers nutrient uptake. “We also are applying more split nitrogen (N) applications,” says Bollinger. Spoon-feeding N enables crops to use N when it’s needed, he says.
What did Casey Stengel say about his farm?
It would be great if your banker would say about your farm what Casey Stengel said when he began managing the New York Yankees in 1949: “There is less wrong with this team than any team I have ever managed.”
Can farm expansions end up in bankruptcy?
It’s scary to zig while everyone else zags. Done improperly, farm expansions can end up in bankruptcy court and cause family heartache. That’s why family members need to have a heart-to-heart talk about the farm’s goals before growing the farm.
Who is the CEO of Farm Credit Mid America?
Bill Johnson. “We ask borrowers what the plan is for the farm five to 10 years into the future,” says Bill Johnson, president and CEO of Farm Credit Mid-America. “A big part of the future is if they will have children who plan on coming back to the farm.”.
How can agriculture help the economy?
Although rural families often make their living from many different types of work, improvements in farming have proved to be the path toward widespread, poverty-reducing growth in the rural economy. Successful agricultural transformations have focused on the farming household, providing opportunities for farmers to earn a better income. For some, that will mean raising farm productivity or shifting the mix of production to include higher-value crops and livestock. For others, the right choice will be to do less farming and take advantage of employment options off the farm. As farmers have more money in their pockets, they spend more in the local economy, creating jobs, opportunity, and more demand for agricultural goods. The question is how to accelerate, sustain, and scale these growth cycles. For that, a well-crafted agricultural plan is required as part of a country’s overall economic development approach. There are six elements that distinguish a superior agricultural plan.
What are the drivers of agricultural transformation?
The drivers of agricultural transformation are multidimensional, interrelated, and change over time, but they can be organized into categories to provide a better opportunity for pragmatic diagnostics and decision making on national priorities. After running more than 30 country diagnostics, we found that the drivers fall into three main categories. First, there are elements of “transformation readiness.” Changes to a country’s institutional framework, governing mechanisms, and political environment can significantly influence the likelihood of accelerating an agricultural transformation. Second, the quality of the national agricultural plan or strategy is critical. Last, there are drivers related to delivery mechanisms. This category focuses on what is needed to translate the national agricultural plan into on-the-ground impact. This includes the ways in which countries manage decision making and progress against targets as well as how they use change agents to support the large-scale behavior change among smallholder farmers that underpins a successful agricultural transformation.
Why is land policy important?
Land policy is often cited as a pivotal factor in determining whether a country’s agricultural transformation can simultaneously achieve sustained progress and inclusivity (contributing to widespread poverty reduction). Land policy is a good illustration of how critical it is for policies to be dynamic—changing over time to prevent transformations from stalling. For example, land ownership or tenure may be key at the start of an agricultural transformation as a way of influencing farmers’ investment in their production. However, rental markets may soon become important as some farmers move out of agriculture into other jobs and need income from their land.
Why do agricultural transformations fail?
Overly prescriptive and inflexible strategies in agricultural transformation fail because of the complexity of agriculture-based economies. For example, designing a national promotion of new varieties of high-yielding maize among smallholders, along with investment plans for storage and marketing, may not work if the storage facilities are not placed in the right locations. Suppose the production of maize in some areas outstrips storage capacity. Roads are bad, and transport to other markets is prohibitively expensive. In these areas, the glut of maize depresses the local market price, and farmers may return the next season to growing their old, cheaper varieties of maize because they lost money on the new one. A different, less top-down approach might be to enable change agents to set local targets and work with farmers who know the economics of maize production all too well. As changes begin to occur, the most critical success factor is that the plan allows for learning and that it is flexible enough to be adjusted as understanding progresses.
Why should policy makers invest in data and analytics?
Policy makers should invest in making use of existing data and analytics to comparatively assess the costs and likely outcomes of different potential transformation programs. Policy makers also need to use data and analytics to set reasonable targets and redirect programs where outcomes are not meeting targets.
What are the SDGs for agriculture?
In addition to traditional economic development and poverty reduction goals, governments are also focusing their agricultural transformation plans on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by considering, for example, climate-smart strategies, women’s economic empowerment, and biodiversity.
How can a change agent help farmers?
Change agents are people who farmers trust and interact with regularly. The high-level objectives of a transformation are realized in practice only when they are effectively translated to smaller, on-farm shifts. For example, increased productivity in the dairy sector might be achieved through farmers accessing better animal health technologies and better cattle breeds or joining dairy cooperatives to sell their milk. Change agents provide the critical interface with farmers. To catalyze this, a change agent might be the person providing extension knowledge, offering financing for farming inputs such as fertilizer, aggregating crops, or facilitating marketing services. For example, a change agent can help farmers make the transition from growing wheat to more complicated but lucrative opportunities such as raising tomatoes , vegetables, and orchard crops .
Types of Agricultural Production Systems
Depending on the type of crop and its use, there are different types of agricultural production. Depending on the available traditional, organic, or conventional management systems the types of feed or row crops grown. The production and management of maize, cotton, wheat, soybean, and tobaccocrops are profitable for farmers. Crop production also includes the exchange of feed so…
Agricultural Production Activities
- Agriculture– Soil cultivation, Planting, nurturing, and harvesting crops; Raising, feeding, and managing animals.
- Aquaculture– Raising private aquatic animals (Fish)
- Floriculture– Growing flowering plants
- Horticulture– Growing fruits, vegetables, and herbs.
Ways to Improve Agricultural Production
Agricultural development – Increased productivity comes from innovative farming techniques and innovations such as improved seed and nutrient management and best practices for animal health. Focusing on ecosystem services, such as preventing pollinationand erosion, can increase and maintain productive benefits over time. Field productivity is impor…