Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.
Why is agriculture important and its role in everyday life?
Definition of agriculture. : the science, art, or practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and in varying degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting products cleared the land to use it for agriculture.
What is agriculture and its importance?
· Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock).
What are the principles of Agriculture?
ag·ri·cul·ture. (ăg′rĭ-kŭl′chər) n. The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming. [Middle English, from Latin agrīcultūra : agrī, genitive of ager, …
What is Agri mean in the word agriculture?
Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or raising animals. Someone who works as a farmer is in the agriculture industry. The Latin root of agriculture is agri, or “field,” plus cultura, …
What is the best definition for agriculture?
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics.
What is agriculture and example?
The definition of agriculture is the science, art and business of farming and ranching. Commercial farms and ranches which provide vegetables and meat to the general public are examples of agriculture.
What is agriculture in a sentence?
Agriculture sentence example. Agriculture is the main industry, generally combined with cattle-raising. The region contains most of the country’s rain-fed agriculture . Agriculture is the main industry in this rural location.
Why agriculture is so important?
Agriculture plays a critical role in the entire life of a given economy. Agriculture is the backbone of the economic system of a given country. In addition to providing food and raw material, agriculture also provides employment opportunities to a very large percentage of the population.
What are the 4 types of agriculture?
There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.
What are examples of agricultural technology?
Types of agricultural technologyAgricultural drone.Satellite photography and sensors.IoT-based sensor networks.Phase tracking.Weather forecasting.Automated irrigation.Light and heat control.Intelligent software analysis for pest and disease prediction, soil management and other involved analytical tasks.More items…
What is example of crops?
They include fruits, vegetables, grains, and tubers, like potatoes. Grains, which include crops like wheat, rice, and corn, are the most popular crops in the world, with wheat as the most widely grown crop overall.
What are the two types of agriculture?
Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions. One of the most significant divisions between more and less developed regions is the way people obtain the food they need to survive.
What is the science of agriculture?
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.
Where did agriculture originate?
The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.
What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
Agriculture includes such forms of cultivation as hydroponics and aquaculture. Both involve farming in water. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions. Just one acre of nutrient solution can yield more than 50 times the amount of lettuce grown on the same amount of soil.
What did the Islamic Golden Age do to agriculture?
This system preserved nutrients in the soil, increasing crop production. The leaders of the Islamic Golden Age (which reached its height around 1000) in North Africa and the Middle East made agriculture into a science. Islamic Golden Age farmers learned crop rotation.
How big was the average farm in 2007?
The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.
How did agriculture help people?
Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.
What countries used old agriculture?
Farmers in Asia, Australia, Africa, and South America continued to use old ways of agriculture. Agricultural Science. In the early 1900s, an average farmer in the U.S. produced enough food to feed a family of five. Many of today’s farmers can feed that family and a hundred other people.
What is the origin of agriculture?
The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.
Why is agriculture important?
Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.
How does livestock affect the environment?
A senior UN official, Henning Steinfeld, said that “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems”. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2. It produces 65% of human-related nitrous oxide (which has 296 times the global warming potential of CO 2) and 37% of all human-induced methane (which is 23 times as warming as CO 2 .) It also generates 64% of the ammonia emission. Livestock expansion is cited as a key factor driving deforestation; in the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures and the remainder used for feedcrops. Through deforestation and land degradation, livestock is also driving reductions in biodiversity. Furthermore, the UNEP states that ” methane emissions from global livestock are projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2030 under current practices and consumption patterns.”
What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?
Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples.
How does agriculture increase yield?
Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.
What was the Arab agricultural revolution?
The Arab Agricultural Revolution, starting in Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain), transformed agriculture with improved techniques and the diffusion of crop plants.
How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?
At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.
What were the changes in agriculture?
Other recent changes in agriculture include hydroponics, plant breeding, hybridization, gene manipulation, better management of soil nutrients, and improved weed control.
What is the main input for farming?
Such farming involves large fields and/or numbers of animals, large resource inputs (pesticides, fertilizers, etc.), and a high level of mechanization.
What is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products?
Agriculture. Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). The practice of agriculture is also known as “farming”, while scientists, inventors and others devoted to improving farming methods …
What is the difference between subsistence farming and commercial intensive farming?
Subsistence farming, who farms a small area with limited resource inputs, and produces only enough food to meet the needs of his/her family. At the other end is commercial intensive agriculture, including industrial agriculture.
What is the science of agriculture?
The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming. [Middle English, from Latin agrīcultūra : agrī, genitive of ager, field; see agro- in Indo-European roots + cultūra, cultivation; see culture .]
What is the science of farming?
the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and raising livestock; farming.
What happens to agriculture as the sole field of labor?
As long as agriculture continues the sole field of labor, the importation of manufactures must increase as the consumers multiply.
What does “law” mean in agriculture?
Law. the growing of crops and the profits reaped therefrom .
What is the branch of geology concerned with the adaptability of land to agriculture, soil quality, etc.?
the branch of geology concerned with the adaptability of land to agriculture, soil quality, etc. — agrogeologist, n.
What is pastoralist?
the herding or tending of cattle as a primary economic activity or occupation. Also called pasturage. — pastoralist, n. — pastoral, adj.
What is agriculture in agriculture?
Cultivating a piece of land, or planting and growing food plants on it, is largely what agriculture means. Raising animals for meat or milk also falls under the category of agriculture. If we didn’t have agriculture, we’d all be running around the woods, picking berries and trying to shoot things.
What is the root of agriculture?
agriculture. Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or raising animals. Someone who works as a farmer is in the agriculture industry. The Latin root of agriculture is agri, or “field,” plus cultura, “cultivation.”.
What is the cultivation of trees?
the cultivation of tree for the production of timber. dairy farming, dairying. the business of a dairy. gardening, horticulture. the cultivation of plants. aquiculture, hydroponics, tank farming. a technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrients. mixed farming.
What is mixed farming?
mixed farming. growing crops and feed and livestock all on the same farm. planting. putting seeds or young plants in the ground to grow. ranching. farming for the raising of livestock (particularly cattle) strip cropping. cultivation of crops in strips following the contours of the land to minimize erosion.
What is the term for growing vegetables for the market?
growing vegetables for the market. drip culture . a hydroponic method of growing plants by allowing nutrient solutions to drip slowly onto an inert medium in which the plants are growing. insemination. the act of sowing (of seeds in the ground or, figuratively, of germs in the body or ideas in the mind, etc.)
What is the definition of roundup?
the cultivation of flowering plants. roundup. the activity of gathering livestock together so that they can be counted or branded or sold. type of: cultivation. (agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a large scale) noun.
What is agriculture?
1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.
What is agriculture in biology?
2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).
What is agricultural enterprise?
Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from http://www.chanrobles.com/legal4agrarianlaw.htm.
What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic
Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.
What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of
3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).
What is agriculture especially convenient?
Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestry, and other activities. Further, the science of agriculture is dynamic.
What is the purpose of the plant?
It has two main divisions: plant or crop production and animal or livestock production; and its ultimate purpose is for food production, other human needs such as clothing, medicines, tools, artistic display, dwelling, and feed for animals, or for economic gain or profit.
What is agriculture?
Thus, agriculture could be referred to as the production, processing, promotion, and distribution of agricultural products. For decades, agriculture has been associated with the production of essential food crops.
What is agriculture in science?
Agriculture is the science and production of plants and animals, including fresh water and marine species, for food, fuel, fiber or medicine. This is an expanded definition from the classic short definition as in the Oxford Dictionary. Webster includes the preparation and marketing of crops as well. 3K views.
What is the FAO?
Continue Reading. The Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO) is an agency of the United Nations (UN). The FAO works on international efforts to defeat hunger and improve local economies by helping member countries modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices.
What is the role of agriculture in the economy?
In addition to providing food and raw material, agriculture also provides employment opportunities to a very large percentage of the population.
Why is agriculture the only source of human needs?
Because agriculture is the only source that human beings needs with out agriculture there is no industry work or to produce every side of life of the world depend on agriculture such as in the clothes of human need agriculture product , animals and human their life depend on agriculture.
What is the main means by which the individuals get their daily food?
Agriculture also provides market to the industries that manufactures tools and equipment. Agriculture provides the income to the famers hence raising the living standards of the farmers. It is the main means by which the individuals get their daily food. Agriculture is.
What is Webster agriculture?
Webster includes the preparation and marketing of crops as well. Defined broadly, agriculture includes farming both animals (animal husbandry) and plants (agronomy, horticulture and forestry in part). Similarly, aquaculture covers the farming of both animals (including crustaceans, finfish and molluscs) and plants …
What is an alliance in agriculture?
Alliance: An association formed for mutual benet , such as in the beef, grape/wine or other industry (horizontal or vertical) to improve protability with increased coordination of production, processing and/or merchandising.
What is animal husbandry?
Animal Husbandry: The proper breeding, feeding and care of farm animals.
What is the family of animals that includes beef and dairy cattle?
Bovine : Family of animals that includes beef and dairy cattle.
What is a biennial plant?
Biennial: A plant, or portion of a plant, that completes its life cycle in two years. (Example: blackberry plants have biennial canes and perennial root systems). Bloat: An abnormal condition in ruminants characterized by a distension of the rumen due to an accumulation of gases.
What does “avian” mean?
Avian: Pertaining to poultry and/or fowl.
What is an auction?
Auction: A method of marketing livestock and/or produce through which an auctioneer sells to the highest bidder.
What is an apiary?
Apiary: A place where honeybees are kept; colonies of bees in hives.
Agriculture or farming is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculturebegan thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farm…
Etymology and scope
The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager ‘field’ and cultūra ‘cultivation’ or ‘growing’. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetlehave been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years. Agriculture is defined with varying scopes, in its broadest sense using natural resources to “produce commodities which maintain life, including food, fiber, forest products, horticultural crops, and t…