How can we develop agriculture?
- Implementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point.
- Plant more densely.
- Plant many crops.
- Raised beds.
- Smart water management.
- Heat Tolerant Varieties.
- Use nitrogen.
- Implementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. …
- Interplant. …
- Plant more densely. …
- Plant many crops. …
- Raised beds. …
- Smart water management. …
- Heat Tolerant Varieties. …
- Use nitrogen.
What is agriculture?
Infusing the literature on agricultural development with that of industrial organization and policy and natural resource management leads one to view agriculture as a set of small and large farms that need an enabling policy and institutional environment to increase productivity and shared economic growth. View chapter Purchase book
Is there any progress on agricultural development?
· Perhaps better weather conditions made it easier to farm certain plants. Plant Domestication Humans first started growing wild crops, including wheat, barley, and peas in the Middle East. This happened around 9,000 years ago. Figs, a kind of fruit, were grown even earlier. They were probably planted about 11,300 years ago.
What does it take to grow a farm?
· Agricultural development promotes the proper conditions for farming so that planting, harvesting and processing of crops can be done effectively. Transportation is also a key component to agricultural development.
What are the different methods of Agriculture?
In the current society, to push rural construction needs to strongly develop modern agriculture and make effective combination with local reality, focusing on farmers’ integrated awareness in the modern agricultural development and the constant promotion of talent quality with the assistance of technological power.
How can we develop the agriculture?
Improved technology Farmers cultivated small plots of land by hand, using axes to clear away trees and digging sticks to break up and till the soil. Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. Early farmers also developed improved varieties of plants.
How can we develop the agriculture sector in our country?
(3) By providing investable surplus in the form of savings and taxes to be invested in non-agricultural sector, (4) By earning valuable foreign exchange through the export of agricultural products, ADVERTISEMENTS: (5) Providing employment to a vast army of uneducated, backward and unskilled labour.
Why agricultural development is important?
Agricultural development is beneficial to planting crops, harvesting, and processing for safer food conditions. Over 70% of the population in rural or developing areas depend on agriculture as a source of income. Food security keeps agricultural development maintained and profitable.
What is the aim of agricultural development?
Agricultural development is defined with the help of continuous rise in the overall production of the agricultural products, constant rise in the farmers’ income, rise in the productivity and rise in the yield per hectare.
What is agricultural development?
As such, agricultural development is best seen as a problem of public economics. Public economics is an explicitly normative (prescriptive) discipline. 5 Just as surgery requires an understanding of anatomy, agricultural policy analysis requires a positive theory in order to evaluate the potential consequences of policy reform. A positive theory suitable for evaluating the consequences of rural development policy needs to include two central components—a theory of farm-household behavior and a theory of agricultural organization. The current section is devoted to the first of these; part 3 is concerned with the second.
How did India develop rural development?
They included irrigation projects; the promotion of scientifically developed cash crops through the provision of improved seeds, equipment and fertilizer (the so-called Green Revolution approach to making agriculture productive); providing credit for agricultural investments to stimulate agricultural production; and the establishment of a system of extension services to introduce scientific farming techniques at the village level. They also regulated markets to stimulate trade in agricultural commodities; invested in roads and communications; and founded cooperatives to buy and sell agricultural products and facilitate the marketing of goods in rural areas.
What is an AGROVOC?
AGROVOC: A multilingual controlled vocabulary AGROVAC has been developed to standardize the indexing process in order to make searching simpler and more efficient. AGROVOC covers all areas of interest to FAO, including food, nutrition, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, environment, etc. At present AGROVOC contains over 32,000 concepts in a hierarchy, each concept may have labels in up to 22 languages [9,11].
What is FAO’s role in agriculture?
FAO works with Member Nations and other partners to develop and disseminate global standards and procedures for agricultural information management and exchange. Three important initiatives taken by FAO in this regard are :
How did the national policy of investing in industry and commercial agriculture affect the rural economy?
The national policy of investing in industry and commercial agriculture increased the gap between those involved in the corporate formal sectors of the economy, urban and rural, and those in the informal, traditional, subsistence sectors. Rural landless and land poor, squeezed out of traditional positions in village society, migrated to the city in unprecedented numbers. Cities were unable to accommodate the massive influx of displaced, often unskilled, rural laborers and their families and urban environments deteriorated as slum settlements of the poor proliferated. Responding to this phenomenon inspired a new set of rural planning policies. Stemming migration to the city by improving rural life and diversifying the rural economy emerged as prime planning objectives. Making rural living more attractive included provision of postal service, healthcare facilities, clean drinking water, and electricity in the countryside. As this policy evolved, its objectives also expanded to include increasing equity and distributing the benefits of development to the poor more explicitly. This change inspired such planning measures as putting a ceiling on individual land holdings, reforming tenancy to enhance the rights to the land of those who cultivated it, initiating programs to support traditional artisans with better tools, establishing credit and marketing networks to allow them to compete with industry or at least sustain them until alternative jobs were created. Finally, the Indian government emphasized free, mandatory elementary school education throughout rural areas to improve skills the poor needed to compete for development benefits.
How did India achieve rapid socioeconomic change?
At the point of independence from British rule, India embraced rural planning directly. Initial Indian national planning efforts to achieve rapid socioeconomic change concentrated on industrialization at chosen metropolitan centers, on the assumption that the benefits would ‘trickle down’ through the economy. Planners believed that although initially benefits would be concentrated in the core cities, they would spread to rural areas. However, they also recognized the need to promote complementary rural planning to reduce existing and anticipated urban–rural disparities in wealth.
What was the Indian model?
The Indian Model. At the point of independence from British rule, India embraced rural planning directly. Initial Indian national planning efforts to achieve rapid socioeconomic change concentrated on industrialization at chosen metropolitan centers, on the assumption that the benefits would ‘trickle down’ through the economy.
Why does the majority of the population depend on agriculture?
As we know, that in our country, majority of population depends on agriculture to earn their both ends meet. This increases the pressure of population on land which leads to subdivision and fragmentation of land holdings.
How to facilitate farmers to produce new farm inputs and enable them to sell their product in markets?
Ways # 1. Transport Facilities : To facilitate the farmers to produce new farm inputs and enable them to sell their product in markets, villages should be linked with mandies. It would help to raise their income which in turn stimulates the farmer’s interest to adopt better farm technology with sufficient income. ADVERTISEMENTS:
What should be done in rural areas?
In rural areas, more emphasis should be made to set up cottage and small scale industries. This will raise the income of the peasants and keep them busy during the off season.
Why should efforts be made to plug the loopholes in the existing land legislations?
It is also suggested that efforts should be made to plug the loopholes in the existing land legislations so that the surplus land may be distributed among the small and marginal farmers. The administrative set-up should be streamlined and corrupt elements should also be punished. It will help to implement the law properly.
How should farmers be made familiar with the advantage of chemical fertilizer?
The farmers should be made familiar with the advantage of chemical fertilizer through exhibitions and these inputs should be made easily available through co-operative societies and panchayats. Liberal supplies of insecticides and pesticides should be distributed at the cheap rates all over the country side.
Why should climate be generated?
Therefore, proper climate should be generated to encourage the farm people to start employment in subsidiary occupations. It will help to reduce the population pressure on land. Surplus labour should be withdrawn from agriculture sector and be absorbed in non-agricultural sector.
How to protect farmers from exploitation?
To protect the farmers exploitation, effective steps are needed to be taken to check the sale of adulterated fertilizers.
Where did farming occur?
It happened in different parts of the world. Some early evidence of farming exists in the Fertile Crescent area of the Middle East. This includes areas we know today as Iraq, Iran, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Egypt, and Turkey. There, the climate was changing. The last ice age had just ended.
What is the meaning of “agriculture”?
agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). annual plant. Noun. plant with a life cycle of no more than one year, and often much less. barley. Noun. grass cultivated as a grain.
What is the meaning of civilization?
civilization. Noun. complex way of life that developed as humans began to develop urban settlements. crop. Noun. agricultural produce. cultivate. Verb. to encourage the growth of something through work and attention.
Where did animal farming start?
Animal farming started in the Fertile Crescent. Farming soon spread further west into Europe. Studies show that goats and other animals came, too.
When did corn come to America?
Corn reached North America about 5,000 years ago . This is also when potato growing started. It began in the mountains of South America. Farmed Animals. Cattle, goats, sheep, and pigs were soon farmed, too. This happened about 13,000 to 10,000 years ago. Animal farming started in the Fertile Crescent.
How long ago was the first corn grown?
More people began to grow the mutated maize. Maize-like plants were probably grown about 9,000 years ago. The first corn was grown around 5,500 years ago .
When did humans start growing crops?
Humans first started growing wild crops, including wheat, barley, and peas in the Middle East. This happened around 9,000 years ago. Figs, a kind of fruit, were grown even earlier. They were probably planted about 11,300 years ago. Slowly, humans tried farming at home. There is proof of this in ancient villages.
How does agriculture help people?
Agricultural development can help people in developing countries get out of extreme poverty.
What are the components of agricultural development?
Transportation is also a key component to agricultural development. Even if a farmer does grow enough agricultural items to sell, if there is no way to transport these products to the market, the farmer cannot sell the crops and make money. In some regions, problems with roads and infrastructure interfere with a farmer’s ability to sell his or her goods. Communication is another component to agricultural practices. This is because in order for a farmers to know the type of crop they must yield to generate a profit, they need to know the market prices for the types of crops they are growing.
What do farmers depend on for their livelihood?
Many small farmers in rural areas depend on agricultural sales for their livelihood.
What are the challenges of rural development?
Some of the obstacles facing the agricultural industry include soil that might have been damaged by overuse, in addition to shortages in seeds, fertilizers and other irrigation supplies. A farmer’s crops must be protected from disease and other threats, such as bugs and extreme weather conditions. Without the development of any of these basic farming components, a farmer cannot sell his or her goods to the market.
What is someone who specializes in agricultural development tasked with?
Someone who specializes in agricultural development may be tasked with calculating how to increase crop yields.
Is soil an obstacle to agricultural development?
Damaged soil may be an obstacle in agricultural development .
How did agriculture help people?
Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.
Where did agriculture originate?
The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.
What tools did people use to make food?
Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.
How big was the average farm in 2007?
The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.
When did people start breding new plants?
For centuries, people have bred new types of plants and animals by random experimentation. During the 1950s and 1960s, scientists developed new strains of high-yield wheat and rice. They introduced them into Mexico and parts of Asia. As a result, production of grain soared in these areas. This bold experiment in agriculture has been called the ” Green Revolution .”
What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
Agriculture includes such forms of cultivation as hydroponics and aquaculture. Both involve farming in water. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions. Just one acre of nutrient solution can yield more than 50 times the amount of lettuce grown on the same amount of soil.
What countries used old agriculture?
Farmers in Asia, Australia, Africa, and South America continued to use old ways of agriculture. Agricultural Science. In the early 1900s, an average farmer in the U.S. produced enough food to feed a family of five. Many of today’s farmers can feed that family and a hundred other people.
What did Casey Stengel say about his farm?
It would be great if your banker would say about your farm what Casey Stengel said when he began managing the New York Yankees in 1949: “There is less wrong with this team than any team I have ever managed.”
Who is the CEO of Farm Credit Mid America?
Bill Johnson. “We ask borrowers what the plan is for the farm five to 10 years into the future,” says Bill Johnson, president and CEO of Farm Credit Mid-America. “A big part of the future is if they will have children who plan on coming back to the farm.”.
What does the crop price slump show?
This summer’s crop price slump shows that farmers have little ability to control prices. What they do have more control over, though, is the prices they pay for inputs. This contribution to fiscal stability can provide the framework to grow a farm.
Can farm expansions end up in bankruptcy?
It’s scary to zig while everyone else zags. Done improperly, farm expansions can end up in bankruptcy court and cause family heartache. That’s why family members need to have a heart-to-heart talk about the farm’s goals before growing the farm.
Can you grow a farm with cash?
Growing a farm through cash renting doesn’t require as much capital. Conversely, farmers may be locked into high rents that don’t reflect reality. “Cash rental rates tend to be pretty sticky and tend to lag pretty badly compared with farm finances,” says Jim Mintert, a Purdue University Extension economist.
What are the basic practices of agriculture?
Basic Agricultural Practices And Steps For Growing Of Crops. Generally all farmers anywhere would consider aspects like what crop to sow, method of tillage, fertilization program, market and price for the produce etc. before embarking on any crop produce. These considerations are fairly common – may be one or the other aspects would be already …
Why are farmers so successful?
All successful farmers are successful because they planned out every move beforehand.
What is conservation with zero or no tillage?
Conservation with Zero or no tillage: Here only a narrow furrow wide and deep enough for seeds to be sown is made and the rest of the land is left as it is. There is permanent layer of mulch from crop residue and organic manures or green crops on the surface of the earth.
Is tillage expensive?
Irrigation water can easily go deeper. Leveling and planning of the land. Tillage is costly and more so if done manually. There are alternatives to full conservative tillage procedure. And it depends on the farmer, the crop, the land and cost of resources. The alternatives are minimum tillage and zero tillage.
Why do we need to tillage?
Tillage is required to be done as it: Gives a roll over to land and thus makes it softer for seeding of crops. Soil becomes less compacted and this will allow better rooting. Allows sun rays and air to the ground which makes soil healthier and also some virus is killed. Uproot all weeds and old crop residues.
What is the third step for improvement in value of land and to make arrangement for application of water, uniform moisture over the
Leveling is the third step for improvement in value of land and to make arrangement for application of water, uniform moisture over the soil, etc.
What is the first pass of the tractor or manual effort over the soil so as to cut, break and invert the
Ploughing – this is first pass of the tractor or manual effort over the soil so as to cut, break and invert the soil. Organic manures and full dose of phosphates are mixed with soil at this stage.
How can agriculture help the economy?
Although rural families often make their living from many different types of work, improvements in farming have proved to be the path toward widespread, poverty-reducing growth in the rural economy. Successful agricultural transformations have focused on the farming household, providing opportunities for farmers to earn a better income. For some, that will mean raising farm productivity or shifting the mix of production to include higher-value crops and livestock. For others, the right choice will be to do less farming and take advantage of employment options off the farm. As farmers have more money in their pockets, they spend more in the local economy, creating jobs, opportunity, and more demand for agricultural goods. The question is how to accelerate, sustain, and scale these growth cycles. For that, a well-crafted agricultural plan is required as part of a country’s overall economic development approach. There are six elements that distinguish a superior agricultural plan.
What do farmers do in developing countries?
Farming households in developing countries balance a portfolio of crops, livestock, and nonfarm work. Because they feed their families with some of the farm output as well as sell into markets, they make decisions based on their potential profit, risk, and cash flow across family food consumption as well as sales.
How can a change agent help farmers?
Change agents are people who farmers trust and interact with regularly. The high-level objectives of a transformation are realized in practice only when they are effectively translated to smaller, on-farm shifts. For example, increased productivity in the dairy sector might be achieved through farmers accessing better animal health technologies and better cattle breeds or joining dairy cooperatives to sell their milk. Change agents provide the critical interface with farmers. To catalyze this, a change agent might be the person providing extension knowledge, offering financing for farming inputs such as fertilizer, aggregating crops, or facilitating marketing services. For example, a change agent can help farmers make the transition from growing wheat to more complicated but lucrative opportunities such as raising tomatoes , vegetables, and orchard crops .
What are the goals of government?
Governments work toward a number of different goals, including growth in agro-processing, reduced unemployment, lower poverty incidence, food self-sufficiency, economic growth, increased exports, or lower rates of malnutrition.
What are the drivers of agricultural transformation?
The drivers of agricultural transformation are multidimensional, interrelated, and change over time, but they can be organized into categories to provide a better opportunity for pragmatic diagnostics and decision making on national priorities. After running more than 30 country diagnostics, we found that the drivers fall into three main categories. First, there are elements of “transformation readiness.” Changes to a country’s institutional framework, governing mechanisms, and political environment can significantly influence the likelihood of accelerating an agricultural transformation. Second, the quality of the national agricultural plan or strategy is critical. Last, there are drivers related to delivery mechanisms. This category focuses on what is needed to translate the national agricultural plan into on-the-ground impact. This includes the ways in which countries manage decision making and progress against targets as well as how they use change agents to support the large-scale behavior change among smallholder farmers that underpins a successful agricultural transformation.
What are the SDGs for agriculture?
In addition to traditional economic development and poverty reduction goals, governments are also focusing their agricultural transformation plans on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by considering, for example, climate-smart strategies, women’s economic empowerment, and biodiversity.
Has agricultural transformation stalled?
For some, agricultural transformation has not advanced as planned or has stalled. Navigating the complexity of a transformation is invariably tough for governments, even though they may prioritize agricultural investment and recognize how important it is to get right.