How to improve agriculture in africa

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8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growth

  1. Develop high-yield crops Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement. …
  2. Boost irrigation With the growing effects of climate change on weather patterns, more irrigation will be needed. …
  3. Increase the use of fertilizers As soil fertility deteriorates, fertilizer use must increase. …
  4. Improve market access, regulations, and governance Improving rural infrastructure such as roads is crucial to raising productivity through reductions in shipping costs and the loss of perishable produce. …
  5. Make better use of information technology Information technology can support better crop, fertilizer and pesticide selection. …
  6. Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops The adoption of GM crops in Africa remains limited. Resistance from overseas customers, particularly in Europe, has been a hindrance. …
  7. Reform land ownership with productivity and inclusiveness in mind Africa has the highest area of arable uncultivated land in the world (202 million hectares) yet most farms occupy less …
  8. Step up integration into Agricultural Value Chains (AVCs)
8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growth
  1. Develop high-yield crops. …
  2. Boost irrigation. …
  3. Increase the use of fertilizers. …
  4. Improve market access, regulations, and governance. …
  5. Make better use of information technology. …
  6. Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.
Jun 4, 2015

How can we improve crop production in Africa?

1. Develop high-yield crops Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement. A dollar invested in such research by the CGIAR consortium of agricultural research centres is estimated to yield six dollars in benefits.

What is the importance of Agriculture in Africa?

Agricultural development lies at the heart of poverty reduction and increased food security of most developing nations. Sub-Saharan Africa (hereafter referred to as Africa) is, however, the only region in the world where per capita agricultural productivity has remained stagnant over the past 40 yea …

How can farming in Africa be improved to prevent hunger?

Especially with the African population growing at such a high rate (it’s projected to reach 2 billion people by 2050), farming in Africa needs to make use of new technologies to improve in order to prevent mass hunger in its own countries as well as in the world. Here are some examples that demonstrate how technology in Africa improves farming:

What are the opportunities for farmers in Africa?

Moreover, growing urban markets in Africa are increasing the demand for more diverse and higher value-added foods, thereby offering new opportunities for many African farmers. Many African countries also possess a comparative advantage in those commodities imported by other African countries.

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How can we improve agriculture?

How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•


What are the steps taken by the government to improve agriculture?

Land reforms.Tenancy reforms.Regulation of higher rents.Provision of credit to rural farmers.Subsidies e.g Urea subsidy.Food security act 2013.Public distribution system.Minimum support price and Procurement pricing system.


What are the solutions to the problems of agriculture in West Africa?

One of the solutions to the problems of agricultural production is to undertake land reforms. The ownership of land in English speaking West Africa is a problem. The reforms must be geared toward the easy acquisition of land.


How can we solve agriculture problem?

Below are the top solutions to the Problems of Agriculture: Provision of Adequate Education to Farmers. … Provision Large Area of Land to Farmers. … Reducing of the Cost Farmer Inputs to Farmers. … Encouragement of the Gender and Age in Farming Sector. … Farmers should be Encourage to Join Co-operative Society.More items…•


How can developing countries improve agriculture?

8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growthDevelop high-yield crops. … Boost irrigation. … Increase the use of fertilizers. … Improve market access, regulations, and governance. … Make better use of information technology. … Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.More items…•


How can farmers condition be improved?

Five ways to reduce farm distress in IndiaIncreasing incomes. Agricultural transformation is very slow in India. … Generating employment opportunities. … Reducing risks in agriculture. … Developing agri-infrastructure. … Improving quality of rural life.


What are the solution to the problems of agricultural development in Nigeria?

Fertilizers and manure should be used to increase production of crops in the available land. Crop rotation should be practiced by farmers. The land use decree of 1978 should be fully implemented to minimize the problems of land tenure. Farmers should form co-operative societies for easy allocation of farm lands.


How can we improve agriculture in Nigeria?

Use of agro-based loans by the government to encourage farmers: The government of Nigeria should encourage farmers by giving loans for agricultural activities. This will help farmers meet up with financial needs in terms of purchasing some seeds, hiring machines etc thereby boosting agriculture in Nigeria.


How can the government solve the agricultural problems of the country?

Governments have employed various measures to maintain farm prices and incomes above what the market would otherwise have yielded. They have included tariffs or import levies, import quotas, export subsidies, direct payments to farmers, and limitations on production.


What are the problems of agriculture in Africa?

With the threat of a lack of employment, food-related problems, conflicts, exoduses and desertification, the third challenge is how to manage to make these efforts to develop and promote sustainable, both in the field and in the whole economy.


What is the biggest problem facing agriculture today?

Climate Change Major storms and weather events, rising temperatures, and changes in local weather trends all lead to unpredictable seasons for farmers. Climate change affects every crop and every farmer’s ability to survive and build a profitable agricultural business.


How can we prevent agricultural land loss?

Avoid soil compaction beyond the elasticity of the soil. Maintain or improve soil organic matter during rotations until reaching an equilibrium level. Maintain organic cover through crop residues and cover crops to minimize erosion loss by wind and/or water. Maintain balanced nutrient levels in soils.


How to improve the soil of Africa?

1. Develop high-yield crops. Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement. A dollar invested in such research by the CGIAR consortium of agricultural research centres is estimated to yield six dollars in benefits. 2.


How can information technology help farmers?

It also improves land and water management, provides access to weather information, and connects farmers to sources of credit.


Why is government support important for smallholder farmers?

Government support, crucial to coordinate the integration of smallholder farmers into larger cooperatives and groups, may be needed in other areas that aid integration with wider markets..


How did the Green Revolution affect the world?

The Green Revolution benefited most regions of the world , particularly East Asia and the Pacific, where cereal yields quadrupled between 1960 and 1990. But Africa missed out on this and the continued lack of progress in agricultural productivity has been blamed for holding back the region’s overall economic growth.


Is GM growing in Africa?

But with Africa’s rapid population growth, high-yield GM crops that are resistant to weather shocks provide an opportunity for Africa to address food insecurity.


How does agriculture help Africa?

Furthermore, it has about 65% of the world’s uncultivated arable land and an estimated 300 days of sunshine. Agriculture is able to boost trade, feed the hungry and help end poverty. Many countries in Africa began to invest in agriculture through the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP). Some of these countries are Zambia, Niger, Togo, Mali and Ghana. Additionally, communities have recognized that agriculture has the potential to create jobs, improve food security, sustainable resources and so much more. Farming in Africa has become a major focal point due to these benefits. As a result, an app is attempting to improve agriculture in Africa.


How many smallholder farmers are there in Africa?

About 33 million smallholder farmers exist in sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, as mobile phone usage has been increasing, The Haller Foundation created an app, Haller Farmers, to reach these farmers and improve agriculture in Africa. The app underwent testing at the Foundation’s demonstration plot in Mombasa, Kenya and researchers found that it would be able to help farms.


What is a smallholder farmer?

A smallholder farmer is a person who works on a small piece of land growing crops. Many of these farmers grow crops and farm livestock. Families typically run the farms and those farms are often their main source of income. There are more than 500 million smallholder farms around the world. Furthermore, the farms contribute to about 75% of the continent’s agriculture production and 50% of livestock products.


Why is farming important in Africa?

Especially with the African population growing at such a high rate (it’s projected to reach 2 billion people by 2050), farming in Africa needs to make use of new technologies to improve in order to prevent mass hunger in its own countries as well as in the world.


What are the challenges of Africa?

Africa faces the challenges of a growing population as well as low farm productivity. Weather changes, shorter fallow periods, deforestation, worsening farmland and the loss of young people in farming communities that move to urban areas further hinders the ability of African farms to increase farm yields.


Where is Sunculture irrigation?

Sunculture sells solar-powered drip irrigation kits in Africa that make watering crops more affordable. Other efforts have also been made to increase the use of groundwater through the distribution of low-cost treadle pumps and drip-irrigation kits in Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia and other countries.


Is surface water the main source of irrigation in Africa?

For now, however, surface water is the main source of irrigation for most of Africa, so more surface water storage systems are required to optimize the numerous parts of Africa’s use of river water. Unfortunately, some obstacles to the development of surface water storage (in some places) would be the cost of construction …


How does fertilizer help in Africa?

The use of inorganic fertilizers is one way to improve crop yields. In developing countries outside those in Africa, the use of fertilizer accounted for a 50%–75% increase in crop yields from the mid-1960s. 17 Unfortunately, in Africa only a small proportion of farmers use fertilizers and the amounts used are often inadequate ( Table 1 ). On average, each hectare receives less than 9 kg of nitrogen and 6 kg of phosphorus. Typical crop requirements per hectare are at least 60 kg of nitrogen and 30 kg of phosphorus. Chemical fertilizer use per hectare of farmland in Africa is about 10% of the world’s average, by far the lowest. The current state of Africa’s fertilizer use is, indeed, unsustainable. This results in nutrient depletion, a situation complicated by the low inherent fertility of many African soils, of which more than 80% have chemical or physical limitations to crop production. 18


Why did Africa stop using fertilizer?

Usually, this has not happened. For many reasons—some related to poor transport systems and others to unfavorable economic policies and conditions —the profitability of using fertilizers on key food and fiber crops in Africa has worsened over the past 15 years. 30 Fertilizer prices in Africa are two to three times higher than what they are in international markets ( Table 3 ).


How does smallholder farming help to reduce poverty?

For most observers, tackling poverty means boosting smallholder agriculture as a way of driving broad-based economic growth and employment across a range of agricultural and nonagricultural activities. 8 It is also essential to reducing the growing number of undernourished people on the continent, which is estimated to be 212 million, 3 about a third of the population. In strategic terms, smallholder farming is generally viewed as indispensable to development as a whole, and agricultural growth in poor rural areas can drive poverty reduction through three broad mechanisms 9:


Why is extension important in agriculture?

There is, indeed, need to revitalize extension if agricultural production is to increase. Even where techniques and technologies are relevant and available, smallholder farmers often have no access to them. For this reason, extension systems and input distribution systems are mutually reinforcing—the contribution of extension to agricultural productivity growth depends on functioning input distribution systems and vice versa. Agricultural technologies are also rapidly changing. Farmers need to be made aware of what technologies work best, know how to use them, and generate effective demand for viable new technologies to provide signals to input distribution system to supply them.


Why are smallholder farmers poor?

1, 2 But why do smallholders remain poor? One common answer is that despite being relatively efficient users of resources , they remain poor because most poor countries provide them with only limited technical and economic opportunities to which they can respond. This is particularly the case in Africa, the only region in the world where per capita agricultural productivity has remained stagnant over the past 40 years. 3 This has resulted in food insecurity, growing dependence on food aid, and increasing poverty on the continent. Food insecurity, a fundamental measure of poverty, is one of the most pressing problems facing the continent. The food crisis in Africa now is similar to that of Asian countries in the 1960s and is characterized by a high threat of famine, chronic food deficiency, rampant poverty, rapid population growth, weak institutions, corrupt governments, and Western pessimism. 4


Why is there no irrigation infrastructure in Africa?

Lack of investment on irrigation infrastructure implies that most of the population in Africa depends on rain-fed agriculture for their food production, mostly in the form of smallholder subsistence agriculture. Also, high inter- and intraseasonal rainfall variability leads to increased risk of frequent crop failures. Reducing this risk provides not only the immediate benefit of food security but also incentive for farmers to invest in farming as a business.


What is the food crisis in Africa?

The food crisis in Africa now is similar to that of Asian countries in the 1960s and is characterized by a high threat of famine, chronic food deficiency, rampant poverty, rapid population growth, weak institutions, corrupt governments, and Western pessimism. 4.


Why did the Nippon Foundation help Africa?

The Nippon Foundation’s agricultural assistance in Africa began in response to the severe famine in Ethiopia in 1984. To counter the worst stage of the famine, emergency supplies were being airlifted from London, but this only provided temporary relief. Searching for a fundamental way of resolving Africa’s food problems, Ryoichi Sasakawa, the chairman of The Nippon Foundation at the time, firmly believed that more than “giving a fish,” the important thing is “to teach how to fish.”


What is SAA in Africa?

SAA has been gaining recognition around the world for its solid track record of support ing agricultural development in Africa. In addition to having strong partnerships with the World Food Programme (WFP) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), SAA received grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA).


What is Sasakawa Africa Association?

Through the Sasakawa Africa Association, we provide technical guidance and training opportunities to create a value chain that boosts yields and increases the incomes of smallholder farmers. The Nippon Foundation’s agricultural assistance in Africa began in response to the severe famine in Ethiopia in 1984.


When was Sasakawa Africa Association established?

Determined to help these farmers produce their own food, the Sasakawa Africa Association (SAA) was set up in Switzerland in 1986 in cooperation with Dr. Norman Borlaug *1 and former US president Jimmy Carter. This marked the launch of the Sasakawa Global 2000 (SG2000) program to teach farmers how to increase their production.


Is Africa’s food problem easy to solve?

Nevertheless, resolving Africa’s food problem is no easy task. Even if increased production succeeds in yielding surpluses, everyone harvesting and bringing their goods to market at the same time drives down prices, preventing incomes from rising. With little if anything to show for the effort, some farmers were even reverting to traditional farming methods.


How can we engage African youth in agriculture?

How can we engage African youth in agriculture? Feed the Future invests in research to help governments anticipate and respond to the mega-trends influencing their countries and people. Drawing on the expertise of universities in the U.S. and abroad, Feed the Future is finding ways to engage youth in agriculture to tackle challenges like unemployment and tap into young people’s energy and creativity. The agriculture sector has huge potential to drive growth, but investments are needed to make it attractive for young people.


Why is agriculture good for everyone?

Because of strong growth connections between agricultural productivity and most other sectors of the economy, even non-farm jobs grow faster when agriculture is strengthened. In short, agriculture is good for everyone.


What is the most common type of migration in Africa?

In much of Africa, rural-rural migration is the most common type of migration. This is actually great news because the trend shows that more and more youth are finding greater opportunities in other rural areas rather than primarily migrating to cities.


Which countries have a high labor productivity rate?

Over the past 15 years, governments that have effectively promoted farm productivity growth, such as Rwanda, Burkina Faso and Ethiopia, have enjoyed faster rates of poverty reduction, higher rates of labor productivity in the non-farm segments of the economy, and expanded employment growth in both food systems and non-farm sectors.

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