How to improve agriculture in developing countries


How can developing countries improve agriculture?

  • Develop high-yield crops. …
  • Boost irrigation. …
  • Increase the use of fertilizers. …
  • Improve market access, regulations, and governance. …
  • Make better use of information technology. …
  • Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.

By having access to real-time data about the state of their crops, farmers can easily monitor the health of their fields. They can also maximize the effectiveness of resources such as water, pesticide and fertilizers.

Smart Agriculture Farming
  1. The IoT (internet of things)
  2. Soil scanning.
  3. GPS.
  4. Data management.
Jul 4, 2019


How can we increase agricultural production in developing countries?

How to Improve Farming Productivity. Implementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. Interplant. Plant more densely. Plant many crops. Raised beds. Smart water management. Heat Tolerant Varieties.

How can we help farmers in developing countries?

 · Data management. All these innovations improve both the quality and quantity of agricultural goods. By having access to real-time data about the state of their crops, farmers can easily monitor the health of their fields. They can also maximize the effectiveness of resources such as water, pesticide and fertilizers.

How can we improve the quality of Agriculture in Africa?

Developing countries will be allowed additional flexibility under the ‘Development’ box to protect food security and to increase domestic production for domestic consumption. Developed countries wishing to provide subsidies over and above this 10 per cent value must be prohibited from exporting these products.

How can we improve agricultural productivity in rural areas?

concept of sustainable agriculture blends basic economic concerns, conservation, and maintenance or improvement of the resource base. The motivation is derived prima- rily from environmental and eco- logical concerns. In developing countries, farm- ers’ immediate concerns include improving crop yield, increasing


How can we improve agriculture in developing countries?

8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growthDevelop high-yield crops. … Boost irrigation. … Increase the use of fertilizers. … Improve market access, regulations, and governance. … Make better use of information technology. … Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.More items…•

How can we improve agriculture?

How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•

What are 4 ways to improve the agriculture?

Ways to improve agricultural productionImplementation of land reforms. Land reforms are the first and most important point for improving productivity. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Manuring. … Plant many crops. … Water use and soil management. … Sustainable agriculture. … Raised beds.More items…•

What steps should be taken to increase the agricultural production?

AnswerIrrigation Facilities.Institutional Credit.Proper Marketing Facilities.Supply of Quality Inputs.Consolidation of Holdings.Agricultural Education.Reduction of Population on Land.Provision of Better Manure Seeds.More items…•

What are the solutions to agricultural problems?

Below are the top solutions to the Problems of Agriculture: Provision of Adequate Education to Farmers. … Provision Large Area of Land to Farmers. … Reducing of the Cost Farmer Inputs to Farmers. … Encouragement of the Gender and Age in Farming Sector. … Farmers should be Encourage to Join Co-operative Society.More items…•

How can we improve agricultural production and become self sufficient?

To increase agricultural production and become self-sufficient with regard to food grains Green revolution was initiated. In took place in the 1960’s under the leadership of agricultural scientist MS Swaminathan.

Why do we need to improve agriculture?

Improving agricultural productivity is important in order to improve farmer incomes, and it requires increases in yield, better productivity through the efficient utilization of resources, reduction in crop losses, and ensuring that farmers receive fair prices for output.

How can agriculture be improved in India?

Improving access to credit, technology and markets PPPs could help bring cutting-edge technologies and approaches to India’s agricultural sector. IT and biotech stand to transform agriculture, raising its production levels and outputs.

How can we improve agriculture in the Philippines?

Key policy recommendations to improve agriculture in the PhilippinesRefocus the policy package to improve food security.Focus on agricultural land policies, from land distribution to protection of property rights through land governance reforms.Budget support for long-term structural reforms.More items…•

How has agriculture changed in the last two decades?

The structure of agricultural production in developing countries has radically changed in the last two decades. Since the late 60s and 70s, the World Bank and its various agricultural research institutes have actively promoted the adoption of industrial (high chemical input) agricultural methods such as the Green Revolution ‘miracle’ seeds, promising landfall yields. These high technology methods were expected to benefit all farmers, including the poor. Since yields would increase, incomes were also expected to increase.

How does agricultural industrialization and production for the export market lead to the uprooting and destruction of small farmers while benefit

How does agricultural industrialization and production for the export market lead to the uprooting and destruction of small farmers while benefiting the large farms ? According to Shiva, agricultural industrialization and exports increases single commodity harvests. With all farmers growing the same commodity over large areas , the prices farmers receive from their crops come down , while the costs of inputs which are imported have been on an upward spiral. As a result, farmers’ profit margins get drastically narrowed. As costs of production increase, farmers experience a cost-price squeeze. In this process, only the larger farms can survive.

How did the Green Revolution affect hunger?

Did the Green Revolution reduce hunger? Comparing the number of hungry people in the world in 1970 versus 1990 (spanning the two decades of major Green Revolution advances), a first glance seems to indicate significant progress. The total food available per person in the world rose by 11 per cent. The number of chronically undernourished fell from 942 million to 786 million, a 16 per cent drop.5

Why are modern varieties more efficient than traditional varieties?

According to analysts Lappe, Collins and Rosset,1the main reason why ‘modern varieties’ produce more than traditional varieties is that they are more responsive to controlled irrigation and petrochemical fertilizers, hence allowing for much more efficient conversion of industrial inputs into food. Other researchers such as Palmer of the UNRISD has termed them ‘high-responses varieties (HRVs), rather than high yielding seeds. In the absence of the fertilizers and irrigation, the new seeds in fact have lower yields than indigenous varieties.2

How many countries have been forced to take on structural adjustment packages since the 1980s?

Since the 1980s, close to 100 countries have been forced to take on structural adjustment packages. The policies included on the one hand forced liberalization, and on the other, the conversion of domestic agricultural production for exports.

What is the South Centre’s main objective?

An important objective of the South Centre under programme on international trade and development issues is to provide short and timely analytical inputs on selected key issues under negotiations in the WTO. The publication of concise analytical papers under the T.R.A.D.E. occasional paper series is an attempt to achieve this objective. These occasional papers will provide brief analyses of chosen topics to assist developing country negotiations but will not aim to offer exhaustive treatment of each and every aspect of the issue.

When did Central America’s peasants convert from tradition agriculture to non-traditional agricultural exports?

Case Study: Experience of Central America’s Peasants in the Conversion from Tradition Agriculture to Non-traditional Agricultural Exports in the 1980s and 1990s.

How to improve the soil of Africa?

1. Develop high-yield crops. Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement. A dollar invested in such research by the CGIAR consortium of agricultural research centres is estimated to yield six dollars in benefits. 2.

How can information technology help farmers?

It also improves land and water management, provides access to weather information, and connects farmers to sources of credit.

Why is government support important for smallholder farmers?

Government support, crucial to coordinate the integration of smallholder farmers into larger cooperatives and groups, may be needed in other areas that aid integration with wider markets..

Where is the World Economic Forum 2015?

The World Economic Forum on Africa 2015 takes place in Cape Town, South Africa from 3-5 June.

How did the Green Revolution affect the world?

The Green Revolution benefited most regions of the world , particularly East Asia and the Pacific, where cereal yields quadrupled between 1960 and 1990. But Africa missed out on this and the continued lack of progress in agricultural productivity has been blamed for holding back the region’s overall economic growth.

Is GM growing in Africa?

But with Africa’s rapid population growth, high-yield GM crops that are resistant to weather shocks provide an opportunity for Africa to address food insecurity.

Why is livestock production important in developing countries?

Increasing livestock production is an important component of this process, both because developing country consumers are expected to spend an increasing share of their rising incomes on livestock products, and because taking advantage of favourable livestock-crop production interactions is one approach to a more efficient, sustainable agriculture.

How can livestock diseases be reduced?

Such losses and threats can be economically reduced by improved animal health programmes. However, programmes such as vaccination, sanitation and inspection programs require a deep commitment to implementation from producers and governments and often require regional cooperation.

What is the institutional environment for livestock?

An institutional environment which allows farmers to a) market their produce for higher prices, b) obtain inputs at lower cost , and c) obtain information necessary for decision marking more rapidly and effectively is critical to livestock development. Infrastructure is especially important where timely access to inputs is essential and where livestock product must be marketed quickly. Milk production is such an example and depends heavily on an efficient the establishment of a marketing and distribution system, including milk collection, transport, and processing. The diffusion of new technologies to farmers, e.g. artificial insemination and forage technologies, has often been achieved through the same systems. Such efforts have been carried out efficiently by private firms and cooperatives, though rarely by public firms.

Why is it important to have a strong domestic research capability?

Even when basic technology is available in developed countries, a strong domestic research capability is essential to identify and adapt promising technologies to local conditions. Unfortunately, most livestock research and development institutions are weak and a major effort is needed to strengthen them, especially, the number of qualified staff.

How does lowering the price of beef affect consumers?

However, lower prices to consumers usually require lower prices to producers, which lead eventually to lower output. Thus, the effort to assist consumers via lower prices is usually successful only in the short run, and may actually harm consumers in the longer run as output declines. Such policies have been adopted at least once by nearly every Latin American country during the last two decades. Although initially all consumers might have benefitted through the availability of beef at a lower price, this benefit would soon be lost for many as consumption is reduced or higher black market prices. Of course, producers lose in both the short and the longer term due to the lower price received. Note that the analysis is similar if prices are imposed at the producer or wholesale level.

Why are ruminants important to smallholders?

Despite the rapid growth in demand for poultry, smallholders in developing countries can be expected to rely on ruminants as their primary livestock assets because they use more efficiently the locally available, low quality feeds, and that they provide a wider range of products, particularly draught and manure, crucial to their overall farming system . In meat production, smallholders can compete effectively with larger commercial enterprises only to the extent that they have access to low cost farm resources, especially feed and labour, which cannot economically be sold off-site. Such low cost resources usually result from the integration of agricultural and livestock activities. Many smallholders will find it profitable to maintain a small number of other species to utilize that available feed which ruminants do not utilize efficiently, to provide diversity to the family diet and to provide assets which can be liquidated in smaller amounts.

What are the two basic livestock production strategies?

In most countries there is a choice between two fundamental livestock production strategies a) the feeding of inexpensive, low-quality pasture resources to ruminants to produce meat, milk, wool, manure and draught power, and b) the feeding of high energy-high protein grains to non-ruminants for egg and meat production whenever the demand exceeds the amount which can be produced by ruminants from low-cost feed resources available. It is generally uneconomic to produce beef using feed grains, except where beef prices are unusually high, although the price of milk may justify such feeding.

How much of the population is farming in developing countries?

In the US, agricultural workers make up a very small portion of the population, but agriculture employs anywhere between 50 percent and 90 percent of the population for farming in developing countries.

What percentage of the economy is made up of agriculture workers?

The important thing to note about farming in developing countries is that such a large portion—up to 90 percent —of the economy is made up of agriculture workers. If innovations and policies can improve their standard of living then the majority of the poor in many developing countries would be lifted out of poverty.

What are the problems farmers face in increasing their production?

The difficulties in increasing production for these farmers include unproductive soil, plant diseases, pests, and drought. In many cases these small farmers trek miles to the nearest water source and are only able to bring enough water back to produce small amounts of crops.

Why is agriculture important in developing countries?

Not only because of it tends to provide foods for the entire population of a country but agriculture helps to connects and interacts with all the related industries of that country.

How does agriculture contribute to the economy of developing countries?

Furthermore, agriculture also ensures economic growth of developing countries. Agriculture is a fundamental source of income for developing nation that exists on this globe. Not only because of it provides food for our daily life, but mostly all the industries in the country depend on agriculture both directly and indirectly. The high rates of economic growth are basically linked with the rapid expansion of agricultural output. In fact, the economy of several West African countries is primarily maintained by agriculture sector. Most of them depend on agriculture for their export trade to boost the incomes of the country. Agricultural products are their main foreign exchange earner which contributes about 75 percent of their total export commodities. The exports of agriculture products create additional economic activity that ripples through the domestic economy. Besides, agriculture contributes between 40 to 60 percent of the total GDP of most of the African countries.

Why is food production important?

Food production is directly related to the daily life of human being. Food security is an immediate and future main concern for all developing countries. A stable agricultural industry plays an important role to ensure the food security of a country. Food security is considered as one of the basic requirements of any nation.

Do developing countries have enough money to develop unused land?

Obviously, developing countries do not have enough money to develop the unused land. It is a waste for just leave a huge area of arable land empty without any plantation. Thus, the offer by foreign investors to develop agricultural land is very attractive to developing countries.

Can agriculture be further developed?

Agricultural sector can only be further develop if and only if everyone in the society willing to take the responsibility to sustain a society that have sufficient food supply for our future generation. This is an issue that related to the whole society and efficient action must to be taken from now on.

How can agriculture help to improve food security?

In order to feed people better, agriculture must strengthen its conservation goals by adding assortment to the food chain and by restoring the ecosystems. Agriculture sector can reduce hunger as it ensures the food security of developing countries. The drive toward food security has seems to be slowed in recent years.

How many people are hungry in developing countries?

Based on the standard of the “one-dollar-a-day threshold”, there are 1.2 billion poor people in developing countries. And among these peoples, there are 780 million of them facing chronic hunger, which means that their daily intake of calories is not enough for them to live healthy and productive lives. Besides, there are millions more suffer from specific nutritional insufficiency of one form or another. Most of the world’s hungry live in countries which are categorized as low-income and food-deficit nation. They are located mainly in the developing world and more than half of them are in Africa. These countries do not produce enough food to meet the demand of the citizens and they may not have enough foreign exchange to replace the shortfall by purchasing foods on the international market. This kind of situation getting serious especially when they are facing with loss of crops and livestock that caused by natural disaster or extremely high food prices on the international market. In order to feed people better, agriculture must strengthen its conservation goals by adding assortment to the food chain and by restoring the ecosystems.


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