Six Main Strategies to Improve the Agriculture Productivity in India
- Soil Health Enhancement:
Agricultural universities, research institutions, krishi vigyan kendras, fertiliser…
- Irrigation Water Supply Augmentation and Management:
Water is a public good and a social resource and…
- Credit and Insurance:
Credit reform is the primary pathway to…
- Soil Health Enhancement: …
- Irrigation Water Supply Augmentation and Management: …
- Credit and Insurance: …
- Technology: …
- Market: …
- Regionally Differentiated Strategy:
How to increase small farm productivity in India?
Better seeds —Seeds are critical in farms, and improved seeds are the best way to boost agricultural productivity. Credit reform is the most important step toward increasing small farm productivity. By international standards, India has a wide range of saving and lending interest rates.
What is increased agricultural productivity?
Increased agricultural productivity refers to the more efficient distribution of scarce resources. Learning how to improve production is a crucial aspect of productive farming.
What is the trend in total agricultural production in India?
In India, total agricultural production has been increasing with the combined effect of growth in total cultivated areas and increases in the average yield per hectare of the various crops. Table 3.2 reveals the trend in total agricultural production in India since independence.
How to modernize the agriculture sector in India?
Consolidation of holding is a first step towards the modernization of Indian agriculture and this should be done immediately by enacting proper legislation required in this regard.
How can we increase agricultural productivity?
How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•
How can low agricultural productivity be improved in India?
The following are suggestions for removal of low productivity of Indian agriculture:(i) Better Irrigation Facilities:(ii) Supply of Quality Seeds:(iii) Green Manure:(iv) Credit Facilities:(v) Agricultural Marketing:(vi) Land Reforms:(vii) Mixed Farming:(viii) Education:More items…
What are the measures taken by government of India to increase productivity in Indian agriculture?
i Land reforms: Collectivisation consolidation of holdings cooperation and abolition of zamindari. ii Agricultural reforms: Green revolution and White revolution. iii Land development programmes: Provision for crop insurance against drought flood cyclone etc.
What are the different ways of increasing production?
(i)Production can be increased by using modern irrigation facilities. (ii)Production can be increased by using HYV seeds. (iii)Production can also be increased by using chemicals like weedicides and pesticides and by using fertilizers.
How should seawater farming be promoted?
Seawater farming should be promoted in coastal areas through the cultivation of mangroves, salicomia, casuarinas and appropriate halophytic plants. The conjunctive use of rain, river, ground, sea and treated sewage water should become the norm. 3. Credit and Insurance:
What should agricultural scientists state?
Agricultural scientists should state the performance of new varieties and technologies in terms of net income per hectare, and not just in terms of yield per hectare . For this purpose, there is a need for a farming system orientation involving crop-livestock integrated production systems to both research and resource use.
Improving Agriculture Crop Productivity
As a rule, more beneficial soils will yield better harvests in that they will require fewer pesticides and manures, which may diminish expenses and increment attractive yields, which will expand benefits. Be that as it may, the majority of this relies upon where you are, what you are developing, and what you are calling “creation”.
What Did Scientists think about the crop productivity?
The scientist takes a looks at different techniques for enhancing ranch efficiency and farmers pay. One of these intends to help take care of the issue of the high expense and inaccessibility of work through an expansion in the level of automation by utilizing custom employing focuses, utilizing open private associations.
What is agricultural productivity?
In short, agricultural productivity is a function of a large number of determinants. An effective policy requires a holistic approach in which the various factors outlined above are integrated with a view to achieve the desired objective. Agriculture.
What is the key to agriculture success?
While policies for strengthening the institutional structure for development of agriculture have been adopted and are in place, the key to their success lies in effective implementation-an aspect of which more concerted attention, than hitherto, needs to be given.
What are the two types of technological advances in agriculture?
Technological improvements in agriculture can be classified into two broad kinds: biological and mechanical. (a) Biological innovations usually refer to factors that raise land productivity and are, therefore, generally land-saving.
How much of India’s crop yield is sustainable?
Crop yields in India are still just 30% to 60% of the best sustainable crop yields achievable in the farms of developed and other developing countries. And poor infrastructure and unorganized retail means India has one of the world’s highest levels of post-harvest food loss. Clearly, it is time for change.
Why are farmers in India threatened?
India’s farmers are constantly threatened by adverse weather and environmental conditions that spell disaster for their produce. Extreme situations such as flooding and droughts constantly plague India’s farming community. PPPs that protect the agricultural sector against the vagaries of nature can be life savers.
How does biotechnology help growers?
Biotechnology, meanwhile, can equip growers with techniques for developing high-yield crops, managing pests, better utilizing waste water and focusing on nutrition. The remarkable breakthroughs made in the cereal production industry show how much of an impact biotechnology can make.
Is agriculture a natural resource?
The natural resources on which agriculture is based – land and water, above all – are being degraded and there is growing competition for their use. Climate change is already exacerbating this situation, making agriculture more risky, and it will have an even greater impact in the future.
What are the remedial measures to increase agricultural productivity in India?
Read this article to learn about the following five remedial measures to raise agricultural productivity in India, i.e., (1) Consolidation of Holdings, (2) Overcoming Natural Factors, (3) Application of Modern Techniques, (4) Economic Measures, and (5) Human Development.
What is the first step towards modernization of Indian agriculture?
1. Consolidation of Holdings: Consolidation of holding is a first step towards the modernization of Indian agriculture and this should be done immediately by enacting proper legislation required in this regard. Uneconomic small farms should be properly consolidated and small fragmented holdings should also be consolidated by forming’ co-operatives …
How do Indian farmers use modern techniques?
Indian farmers must apply modern techniques of cultivation by utilizing modern implements, applying adequate quantity of fertilizers, using high yielding variety of seeds, by adopting scientific rotation of crops and careful crop planning.
What are the steps to overcome the problems of agriculture?
All these steps include extensive flood control measures, creation of adequate irrigation facilities and supplying adequate quantity of pesticides and insecticides.
How should uneconomic small farms be consolidated?
Uneconomic small farms should be properly consolidated and small fragmented holdings should also be consolidated by forming’ co-operatives and co-operative farming societies. 2. Overcoming Natural Factors: Proper steps should be undertaken to overcome various problems of agriculture resulted from natural factors.
Why should economic measures be adopted in India?
Economic Measures: Economic measures must be adopted in order to make the Indian agriculture more remunerative. Proper steps must be undertaken for the improvement of farm organisation and land management.
What is the process of economic reforms and the gradual opening of agriculture of world markets?
The process of economic reforms and the gradual opening of agriculture of world markets are creating a better incentive environment for agriculture. Equally imperative for raising both rural income and agricultural productivity is an efficient rural credit delivery system.
How to improve the productivity of a farm?
3. Plant more densely. It is the simplest way to improve the productivity of farms, in this plant crops close together. Many farmers keep their vegetables excessively away, which leads to the abandonment of large areas growing well. 4. Plant many crops. The next method of improving productivity is to plant many crops.
Why is productivity important in agriculture?
The productivity of farms is essential for many reasons. Providing more food, increasing productivity affects the farming market’s growth, labour migration, and income. Increased agricultural productivity refers to the more efficient distribution of scarce resources. Learning how to improve production is a crucial aspect of productive farming.
What is interplanting in agriculture?
Interplanting is a practice in which different crops are growing together at the same time. It is the best way to maximize the productivity of your growing space. Some crops are the best together, some not.
What are the benefits of improved seeds?
Improved seeds. Seeds play an essential role in the farms, and improved seeds are best to enhance farm productivity. Improved seeds are suitable for increasing production. 10. Plant protection. According to farming scientists, about 5% of crops destroyed by insects, pests, and diseases.
What are the best methods to increase production?
Machines, tractors, and implements do land reforms . These machines have the qualities that make rugged farming areas smooth to work on the field efficiently. Working on the field is easy, that means an improvement in productivity is easy. Land reforms are the best method to increase production. 2.
Why are raised beds important?
It creates dense plantations, fewer pathways, and more active growing areas. Raised beds are symbolic of improving the productivity of crops. 6. Smart water management. Water is an essential need for planting crops, and by the management of water, you can enhance the production.
What is agricultural productivity?
By the term agricultural productivity we mean the varying relationship between the agricultural output and one of the major inputs such as land. The most commonly used term for representing agricultural productivity is the average yield per hectare of land.
What are the non-food crops in India?
Similarly, the commercial crops or non-food crops include raw cotton, tea, coffee, raw jute, sugarcane, oil seeds etc. In India, total agricultural production has been increasing with the combined effect of growth in total cultivated areas and increases in the average yield per hectare of the various crops.
What was the average rice yield in 1990?
In 1990- 91, the annual average yield of rice per hectare was only 17.5 quintals in India as against 41 quintals in U.S.A., 61.9 quintals in Japan and 54 quintals in China. Again, the annual average yield of wheat per hectare was only 22.7 quintals in India as against 68 quintals in Germany, 61 quintals in France and 30 quintals in China.
What was the annual rate of growth in the 1950s?
The annual rate of growth in area under crops during the period 1950-65 was quite substantial. All crops: 1.6 per cent, Food grains: 1.4 per cent and Non-food grains: 2.5 per cent. But in the post-green revolution period, i.e., during 1965-95, area under all crops could not increase significantly and the annual growth rate in area was also quite …
How many hectares of land did India grow in 1949?
In India the growth in gross area under all crops has increased from 122 million hectares in 1949-50 to 151 million hectares in 1964-65 and then it increased to 168.4 million hectares in 2008- 09.
How much rice was produced in 1949?
Total production of rice and wheat have increased from 24 million tonnes and 6 million tonnes in 1949-50 to 39 million tonnes and 12 million tonnes in 1964-65 and then to 99.2 million tonnes and 80.6 million tonnes respectively in 2008-09.