is beekeeping agriculture



Beekeeping (technically called “apiculture”) is considered agriculture based on standard definitions and everyday usage. Beekeeping is also treated as agriculture (or farming) by the Federal and State governments via regulation and tax codes.Aug 25, 2020

What type of industry is beekeeping?

The Beekeeping industry raises bees and gathers honey, while also selling bee, pollen and other products. Similar to much of the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector (IBISWorld report 11), the Beekeeping industry is influenced by weather patterns, import competition and the threat of disease outbreak.

Is apiculture considered agriculture?

Aquaculture is Agriculture: USDA’s Role in Supporting Farmers of Fish and Shellfish. U.S. aquaculture production is growing because demands for healthy seafood products are increasing.

Is honey part of agriculture?

Honey bees are big money makers for U.S. agriculture. These social and hardworking insects produce six hive products – honey, pollen, royal jelly, beeswax, propolis, and venom – all collected and used by people for various nutritional and medicinal purposes.

Is beekeeping considered livestock?

“Honeybees are artificially-bred agricultural animals similar to livestock such as pigs and cows. Except this livestock can roam beyond any enclosures to disrupt local ecosystems through competition and disease.”

What is meant by agribusiness?

Agribusiness is a combination of the words “agriculture” and “business” and refers to any business related to farming and farming-related commercial activities. Agribusiness involves all the steps required to send an agricultural good to market, namely production, processing, and distribution.

What is agriculture and fisheries?

[Agrifishery] Scope: this refers to cultivation of crops through soils and other medium growing of trees, raising of livestock, poultry, or fish w/c includes harvesting, processing and marketing of product of farm activities and practices.

What agriculture includes?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics.

Is a beekeeper a farmer?

Beekeepers are also called honey farmers, apiarists, or less commonly, apiculturists (both from the Latin apis, bee; cf. apiary). The term beekeeper refers to a person who keeps honey bees in beehives, boxes, or other receptacles.

What is horticulture in agriculture?

Horticulture Defined Horticulture is defined as that branch of agriculture concerned with growing plants that are used by people for food, for medicinal purposes, and for aesthetic gratification. Horticulture is divided into specializations.

What is apiculture farming?

Apiculture – the maintenance of honeybees and hives – provides farmers and hobbyists with a variety of enterprises including production of beeswax, honey and other edible bee products; crop pollination services and sale of bees to other beekeepers.

Is beekeeping an animal husbandry?

beekeeping, or apiculture, Care and manipulation of honeybees to enable them to produce and store more honey than they need so that the excess can be collected. Beekeeping is one of the oldest forms of animal husbandry.

Are bee hives tax deductible?

Don’t forget your deductions! As with any farm business, you may deduct ordinary and necessary expenses from your taxable income, including beekeeping supplies, items purchased for resale, utilities, fuel, insurance, repairs, loan interest, and much more.

What is the difference between apiculture and agriculture?

As nouns the difference between apiculture and agriculture is that apiculture is the keeping and maintenance of bees for commercial reasons while agriculture is the art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of livestock; tillage; husbandry; farming.

What is honey bee farming called?

Alternate titles: apiculture. By Samuel Emmett McGregor • Edit History. Table of Contents. beekeeping, care and management of colonies of honeybees. They are kept for their honey and other products or their services as pollinators of fruit and vegetable blossoms or as a hobby.

What is apiculture very short answer?

“Apiculture is the scientific method of rearing honeybees. “ The word ‘apiculture’ comes from the Latin word ‘apis’ meaning bee. So, apiculture or beekeeping is the care and management of honey bees for the production of honey and wax.

Why have farmers accepted honey farming apiculture as a profession?

Apiculture – the maintenance of honeybees and hives – provides farmers and hobbyists with a variety of enterprises including production of beeswax, honey and other edible bee products; crop pollination services and sale of bees to other beekeepers.


Why are oxytetracycline and tylosin tartrate considered medically important?

FDA classifies oxytetracycline, tylosin tartrate, and lincomycin hydrochloride—the three antibiotics approved to control American foulbrood—as medically important antibiotics because they are used to treat diseases in people. The agency also classifies honey bees as a food-producing animal because people consume the hive products. Veterinary oversight is now required to administer medically important antibiotics in the food or water of food-producing animals. Beekeepers must involve their veterinarian before using oxytetracycline, tylosin tartrate, or lincomycin hydrochloride in their bee colonies.

Why are my bees patchy?

A colony infected with American foulbrood has a patchy brood pattern. This irregular, mottled appearance is due to the mixture of healthy, diseased, and empty brood cells within the same wax comb. The healthy cells have slightly protruding and fully closed cappings. The diseased cells may be uncapped and contain larval remains, or still be sealed but have sunken and punctured cappings. The empty cells are a result of worker bees chewing away the cappings of diseased cells and removing the dead larvae. The brood pattern is also patchy because the larval remains vary from the initial state of moist ropiness to the final state of dry scales adhered to the lower sides of open cells. A patchy brood pattern alerts the beekeeper that the colony is unhealthy, and while not diagnostic for American foulbrood, it raises the suspicion for this disease.

How do bees spread AFB?

The disease spreads quickly to other colonies in the apiary by: 1 Robber bees. Weak, AFB-infected colonies make good targets for robber bees from nearby strong colonies. The robbers steal the contaminated honey or bee bread from the infected colony and bring the P. larvae spores back to their home colony. 2 Beekeepers. While working with their hives, beekeepers may expose other colonies in the apiary to contaminated honey or equipment. 3 Drifting worker bees or swarms. These bees are in the process of leaving their parent colony to start their own colony in a new location. If the parent colony is infected, the swarm will bring the spores with them to the new location.

What is the second most important hive product?

After honey, beeswax is the second most important hive product from an economic standpoint. The beeswax trade dates to ancient Greece and Rome, and in Medieval Europe, the substance was a unit of trade for taxes and other purposes. The market remains strong today.

What is beeswax used for?

Beeswax is popular for making candles and as an ingredient in artists’ materials and in leather and wood polishes. The pharmaceutical industry uses the substance as a binding agent, time-release mechanism, and drug carrier. Beeswax is also one of the most commonly used waxes in cosmetics.

How much does honey cost?

Department of Agriculture’s National Agriculture Statistics Service, honey bees made 157 million pounds of honey in 2019. With the cost of honey at $1.97 per pound, that’s a value of a little over $339 million.

What are the products of honey bees?

agriculture. These social and hardworking insects produce six hive products – honey, pollen, royal jelly, beeswax, propolis, and venom – all collected and used by people for various nutritional and medicinal purposes.

Why is Central Texas not a good place to bees?

Central Texas is not the optimum for beekeeping because of the lack of a consistent pollen and nectar source compared to the Houston/College Station areas. Sansone said the website: offers a good overview of managing bee populations.

Who recommended that each appraisal district consult their local AgriLife Extension office concerning the number of acres and hives needed

Sansone said the Texas Comptroller’s office recommended that each appraisal district consult their local AgriLife Extension office concerning the number of acres and hives needed to fulfill the requirement.

Who is Paul Jackson?

Sansone said Paul Jackson, chief apiary inspector for the state with the Texas Apiary Inspection Service, is an excellent resource person for local appraisal districts needing information. He can be reached at: .

What is the pollinator of blueberries?

The southeastern blueberry bee ( Habropoda laboriosa) is an important wild pollinator of blueberries in the United States. This solitary, ground-nesting bee ranges from New Jersey and southern Illinois to Mississippi and Florida. Using buzz pollination, the species can remove up to 70% of pollen from flowers in one visit! Bumblebees also visit blueberry plants, but take over twice as long per visit. Habropoda laboriosa is such an effective pollinator of rabbiteye blueberry ( Vaccinium ashei) in the southeastern United States that each female is estimated to be worth between $18 and $20 to a commercial blueberry grower.

What bees pollinate alfalfa?

The alkali bee ( Nomia melanderi ), however, is excellent at pollinating alfalfa. This bee is so good at its job that it is the only solitary ground-nesting species used on an industrial scale. These bees pollinate about 2,500 pounds of seed per acre, compared to only 185 pounds per acre without the help of commercial pollinators.

How long has honey been around?

Humans have hunted honey for thousands of years. Nearly all human cultures value honey for its high sugar content and medicinal properties. Cave paintings in Spain from 8000 B.C. depict local people foraging for honey. The Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians all had various ways of managing honey bees and harvesting honey. Honey is also the only food that will never spoil if kept in a sealed container. The oldest honey ever found was still edible after over 5000 years!

How many people have been killed by Africanized bees?

When the nest is disturbed, they mount a massive attack on the intruder and may sting hundreds of times. Africanized bee stings have killed about 1,000 people over the past 50 years. Despite this, South and Central American beekeepers prefer them due to the amount of honey they produce. The story of “killer bees” shows the dramatic consequences of moving species around the world without considering the risks.

What is a killer bee?

A “killer bee.”. The term “killer bee” describes a highly aggressive, non-native bee brought to the Americas for a Brazilian experiment to breed better honey bees. To do this, scientists interbred European honey bees with African honey bees.

How many species of bees are there in the world?

The genus Apis –the honey bees–includes seven described species, including the giant honey bee, the dwarf honey bees, the eastern honey bees, and the European honey bee. The European honey bee ( Apis mellifera) is most familiar to residents of the United States. Apis mellifera is not native to North America.

When did Africanized honey bees come to America?

The experiment ultimately backfired, and the new bees kept their aggressive behavior. Africanized honey bee queens were accidentally released in 1957 and quickly spread through South and Central America. Their descendants arrived in the United States in 1990, and now range as far north as Colorado.

Why are bees important to agriculture?

The plants that we cultivate are an important source of revenue for farmers and essential to the economy as a whole. As the world’s population increases, the number of crops dependent on pollinators also increases year after year. Bees play a very important role in relation to agricultural production. Indeed beekeeping is a vital part of our agricultural system. Apart from crop plants which are highly dependant on bees, the presence of honey bees also improves the quality and quantity of crops in general.

Why are bees dying?

For decades bee colonies have been suffering and their numbers decreasing, with commercial honey bee colonies dying at an alarming rate in the U.S. after 2007. The reasons for this decline are complex and it’s thought that a number of factors are responsible for the weakening of bees, including: 1 ​Pesticides 2 ​Parasites 3 ​Poor nutrition 4 ​Disease 5 ​Loss & destruction of habitat

How much does beekeeping add to agriculture?

It’s estimated that commercial beekeeping adds between $15 and $20 billion dollars in economic value to U.S. agriculture on a yearly basis (Yes that’s a ‘B’ )…!

How much space do you need to start a bee hive?

Beekeeping is easy and simple. Keeping bees requires almost no space if you start with just a couple of hives, and you can successfully start a hive almost anywhere. Apart from weekly visits to inspect you hive during the active season and a flourish of activity when harvesting, beekeeping requires very little time.

What are the benefits of beekeeping?

One of the obvious benefits of beekeeping is the wonderful crop of honey you get to harvest each season. And you’ll probably find the flavor is superior to anything you’ve purchased in the past. Beeswax and propolis. Honey isn’t the only byproduct you can harvest thanks to your honey bees.

Why are commercial hives rented out?

Commercial hives are rented out on a seasonal basis to pollinate a wide range of crops. Without these services crop yields would fall, food prices would rise, and the surety of agricultural production would be at risk.

Why do we need bees?

So, because bees are such highly efficient pollinators, we need them to maintain a healthy ecosystem and to help secure food crops for future generations. Beekeeping even at a small scale can help. This fascinating and rewarding hobby even pays you back with harvests of golden honey.

What do you sell in a bee hive?

There are many variables depending on what you want to do, your location, and how big you want to get. What products do you want to sell…Pollination, selling bees (packages, nucs), honey production for direct marketing, honey production for bulk sales, wholesale, selling queens, developing breeding stock, producing other hive products (propolis, pollen, wax), producing value added products.. soaps, balms, flavored honey, etc. There is potentially even a market for managing hives for people who don’t want to themselves. I’d honestly suggest doing more than one because you can loose your shirt should you only do one thing and that fails for any reason.

How much does it cost to have two hive feeders?

Two hive feeders (to give your bees food when you first get them and they don’t have honey yet), $46

How can I become a good beekeeper?

So I’d suggest learning how to be a good beekeeper first. Expand every year and see how you handle managing more and more hives. Your management technique will change as you increase your hive count. Use that time to learn, and talk to beekeepers in the areas you think you may want to go into.

Why should I have two hives?

I started with two hives at the recommendation of my local beekeeping society. They feel that beginners should have two hives so that you can compare them to each other and easily tell if something has gone wrong in one of them. A lot of people start with one, which would cut the price in half.

Can you buy a used bee hive?

You can also buy used hives from other beekeepers, though this is generally not recommended as there are nasty diseases that can stay in the wood and wipe out your bees. But if there’s a beekeeper you really trust not to sell you infected hive components, go for it.

Why do people lease land to others?

People also lease land to others to graze animals , again usually for the benefit of the tax abatement. Another tack that poeple take is to sell lumber from their property by felling trees, and request an agricultural designation on that basis.

When do beekeepers quit?

Most beekeepers quit after year one. That has been my experience in working with others.

Why do bees move from site to site?

It is common for bees to be moved from site to site to maximise productivity and make best use of seasonally available forage. In addition, specialist crops such as ling heather honey can only be obtained in certain geographical locations. For those bee farmers who provide pollination services, the ability to move hives efficiently is essential. Bee farmers may use specially-adapted vehicles to maximise efficiency and enable access to sometimes awkward apiary sites.

How can a bee farm be sustainable?

To be sustainable, a bee farming business needs to ensure its honey bee stocks are well-managed to ensure the bees are kept in optimum condition, healthy and disease-free. Good husbandry, as in all livestock farming, is essential. High standards of health and welfare of honey bee stocks are essential to ensure business models are sustainable.

What is the purpose of bee farmers?

Bee farmers aim to run profitable business enterprises based on the management of stocks of honey bees.

How much honey does the UK produce?

The UK produces around 14 per cent of the honey consumed by the domestic market. This compares with a European average of around 60 per cent. The challenge (and opportunity) for the bee farming industry is to increase UK honey production and availability.

Why is it important to have high standards of health and welfare of honey bees?

High standards of health and welfare of honey bee stocks are essential to ensure business models are sustainable. Income is generated from the sale of products (eg, honey, beeswax, added-value products) and the provision of services (eg, pollination, training).

Why is it important to reverse the decline of pollinators?

The bee farming industry, through the provision of managed and targeted pollination services, is in a unique position to help improve crop yields and increase productivity.

Why is it important to keep a bee farm?

It is important that a bee farming business meets legislative requirements. Good record keeping is essential to meet the requirements of the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD), Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA), Environmental Health, Trading Standards and the Inland Revenue.


Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans. Most such bees are honey bees in the genus Apis, but other honey-producing bees such as Melipona stingless bees are also kept. A beekeeper (or apiarist) keeps bees in order to collect their honey and other products that the hive produce (including beeswax, propolis, flower pollen, bee p…


Depictions of humans collecting honey from wild bees date to 10,000 years ago. Beekeeping in pottery vessels began about 9,000 years ago in North Africa. Domestication of bees is shown in Egyptian art from around 4,500 years ago. Simple hives and smoke were used and honey was stored in jars, some of which were found in the tombs of pharaohs such as Tutankhamun. It was not until th…

Traditional beekeeping

A fixed comb hive is a hive in which the combs cannot be removed or manipulated for management or harvesting without permanently damaging the comb. Almost any hollow structure can be used for this purpose, such as a log gum, skep, wooden box, or a clay pot or tube. Fixed comb hives are no longer in common use in industrialized countries, and are illegal in places that require m…

Modern beekeeping

The initial costs and equipment requirements are typically much less than other hive designs; scrap wood can often be used to build a good hive including the top bars themselves. Horizontal hives do not require the beekeeper, as part of normal management, to lift super boxes; all usual checks and manipulation can be done while lifting only one comb at a time and with minimal bending. In are…

Bee colonies

There are more than 20,000 species of bees, many of which are solitary e.g., mason bees, leafcutter bees (Megachilidae), carpenter bees and other ground-nesting bees. Many others rear their young in burrows and small colonies e.g., bumblebees and stingless bees. Beekeeping is concerned with the practical management of the social species of honey bees, which live in large colonies …

Formation of new colonies

All colonies are totally dependent on their queen, who is the only egg-layer. Although queens have a 3–4 year adult lifespan, diminished longevity of queens (less than 1 year) is commonly and increasingly observed. She can choose whether or not to fertilize an egg as she lays it; if she does so, it develops into a female worker bee; if she lays an unfertilized egg it becomes a male drone. Sh…


The common agents of disease that affect adult honey bees include fungi, bacteria, protozoa, viruses, parasites, and poisons. The gross symptoms displayed by affected adult bees are very similar, whatever the cause, making it difficult for the apiarist to ascertain the causes of problems without microscopic identification of microorganisms or chemical analysis of poisons. Since 2006, colony losses from colony collapse disorderhave been increasing across the world althoug…

World apiculture

According to U.N. FAO data, the world’s beehive stock rose from around 50 million in 1961 to around 83 million in 2014, which comes to about 1.3% average annual growth. Average annual growth has accelerated to 1.9% since 2009.
• Denmark: (1996)
• Arab countries: (1997)

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