Mining occurs in the same geographic areas as agriculture. It competes for similar inputs, like land, water and labour. This means there is a significant risk that agriculture will be adversely affected by mining.
What is the relationship between mining and agriculture?
Mining and agriculture are two industries often placed at opposite ends of the spectrum. Politicians like to play the mining card when making promises of better lives for South Africans, since new mines mean more money, more jobs, rural community development, wealth and progress.
What is mining?
Vocabulary Mining is the process of extracting useful materials from the earth. Some examples of substances that are mined include coal, gold, or iron ore. Iron ore is the material from which the metal iron is produced.
Are mining and agriculture incompatible?
Mining companies argue that mining and agriculture are not necessarily incompatible. But there are few examples of where this has been the case, particularly in developing countries, where oversight of the mining industry is often very weak.
Can mining and agriculture co-exist?
Although mining and agriculture can co-exist, generating economic and social benefits, there are some inherent tensions between the two as they compete for resources. On the other hand, mining generates money that supplements the income of farmers who become small artisanal miners.
What is considered a agriculture?
The Agriculture sectors comprise establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.
Is mining considered industrial?
Key Takeaways. The metals and mining sector is the industry dedicated to the location and extraction of metal and mineral reserves around the world. Global reserves of metals and minerals are mined for profit and then used in jewelry-making, industrial applications, and investments.
What type of industry is agriculture?
The agricultural industry, which includes enterprises engaged in growing crops, raising fish and animals, and logging wood, encompasses farms, dairies, hatcheries, and ranches. It is a major industry in the United States.
What is the difference between mining and farming?
In terms of objectives, yield farming aims to offer you the highest possible returns on the crypto assets of users. On the other hand, liquidity mining focuses on improving liquidity of a DeFi protocol. Furthermore, staking emphasizes maintaining the security of a blockchain network.
What kind of industry is mining?
The U.S. mining industry consists of the search for, extraction, beneficiation, and processing of naturally occurring solid minerals from the earth. These mined minerals include coal, metals such as iron, copper, or zinc, and industrial minerals such as potash, limestone, and other crushed rocks.
What is considered mining?
Mining is the process of extracting useful materials from the earth. Some examples of substances that are mined include coal, gold, or iron ore. Iron ore is the material from which the metal iron is produced. The process of mining dates back to prehistoric times.
What are the 4 types of agriculture?
There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.
What are examples of agriculture?
Agriculture: cultivating soil; planting; raising, and harvesting crops; rearing, feeding, and managing animals. Aquaculture: raising private aquatic animals (fish) Floriculture: growing flowering plants. Horticulture: growing fruits, vegetables, and plants.
What are 3 agricultural industries?
About the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector The establishments in this sector are often described as farms, ranches, dairies, greenhouses, nurseries, orchards, or hatcheries.
Is staking the same as farming?
What is Staking? Compared to yield farming, staking cryptocurrencies has a more ‘technical’ purpose. Instead of boosting liquidity and providing lending services, it supports the blockchain itself. In particular, staking is used to validate transactions on networks that use the proof of stake (PoS) mechanism.
Is yield farming halal?
Since the yield in yield farming on lending platforms is created through lending contracts, the yield is Riba.
What is the difference between mining and staking?
The basic difference between staking and mining is the algorithm used to validate transactions and add new blocks to the blockchain.
How does mining help farmers?
On the other hand, mining generates money that supplements the income of farmers who become small artisanal miners. This allows them to improve their farms’ productivity through buying inputs like fertilisers, and hiring labour.
Why is there a need for greater understanding of the mining–agriculture nexus?
There is a need for greater understanding of the mining–agriculture nexus to ensure that the two interact in a positive and balanced way. A balanced coexistence would produce social and economic development without disrupting the livelihoods of rural people whose lives are tied to farming.
What is the difference between artisanal mining and farming?
The central difference between farming and artisanal mining is how much money can be made. Take the case of Samuel Ofori Duodu, a Ghanaian cocoa farmer and miner. Duodu indicated that he earns about $300 a month from artisanal mining. This compares to an acre of cocoa farm that generates about $170 per harvest within a year.
What are the risks of cocoa farming in Ghana?
Risks include erratic rainfall patterns, lack of access to land, farm inputs and credits, poor and inaccessible roads, and lower producer prices for cocoa.
Why is it important to understand the relationship between mining and agriculture in Africa?
The interaction between artisanal (small scale) mining and agriculture in Africa still needs to be carefully considered by policy makers to ensure that people’s livelihoods and countries’ export revenues aren’t threatened. It’s also important that the relationship between the two sectors is optimised to mutual benefit.
How much of Ghana’s population is agriculture?
Agriculture employs about 45% of the country’s active labour force. In rural communities more than 70% of people are involved with and depend on agriculture. Farming is the traditional source of livelihood in Ghana. But artisanal mining has emerging as a lucrative activity.
What is customary land ownership in Ghana?
Customary land ownership and tenure exist alongside state title tenure. The country’s constitution recognises both. But customary land ownership is informal, based on simple acknowledgement without any documentary proof.
What are the conflicts between mining and agriculture?
Conflict between mining and agriculture often occurs when, for example , crop yields are limited or impeded by pollution, and water quality and availability deteriorates, or health hazards are posed to humans and farm animals due to increased air pollution. Other issues include the deterioration of roads and other infrastructure, …
How much of South Africa’s land is considered high potential?
Only about 13% of South Africa’s arable land is considered high-potential, with the balance having marginal potential. Food production is crucial, and the conservation and correct utilisation of agricultural land should be viewed from a strategic point of view to achieve maximum food production.
Is the Agricultural Land Act outdated?
The Subdivision of Agricultural Land Act is outdated and the Preservation and Development of Agricultural Land Bill (PD-ALB) is still in its infancy. This has resulted in agriculture being at a disadvantage in terms of other mining legislation. Completing the PD-ALB is thus of paramount importance.
Should farmers negotiate with mining companies?
TAU SA: Farmers should negotiate with mining companies to ensure that their operations have as little impact as possible on farming operations and adhere to all legal requirements pertaining to the protection of natural resources in the area.
Should farmers engage mining developers?
Agri SA: Farmers should make sure that mining developers adhere to the legal requirements prescribed in the legislation. Agri SA’s guideline document contains basic compliance requirements to assist farmers. Farmers should preferably not engage mining developers individually, but as a group.
Is mining a threat to agriculture?
Mines that don’t meet legal requirements and agreed-on procedures should be heavily penalised. But mining is not the only threat to agriculture. Other industries and poorly managed sewage treatment plants also contribute to pollution of natural resources.
What is mining in science?
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef, or placer deposit. These deposits form a mineralized commodity that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, …
What is mining in the world?
Simplified world active mining map. Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef, or placer deposit. These deposits form a mineralized commodity that is of economic interest to the miner. Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, …
What is the process of mining?
Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed. Mining operations usually create a negative environmental impact, both during the mining activity and after the mine has closed.
How is placer or lode mined?
Both types of ore deposit, placer or lode, are mined by both surface and underground methods. Some mining, including much of the rare earth elements and uranium mining, is done by less-common methods, such as in-situ leaching: this technique involves digging neither at the surface nor underground.
What are the minerals that can be mined?
Ores recovered by mining include metals, coal, oil shale, gemstones, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, potash, gravel, and clay. Mining is required to obtain any material that cannot be grown through agricultural processes, or feasibly created artificially in a laboratory or factory.
How is surface mining done?
Surface mining is done by removing (stripping) surface vegetation, dirt, and, if necessary, layers of bedrock in order to reach buried ore deposits. Techniques of surface mining include: open-pit mining, which is the recovery of materials from an open pit in the ground, quarrying, identical to open-pit mining except that it refers to sand, stone and clay; strip mining, which consists of stripping surface layers off to reveal ore/seams underneath; and mountaintop removal, commonly associated with coal mining, which involves taking the top of a mountain off to reach ore deposits at depth. Most (but not all) placer deposits, because of their shallowly buried nature, are mined by surface methods. Finally, landfill mining involves sites where landfills are excavated and processed. Landfill mining has been thought of as a solution to dealing with long-term methane emissions and local pollution.
When was the first mining academy established?
In 1762, the world’s first mining academy was established in the same town there. The widespread adoption of agricultural innovations such as the iron plowshare, as well as the growing use of metal as a building material, was also a driving force in the tremendous growth of the iron industry during this period.
What is agriculture?
1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.
What is agriculture in biology?
2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).
What is agricultural enterprise?
Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from http://www.chanrobles.com/legal4agrarianlaw.htm.
What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic?
Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.
What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of?
3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).
What is agriculture especially convenient?
Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestry, and other activities. Further, the science of agriculture is dynamic.
What is the purpose of the plant?
It has two main divisions: plant or crop production and animal or livestock production; and its ultimate purpose is for food production, other human needs such as clothing, medicines, tools, artistic display, dwelling, and feed for animals, or for economic gain or profit.
What is the duty of mining companies?
Mining companies must conduct environmental impact assessments and illustrate how they are planning to rehabilitate the land. It is the duty of the affected farmer and the DMR to see to it that the company keeps its word.
What is AgriOrbit magazine?
AgriOrbit is a product of Centurion-based agricultural magazine publisher Plaas Media. Plaas Media is an independent agricultural media house. It is the only South African agricultural media house to offer a true 360-degree media offering to role-players in agriculture. Its entire portfolio is based on sound content of a scientific and semi-scientific nature.
Is mining a reality in South Africa?
Mining is a reality in South Africa, and it cannot be wished away. But the impact a mine has on a farm or a community is so great that this cannot be overlooked either.
What are the two major categories of mining?
The two major categories of modern mining include surface mining and underground mining. In surface mining, the ground is blasted so that ores near Earth’s surface can be removed and carried to refineries to extract the minerals. Surface mining can be destructive to the surrounding landscape, leaving huge open pits behind. In underground mining, ores are removed from deep within the earth. Miners blast tunnels into the rock to reach the ore deposits. This process can lead to accidents that trap miners underground.
How does mining affect the environment?
The mining process can also harm the environment in other ways. Mining creates a type of water pollution known as acid mine drainage. First, mining exposes sulfides in the soil.
What is the process of extracting useful materials from the earth?
Mining. Mining is the process of extracting useful materials from the earth. Some examples of substances that are mined include coal, gold, or iron ore. Iron ore is the material from which the metal iron is produced. The process of mining dates back to prehistoric times. Prehistoric people first mined flint, which was ideal for tools …
How does underground mining work?
In underground mining, ores are removed from deep within the earth. Miners blast tunnels into the rock to reach the ore deposits. This process can lead to accidents that trap miners underground. Along with accidents, a career in mining can also be dangerous since it can lead to health problems.
What is the name of the substance that is mined from the earth?
These profitable substances that are mined from the earth are called minerals . A mineral is typically an inorganic substance that has a specific chemical composition and crystal structure. The minerals are valuable in their pure form, but in the earth they are mixed with other, unwanted rocks and minerals.
What was the first thing people mined?
The process of mining dates back to prehistoric times. Prehistoric people first mined flint, which was ideal for tools and weapons since it breaks into shards with sharp edges. The mining of gold and copper also dates back to prehistoric times.
What does “miner” mean in mining?
person who searches or mines land for precious metals.
What is not included in Agricultural Production?
Tree and sod farms (if products are sold at retail and not replanted elsewhere by the grower) Agricultural production does not include: Storing or preserving raw materials before the start of the production process. Storing, preserving, handling, or moving finished goods.
What are the products of agriculture?
Fuel. Agricultural products can also be used to produce fuel. Ethanol—produced from corn, sugarcane, or sorghum —is the agricultural fuel product in widest use. Agricultural production byproducts can be used in industrial applications such as textiles or used to reinforce plastics. 2 .
What are some examples of agricultural products that NOP can certify?
Examples of agricultural items that the NOP can certify include such things as textiles, flowers, food, seed, plants, and feed. Items intended for other uses are not certified as organic. The basic guideline for what constitutes an agricultural product is as follows:
What are crops and animal products used for?
Crops and animal products are used for food, animal feed, and non-food products used by humans.
What is raw material?
Raw Materials. Raw materials are the products not refined or processed for use in one of the other categories. Many of the crops grown are used to feed animals that become other agricultural products.
What is a livestock product?
Any agricultural commodity or product, whether raw or processed, including any commodity or product derived from livestock, that is marketed in the United States for human or livestock consumption. 3
What are the four groups of crops?
Agricultural crops turned into products fall into one of four groups: foods, fuels, fibers, or raw materials . Roughly 11% of the planet’s land is dedicated to crop production, and close to 26% is being used for animal pastures. 1 .
What is crop production?
Crop Production (including nurseries, greenhouses, forestry) Mixing, loading and application of pesticides and any other farm labor that involves exposure to pesticides. Label restrictions typically require protective clothing and engineering controls (e.g., tractors with enclosed cabs and air recirculation systems).
How much oil can a farm store?
Farms storing more than 25 gallons in underground or above-ground tanks. Farmers who generate an average of 25 gallons or less per month of used oil from vehicles or machinery used on the farm in a calendar year are exempt from used oil regulations.
How many gallons of oil do farmers need to store?
Farmers exceeding 25 gallons are required to store the used oil in tanks meeting underground or above ground technical requirements and use transporters with EPA authorization numbers for removal from the farm. Oil spill: Any farm that has a discharge of oil that may reach navigable waters or adjoining shoreline.
What are some examples of minerals?
There are many mineral sources, for example, K-feldspars, micas, and illite. These are promising sources of potassium, and they also contain other minerals such as Mg, Fe, Ca, Na, Si, and a number of micronutrients. Mineral sources like amphiboles and pyroxenes are considered as important reservoirs of Mg, Fe, Ca, Si, and most of the micronutrients.
What are the minerals that plants take in?
There are many mineral sources, for example, K-feldspars, micas, and illite.
What are the minerals that are important for plant growth?
Mineral sources like amphiboles and pyroxenes are considered as important reservoirs of Mg, Fe, Ca, Si, and most of the micronutrients . The effects of mineral nutrients on plant growth are complex and the list of minerals and their vital roles in plant development are given below.
What is the role of zinc in plants?
Zinc (Zn): Zinc helps in the production of the plant hormones responsible for stem elongation and leaf expansion.
Gold Meets Cocoa in Ghana
to Mine Or to Farm?
Livelihood diversification is the norm in sub-Saharan Africa. The fact that farmers branch out into non-farm activities to secure a better livelihoodis well recorded. In Amansie Central District, one of the mining districts in the Ashanti region of Ghana, farmers diversify into artisanal and small-scale mining to reduce the risks inherent in cocoa farming and food crop production. Risks include err…
Competition For Resources
But the co-existence of mining and farming is not a simple win-win situation. For example, the costs can outweigh the benefits mining provides to communities. There is acute competitionover land and water resources. Farmers lose their land and farms to mostly informal and illegal mining activities. There is perhaps no single industry in Ghana that has precipitated more disputes over …
Despite the importance of mining and agriculture to economies such as Ghana’s, the dynamics of their interaction have seldom received attention. Such dynamics are sometimes underestimated by scholars, governments, corporate entities and donors. This has come with implications. The Ghana Cocoa Board, the country’s parastatal body mandated to regulating the cocoa industry, h…
Review of Other Definitions of Agriculture
Summation of The Meaning and Concept of Agriculture
The first 3 are scientific and practical definitions while numbered 4 to 8 are legal definitions and meaning of agriculture. These last 5 give more details on what is agriculture by enumerating the activities covered by the enterprise or practice. That contending parties have found the necessity to elevate to the Courtcontroversies in relation to what is agriculture only underscores the uncert…
Big Revamp on What Is Agriculture
This page may be one, if not the most, important content of this site. After all, this site is about agriculture or farming. This page is the very foundation of this site. It has to stand erect, robust, and strong to be able to carry the heavy load of content that it carries. It has to withstand the ravages of time and remain unblemished for eternity. It ought to remain alive and proud even wit…