What is the most important crop in South Asia?
RiceRice is the staple food crop for most Asians. Asia produces some 90 percent of the world’s total supply of rice.
What is most important agricultural crops in Asia?
Rice is by far the most important crop throughout Asia – 90% of the world’s production and consumption occurs in this region.
What are 2 important types of agriculture found in Southeast Asia?
Three broad types of small-scale agriculture are prominent throughout the region: ricefields, rainfed fields, and homegardens. Rice is the staple food of most Southeast Asians, and flooded rice paddies dominate most agricultural landscapes in Southeast Asia.
Which type of agriculture is most widely practiced in Southeast Asia?
Hint: In Southeast Asia, agricultural production remains focused around rice. The main agricultural production activity is rice cultivation, accounting for a higher share of gross production value than any other single crop.
What is the main crop in Southeast Asia?
Although rice is still the region’s main crop, other commodities such as maize, coffee, cocoa as well as fruits and vegetables are also important.
What crops originated in Southeast Asia?
BurmaCambodiaThailandCorn Cotton Millet Peanut Wet Season Peanut Winter Peanut Rice Soybean Sunflowerseed WheatCorn RiceCorn Corn (Dry) Corn (Wet) Palm Oil Rice Rice (Major Wet) Rice (Dry) Soybean Soybean (First Season) Soybean (Second Season)
What crops are grown in south Asia?
Rice and some wheat are grown, as well as pearl millet and sorghum, a wide variety of pulses and oilseeds, sugarcane, and vegetables and fruit.
Why is rice farming the most important agricultural activity in Southeast Asia?
Ending hunger and malnutrition in Southeast Asia is essential and rice plays a critical role. Rice is the single most important staple in the region as it provides 50% of calorie intake for its population. The region’s rice areas comprise 48 million ha or almost 30% of the world rice harvest.
What kind of crops are grown in East Asia?
Major crops are wheat and maize, with smaller areas of rice, cotton, soybeans, sweet potato and rape – depending on local temperature and water conditions – as well as citrus and some temperate fruits. Livestock are important, particularly cattle, pigs and poultry.
What is grown in Southwest Asia?
IntroductionDomesticated cropWild progenitorCommon nameScientific nameScientific namePeaPisum sativumPisum humileChickpeaCicer arietinumCicer reticulatumBitter vetchVicia erviliaVicia ervilia5 more rows
Which part of Asia is best for agriculture?
Top Asian Countries for Organic FarmingKazakhstan. … Indonesia. … Philippines. Organic Farming (hectares): 80,974. … Iran. Organic Farming (hectares): 42,634. … Vietnam. Organic Farming (hectares): 36,285. … Thailand. Organic Farming (hectares): 32,577. … Korea. Organic Farming (hectares): 25,467. … Timor-Leste.More items…•
Which plantation farming is Practised in India and Southeast Asia?
Answer: Jute – Also called ‘golden crop’, jute grows best in tropical regions, where rainfall is high and the weather is humid. Hence you will find jute cultivation is common in the coastal areas of India and Bangladesh. Tea – It is a plantation crop and an important beverage across Asia.
What is the most important development in Asian agriculture?
The most important modern development in Asian agriculture has been the introduction of new high-yielding strains of cereals. Several Asian countries have utilized this technology, and the yield per acre for cereals has increased substantially since the late 1960s.
What is the most important food crop in Asia?
Rice is the staple food crop for most Asians. Asia produces some 90 percent of the world’s total supply of rice. Except in the Middle East, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Siberia, Central Asia, and Malaysia, rice occupies more land area than any other single crop. The total proportion of land under rice cultivation, as compared with total arable land, is highest in Vietnam, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka; it varies between one-fourth and half in most Asian countries outside the Middle East, Central Asia, and Siberia. In spite of this, many countries (among them Sri Lanka and Bangladesh) are not self-sufficient in rice. Thailand, Pakistan, and Vietnam are notable rice exporters.
What are the different types of fruits?
Among the main varieties of fruit produced are bananas, mangoes, apples, oranges and other citrus fruits, pineapples, papayas, and some specialities such as mangosteen (a dark reddish brown fruit), litchi (a grape-shaped fruit in a brittle red rind), and durian (a large oval fruit with a prickly rind, a soft pulp, and a distinctive odour).
How does irrigation work in Asia?
The traditional method of irrigation in Asia is by gravity water flow. The water from upstream storage reservoirs or diversion dams is carried through canals to field distributaries. In some systems the fields adjoin one another, and the water is able to flow from one field to the next; it may, however, take some time for the water to move across the fields back to the canal system. The disadvantages of this system include water loss by evaporation and seepage and the possibility that the continuously flowing water will carry with it soil nutrients, fertilizers, and pesticides. In Japan and Taiwan water is moved by small electric pumps, which operate continuously during the growing seasons.
Why is Asia uncultivated?
Agriculture of Asia. By far the greater part of Asia remains uncultivated, primarily because climatic and soil conditions are unfavourable. Conversely, in the best growing areas an extraordinarily intensive agriculture is practiced, made possible by irrigating the alluvial soils of the great river deltas and valleys.
Which crops require the most water?
Of the principal crops cultivated, rice, sugarcane, and, in Central Asia, sugar beets require the most water. Legumes, root crops, and cereals other than rice can be grown even on land watered only by natural precipitation.
Where is the most rice grown?
The total proportion of land under rice cultivation, as compared with total arable land, is highest in Vietnam, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka; it varies between one-fourth and half in most Asian countries outside the Middle East, Central Asia, and Siberia. In spite of this, many countries (among them Sri Lanka and Bangladesh) are not self-sufficient in …