Want to know about the latest techniques that are being used in farming? Here, I have brought an article about the latest technique used for farming i.e. Hydroponics-farming. This farming is largely gaining popularity in metro-cities.
What is Hydroponics or Hydroculture?
Hydroponics could be a set of Hydroculture, that is a methodology of growing plants not in soil but instead of soil it uses solutions of mineral nutrient in a water solvent. Terrestrial plants are also grownup with solely their roots exposed to the wholesome liquid, or the roots are also physically supported by an associate inert medium like perlite or gravel.
The nutrients utilized in Hydroculture systems can come from an array of various sources, as well as (but not restricted to) byproduct from fish waste material, duck manure, or purchased chemical fertilizers. Plants ordinarily grownup hydroponically embrace tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, lettuces, and marijuana.
• Step 1: A tank containing a nutrient water solution is pumped up into a growing receptacle through a network of PVC pipes.
- The correct balance of Nutrients, Water, and Gas reduces the time for harvesting
- Controlled surrounding reduces plant stress for healthier growth.
• Step 2. Growing trays: The growing medium is placed into NFT hydroponic pots and positioned in a receptacle that forms a part of the pipe network that conveys the nutrient water solution.
- Undercover: Not stricken by Climate-related problems that is Flood, Wind, and Drought
- No Soil, No Pesticides or Diseases related to soil
• Step 3: The nutrient water solution is directed via the pipes into a filter system wherever the effluent is collected, filtered, treated, recycled and pumped up back to the reservoir tank.
- Nutrient water is recycled, reducing overall water usage considerably
- Machine-driven sensors allow quicker crop turnover and reduced labor.
What is the Cost in Hydroponics Farming?
The cost of Hydroponics farming depends largely upon the size of the outer structure, lightning, NFT, and many other minor factors. Basic costing in Hydroponics farming includes:
- The outer structure: The cost of outer structures varies in the range 20lakhs to 40lakhs per acre depending upon structures like shade-net, poly-house, temperature control, etc.
- Buying the NFT system from market generally costs INR 500 per sq. ft.
- Other costing such as hiring labors, buying the new pipes, etc depends on area and quality.
So, Binding up all the expenses and depending upon the technology, Hydroponics can cost you as lower as 40lakhs and as higher as 2crore.
Grow your plants with Hydroponic tailored kits:
Hydroponic plants have the next-level rate of growth than soil plants grownup beneath similar condition. They additionally turn out bigger yields. The benefits of Hydroculture are massive in rapidly expanding economies like Bangalore and Gurgaon.
Hydroponic plants even have fewer issues with un-wellness, funguses, and bug infestations. You’ll be able to grow nearly any vegetable, flora or fruit that you just wish in your agriculture garden.
Hydroponic systems also are useful to the atmosphere. Gardening in Hydroculture perpetually reuses the nutrient solutions that mean that it uses less water than soil agriculture.
Through the employment of Hydroculture tailored kits that are currently accessible through various channels within the market, the price of Hydroculture farming in India has gone down significantly.
Though growing plants in a much tailored Hydroculture kit are measurably quite simple to grow, there are certain other belongings that you will require besides hydroponic system, also some belongings you have to understand to grow your plants with success.
Here are some important measures you will need and wish to understand about: nutrition, understanding of pH scale, humidity, lighting, and pest management. The foremost necessary factor to get started is to think about the proper system that is tailored for Hydroculture growing.
India contains a variety of active urban areas, Hydroculture in metro cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, and, Gurgaon is the ultimate way to allow people to grow clean, pesticide-free food with comfort and security of their own homes.
How Hydroculture is different from Regular farming?
Gardening has evolved into a future stage with the introduction of growing strategies like Hydroponics. As we know, “Hydro” means related to water and “Phonics” that means working in the shortest and straightforward interpretation of this methodology. It principally removes the necessity for the soil as a medium for growth, support, and delivery of nutrition and replaces it.
This methodology leverages the precedence of controlled production to grow more guaranteed crop result than soil where production largely depends upon the goodwill of the seasons and Mother Nature.
The fundamental distinction is that Hydroponic growing needs specialized types of equipment that additionally optimizes the growing method. For example, Nutrient Film Technique normally used to grow leaf vegetable and herbs uses a skinny film of water that fully reduces the plants to grow long and thick fibrous root systems and concentrate on growing their leaves and stems therefore greatly reducing seed to reap times and increasing the harvestable material from the plant. The nutrients that are added can further also be designed to cater to the leaf vegetable growth and boost this production to another level.
Unlike soil agriculture, Hydroculture can be done anyplace and by anyone. It reduces the complexness of problem-solving associated with soil farming. Hydroculture is easy to adapt and dismantle to move, that is, somebody doing hydroponic farming in Gurgaon may overnight pack up their hydroponic system and shift it to a different place of residence.
Another modification that hydroponics brings to the table against ancient strategies of soil farming is that the power of data and technology. In one year of soil growing the number of things touching soil fertility and composition can be too large and troublesome to manage or correct generally one seasonal event will render acres of land useless for farmers. However Hydroponic farming can be used as tracking the performance in internodal areas at a specific season, below-set temperatures and nutrient levels below monitored light intensities.
Why Choose Hydroponics?
Hydroponics is a wonderful selection for every kind of growers. It’s a good selection as it provides you the power to meticulous manage the variables that have an effect on your plant’s growth. A fine-tuned hydroponic system will simply surpass a soil primarily based system in plant quality and quantity of turn out yielded.
If you would like to grow the most important, juiciest, yummiest plants you can probably imagine, then hydroponics is that the right selection for you. It’s going to appear discouraging initially with all the instrumentality and work concerned; however, it’ll all appear straightforward once you get the knowledge of the fundamentals.
Clear Winner: Yield in Hydroponics
There are several reasons why farmers are giving preference to grow their crops soil-less Hydroponic strategies rather than ancient soil-based strategies.
A number of Hydroponic farming key benefits includes a lot of energy/water economical, less weeding, a lot of space-saving, a lot of energy/water economical, less weeding, and fewer pests.
Tank farming additionally allows growing in controlled and creative conditions that can turn out to be the most ideal conditions for certain plants.
However, the only most compelling reason for farmers to change to soil-less farming is its ability to considerably increase crop yield.
As Soya crop yield was compared in both in-soil farming and soil-less farming, the yield turned out to be more than double in case of soil-less farming. One acre of lands grew 600lbs of Soya in soil farming while the figures reached 1550lbs in case of Hydroponics. The yield is considerably higher than that of in-soil farming.
Another example is of Beans crop, Here, the yield turned out to be more than 4 times than that of in-soil farming. In-soil farming the yield was 5tons per acre while it was 21tons in Hydroponics farming. Hydroponics farming allows you to gain more yield. It is high time to initialize the use of Hydroponics farming for larger yield and raised revenues.