- 1 Peach Farming Process, Profit and Business Plan
- 2 Peach Health Benefits
- 3 How Start a New Peach Farm?
- 4 How to Grow Peach?
- 5 Irrigation in Peach Farming
- 6 Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Peach Farming
- 7 Intercultural Activities
- 8 Peach Tree | Pests, and Diseases
- 9 Harvesting Peaches
Peach Farming Process, Profit and Business Plan
Peach fruit is an extraordinary gem fruit crop, which is mostly cultivated in the temperate zone in the colder region, mainly on the hilly areas such as J & K, Meghalaya, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, etc. Meghalaya cultivate and produced the most throughout the India. Quality peach can be produced in the hilly areas, however, during 1960’s, inferior quality of peach fruits named, ‘Chakali’ peach was grown on the plains.
Now, with the facility of low chilling peach requirement, this crop become the most important and extraordinary fruits crop of the plains. Usually, this stone fruit is eaten as a fresh. However, it is possible to prepare many of delightful squash from its numerous varieties.
Mainly, this fruit crop is cultivated most of its oil. Its oil is mainly used for preparing numbers of cosmetic products. This fruit is also used in preparing many of useful medicinal products. Apart from this, they are also rich in iron and various essential minerals such as fluoride, potassium, etc along with antioxidants and some other biochemical contents. The kernel of fruit is also used for obtaining the extraordinary oil.
However, with advanced farming techniques and technology, it is possible to grow peach all over the world. All over the world, China is the biggest producer of peach fruits.
Peach Health Benefits
Since this stone fruit contents lots of nutritious value, the health benefits of this fruits are hardly known by us and also its regular eater. So, let’s learn the health benefits of peach.
- Peach enhance the eye vision capability and also keeps the eye healthy.
- Peach is good for skin health and that is why it is mainly used for preparing cosmetic items.
- Consuming peach is also helpful in maintaining the body weight if taken regularly.
- Peach also prevents you from some of the cancers such as colon, lung, and oral cancer.
- Peach fruits are also helpful in controlling the high cholesterol level in the body.
- Peach fruits are also beneficial in improving the Cardiovascular Health.
- Peach fruits also support good digestive system or health.
- Peach fruits are also helpful in controlling the blood pressure of the body.
- This fruits also prevent you from Anemia.
- Peach fruits are also good for the heart health.
So, let’s add this awesome fruits to your regular diet plan to take advantages of the peach health benefits.
How Start a New Peach Farm?
Select a Suitable Peach Variety
All over the world, there are about more than 300 kinds of peaches are present, which are used for commercial cultivation. However, each of them has different growing region have a different yielding capacity. Here below is a list of some popular peach variety, which is grown most to meet the market demand.
- Yellow Peaches
- White Peaches
- Freestone Peaches
- Clingstone Peaches
- Donut Peaches
Agroclimatic Condition for Growing Peach fruits
Since this crop is a cold season and temperate crop, with advanced farming techniques, it is possible to cultivate Peach fruit crop over a wide range of climate condition. These fruits trees have some tolerant to the hot and warmer climatic conditions as compared to the other’s stone fruits crop.
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However, peach fruit crop requires a clear, clean, and warmer atmosphere at the time of fruiting stage. Also, during this stage, a minimum temp. around 25 ºC is required for well ripening of peach fruits.
Soil Requirement for Peach Farming
Peach farming can be done over a wide variety of soils. However, they can thrive their best in a deep and loamy soil which is also rich in all the essential organic matter content.
Since this crop is very prone to the water stagnation, this fruit crop also requires a good internal soil drainage. To produce quality and best peaches, cultivate them on high hills, foothills and also one mid hill.
How to Grow Peach?
Land Preparation for Peach Farming
For growing peaches, dug a pit having dimensions 0.75 m x 0.75 m x 0.75 at about 5 m apart from each other. Then, add about 25 kg of farmyard manure along with 150 gm of Urea, 150 gm of MOP, 300 gm of SSP, and 50 gm of chlorpyriphos to each of the prepared pits, for healthy growth of peach plants.
How to Plant Peach Seeds
For planting peach through seeds, plant the seeds in a pit at a depth of 4 inches deep and then cover it with a mulch, about 1/2 inches deep. Provide water just after planting seeds in the pit. Then after, give water on the basis of plant need. After some time, a seedling will appear in the pot.
However, commercial peach farming, this crop is mainly propagated by grafting and rootstock method.
Keep the selected seeds in moist sand for about 100 days for delamination. Then after, treat the seeds with GA3 @ 250 mg per liter of water and thiourea @ 10 grams per liter of water to increase the germination % and vigor.
Then sow these seeds in prepared beds at depth, 5 to 6 cm at 15 cm apart from each other. The row to row spacing should be 15 to 20 cm. With this method, the best time for planting season is from Oct. to Nov. Give a light irrigation just after the planting on the beds.
In this method of the plantation, cuts a 5 cm graft from 12 months older rootstock from about 25 cm above from the field. Cut the graft in tongue form from the rootstock. Then it should be planted in the prepared pit followed by a light irrigation for good setting of grafted rootstock.
Peach Planting Season
The best season for planting peach is from June to August means before the monsoon season starts. And, a light irrigation should be given after the plantation.
However, cultivating this crop in irrigated conditions, the plantation can be done from early of December and late January.
Irrigation in Peach Farming
Give the first irrigation, just after planting the seeds on the main field. However, there is no need for any irrigation in the rainy season.
Also, watering with drip irrigation is the best way of giving water to the plants. And it has numbers of advantages over the traditional method of irrigation.
Watering is essential at the time of critical stages such as flowering stage, budding stage, and fruit setting stage.
Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Peach Farming
The following is the chart for application of manure and fertilizers to this, commercial fruit crops. Give the suitable dose per each plant:
|Plants Age in Years||FYM (kg)||Urea (grams)||SSP (grams)||MOP (grams)|
|1st year||5 kg||250 gm||250 gm||200 gm|
|2nd year||10 kg||500 gm||500 gm||300 gm|
|3rd year||15 kg||800 gm||800 gm||400 gm|
|4th year||20 kg||1100 gm||1100 gm||500 gm|
|5th year and above||30 kg||1250 gm||1250 gm||600 gm|
Note: For good growth of peach plants, it is essential to provide all the mentioned above micronutrient time to time.
Weed Control in Peach Farming
A manual weeding is should be done after about one month of the seed plantation on the main field.
However, spraying an effective weedicide to this crop is the best way for controlling weeds in this commercial crop.
Intercropping in Peach Farming
With intercropping, you can create extra income via utilizing the free space in your field. The following are some crops which are most suitable for intercropping with peach fruits plants.
However, one can go for any other vegetable crops for intercropping with peach fruits plant crop.
But, intercrop any, before the plants start bearing fruits.
Peach Tree | Pests, and Diseases
Peach Tree Pests
The following is the list of some common pests of peach tree:
- Oriental Fruit Moth
- Peachtree Borer
- Sucking Bugs
- Plum Curculio
- Catfacing Insects
- White Peach Scale
- Lesser Peachtree Borer
Peach Tree Diseases
The following is the list of some common diseases of peach tree:
- Brown Rot
- Peach Scab
- Bacterial Spot
- Peach Leaf Curl
- Powdery Mildew
- Crown Gall
- Phytophthora Root
- Crown Rot
- Oak Root Rot
- Peach Tree Short Life
Presence of any of them can reduce the production. So, learn the symptoms and take a suitable controlling measure as sooner as they observed in your peach farm.
Note: Consult your local horticultural department for learning the symptoms and controlling measures of all these mentioned pests and diseases of the peach tree.
Carry out fruit harvesting, when they start to attain good color gesture along with the hard skin. Depending on your selling purpose, pick them at the correct time. For selling them in the local market, fruits should be harvested, when the ripe fully. For exporting them to the distant market, harvest these fruits, before they ripen fully.
For harvesting, pick them with hands by twisting them.
The best time for harvesting or picking peach is April to May in peach farming.
Yield of Peach Farming
The yield of this crop depends on numbers of key factors such as the type of soil, peach variety along with the farm management skills.
However, on averagely, one can easily collect about more than 30 kg fruits per each peach tree from a two yrs or three yrs old peach tree.
Have a Happy Peach Farming