- 1 Raising Pigs for Meat Production
- 2 Why Should I Select Pig Farming Business?
- 3 How to Start Pig Farming Business?
- 4 Pig | Care, And Management
- 5 Pig | Diseases
- 6 Pig Slaughtering & Marketing
- 7 Pig Farm | Video
- 8 Final Words
Raising Pigs for Meat Production
About Pig Farming
Rearing pigs as a business plan is really a profitable business that can create a huge and rapid income in a very short time period. One who wants to raise animal commercially, them pig is one of preferred and most raise animal by the people for creating income from its meat. The main advantage of rearing pigs is that it can give birth to 5 to 15 children as a single time so that your business is going to increase rapidly. Apart from creating a great profit, pig farming is also a good source of employment for the young and educated unemployed youth.
Pig Farming has a great market potential for it’s tasty and delicious meat. Apart from being delicious, pig meat is also high in protein content. One can also create a good income by exporting pork or pig meat. In addition to eating pig meat as food, each and every part of pig’s body is useful. Number’s of luxury items are made from pig fat, skin, hair, pork, and bones.
Anyone can create a huge income via raising pigs as a business plan, but it requires right and fact to factual information to make it more and more profitable one. Presently, there are numbers of training center’s, which provides training for commercial pig farming. Also, it is a good idea to raise only commercial pig breeds, since this business plant is base on the meat, commercial breed of pig weight averagely from 85 to 100 kg, whereas the usual breed of pig weight up to 50 kg. In addition to the capacity of good weight, the meat from the commercial breed of pig is also delicious in taste and is high in protein content.
A few years ago, the business of raising or rearing pig or pig farming is not considered a good job and is thought to be the business of socially back warded people. But, nowadays, this business plan is followed by numbers of people, throughout the globe. Pig farming, being commercially followed in India, it is also followed in China, Russia, Brazil, America, and Germany and many other countries all over the globe.
Why Should I Select Pig Farming Business?
There are many advantages of rearing or raising pigs as commercial business plan. Here below is a list of some advantages of the pig farming business plan.
- Require Less Capital: It is easy to set up a pig farming business since it requires less initial investment to prepare the house for them and other facilities.
- Rapid Growth Rate: Pigs have high feed conversion capability that means they grow faster in comparison to the other domestic animal. In addition to this, pigs are capable of converting all types of waste and inedible food, grain byproduct, garbages, forages, etc to nutritious and tasteful meat.
- Easy Food Availability: Pigs are capable of eating all types of food including waste and inedible food, grain byproduct, garbages, forages, waste from fruits and vegetables, sugarcane, etc. They are also capable of eating grasses and green plants.
- High in Productive: The maturity age of pig ranges from 8 to 9 months. After that, they can breed twice a year. And, every single go, they can give birth to 5 to 15 young ones.
- High Meat Producing Rate: One can obtain meat from the pig, up to more than 75 % of body weight from a living pig.
- Great Market Potential: There is a great market potential of pig’s meat on both; local and international market since pork is higher in energy, fat and also in water content in addition to taste.
- Pig Manure & Fat: The manure from pigs is also used as fertilizer. Pig manure is also used to fishes in fish farming.
- Pig Fat: The fat, obtained from the pig is also utilized for feeding poultry birds, and also for preparing soap, paints in chemical industries. And, is being increasing day to day.
- Pig Byproducts: The meat from pig has great market demand. You can also export it to the international market. And, the pig byproducts such as bacon, ham, sausages, lard, pork, etc also have high market demand.
- Good Source of Employment: Pig farming business plan provides a good source of employment to the young, educated and uneducated to the unemployed youth.
So, this is why? the pig farming business plan is preferred more by the peoples currently. So, let’s learn how to start pig farming business?
How to Start Pig Farming Business?
Rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat is a not hard working job, but to achieve a good profit from this business plan requires good farm management practices which include the selection of productive breed of pig, selection of suitable good farm location, Constructing a good house for pigs, feeding management, breeding pigs, controlling diseases and also marketing pig products.
So, let’s learn all these tasks in detail.
Selecting a Suitable Farm Location
The first thing in starting a pig farm is to select a best and suitable location for your pig. You have to assure several facilities to ensure a good and rapid income from pig farming business.
Select a place for your farm, which is facilitated by a good source of fresh and clean water which is free from noise. For establishing a farm at best place, the rural region is considered as the best suitable. Since, in the rural region, there is easy availability of labors at the cheaper rate.
However, a good market near your farm is also very helpful in marketing your pig products and can sell them at a good rate. Make sure of the good facility of medications, and vaccines. In this, having a facility of the veteran is the best thing. A good transportation is also required.
Raise a High Yielding And Productive Breed of Pig
There are numbers of species available in the market, which are raised commercially throughout the globe. But, it is a good idea to select a fast maturing and highly productive commercial breed of pig. However, White Yorkshire, Hampshire, Light White Yorkshire, Landrace, Duroc, Indigenous, and Knight houses are more prevalent.
However, here is a list of few breeds of pig, which are mostly used for raising pigs for meat, all over the world.
- Chester White
- Poland China
This is a commercial breed of pig, which is mostly used for rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat. It is white in color and has dark sport on their body parts. They have slightly raised face and have medium size ears. They also have a very high reproductive capacity.
Usually, the male of this species weighs from 300 to 400 kg whereas the female of this species weighs from 200 to 325 kg. So, they are considered as the best one since this business is totally based on the meat production.
This is also one of the best commercial breeds of pig. It has a longer body with too snout ear and nose. It is white in color. It has very excellent reproductive power as like the Yorkshire species have.
The average weight of such types of the pig is from 250 kg to 350 kg whereas the females have weighed from 200 kg to 300 kg.
This commercial species of the pig is of medium size. They have thick physical and they are black in color. This species of the pig is considered as the best commercial breed of pig for meat businessmen.
The male of this breed weighs around 320 kg whereas the females of this species weigh around 250 kg.
Ghangaru species of the pig is also raised commercially as a business to create income by selling their meat. This species of pig have an excellent maturing power. In addition to their excellent growth rate, there also a requirement of less effort to maintain them.
They are capable of converting all the waste and garbage into high quality of meat. In addition to this, they have excellent reproductive power. At a single time, they can give birth to about 7 to 14 young one, weighing about 1.0 kg at the time of birth.
Constructing a comfortable house for reared pigs is another important task that plays important role in your business. Satisfactory housing with all the essential equipment is required for making pig farming successful as a business. The house will not provide shelter to your reared pigs, but it also keeps away all the time of predator, parasites, numerous pig diseases, many other crucial factors.
However, be assured of all the essential requirement of the pig should be well facilitated. Along with all the essential requirement, there is also need of good ventilation system in the house for keeping the farrowing, weaner, boar, and dry sow separately. There is different space requirement for each type of the pig.
Also, try to create a happy environment which is free from pollution which needs a distinctive farm location. Also, housing for them will help you in collecting the disposal, which can be sold as manure in the market, which has very excellent demand in the agriculture. Also, the outside and inside environment of your house should be protected all the times for higher meat production.
Make sure of proper hygiene of your farm. Your farm should be dry and clean. During winter, make use of heat lamp in the house to keep your farm warmer. However, it is a good to prepare the bed by using the straw to create a warmer environment in your pig house. Whereas in the summer, create a healthy environment because, in the drier environment, pigs used to lose weight, around 5 kg, each a day.
Keeping pig’s healthy and happy because this business, pig farming mainly depends on the meat.
This is the most important task of this business, commercial pig farming business. Because the health, growth rate, reproductive power, etc all factors depends on the feeding. Feeding a high-quality food which is also full of nutritious to your pigs for keeping them healthy and happy. It can be bought from the market or can be prepared at home.
For preparing a nutritious and a high-quality fodder for pigs, one can use maize, wheat, oat, sorghum, grains, rice, and other millets. Protein can be supplement by adding meat meal, fishmeal, oil cakes, etc to it. Also, add all the minerals and vitamins to it for making it more nutritious. In addition to this, try to add antibiotic, about 10 mg per kg of fodder as the supplement.
The best way of feeding pigs is to keeping the separately and feeding them alone on the basis of their age. Since they require food on the basis of their body weight and age. However, it is a good idea to allow them for feeding on green legumes. There is also need of providing the adequate amount of clean & fresh water along with sufficient food.
In commercial pig farming business, it is a good to feed the reared pigs on the basis of their body weight and age. Here below is a chart for you, showing the food requirement of the pig with different body weight.
|Food Requirement on the Basis of Pigs Body Weight|
|Pigs Weight||Daily Food (kg) Required Per Pig|
|25 kg||2.5 kg|
|50 kg||3.5 kg|
|100 kg||5.5 kg|
|150 kg||7.0 kg|
|200 kg||8.0 kg|
|250 kg||8.5 kg|
The breeding process in the pig is very simple and easy. Usually, the commercial breeds of pigs, both; males and females take about 8 to 9 months for becoming mature for breeding. At this stage, both males and females weigh around 100 kg.
The heat period in the female ranges up to three days. The first day of the heating period is considered as the best for breeding for the Gilt Whereas for Sow, the 2nd day is considered as the best. This can become suitable again for breeding after about a week from the weaning.
The gestation phase in the pigs is around 120 days. A female can reproduce twice a year and each of the time, it is capable of giving birth to about 6 to 14 young ones at each time. However, use only healthy pig, both males, and females for the breeding purpose.
Pig | Care, And Management
Rearing pigs or raising pigs for meat is not a hard working job, but to obtain a good profit from this business requires good care and management of these mammals. It is essential to keep them healthy and happy since this business is totally depended on selling of body that is the meat of pigs. So, take good care of them. Also, always keep them safe from all types of diseases. There is no need of all the male piglets for breeding, so they can be sold after some weeks of their birth by keeping some healthy male piglets.
There is also need of good fodder management in pigs for their healthy and fast growth. Since additional care should be taken of sow or female during the lactation period. There is also need of more care of breeding boar, newborn piglets, and pregnant females. A proper vaccination of these young ones should be done when they are three to four weeks older.
A calm environment is needed for healthy growth of pigs and piglets. Also, avoid guests in the house.
Pig | Diseases
Here below is a list of some common diseases, that are found in the pig.
All these diseases are based on the body part of systems.
- Rectal Prolapse
- Salmonella Infections
- Dry, and Flaky Skin
- Sarcoptic mange
- Bleeding back syndrome or dippity pig syndrome
- Infectious arthritis
- Overgrown or cracked hooves
- Systemic bacterial infection
- Salt toxicity
- Atrophic Rhinitis
- Swine influenza
- Cystitis and urolithiasis
- Psychogenic water consumption
- Chronic kidney failure
Note: Apart from the above list of pigs diseases, your animals may get infected with any other unknown disease. So, learn the symptoms of all the pig diseases and cured them as soon as they observed in your pig farm.
Pig Slaughtering & Marketing
When pigs attain their slaughtering age, one can sell them into the local market as well as export to the international market. Since marketing of your business is the easiest task in pig farming because there is a great demand for pig meat and have great market potential. One can easily sell the other pig byproducts to the local market. Since exporting pig meat and other byproducts can give you more profit.
Pig Farm | Video
Here below is a video of Slaughtering Pig. Watch it out!!!
Slaughter Pig | Video
Let’s learn it and Enjoy this business!!!
Indian Pig Farms
See how to maintan an indian pig farm in the follwoing video.
Commercial pig farming or rearing pigs for meat is really a profitable business which can create a huge income in a very short time period. Nowadays, the social scene this business has greatly changed. There are many modern techniques developed for commercial pig farming.
However, to make it more and more profitable and successful, farmers have to take training from well-known training centers so that they can attain some practical knowledge of pig rearing business. There is need of a comfortable shelter and environment for them. Also, feeding them with a nutritious fodder along with clean and fresh water is also essential to keep the pig happy and healthy. Provide them proper protection and medicines to earn a lot from this business.
Have a grand Success in Pig Farming Business