Prawn Farming Guide At Home For Beginners | Cultivation

Prawn Farming | Cultivation 

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Little About Prawn Farming or Cultivation

Are you interested in starting your own Prawn farm as a business plan? Then you are at the right platform. Today, I am here with all the information about Prawn farming such as the Investment, food, pest and disease and also, what is the profit margin in the Prawn farming.

prawn farming

Is Prawn a fish?

Yes… Prawn is a type of fish, which has plenty of market demand because of its taste and also their benefits in numbers of the country, all over the globe. Besides consuming more in India, Prawns are also consumed in United Kingdom, Japan, United States, including the Commonwealth countries on large scale.

Prawn farming has their own importance in the fisheries industry. Nowadays, Prawns have acquired a specific place in the diet of many peoples all over the globe. Many peoples are fond of eating Prawns, as directly, as fried or in any other way…

This farming business does not require much capital and also a large land. Nowadays, numbers of people are doing this; Prawn farming business and earning millions of money. Friends, earning millions of money from it is not a hard working job, but it requires proper care and management. So, it is essential to learn, only correct and proper information about Prawn farming to earn a great success in this farming business.

Benefits of Prawns

Prawns are not only beneficial in the business sector but are also beneficial to us in various ways. Prawns are rich in minerals and vitamins, which are able to treat numbers of diseases, present in our healthy body making us sick or unhealthy or unfit.

prawn farming

Now, let us learn what are the health benefits of eating Prawns in the following section.

  • Prawns are the excellent¬†source of¬†The presence of¬†Selenium in our body directly¬†prevent the¬†growth of cancer cells¬†in the body. So, Prawns can keep us from many cancer.
  • The content of¬†fatty acids¬†in the Prawns is too high, which is helpful in keeping a¬†healthy heart.
  • Prawns are also an excellent source of¬†Calcium, which is helpful in¬†strengthening the bones.
  • The¬†Vitamin E¬†present in the Prawns is also helpful in¬†keeping healthy skin¬†and also preventing all the skin infections.
  • The¬†Vitamin B12¬†presence in the Prawns is also beneficial in the cleaning of the¬†nerves and¬†arteries of our body.
  • Prawns are¬†low-calorie food. So, eating Prawns is also¬†beneficial in weight loss¬†and being healthy.

Presence of all these minerals and vitamins in Prawns, consuming them is beneficial in many ways. Eating Prawns is also helpful in preventing many diseases, present in our to make healthy and fit.

Think Before Starting Prawn Farming

It is a great idea to start farming smartly, and a smart farmer always considers about the essential, cost and investments and also some task before starting this farming business. Here is a guide for you, learn these points, take some time and think about them before starting Prawn raising the business.

  1. Learn how many types of Prawns are there in the world and decide of them, which one can give you more profit?
  2. Also, learn the how much it cost to start a new Prawn farm, depending on the scale of your business.
  3. Also, think about the fodder, care, and management needed for the growing Prawns economically.
  4. Also, learn how to prepare Prawn nutritious fodder at home only? if you not much capital.
  5. Also, think of the space, cost, initial capital required for starting Prawn farming.
  6. Also, learn how to test your water to find out the elements present in it.

Whatever is this, it is advised to take a visit to your nearest Prawn farm, if available to learn all these points in deeper and also better information about this.

prawn farming


How to Start Prawn Farming

Nowadays, Prawn Farming business is being very popular and is also increasing more. New growers select this business plan firstly rather than going for any other commercial farming business because of great profit margin. And, the popularity of Prawns in the market is being raised more and more from day to day. There is also a great demand of Prawns in the food processing industry, because of which Prawns are growing more by the new growers.

Apart from all these shrubs, Prawns farming can also be done with other commercial farming, such as duck farming, fish farming, etc. Nowadays, it is possible to raise Prawn all time during the complete year and the craziness of it is also increasing.

For having your own Prawn farm, you must have sufficient size pond as basic essential. If you have not any pond, then it is advised to take one on lease or construct your own pond. It is great ideas to take pond on the lease.

As with Commercial fish farming, this farming business also requires a pond having sufficient size, so that Prawn can grow well. So, for commercial Prawn farming, a 1,500 sq feet area is good enough to start a new Prawn farming business. Prepare a pond having dimension 8 X 8 feet for farming Prawns which should have a depth of about 5 feet deeper.

Initial Investment in the Prawn Farming

This farming business does not require much capital as an initial investment and can give you good returns in a very short time period. A capital of 75,000 as the initial investment is good enough to start a profitable prawn farming business in a one-acre pond. In around 8 to 9 months, you will be able to harvest this costliest yield. The costliest input in this farming is the investment of baby prawns or living prawns. You can collect those growing prawn easily from the market. Usually, the price of one kg baby or living prawns is ranging from Rs 300 to 500. However, raising high quality and fast growing baby Prawns can lead to good profits.

So, here below is the calculation of all material along with their cost, which is essential to start a new prawn farm.

Type of Investment Cost of that Investment (in Rs)
Cost of Prawn Shed Rs 15,000
Cost of Food Rs 5,000
Cost of Fertilizer Rs 5,000
Cost of preparing a pond [one time (100 feet pond)] Rs 30,000
Cost of Miscellaneous Investment Rs 20,000
Total Expenses  Rs 75,000

Note that the above mention calculation can vary from person to person depending on the level of business. This can also vary depending on the selection of various equipment.

Site Requirements

Fro starting a prawn farming business, a land is an essential need having sufficient size to raise the prawns in the pond. So, select a good farm location for your business of growing prawns commercially. Availability of water at that location is also basic essential. Also, pay attention to the distance, how near is your farm from the nearest local market. Establishing a prawn farm near a city is can reduce the cost of transportation to raise your profit from the products. A city connected with roads is the best way of cheapest transportation with any vehicle.


There is some basic requirement, without which the business of growing or raising prawns is not possible and is also not profitable one. So, it is a good idea to acquire all the basic needs of prawn, which needed initially for the growing prawns as a business plan.

Here below is the list of all the basic requirements, required for prawn farming.

  • A pond with a good and clean water source
  • Healthy and quality baby prawn to raise
  • Farm shades
  • Manpower: Low-cost labor
  • Some vehicles for the means of transportation for carrying your product to the market
  • A good and quality food; should have a well stock
  • A net to collect the prawn from the pond

Prawn Culture In The Pond

Preparing A Fertile And Productive Pond

For starting the commercial prawn farming, you have to construct a sufficient size pond so that prawns can grow well and you can obtain healthy and quality product from this business plan to earn good returns. Note that your prepare pond should not have the depth of more than four feet and is also should have well designed such as square construction or circle construction.

The base of your prepared pond must have clean surface along with soil pH, ranging from 7 to 8. Spray a suitable disease resistant chemical fertilizers on the side surfaces of the pond to keep away the selected baby prawn from the disease in the pond.

Also, an addition of cow dung manure is also helpful in increasing the fertility and reproductive capacity in the pond and also enhances the growth of plants and planktons. Now, the pond should be filled up with clean water. Leave that filled for about ten days, so that this commercial small creature can grow in the pond.

Breeds Selection

Breed selection in this farming business is also an important task that decides the amount of profit in your business. Growing fast growing and high yielding breed of prawns will definitely yield more production at the last. Grow specific high yielding breed, depending on your climate condition. Since growing breed which is fast growing in nature and requires a minimum care and management is always beneficial in earning good returns.

Water Treatment

To produce healthy prawns, it is very important to treat that cultivating pond water. First of finding out the what elements are presents in that pond water? Then after, supplement the pond water with all essential elements required for producing higher and quality prawns with the help of suitable water treatment.

Growing Prawns

After placing the certain prawn larvae, let them time grow under the supervision of the skilled and expert in the Hatchery, at least 1 month for better prawns development. When the prawns reach the maturity age of one month and their initial growth level is going correctly, then you can put them in the growing pond.

How much Prawns per pond?

If your pond is 50 meters long, 30 meters wide, and two feet deeper, then you can put at least more than 3,000 Prawns in it. Give them food, two to three times a day for their healthy development. Stable Oxygen level and proper feeding are also main factors, which enhances the Prawn’ growth for better production.

Do maintain the Oxygen level in your pond for achieving higher production, and check it regularly.

Feeding of Your Prawn Pond

Nowadays, numbers of the variety of fodder available in the market for the nutritious diet of your Prawn, but it is a little bit expensive. And because of this, small-scale farmers are unable to purchase this expensive fodder due to money shortage.

prawn farming

One can easily prepare this nutritious diet at home only by using the vegetable west particle, along with extra fodder, giver to the husbandry animal… and can get relieved from the tension of buying the expensive fodder for the Prawns. You can also use the cow dung for the preparation of nutritious and healthy fodder along with the almonds, corn and such like protein-rich food to meet the protein requirement.

Provide this expensive or homemade nutritious fodder in sufficient amount, at least thrice a day.

Prawns Disease And Their Treatment

All like other farming business, diseases are also observed in this Prawn farming business. Viral infected diseases are common in this farming such as

  • White Spot Syndrome Virus¬†(WSSV),
  • Yellowhead Disease Virus (YHDV),
  • Taura Syndrome Virus (TSV),
  • Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus (IHHNV),
  • Vibrio harveyi, etc are some common diseases that observed in the commercial Prawn farming.

It is essential to prevent your pond from all these observed diseases to obtains a higher yield and to maintain the quality of the Prawns. However, maintaining water quality can avoid, all these observed diseases.

Harvesting Prawns

The harvesting time of Prawn is mainly depended on the Prawn condition along with the market demand and price. They are collected with the help of cast net from the various area of growing pond on the basis of average weight and shape, size. At the harvesting stage, the soft shell is should be less than 5 % in the pond. This can be achieved by scheduled harvesting of the Prawns between 2 moultings. Molting can be identified by the existence of exuviae in the growing pond.

prawn farming

If your Prawns weigh averagely around 30 gm, then harvesting should be after a week of the exuviae appearance. Where the upcoming molting can be observed after two weeks.

Iced those collected Prawns or store them at nearby cold store or shift them to the processing plants within 10 hrs of harvesting.


If growing Prawns is done with advance Prawns farming techniques, then one can easily earn about more than 3 lack by just investing Rs 50,000 as the initial capital in this business plan.

One can raise this profit by taking proper care and good management of the Prawn farm and also selecting a high yielding and fast growing Prawns breed.

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