- 1 Banana Farming; Tips & Guide Process Profit and cost Information
- 2 Health Benefits of Banana:-
- 3 Other Name Of the Banana
- 4 Major Producers of Banana
- 5 Factors Affecting Production
- 6 Varieties of Banana
- 7 Climate condition for Banana Farming
- 8 Soil Requirement for Banana Farming
- 9 Land selection and Its preparation in Banana Farming
- 10 Propagation In Banana Farming
- 11 Planting in Banana Farming:-
- 12 Irrigation in Banana Farming
- 13 Intercultural Activities & Weed Contol
- 14 Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Banana Farming
- 15 Pests and Diseases in Banana Farming
- 16 Banana Harvesting
- 17 Bottom Line
Banana Farming; Tips & Guide Process Profit and cost Information
Hey, Guys!! Did you know that with the help of Banana farming (cultivation), you can earn good profits? As Banana is an extraordinary commercial fruit. Friends, farming banana is an easy & simple process, but to achieve the desired amount of banana production requires too much dedication to your banana farm, a good yard management skills, and some basic knowledge about the banana farming like land selection, plants irrigation, care & management, & so on.
So, friend!! let us know more about the banana farming business plan & how to cultivate banana and earn billions from this commercial business like scientific farming of banana along with Banana farming tips. Farmers by following banana cultivation can earn a huge profit because banana fruit along with banana tree raw materials are high in demand in the market also have the good price.
Scientifically, it belongs to the family of “Musaceae” & genus of “Musa”. Banana plants are not a tree but are giant herbs that give a delicious food which is able to grow as high as 20 feet tree & are native to Northern Australia, Southeast Asia, & some tropical parts of India. Nowadays, suckers are used for planting banana because farming with tissue culture is beneficial in many ways like it avoids all type of disease & pest. Also, tissue culture method enhances the growth of the plant.
What is banana yield per tree? A banana tree produces at least 20 kg banana fruit minimum per each blossom of Banana, in a very short time period (about 150 days). One with good farm management skilled, proper care & management can achieve a good profit by farming Banana. minimum 20 kg per tree
So, before starting the Banana farming, let us learn some health benefits of consuming banana fruit.
Health Benefits of Banana:-
Here below is a list of some of the health benefits of consuming banana fruit
- Are bananas good for weight loss? Yes, because bananas are rich in fiber so eating a banana, a day helps in weight loss.
- Banana fruits are excellent source of energy
- Use of Banana is good for the health of Heart.
- Consuming banana also help in weight management as are also excellent source of fiber
- If you are suffering from Depression, then consuming banana helps in swinging your mood. Try it!
- Use of Banana is also good for the eye health & bones
- Long time consumption of banana fruit helps in stopping the kidney cancer.
- They are also good for the patients, who regularly suffer from the Ulcer problem.
- Banana fruit is also an excellent source of minerals & vitamins.
- Bananas are rich in vitamin B6 & of potassium
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Apart from this much of healthy benefits, banana tree raw materials are also in high demand & have plenty of application in our day to day life like banana leaves are used in preparing plates, seat pads for benches, umbrellas, clothing fabric, fishing lines, & as cooking material in the kitchen.
Other Name Of the Banana
Apart from Banana, it has lots of name over the world wide. Here I had tried to mention some of it the local name for you to learn them.
Local Names of Banana in World
Here is a list of local name of Banana of some country all over the world
- Banana (English)
- Kela (India/ Hindi)
- Kera (Nepali)
- Kesel (Sri Lanka, Sinhalese)
- Xiāngjiāo (Chinese)
- ばなな (Japanese)
- 바나나 (Korean)
- Chuối (Vietnamese)
- Kinciof (Taiwanese)
- Muz (Turkish)
- Банан (Russian)
- Moz (Persian)
- Kluai (Thai)
- Saging (Filipino)
- ចេក, Chek (Cambodian)
Local Names of Banana in INDIA
Here is a list of local name of Banana in India
- Kela (Hindi)
- Kela (Urdu)
- Kele (Marathi)
- Kela (Gujarati)
- Vazhaipazham (Tamil)
- Khiel (Kashmiri)
- Arati pandu (Telugu)
- Kadali (Oriya)
- Kale/কলা (Bengali)
- Kôl (Assamese)
- Yethampazham (Malayalam)
- Balehannu (Kannada)
- Kella (Punjabi)
- Lafoi (Manipuri)
- Kellin/केळें (Konkani)
Find, which is yours!!
Major Producers of Banana
When it comes to production, INDIA tops the list of banana producer all over the world. As banana is native of Northern Australia, Southeast Asia, & some tropical parts of India, produce widely by those countries because of the delicious taste of Banana fruit, is getting more popularity than other commercial fruit farming like Pomegranate Farming or Dragon Fruit Farming.
Here is the list of top 10 producers of banana all over the world
Factors Affecting Production
Banana production; about more than 20 kg of banana fruit per each blossom of banana can be achieved if plant manages well & care properly. Because of this much banana yield per tree, it may result in the most profitable fruit trees to grow. So, it is a good thing to learn how can we can raise yield.
Here is a list of some factors that give their direct effect on the production of Banana Farming
- Varieties (cultivar) of Banana
- Climate Condition & Soil preparation
- Propagation & timely irrigation
- Timely application of suitable Manure and Fertilizers
- Care & management of your banana farm
- Post harvesting Care
All these mentioned are key factors in deciding the production in Banana cultivation.
Varieties of Banana
Saba Banana, Grand Nain Banana & Cavendish Banana are the most popular cultivar of Banana, used mostly by the banana farmer to achieve higher yield per acre land. The main purpose of going for a hybrid is to produce optimum as possible. And select only high yielding & fast growing cultivar so that you became able to harvest them in short time.
Dwarf Cavendish, Karthali, Safed Velchi, Rasthali, Awak, Tanduk, Monthan, Red banana, grand nain, Nyali, Raja Abu, Robusta, Basara, Ardhapuri, Poovan, Karpurvalli, Nendran, Robusta, Hill Banana, Monthan, Karthali, Poovan, Emas, Nendran, Nangka and Rastali are some common varieties that are used by the Banana farmer for cultivating banana.
Select a cultivar, specific to your climate condition & is also high in yield.
Climate condition for Banana Farming
If climate supports a well then you can easily obtain optimum production from it by selecting a high yielding cultivar. So, selection of banana cultivars is so based on the atmosphere. Since Banana plants are native to the tropical area, they grow well in a region with an atmospheric temp, ranging from 15 ºC to 35 ºC. Which state that, can grow well in warmer season with fair moisture & low wind.
As this crop a warm seasonal crop, excessive cold cause to crop injuries. So, always select a place, where the temp. does not fall under 15 ºC. A normal temp about 18 ºC to 30 ºC is basically required for good development of the plants.
Soil Requirement for Banana Farming
Banana can be cultivated over a wide range of soil. However, a moistened soil with rich in organic matter & well drainage power along with 80 % loam, 70 % silt, & 45 % clay is considered as the best soil for the healthy vegetative growth of banana. It should slightly acidic in nature, having pH about 6.5 to 8. Do not farm it in lower pH soil because it causes to get more chance of disease in your crop like Panama disease. Also avoid cultivating banana in low laying areas, nutritionally deficient, ill-drained soil, sandy, and black cotton soils for higher production.
Organic matter like high nitrogen content, fair phosphorus with lots of potash ensure high production of Banana. If your soil is deficient of those organic matters, then it is a good idea to supplement them. Avoid planting bananas in water logging soil to prevent condition roots rot. However, this can be fixed by farming banana in raised gardens
If your soil is deficient of any essential organic matters like Nitrogen, Potash, Phosphorus, etc then it is advised you to go for the soil test before starting farming Bananas. You can go for the soil test to any govt. lab or the nearest Agricultural Department Institute like any Agri college…
Land selection and Its preparation in Banana Farming
A proper site for your commercial Banana farming is also an important task as this will directly impact the overall production. Select a suitable place for your banana farm, which is rich in the Organic matter. Organic matter like high nitrogen content, fair phosphorus with lots of potash ensure high production.
Select an open place for your banana farming because they thrive their best in bright sunlight. Bring the selected soil into fine tilth form which can be easily achieved by 2 or 3 plowing with a tractor. But as they are a tree like herbs, a speedy wind may lead to breaking down of the plant. So, a monsoon with an avg. rainfall of 700 mm is good for the healthy vegetative growth of banana. Some varieties like ‘Hill banana” are not able to give you more production at higher heights.
Growing Cowpea & Daincha, and burying them in the soil can help in increasing fertility of your soil as they are green manuring crops.
Here below is a guide about field preparation of different types of land:
- Garden lands: About two to four ploughings are enough for such type of soil
- Wetlands: For such type of land, there is no need of ploughings
- Padugai: About one to two ploughings are enough for such type of soil
- Hill Banana: For farming bananas on the hills, clean the forest & construct a stone wall for your banana farm
If your soil is deficient of organic matter, then it is a good thing to supplement those at the time of field preparation. However, application of farm yard manure is considered as the best one. So, for farming banana, an addition of farm yard manure about 45 tonnes per unit hectare land is enough. This will enhance soil fertility & also, the plant growth. Make sure that it mixed well with the uppermost soil.
Propagation In Banana Farming
Propagation in Banana farming mainly done with the help of Suckers & with the help of Tissue Culture. Mostly used to planting banana by suckers.
For planting bananas with the help of Suckers, suckers are sword well by using well-grown rhizome (a conical or spherical in shape) with active developing buds. They should be weighed not more than 700 gm for using them as propagating matter in the Banana cultivation.
Suckers or Tissue culture?
In banana farming, most of the people used to planting banana with the help of sucker because it is a low-cost method. While planting banana with the help of tissue culture seedling is a costlier method because, in this method, Banana seeds are grown by many operation activities after investing too much time.
As per my suggestion, for commercial banana farming, go for the tissue culture method of propagation. This is a costlier method but has lots of benefits over Suckers planting method. Due to variation in size & age of suckers, there is more chance of getting suckers infected of some common nematodes & pathogens. And also, a ununiform crop of banana which takes more time to become ready for harvesting. While in-vitro clonal propagation, banana plants are disease free, early yielding, healthy uniform in growth is observed.
Advantages of Tissue Culture
Here below is a list of some benefits of using Tissue culture plants in the Banana farming:
- A disease & pest free seedling is observed.
- Crop becomes ready for harvesting in very short time period
- Uniform growth of banana plant is observed with higher production
- Plant mature in short time than normal farming
- There is no staggered harvesting of bananas
- True to the type of mother plant under good management
- This method of farming make us able to farming bananas through out the complete year as easy availability of banana seedling
- With help of this, it is possible to obtain 2 consecutive raccoons in banana cultivation in short time, which directly decrease the cost of cultivation
- More plant productivity, about 95 to 99 % plants bears fruit bunches
What an awesome this technique is? Try it, it definitely benefits you.
Planting in Banana Farming:-
With the help of tissue culture, it is possible to plant bananas during any time in a year. Try to avoid planting in excessive hot temp or coolant temp.
Banana Plantation Spacing
A good spacing in your commercial farming is also a key factor, which decides the production. So, for Banana plantation spacing, planting should be done with spacing 1.8 meters X 1.5 meter. This will make you able to plant more than 3600 banana plant per unit hectare land & is also assumed to be most economical and efficient spacing for commercial banana cultivation
For high-density plantation or High-Density Planting, plant bananas at with spacing of 1.6 meter X 1.6 meters. But this may cause to lower production because of more struggle for sunlight between the plant. For higher production, it the recommended to plant them at the spacing of 2 M X 2.5 M. By this, you can easily raise, more than 2000 banana tree per unit hectare land & is also minimize the incidence chance of Sigatoka.
Planting method needs more care, from rest of the activities. So, plant them in a suitable way. For planting, removed polyethylene bags without disordering root ball of the plant. The plant it in the prepared hole keeping distance of 2 to 3 cm between the pseudo-stem. Take care while pressing the soil around the planted plant. Do not press it hard, as it causes to irregular growth of the plant. Also, avoid deep planting
Irrigation in Banana Farming
A Banana crops require too much water for the healthy vegetative growth of banana fruit because they are a water loving plant. To obtain maximum productivity from it, give water too much to this commercial crop. And in monsoon, an avg. rainfall of 700 mm is good for the healthy vegetative growth of banana. In the critical condition like drought, deep irrigation should be provided to this crop.
Just after planting it on the field, a frequent irrigation is essential. Provide water sufficient enough for good development of plants. A banana tree did not bear any fruit bunch, if properly not irrigate. But, always try to avoid excessive watering, it will lead to roots rotten which finally results in low production in your crop.
Irrigation with the help of drip irrigation system more preferred over the traditional method. As drip irrigation is helpful in making effective use of water, manure as well as of fertilizer. It also lessens the chance of new emergence of weed. This also saves your precious & valuable time as it does not require any laborious work to give water with drip irrigation. It is recommended in those regions, where there is less availability of enough water.
Intercultural Activities & Weed Contol
Weeding is a common problem of all type of crops. Controlling it can lead to higher production in your crop. Here is some task to perform, to get rid of the weed.
Spraying, Glyphosate about 2 liters per unit hectare before plantation is helpful in controlling the weed. However, 2 manual weedlings are necessary to keep weed from the field.
Here below are some task to perform, to get rid of the weed. Carry out them carefully!
Micronutrient Foliar Spray
To improve physiological, morphological, and the yield attributes, application of FeSo4 (0.2%), H3Bo3 (0.1%), CuSo4 (0.2%) along with ZnSo4 (0.5%) as combined foiler spray has effective results. This micro nutrient spray by mixing up the following per 100 liters of water.
- Zinc Sulphate (500 gm): – Add 10 ml of sticker solution like Teepol in 500 gm ZnSo4, before spraying it on the field.
- Ferrom Sulphate (200 gm): – Add 10 ml of sticker solution like Teepol in 200 gm FeSo4, before spraying it on the field.
- Copper Sulphate (200 gm): – Add 10 ml of sticker solution like Teepol in 200 gm CuSo4, before spraying it on the field.
Removal of the male buds
Remove male buds is beneficial for the healthy & vegetative growth of fruit. This also increases bunch weight via enhancing fruit growth.
Spraying of monocrotophos (about 0.2%), just after the emergence of fruits to avoid thrips. Thrips discolor the healthy fruit causes to became unattractive fruit. Take care that people are always looking for fresh & healthy fruit in the market. They always avoid buying such unattractive fruit, even at the too low rate.
To obtain quality banana production, the fruit bunched should be covered by polyethylene or covering material to prevent it from direct sunlight. Covering these fruit bunches by using dried leaves is economically beneficially to the growers. Bunch covering also provides protection from dust, birds, insect and also spray residue. Covering with blue plastic is a good idea. This will help in raising the temp. for good development of fruit & finally the early maturity of fruits
Dehandling of false hands of the bunch
Incomplete buds, which are incapable of producing quality fruit should be removed, just after the bloom. This will increase the weight of other fruit bunches. Mostly, they appear just above the false hand. So, removed them manually.
Fruit bunches are heavy in weight because of which plant lose their body balance & may fall on the field. To support them, propping of the tree should be done. Propped these overload tree with the help of 2 bamboo sticks, forming a triangle between them to the stem. This will also ensure the uniform growth of fruit bunches
Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Banana Farming
Timely application of suitable manure & fertilizer is proper dose is essential in achieving a production. Organic matter like high nitrogen content, fair phosphorus with lots of potash ensure high production. So, your solid should be rich of these all organic matter. Here below, I have given reliable information about the application of Manure and fertilizers for an ideal condition to obtain a production of 10 metric ton per unit acre land. Any one can obtain a good yield, even there is nutrient deficient soil for this cultivation.
Make your soil rich in all essential nutrient, required for good production and application of farm yard manure the best one. So, give about 15 kg of farm yard manure, about 250 gm Nitrogen, about 75 gm Phosphorous, about 300 kg Potassium to each & every plant. If your soil has some nutrient deficiency, then they should be should be the supplement at the time of field preparation.
We can also provide these essential organic matters (Nitrogen, Phosphorous, & Potassium) in water with the help of drip irrigation system as it makes effective use of them as this gives direct water to the stem of the plant. However, the successful farmer used to give about 0.1 kg Phosphorous & 0.25 kg Potassium at the time of planting banana crops while the Nitrogen is given in 3 equal doses; at the time of vegetative growth, at the time of reproductive stage to continuously raise the productivity of the soil.
Pests and Diseases in Banana Farming
High-density planting in Bananas is more likely to be attacked by fungal diseases, Viral diseases also some of the insect (pests) which directly give their impact on quality & quantity production of fruit.
The common pests found in the commercial banana crop are listed below:
- Rhizome weevil
- Fruit scarring battle
- Pseudostem weevil
- Thrips &
The common fungal diseases that attacks on the commercial banana crop are listed below:
- Panama wilt
- Head rot &
- Sigatoka leaf spot
The common viral diseases that attacks on the commercial banana crop are listed below:
- Banana Bract Mosaic Virus
- Banana Streak Virus
- Banana Mosaic Virus &
- Banana Bunchy Top Virus
For symptoms & controlling measures, please consult nearest a horticulture department as they are good source of reliable information for your local region
Timely banana harvesting leads to higher production of fruit. As they How Long Does Banana Take to Grow? is totally depends on the cultivars & climate condition of your surroundings. After about 250 to 360 days (normally). But harvest this delicious fruit, when they reach their maturity. At this stage, quality & quantity fruit can be obtained which is high in market demands. Cultivate only those verities which are high yielding & fast growing. It will make you able to earn a big profit in the very short time period with high production.
For large scale commercial banana farm, tissue culture planting helps in collecting two raccoons of banana in very short period. Harvest them & rip them at home. If you, not a good market for selling these fruit, then export them to other markets. Usually, fruits are harvested after about three to four month of opening the 1st hand.
Removed carefully & collect these fruit bunches in a basket at a good collecting place. Keep them in sunlight since it accelerates the ripening and qualifying of fruits. For local consumption, hands are usually left on fruit stalks & sold to retailers.
Yield in the Banana Farming
How much is banana yield per hectare? By this crop, in a time period of two & half-years (26 to 32 months), you became able to produce as high as 100 tonnes of fruits per unit hectare land with the help of tissue culture technique. With help of tissue culture, it is also possible to obtain more raccoons with the help of Fertigation & drip irrigation system.
Under the use of combined drip irrigation with, a yield of Banana as high as 100 Tones per hector can be easily obtained with the help of tissue culture technique, even similar yield in the ratoon crops can be achieved if the crop is managed well.
Here is a table, that will help you to choose the variety of Banana. Since you can choose any variety, that is perfect for your climate condition and is suitable for the soil.
Production of different cultivars in Banana cultivation
|Cultivars (Varieties)||Avg. production (tonnes per unit ha.)|
|Red banana, Hirsal, Lal Velchi, Safed Velchi,||45|
|Dwarf Cavendish, & Chini desiMonthan||40|
This production varies according to the atmosphere & cultivars. However, good farm management skill & high-density planting enhances the production.
Post Harvest Management
Here below are some suggestion to perform after harvesting of fruit. Learn them
- Discard over mature & injured fruits
- Clean fruit below running water by using dil sodium hypochlorite sol.
- Remove latex, if present by treating fruit with thiabendazole
- Short out on the basis of size as Grade A, B, C.
- For local market, use lorries for transportation to minimize your cost Or pack
- Pack it in suitable box & store fruit in cool place to maintain fruit quality
Dear friends!! Bananas are really most profitable fruit trees to grow. As in a time period of two to two-half year, you can produce fruits as high as more than 100 tonnes per unit hectare land. But take care of all those effective points like regular farm management, selecting a proper & suitable cultivar (high yielding & fast growing), etc.
Try to use planting with tissue culture techniques with the help of drip irrigation system. It is really a fun & profitable farming if climatic condition supports a well.
Produce fresh & healthy fruit and earn billions from this commercial business.