Pumpkin Farming Guide And Cultivation Methods

Pumpkin Farming | Cultivation ,Process and Profit 

Is Pumpkin Fruit or Vegetable?

Hello, friends! Do you know Is pumpkin a fruit or a vegetable?¬†No, don’t worry!! Numbers of people are aware of this masterpiece, but doesn’t know that¬†Is pumpkin a fruit or a vegetable?¬†Dear friends, Pumpkin is delicious fruit,¬†that has many uses in our day to day life. There is a great use of pumpkin seeds, flowers, fruits, and people also used to cook this delicious fruits because of excellent Pumpkin Nutrition.

Because of its plentiful uses in our day to day life, it is a good idea to grow pumpkins as Commercial Farming. So, friends, today we are going to learn Pumpkin Farming or Cultivation. There are great benefits of eating pumpkins in our life.

The Scientific (Botanical) name of Pumpkins is “Cucurbita”.

Pumpkins fruit or vegetable

In commercial pumpkin farming, it is very important to obtain quality seeds from it since Pumpkin seeds, obtained from pumpkin farming are used for propagation in the following cultivation. As the pumpkin fruit recovery potential seed is too much low, about less than 2 % because of which are less available in the market. Note that pumpkin seeds size may vary in accordance with the type of pumpkin cultivar, used for cultivation.

Growing pumpkins commercial defiantly generate good profits, when cultivation is done with best farm management skills. Nowadays, it is possible growing pumpkins in containers, backyards, pots, poly house and greenhouses, even you can grow this fruit by hydroponically as well.

Pumpkin Facts

Basically, pumpkin vegetables are native to the North America and are popular for the Thanksgiving Day Celebrations. Because of excellent benefits of pumpkins, are grown all over the world for food as well as for recreation.

Pumpkins are fruits, used for the culinary items. There is a great demand of Pumpkins and is also famous because besides using as cooking material, pumpkins flowers and seeds are also edible. Pumpkins cultivated in summer and monsoons are in trending demand. Pumpkins can be cultivated in various sizes and shapes.

Grow Pumpkins

How do they look like? Pumpkin plant leaves are bigger in size, and modified leafs are known as tendrils. Pumpkins have sprawling coiled vines and have the dull woody stem, almost opposite to the stem of winter squash. A grown pumpkin has long roots, about more than 1.5 meters long roots.

Let us learn how to grow pumpkins successfully like types of pumpkins,  where do pumpkins grow? when to plant pumpkins for Halloween? pumpkin plant growth stages, etc in the following section.

Note that growing pumpkins for seed purpose is totally different from growing pumpkins for a vegetable purpose. In the following section, we are going to learn pumpkin farming for the vegetable crop (purpose)

Benefits of Pumpkins

Here below is a list of health benefits of eating pumpkins. Learn them and include this awesome fruit vegetable in your regular diet.

Pumpkin fruit seed

  1. Pumpkins and its seed are the excellent sources of minerals and vitamins such as zinc, magnesium, fiber and omega-3 fatty acids.
  2. Is Pumpkin Good For Weight Loss? Pumpkins are an ideal vegetable for weight loss have low-calorie content along with high dietary fiber content. So, Pumpkin For Weight Loss.
  3. Is pumpkin fattening? No, Pumpkins aids weight loss.
  4. Pumpkins are also beneficial for eye health and preventing some types of cancer.
  5. Eating Pumpkins is also good for prostate health and heart health
  6. Consumption of Pumpkins is beneficial in boosting immune health.
  7. Pumpkin seed extract is helpful in controlling blood sugar level in the body and also help in reducing cholesterol levels.
  8. Consuming pumpkins helps in improving sleep, digestion, and mood.
  9. Pumpkins extract also protect from many infections.
  10. Extract from Pumpkins is also helpful in improving bladder function.

Decide on your own, how much pumpkin seeds to eat a day you want’s, and add this awesome vegetable fruit in your diet as regular food. At least once a week.

Major Pumpkin Producing Countries

Here below is a list of top 10 countries, leading the pumpkin production list.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. Russia
  4. Iran
  5. USA
  6. Mexico
  7. Egypt
  8. Italy
  9. Spain
  10. Indonesia

After China, India is the second largest pumpkin producer in the world.

Pumpkins Names

Pumpkin (English),¬†ŚćóÁďú (Chinese),¬†Kashiphal (Hindi), pampoen (Afrikaans),¬†Pompoen (Dutch),¬†balkabańü (Turkish), Pumpa (Swedish), ŕ©ōĮŔĎŔą (Urdu),¬†Pharsi (Nepali),¬†kabocha / „Āč„Āľ„Ā°„āÉ (Japanese),¬†ō™ŔÜō®ŔĄ (Persian),¬†Fak thong (Thai),¬†K√ľrbis (German),¬†ŪėłŽįē (Korean),¬†Kirbis (Latvian),¬†–Ę—č–ļ–≤–į (Russian),¬†Abobora (Portuguese),¬†Huluu (Mongolian),¬†Kalabasa (Filipino),¬†d√Ĺnńõ (Czech),¬†őļőŅőĽőŅőļŌćőłőĪ (Greek),¬†ŗ∑Äŗ∂ßŗ∑äŗ∂ßŗ∂öŗ∑äŗ∂öŗ∑Ź (Sinhalese),¬†Zucca (Italian),¬† Calabaza (Spanish),¬†Bundeva (Bosnian),¬†Dynia (Polish),¬†Yaktin (Arabic),¬†Gr√¶skar (Danish),¬†ŠěõŠüíŠěĖŠüÖ (Cambodian),¬†Gresskar (Norwegian),¬†Chitroule (French),¬†Peapag (Scottish),¬†qovoq (Uzbek),¬†Ithanga (Zulu),¬†–ď–į—Ä–Ī—É–∑ (Ukrainian),¬†K√Ķrvits (Estonian),¬†Tikva (Bulgarian),¬†Dovleac (Romanian),¬†Kungulli (Albanian),¬†Gargaj (Armenian),¬†ŕ©ōĮŔą¬† buńća (Slovenian),¬†Tekvica (Slovak),¬†Puimc√≠n (Irish),¬†Labu (Malay),¬†Tikva (Serbian),¬†ŠÉíŠÉĚŠÉíŠÉ†ŠÉź (Georgian),¬†Lamkoef (Taiwanese),¬†Kundir (Kurdish),¬†t√∂k (Hungarian),¬†ŚćóÁďú (Mandarian),¬†Waluh (Sundanese), B√≠ ng√ī (Vietnamese), Tikva (Macedonian),¬†Bhopla (Marathi),¬†Petha (Punjabi), ŗ™ēŗęčŗ™≥ŗęĀŗ™ā (Gujarati), etc

Pumpkin Varieties

Do you know how many types of pumpkins are there in the world? In the world, there are more than 42 varieties of green pumpkins, unusual pumpkins, which are cultivated widely all over the globe, for commercial pumpkin farming or Cultivation.

Pumpkins varieties

Types of Pumpkins Types of Pumpkins
Aladdin American Tonda
Amish Pie Baby Bear
Baby Boo Baby Pam Sugar Pie
Big Rock Big Max
Charisma Cinderella
Cotton Candy Cushaw Green & Gold
Fairytale Full Moon
Halloween in Paris Hooligan
Howden Howden Biggie
Iron Man Jack be Little
Jack be Quick Jarrahdale
Kakai La Estrella
Lil’ Pumpkemon Long Island Cheese
Lumina Mandy
Marina Di Chioggia Musque de Provence
Neon New England Pie Old Zebs
One Too Many Orange Smoothie
Pic A Pie Prizewinner
Queensland Blue Red Warty Thing
Rock Star Rouge Vif d’Etampes
Snack Jack Valenciano
Wee Be Little Wolf

Note: Grow pumpkins in accordance with your climate condition. Consult with your local agricultural department to learn more about selecting a Pumpkin cultivar or variety.

Where Do Pumpkins Grow?

Agro-Climatic Condition

Basically, Pumpkins are the very warm vegetable, which can also resist in cold temp. Because of plentiful uses and benefits of Pumpkins fruits, are cultivated all over the world. There are many types of Pumpkins, that can grow in various types of climatic conditions.

Where do pumpkins grow

However, a temp. ranging between 20 ¬įC to 30¬†¬įC is considered as the ideal temp. for growing pumpkins¬†for its best vegetative growth.¬†

Note that growing pumpkins in too hot and in the too cool region is not beneficial because Pumpkins plants are very sensitive to frost conditions and pumpkins seeds do not grow well in the cold soil. Also, at higher atmospheric temp. sometimes male flowers predominant on the female flowers, resulting as lower fruits production in that season.

Soil Requirement

This commercial crop can thrive well on a wide variety of soils. Whatever, A soil with sandy loam along with good drainage power and all essential organic matter is supposed to be the best soil for pumpkins.

A soil ph ranging between 5.5 to 7.5 is considered as the best ph for growing pumpkins.

When To Plant Pumpkins

Preparing soil For Pumpkins

To obtain a higher amount of production, your soil should be prepared a well for pumpkins cultivation. So, for preparing the soil for pumpkins, bring your soil in fine tilth form. Also, it should be leveled as well.

Note that if your soil has any fertility deficiency, then, they should be supplemented at the time of land preparation, as have better results in production. Also, adding all essential organic matter along with a proper dose of ordinary manure to your selected site will always give benefits to you.

Pumpkins flowers

Make sure that that your selected field must have an assured source of water.

Planting Season | When to Plant Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkins can grow all around the year, where there is a good source of water is available. However, generally two crops of this vegetable can be obtained; in the time period of January to March and September to December.

If you are planting pumpkins as rain fed crop, then it should be planted in the beginning of monsoon always.

when to plant pumpkins for Halloween? In the cooler region, the best time to plant pumpkin seeds is at the end of May & for cultivation in the warm area, this should be planted in the mid-July for the Halloween celebration.

Growing | Planting Pumpkins

Method Of Propagation

Pumpkins are mainly propagated with the help of pumpkins seed. 

How to Plant Pumpkin Seeds

Pumpkins seeds do not germinate in too cold temp. For planting Pumpkins, seeds should be sown directly on the main field. Planting on the raised bed encourages drainage to avoid the problem of constant wetness of Pumpkins roots which invites numbers of pest, insects, and diseases.

When to plant pumpkins

Generally, this crop is cultivated mainly on hills and surrounding area. So, for planting pumpkins in such area, plant about 2 to 4 seeds per hill. Seed should be sown at about 2.5 depth for best growth. Also, after seedling pumpkins, they should be thin to 1 plant per each hill lately.

Spacing

In planting Pumpkins, spacing varies in accordance with cultivar & vine size. For obtaining more production, grow a short-vined or bush pumpkin variety.

Planting them by keeping spacing about one meter, between the plants along with spacing rows about 1.5 to 2 meters is considered as best for growing pumpkins commercially.

Seed Rate

Generally, about 2 kg of pumpkins seeds is sufficient enough for farming on one-hectare land to earn huge production.

Irrigation in Pumpkin Farming

Timely irrigation with a proper irrigation system is the main cause of good plant growth and better production. So, following is the guide for you about watering Pumpkins. Learn it!!

First Irrigation should be done just after the sowing seeds on the field. Then after, give water at an interval of 3 to 4 days in the initial stage of growth. Take care while flowering & fruiting stage. At this, give water on alternate days.

If you have the facility of good irrigation, then giving water with furrow method is best for pumpkins cultivation. But, if you are cultivating pumpkins in such area, where there is a shortage of water, drip irrigation for pumpkins farming is the ideal one. Also, do not water in monsoon. Note that good drainage capacity of the soil is an essential thing during heavy rains and floods.

Application of Manures and Fertilizers in Pumpkin Farming

Timely application of suitable manure and fertilizers directly enhance the production. In pumpkin farming, apply manure and fertilizers in balance doses to obtain higher yield. For this, about 50 tonnes of ordinary manure is to be applied while soil preparation, generally in the last plow to the topmost soil.

Application of Nitrogen and Potassium is beneficial in increasing yield. So, apply about 50 to 60 kg of Nitrogen along with 30 kg of Potash at land preparation. Take care while application of NItrogen. It should be applied in two equal doses; 1/2 at land preparation, and another one at about one month o the plantation.

Pest and Diseases in n Pumpkin Farming

Pumpkins are very prone to pests and diseases, and numbers of pest and diseases attacks on its crop. It is essential to prevent them to obtain a good quality and high yield from pumpkin cultivation. Crop rotation is the best way to minimize pests and diseases. Also, avoid growing pumpkins on a field, used for planting any cucurbit crops earlier.

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pest and diseases in pumpkin farming

Pumpkin Pests

The following are the common pest of the pumpkin crops along with their symptoms and also controlling measures. Learn them.

Pumpkin Pest Symptoms Controlling Measures
Pumpkin Ô¨āies causes sunken brown spots & develop white maggots inside fruits Adult flies can be controlled by¬†baiting
Aphids causes leaves curling application of  suitable chemical fertilizer like mercaptothion and mevinphos in proper dose
Thrips causes newly appearing plants become injured Control this by spraying or wetting leaf sides by using endosulfan, mercaptothion, etc. Crop rotation is the best way

Pumpkins Diseases

The following are the common Diseases of the pumpkin crops along with their symptoms and also controlling measures. Learn them.

Pumpkin Disease Symptoms Controlling Measures
Powdery mildew causes white leaf spots on lower surface, merging on the supper surface Make use of 10 to 20 kg of copper oxychloride or sulfur per hectare
Downy mildew Small yellow, angular spots observed on upper surface of leaves Controlled by spraying Cupravit, bravo, or dithiane, as symptoms observed
Anthracnose small, yellow leaf spot or water spot observed, enlarging rapidly and turns brown Spray dithiane or bravo, once a week
Cucumber wilt Plants wilts because of root rots…. this can be controlled by¬† application of¬†dichlorophen (pre-plant application)

Note:¬†Whatever is this, please contact your’s Horticulture department for the pests and disease; symptoms & their controlling measures because they are the best source of farming information.

Pumpkin Harvesting

Pumpkin harvesting season starts when the stem of the plant begin to shrivel. However, harvesting may vary from cultivar to cultivar and also the market demand. It is better to operate harvesting on the basis of market demand in their tender age. Pumpkin fruit or vegetable should be harvested, when they attain deep solid woody color and hard. Harvesting at this stage will also help in collecting some seeds for further cultivation.

Pumpkins harvesting

Usually, collect those fruits or vegetable manually by hand. For this, you can make use of a knife for collecting them.Try to cut them keeping about 5 cm stock with fruit. Also, any unhealthy fruits should be destroyed.

Yield

Production of your pumpkin farming or cultivation depends on numbers of factors like cultivar, climate condition, proper care, and management of your farm, application of manure and fertilizer….

However, all these factors are discussed above very well. Learn them deeply and earn a huge fruit production from it. SInce Pumpkins have great market demand all around the year. Normally, about 20 to 40 tonnes of fruit can be easily obtained from this commercial farming.

Have a great success in Pumpkin Farming

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