Best Rice Farming, Cultivation, Production and Seeds Complete Guide

Why Should I choose Rice Farming?

Rice Farming, which has the great potential to get the big benefit with this crop. It should be beneficial and takes short time from sowing to harvesting.You can get more crop with the help Of Modern Rice Farming Techniques. The Production of Rice is better than last year if you follow these guidelines.

Rice Farming Process In India Information Guide For Beginners

Rice is the main diet or food of India. Mostly, rice cultivation is done in India as well as in Other Asian countries. The India is the main center for rice farming, production, and consumption. In rice production, China at the first position in the world and India stands in the second position.

Rice is a cereal and it belongs from the grass family. The Oryza sativa is a scientific name for the rice. The native of the rice grain is the great Asian rivers, the Ganges, the Chang (Yangtze), Tigris and Euphrates.

Learn More About Other Grain Crops Here

The rice plant approximately grows up to 2 to 6 ft tall depends on the variety and soil fertility. Rice plant has a 50–100 cm (20–39 in) long and 2–2.5 cm (0.79–0.98 in) broad leaves. The edible rice grain is 5–12 mm (0.20–0.47 in) long and 2–3 mm (0.079–0.118 in) thick.

In India, rice grains are mainly used in South India. Rice can be used for the culinary purpose. There are many rice cultivation methods are available in the worldwide but In India and most Asian countries, the traditional and popular hand methods are used for cultivating and harvesting of the rice crop.

Today, Latest Machinery is available for farmers & with the help of new agricultural machines and their uses, many other countries are used these latest machines for planting to harvesting in rice cultivation process. These rice farming processes reduce the labor problems and cost and farmer can get more benefit with the help of it.

 

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In India, The farmers of some rural areas, they have used the buffalos for land preparation, plantation and harvesting of rice farming.Rice farming can be done in Rabi and Kharif seasons. If you have a proper land, field management, and excellent irrigation facility then you can get the profit in short time of period in rice farming.

Modern Rice Farming Techniques For Farmers

Climate Requirement for Rice Farming

Rice farming requires 20°C to 40°C temperature throughout the life period of the crop.

It can accept maximum 42°C temperature.

Generally, Rice requires hot and humid climatic conditions for its well grow.

Rice cultivation is convenient for the area which has an abundant water supply, prolonged sunshine,  and high humid land is available.

Soil Requirement for Rice Farming

Rice farming can be done on a different variety of soil like as silts, loams, gravels, acidic and alkaline soils.

The deep fertile clayey (rich in organic matter) and loamy soils are considered as an ideal soil or growing rice crop.

In rice, farming Propagation is done through rice seeds.

Various Rice Cultivation Methods

Broadcasting method

It is the very old and traditional method for rice farming. In broadcasting, method seeds are cultivated by hand. 

The rice cultivation process is suitable for the soil which is not well fertile and lands are dry. The broadcasting method requires less labor and inputs. In this method, you will get the less rice crop yield compare to the other cultivation methods

Drilling method

In this drilling method sowing of seeds and land, Ploughing can be taken by only two persons. This rice sowing method is generally confined to peninsular of The India.

Transplantation method

This transplantation method is suitable for regions where soil has good fertility and abundant rainfall/irrigation. In this method first of all paddy seeds are cultivated in a nursery. After five weeks you can get the rice seedlings and it is ready for the transplanted in the main field. In this rice cultivation method, you require more labor and inputs. This is the best yield method for rice farming.

In this method first of all paddy seeds are cultivated in a nursery. After five weeks you can get the rice seedlings and it is ready for the transplanted in the main field. This method requires more labor and inputs. This is the best yield method for rice farming.

Japanese Method of Rice Cultivation In India

Some Farmers have a question using this method. How Is Rice Grown And Harvested in Japan?

If you can use Japanese method of rice cultivation, you can able to get the high yield varieties of rice In this method, you have to require heavy fertilizers. This method is also applied to the hybrid crop of rice for high yielding.

Rice Seeds Variety & Information For Rice Farming

The Farmers who want to start the Rice farming but they have not idea about the Rice Seed Variety. Don’t Worry, read this following information about Rice Seeds.

Seed selection plays the main role in rice cultivation for getting the better yield of the crop. You must select the best quality seeds of rice for getting the good seedlings.

  • The selected rice seed should be well grown, fully mature and plump in size.
  • Rice seed should be clean and exempted from the mixtures of other seeds.
  • The selected seeds have a high capacity for getting higher yields of a rice crop.
  • The selected rice seeds should not be stored in a bad storage.
  • You must apply Agrosan 100 gm/50 Kg of seeds for preventing seed-borne diseases.

The rate of the seeds depends on the varieties and method

Land Preparation For Rice Cultivation

There are basically three methods for land preparation in rice cultivation. The dry, semi-dry and Wet.

  • Dry and Semi-dry system

Generally, dry and semi-dry rice cultivation systems depend on the rain and it does not have complementary irrigation facilities.

These two systems require good tilth land. Before sowing and planting uniformly apply farm yard manure (FMY)/compost for 2 weeks to 4 weeks. In this dry and semi-dry system seed should be sown by the drilling or broadcasting method. In drill sowing method row to row space is 20 cm to 25 cm.

The dry and semi-dry system seed should be sown by the drilling or broadcasting method.The Drill Sowing method row to row space is 20 cm to 25 cm.

Before sowing and planting uniformly apply farm yard manure (FMY)/compost for 2 weeks to 4 weeks. In this dry and semi-dry system seed should be sown by the drilling or broadcasting method. In drill sowing method row to row space is 20 cm to 25 cm.

  • Wet system For Rice Farming In India

In wet cultivation system rice crops are grown by rain or irrigation and require the abundant water supply. This system has some mandatory formats like the land must be plowed thoroughly with 3cm to 5 cm of stable water puddle.

In clay soils and clay loamy soils, the ideal depth of puddle is found around the 10 cm.

After paddling the land should be level by equal distribution of water and fertilizers. In the wet system, paddy seeds cultivate after sprouting or rice seedlings are transplanted in the main field.

Various Pests Of Rice

  • Snail
  • Pomacea canaliculate
  • Panicle rice mite
  • Rats
  • Brown planthopper(BPH)
  • Stem borers
  • Scirpophaga
  • Chilo
  • Gall midge
  • Rice weevils
  • Rice leafroller

Credit Link: Wekipedia

Different Disease Of Rice

  • Rice blast
  • Sheath blight
  • Rice ragged stunt
  • Cochliobolus Mirabeau’s
  • Ascomycete

Irrigation In Rice Farming 

The rice Crops farming requires abundant water supply mostly in wetlands system During the initial period.  There are many Irrigation systems available but drip irrigation is better for rice farming.  The

The System of Rice Intensification “SRI” method produces 7 tons of rice by using around 120 to 150 lakhs liters of water per hectare. In starting phase paddy farm require abundant water supply mostly in the wetland system.

Fertilizers For Rice Farming In India

Farmyard manure /Compost 10 to 15 cartloads
Nitrogen 100 to 150 Kg/Ha
Phosphorous 50 to 60 Kg P2O5/Ha
Potash 40 to 50 Kg KO/Ha
Zinc Sulphate 25 Kg/Ha

Harvesting in Rice Farming

The harvesting is done for the early or medium rice varieties after 26 to 30 days of flowering and for high varieties of rice, it takes 36 to 40 days of flowering. Generally, harvesting of the crop is done when the moisture of rice grain is 20 to 25 %.

Yield in Rice Farming

If you have a proper cultivation method, farm management, and soil type then you can get the good yield of a rice crop. You can achieve 2500 kg/ha yield of rice crop when you have proper rice cultivation methods. In India production yield of rice is lower than some other Asian countries.

In the Indian market, these rice are very demanded. So, you can get the good returns from this rice farming. This all information that is required for any farmer or investor to grow Rice.

Rice Production In India

  • West Bengal
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Telangana
  • Punjab
  • Bihar
  • Orissa
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Assam
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Haryana
  • Kerala

Rice Name List In India

  • Chawal(Hindi)
  • Biyyamu (Telugu)
  • Pacharisi (Tamil)
  • Pachauri (Malayalam)
  • Akki(Kannada)
  • Chaal(Bengali)
  • Taandul (Marathi)
  • Thando (Konkani)
  • Chaula (Oriya)
  • Chawal (Punjabi)
  • Chawal (Gujarati)

Various Rice Varieties In India

  • 74 count
  • Aizon Rice
  • Ambemohar
  • Annapurna
  • Atop
  • Basmati Rice
  • Bhut Muri (Kelas) (West Bengal)
  • Champaa Rice
  • Clearfield Rice
  • Dubraj Rice
  • Gandhasala
  • Gobindobhog
  • Hansraj
  • Hasan Serai
  • HMT Rice
  • Idly Rice – short grain
  • Jay Shrirama Rice
  • Joha Rice
  • Jyothi
  • Kamini Rice
  • Katta Sambar
  • Laxmi Bhog (West Bengal)
  • Minicate, Super minicate – modern rice (IET 4786)
  • Molakolukulu
  • Navara Rice
  • Patna Rice
  • Ponni Rice
  • Poreiton Chakhau – aromatic dark red rice from Manipur
  • Pusa Basmati 1121
  • Pusa Rice
  • Raja Hansa Rice
  • Ranjit Rice
  • Rosematta Rice
  • Sona Masuri
  • Surekha
  • Thimmasamundaram Mollakolukulu
  • Tulaipanji (West Bengal)

Which is the Ideal One Varieties of Rice? Or Black Rice Farming

There are numbers of varieties of rice are available in the market of rice for commercial cultivation in India. However, growing Black rice variety of rice is the best idea and ideal one because this variety of rice has great market potential.

Black rice, a variety of rice is specific for growing in the West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, and other nearby regions. These are specified for growing in that area and has an excellent market demand. Because this variety of rice is considered to be eaten by the Emperor Family.

The normal market rate of Black rice is around Rs. 300 and even more. That is how beneficial is growing this commercial variety of rice is? However, there are many other varieties of rice are available for growing in particular region. Presently, with advanced farming technology, it is also possible to grow black rice in other regions throughout the India.

Different Health Benefits Of Rice

  • Rice is a great source of energy, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Rice is a cholesterol free food that controls hypertension.
  • Rice helps to prevent cancer, chronic constipation, and skin problems.
  • Rice helps in blood Pressure management.
  • Rice also helps to prevent Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Rice is a support promotes cardiovascular health.
  • Rice is reduced diuretic and digestive qualities.
  • Rice helps in promoting cardiovascular strength.
  • The husk of rice helps treat dysentery.

Rice Vitamins And Minerals In Rice

  • Niacin
  • Vitamin D
  • Calcium
  • Fiber
  • Iron
  • Thiamine
  • Riboflavin
  • Carbohydrate
  • Calories
  • Protein
  • Dietary fiber
  • Manganese
  • Selenium
  • Phosphorus
  • Folate
  • Vitamin B6

I hope I have covered all informative details for the rice farming Production Cultivation farming and which fertilizers are used for it. If you like this information then please gives your review in the comment box and share this information with you other investor/ farmers friends.

4 thoughts on “Best Rice Farming, Cultivation, Production and Seeds Complete Guide

    1. thanks for giving the info…i will give information about black rice as soon as possible fast. Hope this article is very helpful to you.

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