How To Start Sandalwood [Chandan] Tree Cultivation In India

Sandalwood [Chandan] Tree Cultivation Process and Profit Guide

Sandalwood trees are popular for its beautiful fragrance and its wood materials are used from centuries. In India, sandalwood tree also popular as a Chandan or Srigandha and it is the most expensive tree plant.

It is an evergreen tree and it is mostly used in cosmetic, therapeutic, commercial and medicinal. The maximum height of sandalwood tree is 13 to 16 meter and 100 cm to 200 cm girth. Sandalwood tree found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Australia, Indonesia, Hawaii, and Pacific Islands.

  • sandalwood tree family: Santalaceae
  • sandalwood tree scientific name: Santalum album

Sandalwood tree images

In Indian tradition, Sandalwood trees are a special place and it used from cradle to cremation. It is also used in Cosmetics, Pharmaceutical, aromatherapy, soap industry, and perfumery so, the commercial value of sandalwood tree or oil is very high in the Indian market.

Sandalwood has many varieties and these different varieties are available in the worldwide. Basically, there are two famous varieties of sandalwood which have a very high commercial value in the market. Sandalwood leaves are also used for animal fodder.


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  1. Indian sandalwood
  2. Australian sandalwood

The Sandalwood trees are ready for harvesting after 30 years of cultivation. If you are using organic cultivation method then you can get the sandalwood tree in 10 to 15 years. In India, there are two sandalwood colors are available white, yellow, and red.

The best part of this sandalwood farming is that you can also grow sandalwood tree as an intercrop in Malabar Neem plantation.

 Sandalwood tree plant image

Sandalwood Tree Cultivation Details Required

If you are farmer or investor and planning for sandalwood tree cultivation then you can require proper climate, soil, land, plant selection, fertilizers, and irrigation. Before start cultivation, you must make proper project planning, calculate the expenses and profit, and note how much investment required for this cultivation.

Which type of climate required for sandalwood?

Sandalwood tree can almost grow in every type soil, climate and temperature. Sandalwood tree crop requires hot atmosphere and it grows better in humid climatic conditions.

Sandalwood tree cultivation also needs the temperature in between 12° and 35°C.  It is the perfect temperature for good growth of sandalwood tree.  At 600 and 1050 meters altitudes, this sandalwood tree plant grows well.

Soil Requirement of Sandalwood Tree Cultivation

If you are planning for the sandalwood tree cultivation then you may require well-drained soils which have a good organic object. The red sandy loam soils are also suitable for the sandalwood tree and you get the high yield crop.

A Soil test is must require for checking the nutrient requirements for the sandalwood plantation are present or not in the soil. Sandalwood tree cultivation requires pH of the soil in between 6.5 to 7.5 with a little bit of alkaline.

Before starting plantation of sandalwood tree plow the field until you get excellent tilth and weed free soil. Also, prepare the soil in such a way that the water in heavy rain or floods is easily come out from the drain.

Sandalwood cultivation process can be done by seeds and vegetatively through tissue culture.

Sandalwood tree farming images

Common Pests and Diseases in Sandalwood Tree Cultivation

Insect Pests Of Sandalwood

  • Defoliators
  • Calodia kirkaldyiNielson
  • Cardiococcus bivalvata(Green)
  • Eumeta crameri(Westwood)
  • Hotea nigrorufaWalker
  • Hyposidra talacaWalker
  • Nyctemera lacticinia(Cramer)
  • Purpuricenus sanguinolentus(Olivier)
  • Tajuria cippus(Fabricius)
  • Teratodes monticollis(Gray)
  • Toxoptera aurantii(Boyer de Fonscolombe)
  • Trabala vishnou (Lefèbvre)

Diseases of sandalwood

  • Pulvinaria psidii Mask
  • Coccid
  • Black Spot fungal
  • Phytoplasma
  • Phellinus noxius 

How To Plant Sandalwood Tree? 

In sandalwood tree cultivation sowing mainly done by the seeds. When sandalwood tree plants are 15 to 20 years old then in August to march you can collect the seeds from the sandalwood.

The collected seeds are well-treated and dried in sunlight before seminate on nursery beds. There are two types of seed beds are available in the nursery for the sowing sandalwood seeds.

  • sunken
  • raised beds

After in 7 to 8 months, a seedling grows up to 30 to 35 cm on nursery beds and they are ready for the transfer in the main field.

When you prepare soil or land for cultivation then at the same time also digging 45 x 45 x 45 cm size of a pit for planting the sandalwood seedlings.

Before planting the seedlings make sure any water will not stable in pits. If some water in pits then relinquishes the pits below the sunlight for some days. You must keep the 10 feet plant to plant distance. After four years of planting, you will get the flower on sandalwood tree.

sandalwood tree plantation in nursery

Where Did You Get Baby Plant?

If you do not want’s to grow this commercial crop from seeds, then purchased them from the market and plant them with a suitable method of sandalwood plantation. But, take care them while buying from the market.

In the market, there are many private and govt. nurseries are present, from where you can buy the baby sandalwood plants and can grow them in your field. But, purchasing them from a genuine source is a smart thing.

You can also buy the sandalwood baby plant through online.

How Much a Sandalwood Baby Plant Cost?

For growing sandalwood plants via planting sandalwood baby plants, they should be purchased from a genuine and certified source.

Generally, sandalwood plants are the most valuable plant in India but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm. Usually, a single baby plant cost up to Rs. 500 to Rs. 1000 per plant but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm, you can get a baby plant @ Rs. 100 from a genuine source.

Irrigation For Sandalwood Tree Cultivation

If you have limited water then you can use the drip irrigation method for sandalwood tree cultivation. In sandalwood cultivation crop require less water so, you can apply the drip irrigation in the interval of 2 to 3 weeks. Sandalwood tree young plants require irrigation only in hot and summer seasons they do not require irrigation in the rainy condition.

Sandalwood tree leaves photo

Fertilizers For Sandalwood Tree Cultivation

In sandalwood farming, you may choose to use the Bio-fertilizers, organic and chemical fertilizers for getting the high yield of a crop. You can also use any rotten farmyard manure (FYM).

  • Cow dung
  • Garden compost
  • Vermin-compost
  • Manure made from green leaves

The bio-pesticides made from the following materials and it’s used for the controlling any pests and diseases of sandalwood cultivation.

  • Chitrakmool
  • Neem (kernel, seeds & leaves)
  • Dhatura
  • Cow’s urine

Sandalwood tree flower and seed pictures

 Harvesting Time Of Sandalwood Tree

Sandalwood tree grows well and matures after 30 years from planting so, it will be ready for harvesting. In latest technology there are many tree cutting instruments are available in the market so you can use any instrument for harvest sandalwood tree. The heartwood of sandalwood trees are transferred into the mill and soft woods are removed.

By using some machine this hard sandalwood is transferring into powder. This sandalwood powder soaks in water for 2 days after it’s used for making oil and other cosmetic products.

Sandalwood tree wood harvest image

Sandalwood Tree Name And Productions Places

Sandalwood Tree Common Name In India

  • Safed Chandan
  • Chandan
  • Sandal and Sandalwood
  • Santalum album
  • ShiriGandha
  • Aninditha
  • Arishta Phalam
  • Bhadhrashraya
  • Sarpavasa
  • Chandrakanta
  • Gandhasara
  • Thailaparna
  • Malayaja

Sandalwood Tree Local Names In India

  • Chandan (Hindi)
  • Gandhapu Chekka (Telugu)
  • Cantana (Tamil)
  • Raktacandanaṁ (Malayalam)
  • Śrigandhada (Kannada)
  • Candana (Marathi)
  • Candana (Gujarati)
  • Canana (Punjabi)
  • Candana (Bengali)

Where sandalwood tree found in India?

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Telangana
  • Bihar
  • Gujarat
  • Karnataka
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu

Snadalwood Tree Varieties And Cost

Various Sandalwood varieties in World

  • Indian sandalwood (Santalum album)
  • Australian Sandalwood(Santalum spicatum)
  • Red sandalwood(Pterocarpus santalinus)
  • Santalum ellipticum
  • Santalum austrocaledonicum
  • Santalum freycinetianum
  • Santalum acuminatum
  • Santalum lanceolatum
  • Santalum haleakalae
  • Osyris lanceolata
  • Myoporum sandwicense
  • Adenanthera pavonina
  • Eremophila mitchellii
  • Myoporum platycarpum
  • Baphia nitida
  • Santalum obtusifolium

 What is the cost of sandalwood?

 The market price of sandalwood is in between Rs 3,000 to 6,000 per kg and sometimes it will be Rs 10,000 per kg.

Health Benefits of Sandalwood 

  • Sandalwood tree paste and its essential oil work as very effective anti-inflammatory agents.
  • Mostly, sandalwood trees are used for making perfumery products and deodorants.
  • Sandalwood tree oil is used for reducing stress and hypertension.
  • Sandalwood is mainly used in religious rituals in India.

sandalwood oil benefits for health

Benefits Of Sandalwood Oil

Sandalwood Oil Skin Benefits

  • Get Bright, Clean And Flawless Skin.
  • Cures Skin Infections And Itching.
  • Prevents Skin Aging.

Sandalwood Oil Health Benefits

  • Get Rid Of Inflammation.
  • Prevents Spasms.
  • Used As An Antiseptic Agent.
  • Boosts Renal Health.
  • Keeps Blood Pressure Under Control.
  • Say ‘No’ To Body Odor.
  • Great Health Tonic For Kids.
  • Drives Away Stress And Anxiety.
  • Fights Viral Infections.
  • Helps Boost Memory.


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Sandalwood Oil Miscellaneous Benefits

  • Keeps Bugs And Germs At Bay 

Sandalwood Yield Per Tree

If you are planning for the sandalwood tree cultivation then you will have a patience for wait its yield and profit because sandalwood tree takes a long time for growing to compare to any other trees.

Sandalwood tree wood photo

If you provide proper climate conditions, soil and irrigation to sandalwood tree so, per year it can grow 5 cm girth. Almost, You can get the 10 to 25 kg sandalwood tree wood depends on the tree growth.

Sandalwood tree growths are depending on the many factors.

  • Selection of land
  • Selecting the sandalwood spices
  • Host plant management
  • Irrigation management
  • Pest and disease control management
Age of Sandalwood Tree (in years). Girth (in cm). Hear wood yield (in kg).
10 10 1
20 22 4
30 33 10
40 44 20
50 55 30

Subsidy For Sandalwood Cultivation

There are many banks are available in India which provides the facilities of subsidy and loan to farmers for sandalwood tree cultivation. You can directly contact these banks for more current subsidy or loan information.

  • NMPB (National medicinal plants board)

Sandalwood Plantation Cost And Profit

The profit and cost of sandalwood tree cultivation are depended on the market conditions and it will change year to year and region to region. Generally, in a one-acre land, you can grow the 400 to 440 sandalwood tree plants.

Sandalwood tree wood transfer in industry photo

Sandalwood tree cultivation costs depend on the many factors. In India sandalwood plantation cost per acre is 6,00,000 INR.

  • Plant cost
  • Labor cost of planting
  • Drip cost
  • Soil working
  • Weed control
  • Pests/disease cost

The Cost of sandalwood tree heart wood is 6,000 Rs/kg. From one acre land normally, you will expect 5000 kg yield of sandalwood crop.

After, 15 to 20 years total expected price is 5000 x 6,000 = 3, 00, 00,000 (3 crore).

Total cost/expenditure + other costs = 6,00,000 INR

6,00,000 + land cost per acre 20,00,000 INR = 26,00,000

Profit:  3,00,00,000 – 26,00,000 = 2,74,00,000/acre.

In the local market, these sandalwood trees are very demanded. So, you can get the good returns from this Sandalwood tree cultivation. This all information that is required for any farmer or investor to grow the sandalwood tree.

I hope I have covered the all informative details for the sandalwood tree farming. If you like this information then please gives your review in the comment box.


26 thoughts on “How To Start Sandalwood [Chandan] Tree Cultivation In India

  1. hello sir ,
    this vijay kumar from banglore i would like to plantation the sandlewood tree
    please guide me. your information was too good .

      1. Hi my name is Rizwan im 4m Bangalore, i really liked this article it will be very helpful for me, i have 2acres of land and i want to plantation sandlewood tree’s please guide me how much tree’s i can plant in 1acre please help me out,

        Thank’s & Regard’s

        1. i have 2 acres of land in M.P. , Want some details on future market ,it take 15-20 years to mature , since lot of farmers are coming to farming Sandal , i am afraid that after 15 – 20 years , price will fall down

  2. Haloo.. Sir ..I Anupam i …just the artical and really surprised .. About this sandalwood plant I m really having interested in this cultivation … Sir I m from north Bengal. Siliguri .. I want to know that from where I get newly baby t plant … And how much cost of it

    1. thanks for the appriciation buddy.. Hope you will like and we are also trying to make India More Powerful. India is mostly depend on the agriculture. We will be also give the inforamtion about organic farming which is primary need for every indian.

  3. i wants to plantation of sandalwood tree in two acre land in location of district shamli utter pardesh please tell me how can manage

  4. sir,
    we have 10 acres of land & we are from haryana ( near ambala ).
    we have following questions –
    1. is it legal to grow sandalwood in haryana ?
    2. can we sell its production freely to anyone or does we need permission from govt. before selling it ??
    3. is it ok to grow in hard soil ?
    4. is temperature of haryana ( 5 to 47 degrees ) ok for sandalwood plantation ?
    5. can we sell plant after 10 years ?

  5. sir,I have one acre land in distt. Bareilly(U.P.). I want to do plantation of chandan plant. Please guide me from where I can get the plants.

  6. Sir, l want to sandalwood plantation in my 15acer of my native village uparpita ps khariar district nuapada state of odisha.
    Please guide me.

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