- 1 Shrimp Farming | Cultivation Little About Shrimp Farming or Cultivation
- 2 Benefits of Shrimps
- 3 Think Before Starting Shrimp Farming
- 4 How to Start Shrimp Farming
- 5 Shrimp Culture In The Pond
- 6 Growing Shrimps
- 7 Shrimps Disease And Their Treatment
- 8 Harvesting Shrimps
Shrimp Farming | Cultivation Little About Shrimp Farming or Cultivation
Are you interested in starting your own shrimp farm as a business plan? Then you are at the right platform. Today, I am here with all the information about shrimp farming such as the Investment, food, pest and disease and also, what is the profit margin in the shrimp farming.
Is shrimp a fish?
Yes… Shrimp also are known as prawn by the local. Basically, shrimp are the type of fish, which has plenty of market demand because of its taste and also their benefits in numbers of the country, all over the globe. Besides consuming more in India, shrimps are also consumed in United Kingdom, Japan, United States, including the Commonwealth countries on large scale.
Shrimps farming have their own importance in the fisheries industry. Nowadays, shrimps have acquired a specific place in the diet of many peoples all over the globe. Many peoples are fond of eating shrimps, as directly, as fried or in any other way…
This farming business does not require much capital and also a large land. Nowadays, numbers of people are doing this; shrimp farming business and earning millions of money. Friends, earning millions of money from it is not a hard working job, but it requires proper care and management. So, it is essential to learn, only correct and proper information about shrimp farming to earn a great success in this farming business.
Benefits of Shrimps
Shrimps are not only beneficial in the business sector but are also beneficial to us in various ways. Shrimps are rich in minerals and vitamins, which are able to treat numbers of diseases, present in our healthy body making us sick or unhealthy or unfit.
Now, let us learn what are the health benefits of eating shrimps in the following section.
- Shrimps are the excellent source of The presence of Selenium in our body directly prevent the growth of cancer cells in the body. So, shrimps can keep us from many cancer.
- The content of fatty acids in the shrimps is too high, which is helpful in keeping a healthy heart.
- Shrimps are also an excellent source of Calcium, which is helpful in strengthening the bones.
- The Vitamin E present in the shrimps is also helpful in keeping healthy skin and also preventing all the skin infections.
- The Vitamin B12presence in the shrimps is also beneficial in the cleaning of the nerves and arteries of our body.
- Shrimps are low-calorie food. So, eating shrimps is also beneficial in weight loss and being healthy.
Presence of all these minerals and vitamins in shrimps, consuming them is beneficial in many ways. Eating shrimps is also helpful in preventing many diseases, present in our to make healthy and fit.
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Think Before Starting Shrimp Farming
It is a great idea to start farming smartly, and a smart farmer always considers about the essential, cost and investments and also some task before starting this farming business. Here is a guide for you, learn these points, take some time and think about them before starting shrimp raising business.
- Learn how many types of shrimps are there in the world and decide of them, which one can give you more profit?
- Also, learn the how much it cost to start a new shrimp farm, depending on the scale of your business.
- Also, think about the fodder, care, and management needed for the growing shrimps economically.
- Also, learn how to prepare shrimp nutritious fodder at home only? if you not much capital.
- Also, think of the space, cost, initial capital required for starting shrimp farming.
- Also, learn how to test your water to find out the elements present in it.
Whatever is this, it is advised to take a visit to your nearest shrimp farm, if available to learn all these points in deeper and also better information about this.
How to Start Shrimp Farming
Nowadays, Shrimp Farming business is being very popular and is also increasing more. New growers select this business plan firstly rather than going for any other commercial farming business because of great profit margin. And, the popularity of shrimps in the market is being raised more and more from day to day. There is also a great demand of shrimps in the food processing industry, because of which shrimps are growing more by the new growers.
Apart from all these shrubs, shrimps farming can also be done with other commercial farming, such as fish farming, duck farming etc. Nowadays, it is possible to raise shrimp all time during the complete year and the craziness of it is also increasing.
For having your own shrimp farm, you must have sufficient size pond as basic essential. If you have not any pond, then it is advised to take one on lease or construct your own pond. It is great ideas to take pond on the lease.
As like Commercial fish farming, this farming business also require a pond having sufficient size, so that shrimp can grow well. So, for commercial shrimp farming, a 1,500 sq feet area is good enough to start a new shrimp farming business. Prepare a pond having dimension 8 X 8 feets for farming shrimps which should have a depth about 5 feets deeper.
Initial Investment in the Shrimp Farming
This farming business does not require much capital as an initial investment and can give you good returns in a very short time period. A capital of 75,000 as the initial investment is good enough to start a profitable shrimp farming business in a one-acre pond. In around 8 to 9 months, you will be able to harvest this costliest yield. The costliest input in this farming is the investment of baby shrimps or living shrimps. You can collect those growing shrimp easily from the market. Usually, the price of one kg baby or living shrimps is ranging from Rs 300 to 500. However, raising high quality and fast growing baby shrimps can lead to good profits.
So, here below is the calculation of all material along with their cost, which is essential to start a new shrimp farm.
|Type of Investment||Cost of that Investment (in Rs)|
|Cost of Shrimp Shed||Rs 15,000|
|Cost of Food||Rs 5,000|
|Cost of Fertilizer||Rs 5,000|
|Cost of preparing a pond [one time (100 feet pond)]||Rs 30,000|
|Cost of Miscellaneous Investment||Rs 20,000|
|Total Expenses||Rs 75,000|
Note that the above mention calculation can vary from person to person depending on the level of business. This can also vary depending on the selection of various equipment.
Fro starting a shrimp farming business, a land is an essential need having sufficient size to raise the shrimps in the pond. So, select a good farm location for your business of growing shrimps commercially. Availability of water at that location is also basic essential. Also, pay attention to the distance, how near is your farm from the nearest local market. Establishing a shrimp farm near a city is can reduce the cost of transportation to raise your profit from the products. A city connected with roads is the best way of cheapest transportation with any vehicle.
There is some basic requirement, without which the business of growing or raising shrimps is not possible and is also not profitable one. So, it is a good idea to acquire all the basic needs of shrimp, which needed initially for the growing shrimps as a business plan.
Here below is the list of all the basic requirements, required for shrimp farming.
- A pond with good and clean water source
- Healthy and quality baby shrimp to raise
- Farm shades
- Manpower: Low-cost labor
- Some vehicles for the means of transportation for carrying your product to the market
- A good and quality food; should have well stock
- A net to collect the shrimp from the pond
Shrimp Culture In The Pond
Preparing A Fertile And Productive Pond
For starting the commercial shrimp farming, you have to construct a sufficient size pond so that shrimps can grow well and you can obtain healthy and quality product from this business plan to earn good returns. Note that your prepare pond should not have the depth more than four feet and is also should have well designed such as square construction or circle construction.
The base of your prepared pond must have clean surface along with soil pH, ranging between 7 to 8. Spray a suitable disease resistant chemical fertilizers on the side surfaces of the pond to keep away the selected baby shrimp from the disease in the pond.
Also, an addition of cow dung manure is also helpful in increasing the fertility and reproductive capacity in the pond and also enhances the growth of plants and planktons. Now, the pond should be filled up with clean water. Leave that filled for about ten days, so that this commercial small creature can grow in the pond.
Breed selection in this farming business is also an important task that decides the amount of profit in your business. Growing fast growing and high yielding breed of shrimps will definitely yield more production at the last. Grow specific high yielding breed, depending on your climate condition. Since growing breed which is fast growing in nature and requires a minimum care and management is always beneficial in earning good returns.
To produce healthy shrimps, it is very important to treat that cultivating pond water. First of finding out the what elements are presents in that pond water? Then after, supplement the pond water with all essential elements required for producing higher and quality shrimps with the help of suitable water treatment.
After placing the certain shrimp larvae, let them time grow under the supervision of the skilled and expert in the Hatchery, at least 1 month for better shrimps development. When the shrimps reach the maturity age of one month and their initial growth level is going correctly, then you can put them in the growing pond.
How much shrimps per pond?
If your pond is 50 meters long, 30 meters wide, and two feet deeper, then you can put at least more than 3,000 shrimps in it. Give them food, two to three times a day for their healthy development. Stable Oxygen level and proper feeding are also main factors, which enhances the shrimps’ growth for better production.
Do maintain the Oxygen level in your pond for achieving higher production, and check it regularly.
Feeding of Your Shrimp Pond
Nowadays, numbers of the variety of fodder available in the market for the nutritious diet of your shrimp, but it is a little bit expensive. And because of this, small-scale farmers are unable to purchase this expensive fodder due to money shortage.
One can easily prepare this nutritious diet at home only by using the vegetable west particle, along with extra fodder, giver to the husbandry animal… and can get relieved from the tension of buying the expensive fodder for the shrimps. You can also use the cow dung for the preparation of nutritious and healthy fodder along with the almonds, corn and such like protein-rich food to meet the protein requirement.
Provide this expensive or homemade nutritious fodder in sufficient amount, at least thrice a day.
Shrimps Disease And Their Treatment
All like other farming business, diseases are also observed in this shrimp farming business. Viral infected diseases are common in this farming such as White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV), Yellowhead Disease Virus (YHDV ), Taura Syndrome Virus (TSV), Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus (IHHNV), Vibrio harveyi are some common diseases that observed in the commercial shrimp farming.
It is essential to prevent your pond from all these observed diseases to obtains a higher yield and to maintain the quality of the shrimps. However, maintaining water quality can avoid, all these observed diseases.
The harvesting time of shrimp is mainly depended on the shrimp condition along with the market demand and price. They are collected with the help of cast net from the various area of growing pond on the basis of average weight and shape, size. At the harvesting stage, the soft shell is should be less than 5 % in the pond. This can be achieved by scheduled harvesting of the shrimps between 2 moultings. Moulting can be identified by the existence of exuviae in the growing pond.
If your shrimps weigh averagely around 30 gm, then harvesting should be after a week of the exuviae appearance. Where the upcoming molting can be observed after two weeks.
Iced those collected shrimps or store them to nearby cold store or shift them to the processing plants within 10 hrs of harvesting.
If growing shrimps is done with advance shrimps farming techniques, then one can easily earn about more than 3 lack by just investing Rs 50,000 as the initial capital in this business plan.
One can raise this profit by taking proper care and good management of the shrimp farm and also selecting a high yielding and fast growing shrimps breed.