Have you ever heard of Spirulina Farming? If the answer is YES! Then did you know 10grams of Spirulina paste has the same quantity of nutrients as in 1kilograms of Spinach or Carrots? Spirulina paste is a healthy choice.
Here I will tell you, how you can construct it? What are the types of equipment required to build it up? And what is the process of growing Spirulina?
Spirulina is associated with aquatic micro-organism usually known as algae, though it is more like a bacteria. It is used as a food supplement to fight deficiency.
It is said that 1 gram of Spirulina is as healthier as 100 grams of carrot or spinach. Spirulina has a high amount of protein content, with 60-70% of its dry weight consisting of a balanced mixture of numerous essential amino acids.
Further, it is highly riches in carotene, Vitamin B12, and many other nutrients. It is very easy to digest as Spirulina has no cell membrane.
Spirulina serving improves the physical growth, immunity and it also develops thinking ability. Studies show that, it is highly effective in fighting HIV AIDS, arsenic poisoning etc.
It is often consumed directly as a paste. This is used in pharmaceutical and combined with numerous food products like rice, milk product, energy bars, candy, noodles, etc.
Suitable conditions for Spirulina Farming:
- It grows in specific minerals solution, with proper chemical balance and pH varies from 8 to 11.
- Minimum Temperature required is for its growth is 17 degrees while, the most effective temperature ranges between 32 to 37 degrees.
- A substantial amount of sunlight is required for its effective growth.
Equipments required growing Spirulina:
The instrumentation required to grow Spirulina are simply available anywhere. If you want to make the process easier, you can buy growing kits for Spirulina which has all the essentials required to grow Spirulina. Otherwise, you can collect these simple items on your own.
Spirulina can be grown in any container; you may use large jars, pool or an aquarium tank depending upon the quantity you require to grow. As Spirulina requires sunrays to grow, so it is suggestible to keep your container transparent.
Spirulina solely desires water and nutrients to grow. It needs water that is alkaline in nature with pH ranging 8 to 11, so that means you need not use high-quality water.
You’ll be able to use water from a creek, salt water, de-chlorinated water or rainwater. As long as your water isn’t heavily impure with significant metals or different toxins, it ought to work fine.
- Spirulina Starter Culture:
You can also take a portion of Spirulina culture from somewhere to grow it on your own. Spirulina Starter culture can now bought through online stores or through local health food stores. It generally comes in a bottle with live Spirulina in water.
- Stirring Device:
Spirulina has to be stirred to maximize the reach of light in the complete growing culture. This can also be done with a long spoon or with a stick or by installing a pump with a bubbler.
- Harvest instrumentation:
You will require some screen with a really fine mesh of about 50 microns in diameter or less, alternatively, natural silk cloth or some aquarium nets can be used. This is often used to strain the Spirulina out of the water. An oversized cup is additionally handy to scoop the water into the mesh.
What is the process of growing Spirulina?
· Set Up Your Tank and Starter Medium:
Whatever may be the container you are using, be it pool or any jar, make sure that it is transparent so that required amount of sunlight can fall on it. Indoors, you can place it in front of a window otherwise you have to use lights on top of it. Outside, try and position it in a bright space that’s out of the direct sun.
- Check your pH:
The pH of your starter medium ought to be from 8 to 11. Litmus paper is the instrument used to measure the pH value. It is often found at the most pharmacies or natural food stores. Dip the paper into your container for a couple of seconds.
Once the color on the paper has modified, compare it with the guide on the box to find out the pH value. If the pH continues to be too low, add sodium bicarbonate. If it’s too high, add a touch of vinegar.
Dip the paper into your container for a couple of seconds. Once the color on the paper has modified, compare it with the guide on the box to find out the pH value. If the pH continues to be too low, add sodium bicarbonate. If it’s too high, add a touch of vinegar.
- Add Your Spirulina Culture:
Pour your Spirulina culture in starter medium and make sure to stir it gently. Check that your starter medium and Spirulina culture has identical temperature. This helps forestall the Spirulina from going into shock at an excessive amount of temperature distinction.
- Water Your Spirulina:
Water will be evaporated as the time passes, therefore you will require keeping it at the identical quantity you started with. Otherwise, your pH or nutrients will be off- balance.
It’s useful to create a mark on the side of your container once your beginning culture is all done so you can see your initial quantity. Then slowly keep adding water if you ever see it drop.
- Keep Your Spirulina warm:
Spirulina naturally belongs from tropical lakes, therefore it prefers heat water. It will grow in temperatures from 13 to 38 degree Celsius; however, the best temperature is from 32 to 37 degree Celsius.
Your Spirulina can grow at colder temperatures, it will simply be slower. If you wish to maximize the expansion, think about putting in a heater in your water. Simply check that it doesn’t cross 40 degrees Celsius, as this can begin to kill the Spirulina.
- Enlarge Your Culture if required:
You can repeat the above steps to create your culture larger. When creating your initial culture, wait for a minimum of three days for the Spirulina to grow and establish a decent population.
You will be able to see the culture changing into greener because of the Spirulina replicates. You can mix a new batch of your starter medium to your main Spirulina culture. You can try this few times if required till your jar is full.
- Harvest Your Spirulina:
As Spirulina grows, the pH of the complete culture can rise. This is the reason that it is safe to eat Spirulina, as no alternative organisms can truly live in such alkaline conditions. Make sure your Spirulina is safe before harvesting it, by waiting till the pH of your culture has reached value of 10 or higher.
After concerning 3 to 6 weeks of growth, your Spirulina will be all set to harvest. Harvesting is easy, you just need to scoop some of the culture water out and make it run through the net or mesh cloth.
The Spirulina will be collected on the net. Gently squeeze out any excess liquid to avoid intense alkaline water. Ultimately, you will have the green paste.
- Feed Your Spirulina:
Each time you harvest Spirulina, you will have to refill the nutrients in your main culture. For instance, if you’re taking out one tablespoon of Spirulina, you’ll add one tablespoon of a nutrient mixture into to the culture.
Is Spirulina Farming Profitable?
The clear answer is YES! Spirulina Farming is Profitable, As it requires very low investment and the market price of Spirulina paste is quite good i.e. approximately INR 1000 per kilograms due to its richness in vitamins and nutrients, and medicinal and therapeutically values.
To set up a Spirulina farm in 1 acres of land, it requires an investment of approximately 2lakhs and the yield will be of more than 1lakh monthly.
To set up a live example, 15 women in Madurai, India are running a Spirulina farm which is having a facility of 40 tanks. They work together and produce about 150kilograms of Spirulina each month.
Growing Spirulina is very easy task and not even requires much investment, Only thing that will be invested is your time. Spirulina is a healthy choice and has significance in making up of pills. It is high source of Vitamins. So, Spirulina farming is a healthy as well as cheaper choice of farming for you.