Orange Farming | Cultivation Orange Fruit | Tree Information process profit guide
Like Banana, Apple & Mango, Orange is also one of the topmost fruit, that is cultivated widely in every corner of the world. Basically, oranges are citrus fruits, frequently eaten by the people because of orange nutritional value. Orange fruits are the excellent source of vitamins, particularly the vitamin C. And, Orange juice acquire an important place in the regular diet of many people. So, friends, growing orange tree is a great idea to begin a new tree farming business plan
The scientific name of Orange is Citrus reticulata & the botanical name of orange is Citrus aurantium.
Oranges products have great demand in Internation Market because of its extensive scope of uses & Benefits. This delicious fruit can be eaten as a fresh or in form of syrup, juice, jam, squash, or any other orange products. Note that, orange fruits are the principal source of citric acid, peel oil, and cosmetics. And because of this much importance, Orange Farming | Cultivation plays an important role in economics.
So, let us learn Orange Farming/Cultivation
Today, Sweet Oranges are popular variety, which is eaten more by the people. Basically, Sweet Oranges were grown firstly in the Asia. Which spread slowly to whole Asia & become popular in very short time all across the world. Now, sweet oranges are grown in most of the part in the world. The topmost citrus species used for commercial fruit tree farming business are mandarin (Citrus reticulata), acid lime (Citrus aurantifolia), & sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). Besides, this there also several types of oranges, used for cultivation.
The flowers of oranges have fragrance sweetness, because of which attract numerous honey bees. Apart from being grown as commercial fruit tree farming, oranges are also grown in a container, pots, or in the backyard of the house. Commercial orange farming is very successful & profitable if cultivated with good farm management skills and proper care. Note that Orange trees are very prone to numbers of pest, insects, and diseases. So, care and management play an important role in the production of orange cultivation.
Benefits of Oranges
Below is a list of some health benefits of eating oranges, Learn all uses of orange fruit.
- Benefits of Oranges for Weight Loss; Oranges are low-calorie food. So, consumption of it beneficial in weight loss.
- Benefits of Orange for Skin; Oranges are rich in citric acid & dietary fibers, Which are effective in removal of harmful waste, toxins, Acne from our body. So, you can use orange for skin whitening.
- Orange fruits contain a high content of carotenoid compounds, a source of “vitamin A”. So, helps in prevents from macular degeneration.
- Benefits of Eating Oranges in Empty Stomach; Eating Orange in empty stomach is helpful in Detoxification & provide lots of energy to the body.
- The magnesium & flavonoid hesperidin of orange fruit is helpful in controlling high blood pressure.
However, Sweet and tasty oranges are the excellent source of Vitamin C.
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Are Oranges Bad For You?
No, Oranges are the excellent source of citric acid (Vitamin C). There are lots of health benefits of eating oranges. But, consume them in moderate level. Eating too many oranges are sometimes have some adverse effects and might be harmful to you. So, eating oranges in moderate is beneficial for human beings but eating too many oranges at a time is not good for health.
Top Orange Producing Countries
Here below is a list of top 10 countries, which top the orange production list.
After China, India is the second largest orange producer in the Asia.
Other Name For Orange
Narangi | Santra (Hindi), Suntalā (Nepali), Apfelsine (German), 오렌지 (Korean), chéngzi (Chinese), Portokall (Albanian), ส้ม (Thai), Sinaasappel (Dutch), Mikan / orenji (Japanese), برتقال (Arabic), Cam (Vietnamese), porteqāl (Persian), Arancio (Italian), දොඩම් (Sinhalese), Narancs (Hungarian), appelsin (Swedish), laranjeira (Portuguese), Naranja (Spanish), Апельсин (Ukrainian), 桔子 (Mandarin), Narandža (Bosnian), Kahel (Filipino), Жүрж (Mangolian), Пўртаҳол (Uzbek), Appelsin (Norwegian), òr-mheas (Scottish), Pomeraňc (Czech), Pomarańcza (Polish), Портокал (Macedonian), Portokal (Bulgarian), апельсин (Russian), Apelsinipuu (Apelsinipuu), Portocală (Romanian), Pomaranč (Slovak), liwtefng (Taiwanese), oráiste (Irish), Поморанџа (Serbian), Portakal (Turkish), Pomaranča (Slovenian), πορτοκάλι (Greek), Jeruk (Sundanese), larinġa (Maltese), ក្រូចពោធិ៍សាត់ ( Cambodian), ნარინჯის (Georgian), Appelsin (Danish), Apelsīns (Latvian), oranji (Somali), Narinch (Armenian), l’orange (French), iwolintshi (Zulu), Pokok limau (Malay), Kamala pandu (Telugu), Santara (Punjabi), etc.
However, many languages, it is also referred as “Chinese apple” like Sinaasappel (Dutch), etc
Orange | Varieties
Selecting a high yielding and fast growing variety for orange cultivation will directly impact on the production of your oranges. So, always select a high yielding and fast growing variety for orange for obtaining a higher amount of production.
Blood, Hamlin Navel, Page, Ortanique, Parson Brown, Pineapple, Red Navel, Temple (Royal mandarin), Valencia (Citrus Sinensis Valencia), Ambersweet, etc… are the topmost, high-yielding varieties of oranges that give more no. of oranges that others. Apart from this, Nagpur Santra (Mandarin), Sumithra mandarin, Darjeeling Mandarin, Kinnow mandarin, Blood Red, Sathukudi (Satagudi), Dancy, SZ-IN-COM, Coorg Santra, Mosambi, Kara, Khasi Santra, Seedless-182, Shringar, Hamlin, Butwal, Mudkhed, and Jaffa are also some important types of oranges, that are cultivated most, all around the world.
Depending on your region’s climatic condition, select a suitable for your orange farm. It is a good idea select a disease and pest resistant variety with the help of local horticulture department for obtaining more orange production.
Climate Condition For Orange Farming
Where do oranges grow? Likewise Mango Farming and Banana Farming, Oranges are also cultivated widely as they can grow well in the tropical region as well as in sub-tropical regions up to a height of 1500 m. However, a dry climatic condition is favorable for profitable orange cultivation for obtaining higher oranges production.
A soil temp. (about room temp: 26 ‘C) is beneficial in enhancing the growth of plant root as well plant growth. However, farming oranges in an arid and drier area with good hot summer and moderate rainfall, about 100 to 200 cm is considered as the best and most favorable climatic conditions for the excellent growth of orange plants.
Take care that orange trees are very sensitive to high humid and frost condition and such climatic condition in orange farming invites numbers of many diseases and harmful pest, insect, etc. Also, note that hot winds during summer lead to dropping down of orange flower and budding fruits. So, for obtaining high production of oranges, it is a good idea to keep maintaining the favorable temp in your farm during the growth period.
Soil Requirement for Orange Farming
Oranges can be cultivated on a wide variety of soil like sandy loam to loamy soil, alluvial, red to black soils with too much clay. However, a soil with high fertility, good drainage power, lime-free soil with good salt absorption power and light loam is considered as the best & most favorable for the orange cultivation.
As soil ph for citrus trees is about 6.0 to 7.0 and oranges are also a citrus tree, it is smartness to cultivate them on soil, which has pH ranging between 5. 8 to 7.3 for best production.
However, it is a good idea to go for the soil test, at least once before starting any commercial farming, to know that is your soil is suitable or not?
Land Selection and its Preparation for Orange Farming
Select a site for your orange farm, from where there is a full availability of transport for transporting your oranges in the market. Also, it should not be too cold during the winter and monsoon season because this invites numbers of pest and disease to your farm. It is also suggested to give windbreaks on sides of your farm from heavy winds since hot and heavy winds during summer lead to dropping down of orange flower and budding fruits. Growing Jamun (Plum), Mulberry trees, Eucalyptus, etc on sides is a good idea for providing windbreaks.
Prepare your soil, favorable for orange farming like managing ph about 5.8 to 7.3, make rich your soil in all essential organic matters for producing more fruits. If your soil has any nutrient deficiency, then it should be supplemented at the time of soil preparation and remover the previous crop’s weeds, if present.
Propagation in Orange Farming
An Orange tree can be reproduced by seed or with the help of vegetative propagation, by T-budding.
Learn how to grow an orange tree from a seed in few steps.
- Prepare a pot, having sterilized pot soil
- Plant your orange seed into this pot at about 1/2 inch depth in pot soil
- Cover this pot by using any wrapping material
- Keep this pot in a warm place and give some time to grow
- When seedling appears, move your pot to the sunny and open area so that it can grow well
- Water it regularly
However, planting oranges with the help of budding are fast growing & high yielding in nature.
Growing Oranges | Planting Season
Planting oranges should be done in the beginning of the rainy season (Monsoon season) because the risk of plant death is comparatively low in the rainy season. Rainwater helps the plant to fix faster. But, the best time for planting orange plant is from July to August.
Prepare a pit, having size 80 cm X 80 cm X 80 cm. Add about 10 kg of rotten cow dung manure to the topsoil of the pit. Plant the Oranges, keeping a distance of 7 meters between the rows and 7 meters apart. However, the spacing in orange cultivation depends on the type of soil, method and the cultivars, selected for the cultivation.
Friends, for high-density orange planting, this spacing may be less. With less spacing, it is able to plant about 120 plants per one acre. Watering should be done, just after the planting.
Irrigation in Orange Farming
How often to water orange trees? Friends, Orange plant require more water as like the Banana Plant. for the repetitive growth of fruit plant. However, irrigation in your orange farm depends on many factors like agro-climatic condition, plant age, and soil type. Give water your orange trees at a regular interval like at a week in the summer season and at 10 days from monsoon to winter. However, first irrigation should be done, just after the orange plantation.
Avoid waterlogging the tree, because orange trees are very sensitive to the water stagnation. A fully grown Orange plant needs minimum 20 watering in a particular year i.e 1,400 mm water. However, farming with drip irrigation system is the best and beneficial in any commercial crops.
Manure and Fertilizers in Orange Farming
Basically, an orange plant needs Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphate along with some Micro-nutrient Magnesium, Zinc, Iron, etc for good development of vegetative plant growth. Keeping orange tree full of organic manure is helpful to the orange plant in bearing healthy and delicious oranges. So, here below is a guide for application of manure and fertilizer in orange farming for good fruit production.
|Orange Plant Age||Year-wise Fertilizer dose (gm per plant)|
|4th Year & above||600||200||100|
Note that timely application of suitable manure and fertilizer play an important role in enhancing Orange fruit production. You can make use of any best fertilizer for orange trees in your farm
Orange Tree | Pests, and diseases
The Orange tree care is one of the key factors, which decide the production & profit of your orange farming business. Care of orange tree is mainly done for preventing the disease and pest of the orange tree. Let us learn what are the Orange Pest and Disease.
Orange | Disease
Gummosis, twig blight, damping off, root and collar rot are some main disease, that are commonly observed in the orange farming business. For controlling the Orange tree disease in your farm, depending on your orange plant infection, spray Bavistin, Ridomil MZ 72, Benomyl etc on the affected orange plants.
Orange | Pests
Snails, Citrus Red Mites, Citrus Bud Mite, Brown Soft Scale, Citrus leafminer, Citrus Thrips, Orangedog Caterpillars, Mealybugs, Citrus psylla, Citrus Whitefly, Fruit fly, Blackfly, Bark eating caterpillar, Aphids etc.. are some common insect and pest, that are observed on an orange tree.
Why Disease and Pest Control in Orange Farming?
Presence of all these pests and disease in your farm are the main cause beside the poor quality of oranges and also the low fruit production. So, they should be controlled as soon as possible. Liquid Pesticide have effective results for controlling pests and diseases in an orange cultivation business
For controlling the Orange tree disease in your farm, spray Bavistin, Ridomil MZ 72, Benomyl etc on the affected orange plants, depending on your orange plant infection. While for controlling Pest, spraying quinalphos, dimethoate, monocrotophos, phosphamidon, phosalone, etc insecticides, depending on your orange plant infection. Timely application of suitable fertilizer in your orange farm is beneficial in controlling these pests and diseases and also helps in enhancing the fruit production in your fruit farming business.
Generally, An orange plant becomes mature at the age of one year. After which they start flowering and budding, but not in proper amount or less no. of fruit are obtained in the first harvesting.
Usually, Depending on the types of orange cultivated, from the 4th year onward, you will be able to harvesting oranges. And an orange tree used to give fruit for about 25 yrs in an economic life. Collect those tasty and delicious oranges at three different intervals, during a year. Harvest them in autumn, summer, and in the rainy season.
For meeting a higher amount of profit, take care in picking oranges. They should be picked, when are in their best size and also ripen completely. Attractive color, bigger size, a good sugar content and well acid ratio are main factors, which yields a higher value of fruit in the market.
You can make use of orange harvesting machine for picking oranges, fresh and healthy as orange harvesting is a time-consuming process and require more laborious work.
After about four to five, year, you will be able to harvest these tasty oranges. However, the no’s of fruit per tree in your fruit farming business is less at this stage, hence less is the yield also. However, 20 to 35 tonnes of oranges can be easily obtained, each and every year. This may high or low, depending on the types of oranges cultivated, soil fertility, agroclimatic condition, orange tree care and management.
In commercial orange cultivation business, about 50 no’s of fruit can be obtained per each tree while after the good establishment of your orange farming business, about 500 no’s of fruit per tree can be easily obtained.
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