- 1 Watermelon Farming | Cultivation Little About Watermelon Farming or Cultivation
- 2 Health Benefits of Watermelon
- 3 Other Names for Watermelon
- 4 Watermelon Varieties
- 5 Where Do Watermelons Grow?
- 6 How To Plant Watermelon
- 7 Watermelon Plantation
- 8 Irrigation In Watermelon Farming
- 9 Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Watermelon Farming
- 10 Intercultural Activities in Watermelon Farming
- 11 Harvesting Watermelons
- 12 Post Harvesting in Watermelon Farming
Watermelon Farming | Cultivation Little About Watermelon Farming or Cultivation
Growing watermelon as a business plan is really a profitable one if watermelon farming is done with suitable watermelon farming techniques. There are various types of watermelon, which can be used for commercial cultivation.
However, farming with best watermelon variety. There is great demand for watermelon products because of its lots of health benefits and high nutrition value of watermelon. So, watermelon growing as a business is really a profit earning business if done with suitable techniques. So, here below is a guide for watermelon farming. So, that anyone can earn millions of money from growing watermelon successfully at large scale, indoors, pots, poly houses, greenhouses or in containers…
Watermelon crop is one of the warm and long seasonal crops which can grow well in the tropical and sub-tropical regions, all around the world. Watermelon has great demand in the market for its freshening nature. Farming watermelon is specially done to meet the market demand for its fresh juice and also their sweet flesh. Farming watermelon as a commercial business plan is done on the larger scale in the hot summer season, all around the worlds.
The scientific name of watermelon is “Citrullus lanatus“. Basically, watermelon fruits are native to Kalahari Desert (southern Africa) which are cultivated first of all in the Egypt.
A watermelon plant can produce male flowers as well female flowers. The size of fruit varies from 1.5 kg to more than 10 kg, depending on the type of watermelon cultivated. Growing seedless watermelon variety requires pollinators to produce a healthy and tasteful watermelon.
Nowadays, growers are producing watermelons in various shapes with the help of fruit shape retainers to meet their great and trending market demand. Like love shaped and square-shaped watermelons in trending demand in numbers of countries. In the world, China leads the list of top producing countries of watermelon.
Health Benefits of Watermelon
Is watermelon good for your health? So, before going to learn watermelon farming, let us learn what the health benefits of eating watermelon, first of all…
- Watermelon contains about 90 % water of total weight, so it is the best fruit to eat in the summer to avoid the hydration problem.
- Watermelons are excellent source of Vitamins such as vitamin A, C, E, B1, B5, B6 etc…
- Watermelons are also the good source of minerals such as Potassium, Magnesium, carotenoids…
- Watermelons are also rich in fibers. A good fiber content is always beneficial in improving digestion.
- Watermelon contains lycopene and cucurbitacin E, which is known for the potential of preventing some cancer.
- Watermelon also contains numbers of the component which improves the heart health.
- Consuming watermelon is also helpful in lowering the inflammation in the body and also oxidative stress…
- The Lycopene present in the watermelon is beneficial in keeping eyes healthy and also provide protection against AMD.
- Watermelon juices are especially popular for the relieving from muscular pain.
- Watermelon is also good for the hair and skin health.
What awesome all these mentioned benefits are???
Let us start our journey of farming with the watermelon varieties
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Other Names for Watermelon
Tarbooj (Hindi), 西瓜 (Chinese), Karpuz (Turkish), Tarbooz (Urdu), Kharbuja (Napoli), すいか (Japanese), Subag or 수박 (Korean), بطيخ (Arabic), арбуз (Russian), Pakwan (Filipino), Tarbuz (Punjabi), Kalingad (Marathi), Peni Komadu (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka), Dưa hấu (Vietnamese), Kharbuj(Hindi, Indian), Тарвас (Mongolian), Hug me (Burmese), Dtaeng moh (Thai), Xīguā, ឪឡឹក (Cambodian), Sikoef (Taiwanese), Qare (Somali), Tarbuch (Gujarati) etc
Here below is a list of top ten performing varieties of watermelon along with their days of maturity and Yield Potential.
|Watermelon Variety||Age of Maturity||Yield Potential|
|Aptivation||89 days||High Yielding|
|Bijou||Medium and Early||Very high Yielding|
|Ingman||85 days from the transplantation or Mid maturing||High Yielding|
|V0258WA||Approx. 83 days||High Yielding|
|Itation||Approx. 76 days||Excellent early yielding|
|ut Above||Approx 85 days||Very high yielding, most used for commercial cultivation|
|Arvest Moon||Early maturity||Average Yielding|
|Weet Polly||Approx 88 days||Extremely high yielding|
|Raveler||Mid and early maturity age||High Yielding|
|Riple Treat||70 days after transplantation on the main field||Average Yielding|
All the above-mentioned varieties of watermelon are seedless and are prepared for commercial cultivation only. Grow anyone from the above, depending on the climate condition and availabilities of sources…
Where Do Watermelons Grow?
Agroclimatic Condition for Watermelon
As we know that watermelon crop is a warm season that can grow well in the tropical, subtropical and also hot arid tropics. Watermelon plants are very sensitive to cool temp. In commercial watermelon farming, there are several damages observed if even in the condition of mild frost. So, farming them in cooler are needs much more care and protection in compare to the cultivation in the warmer regions. For the best development and producing excellent watermelon, this commercial crop requires a dry weather having plenty of sunshine.
So, growing watermelon in an open area in hot summer or dry tropics is always beneficial in achieving more production. However, a temp. ranging between 20 °C to 35 °C during the developing stage is considered as the idle one for obtaining excellent production. Producing quality watermelon can leads you to more profit. So, warm days and cool nights directly help in accumulating good sugar content in them.
Watermelon Seeds germinate their best in the temp. 21°C and more than it. Note that higher humidity during the vegetative growth of watermelon can invites numbers of fungal diseases to this crop. Also, a temp. more than 35 °C and less than 10 °C can lower the growth and also increased the maturing age of these tasty fruits.
Best Soil For Watermelon
For getting optimum production of quality watermelon, they should be cultivated suitable soil conditions. So, watermelon cultivation can be done on sandy soil, sandy loam soils, black soils with well drainage capacity and good organic matter content. However, Farming watermelons on the alluvial soil having river beds are best suitable soil.
Also, the best soil for watermelon should also have good soil pH, ranging between 5.8 to 7.5 for good production.
How To Plant Watermelon
Way of Propagation
Most of all, watermelon crop is mainly propagated with the help of watermelon seeds for commercial watermelon farming.
For commercial watermelon farming, seed selection plays a vital role in obtaining high quality and optimum fruit production. So, it is advised to always select a high yielding and quality watermelon seeds, and also fast growing in nature because growing quality seeds increased the germination %age to give out healthy seedlings.
So, always select a watermelon seed, which belongs to the improved and high yielding cultivar. Seeds should be mature well and are of plump size. It should be damage or it should not have any mark on them. Also, seeds of watermelon must have a high germinating power to obtain optimum production from minimum land with low care and management.
Take care that before sowing these selected watermelon seeds on the main field, treat them well with fungicides avoids your crop from many pest and diseases such as soil-borne fungal diseases. Treating seeds with fungicides is also beneficial in improving the germination %age to get healthy seedlings.
What Month To Plant Watermelon?
Sowing watermelon seeds in the main field, from late November to early December is supposed to be the best for commercial watermelon farming. By planting in this duration, you will become ready to harvest these tasteful watermelons in the early summer and late summer.
For optimum production, your soil should be prepared well so that crop can grow well. Bring your soil into fine tilth form by giving it couples of ploughings. Level it well and pick out the weedling from the previous crop, if present.
What to Do before Sowing Seeds?
Do not plant these selected high-quality seeds on the main fields directly. Soak them in warm water for about 15 hours. Then after, drained them and keep them in wet gunny bags for an overnight. This treatment will directly increase the germination percentage to give healthy seedlings.
Seed Rate of Watermelon
Usually, in commercial cultivation of watermelon, about 4 kg watermelon seeds of the good cultivar is sufficient enough to sow in the one-hectare land. However, the sowing time of watermelon on the field varies depending on the cultivar and atmosphere
Seed treatment in Watermelon Farming
To increase the germination percentage selected seeds, they should be treated well before plantation and also to avoids numbers of insects, pests, and diseases in this crop. For this, should be treated with 4 gm of Trichoderma Viridi or 10 grams of Pseudomonas fluorescence or 2 grams of Carbendazim per each kg watermelon seeds.
Method of Plantation
There are three methods of the plantation in the watermelon, which is popular and also use most by the big growers.
- Furrow method: Sowing of seeds should be done on any sides of furrow where the furrows are 3 meters apart and also open. In this method of the plantation, vines are allotted to trail on the field. Sow around 4 seeds at the distance of 60 X 90 cm in furrows.
- Pit method: Dig the pit having dimensions, 60 cm each at the distance of 3 meters x 1 meter and prepare it for farming by putting soil and ordinary manure in equal proportion. Sow 4 seeds per each pit and grow only three healthy vines after seedling…
- Hill method: Growing watermelons on the river beds, prepare a pit having dimension 30 cm each keeping spacing of 1 to 1.5 meters. Then after, put soil and ordinary manure in equal proportion. Piled up the soil in hill-form and plant around two to three seeds per each prepared hill.
Irrigation In Watermelon Farming
Friends, watermelons are water-loving plants and require much more water than other commercial crops because watermelons contain water about 90 % of their total weight. So, water should be provided before sowing seed on the main field. Then after, first irrigation should be provided just after deebled seeds. Frequent irrigation should be provided, at least once a week for the healthy and good vegetative growth of the fruits.
Try to provide water at a regular interval to this crop because watering after a big dry spell can cause cracking of the fruits. However, if you are cultivating watermelons in water shorting region, then it is advised to go for the drip irrigation system for watering. Fix a well manageable and good design drip irrigation system for this crop.
Application of Manure and Fertilizers in Watermelon Farming
Watermelon plants respond very well to good manure and fertilizers. So, it important to apply suitable manure and proper chemical fertilizers timely in the watermelon farming. To obtain optimum production, your soil contains some essential require organic matter like Nitrogen, Potash, and Phosphorous.
It is a good idea to supplement the field soil with well rotten ordinary manure, about more than 20 tonnes at the time of land preparation only to raise the organic matter content in the soil. All these essential organic matters of N:P:K should be applied in the ration of 2:1:1. For farming watermelon in a one-hectare land, application of N, P, and K at the dose of 100 kg, 50 kg, and 50 kg respectively. But, take care while application of Nitrogen. Half dose of it is to be applied before watermelon plantation whereas the remaining one is to be applied after about 30 days of the plantation.
Try to apply these chemical fertilizers at the distance of about 8 cm of the stem base. Application of all those essential organic matters before setting up the fruit of the plant will help definitely helps in producing healthy and quality fruits.
To increase the female flowers percentage in your farm, spray NAA (100 ppm) at the stage when there is two leaf appears and then after it should be repeated after ten days.
Intercultural Activities in Watermelon Farming
Intercultural activities in watermelon farming lead to producing more and healthy fruits. Let us learn what are those activities, which can raise the yield.
Presence of weeds is the common problem of all the commercial crops. So, in the watermelon farming, carry out first weeding after one month of planting watermelon on the main fields and subsequent should be done at the interval of one month. Depending on the season, three weeding in watermelon farming is enough. Do not carry out weeding when the vines start to spreads and cover the fields.
Pinched the apical shoots of watermelon, when the plants grow one meter longer so that side shoots grow well to raise the crop yield. Also, in the initial stage of fruiting in the crop, damaged, diseases fruits is to be removed.
Retain only two to three fruits per plant for getting larger fruit size and also more fruit production.
Thinning And Gap Filling
Germination of watermelon crops starts after a week of sowing. For achieving quality and quantity production, retains only two to three healthy seedling per each prepared pit and removed the remaining all.
Intercropping in watermelon farming is the best way to earn a higher profit and also to utilize unused soil in your farm. Learn more about intercropping
Within a very short time period, you will be able to harvest these healthy grown watermelon fruits. How long does it take to grow a watermelon? Is totally depended on the cultivar, used for cultivation and also the climate conditions. But, usually, the maturing age of watermelon fruits is around 75 to 100 days. Nowadays, with the help of advanced techniques, is possible to grow early maturing watermelons….
Harvesting them at their maturity age definitely impact on the total production. Their maturity can be identified by the withering of the tendril, changing belly color, or by thumping test.
Manual harvesting of watermelons can be done with the help of a sharp knife. Just cut the fruits from the plants and collect them at cool and safer place.
Yield in this commercial crop varies from variety to variety of the watermelons along with the type of soil, climatic conditions, care and management of the plant, etc…
However, by growing average yielding cultivar of watermelon and good farm management skills, one can easily obtain more than 40 tonnes of fruits as production or yield.
Post Harvesting in Watermelon Farming
To meet the market potential of watermelons, some post harvesting task should be performed to maintains the quality and quantity of collected fruits.
Short out these collected fruits on the basis of fruit shape and size and also qualified for the local supply.
If you want to earn more profit via transporting them to other markets, stacking these fruit in the dried grass is to be done so that their quality can maintain well while transportation.
Store your collected watermelon in cold storage for about two weeks at around 15 °C.
For short-term storing, keep them in cold storage for about 7 days at around 7 °C along with relative humidity around 85 to 90 %.
Have a great success in Watermelon Farming