BENEFITS OF TERRACE FARMING :
- Terrace farming boosts water Conservation and runoff reduction:
Terraces act as many micro-watersheds across the…
- Soil conservation and Control of Soil Erosion:
Terracing weakens rainfall-runoff effects by reducing the water…
- Improve land productivity and soil fertility:
Due to the reduction in soil erosion and having high water…
What is terrace farming used for Today?
Drier-climate terrace farming is common throughout the Mediterranean Basin, where they are used for vineyards, olive trees, cork oak, and other crops. Terracing is also used for sloping terrain; the Hanging Gardens of Babylon may have been built on an artificial mountain with stepped terraces, such as those on a ziggurat.
What are the different types of terracing in agriculture?
Farmed areas in agricultural terracing are either level or tilted, depending on the soil infiltration properties. If soil infiltration is sufficient, they are made level. Typically, outlets are not required, too. The most popular terracing types in farming are broad-base, narrow-base, and grassed back-slope.
Where is terrace used for rice cultivation?
It is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia. In fact, the terraces of rice found in the Philippine’s Cordilleras have been acknowledged as UNESCO World Heritage Site. Apart from rice cultivation, terraces are also used to grow rice, potatoes, and maize.
What is Terrace in soil conservation?
Terracing helps retain soil cover and fertility since water flows do not wash off the topsoil and nutrients. So, what is terracing in soil conservation? The slope is no longer as steep as it initially was. Water runoffs are slower due to leveled areas.
What is the purpose of terraced farming?
Terraces reduce both the amount and velocity of water moving across the soil surface, which greatly reduces soil erosion. Terracing thus permits more intensive cropping than would otherwise be possible.
Where is terracing used?
Terracing, which is basically grading steep land, such as hillsides, into a series of level benches,… Terrace cultivation has been practiced in China, Japan, the Philippines, and other areas of Oceania and Southeast Asia; around the Mediterranean; in parts of Africa; and in the Andes of South America for centuries.
What crops are grown in terrace farming?
Some typical crops grown in terraces include barley, wheat, potatoes, corn, tea, olive, grape vines, coffee, and rice. A terrace is typically about 2-3 meters wide and 50-80 meters long. Some terraces flood with rain water, such as those used to farm rice.
What are the examples of terrace farming?
Examples of crops grown using terrace farming Some crops that are grown using terrace farming are – paddy, cereals, fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, dye plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds etc.
Definition of Terrace Farming
Terrace farming is a type of farming that was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made c…
How Does Terrace Farming Work?
Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains. When it rains, instead o…
The Advantages of Terrace Farming
Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil nutrients by the rains. This leads to the growth of healthy crops. Secondly, it prevents the carr…
Disadvantages of Terrace Farming
Terrace farming can lead to rainwater saturation. This is dangerous since it causes the overflow of water during the rainy season. The consequence…
What are terraces used for?
Apart from rice cultivation, terraces are also used to grow rice, potatoes, and maize. Terrace farming is also commonly used in islands such as the Canary Islands, because they have hilly terrains.
Why is terrace farming important?
Its absence would have led to most parts of Asia being unproductive. Hence it needs to be explored in other parts of the world such as Africa, America and other parts of the Asia that are not yet using it.
What is terrace farming?
Image credit: Thirawatana Phaisalratana/Shutterstock.com. Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains.
What is terracing in agriculture?
This leads to the growth of healthy crops. There are two types of terracing known as graded terracing and level terracing. Terrace farming was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous regions possible.
How does terrace farming affect soil quality?
The consequence of overflowing water is that it causes more dangerous water runoffs.Terraces may also result in mudslides if not well managed. Another limitation of terrace farming is that there’s need for huge inputs of labor to construct and maintain the terraces. Hence it is expensive as it is labor intensive. However, it can be cheap if there’s access to cheap labor. Terrace farming also leads to the reduction in soil quality due to the leaching process.
Where is terraced rice field?
Terraced Rice Field in Chiangmai, Thailand. Image credit: Chatrawee Wiratgasem/Shutterstock.com. Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains to be used for crop cultivation. Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, …
How does a terrace help?
Sometimes rain water carries away the crops leading to low crop yield. Thirdly, terraces help in reduction of soil erosion and water loss.
What is terrace farming?
Terrace Farming is a common agriculture practice followed in mountain regions by creating terraces. Terraces are horizontal human-made spaces created for the cultivation of crops on the slopes of hills and mountains.
How does terrace farming help the mountain?
Terrace farming ensures food security and increases crop yield by water and soil conservation. Thus it reduces soil erosion. In terrace farming, the interaction between water and fertilizer increase results in high yield.
How does terrace farming improve soil fertility?
Improve land productivity and soil fertility: Due to the reduction in soil erosion and having high water holding capacity , terrace farming improves soil fertility and land productivity. Example: In rice terraces, Irrigation is designed not only for supplying water to paddy crops but has various other purposes as well.
How does terrace farming affect the environment?
1. Terrace farming boosts water Conservation and runoff reduction: Terraces act as many micro-watersheds across the whole slope. Therefore, it directly reshapes the micro-topography of hill slopes. These factors enhance the efficiency of rainwater harvesting by changing hydrological pathways.
How does terracing affect soil erosion?
2. Soil conservation and Control of Soil Erosion: Terracing weakens rainfall-runoff effects by reducing the water velocity and total amount of debris flow. This leads to an increase in biomass and surface cover. Terraces have embankments or ridges which increases the efficiency of soil conservation.
Why is terracing important?
Terracing helps in the reduction of water flow, soil erosion, and increases water holding capacity. It can create various micro-climates that protect crops from high winds and can increase the intensity …
What is cultural landscape?
Cultural landscapes, defined as “distinctive geographical areas or unique properties that represent the combined work of nature and man” by the World Heritage Committee.
To help with farming is the main purpose. The stair like slopes on a hill helps because there’s a flatter area for the plants/crops to grow
New questions in Geography
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What is terrace in agriculture?
In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming. This type of landscaping is therefore called terracing. Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain.
Why were terraces built?
The terraces were built to make the most efficient use of shallow soil and to enable irrigation of crops by allowing runoff to occur through the outlet. The Inka people built on these, developing a system of canals, aqueducts, and puquios to direct water through dry land and increase fertility levels and growth.
What are the terraces in the Canary Islands?
The Canary Islands present a complex system of terraces covering the landscape from the coastal irrigated plantations to the dry fields in the highlands. These terraces, which are named cadenas (chains), are built with stone walls of skillful design, which include attached stairs and channels.
What is a terraced step?
Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.
Where are terraced farms found?
These terraced farms are found wherever mountain villages have existed in the Andes. They provided the food necessary to support the populations of great Inca cities and religious centres such as Machu Picchu.
Where are terraced paddy fields used?
Terraced paddy fields are used widely in rice, wheat and barley farming in east, south and southeast Asia, as well as the Mediterranean Basin, Africa, and South America. Drier-climate terrace farming is common throughout the Mediterranean Basin, where they are used for vineyards, olive trees, cork oak, and other crops.
Where is the terrace vineyard?
Terrace vineyard in the coteaux du Layon on the commune of Faye-d’Anjou, Maine-et-Loire, France. Terraced fields in Gozo, Malta. Terraced mixed citrus and olive groves in the Lecrin Valley, Andalusia, Spain . rice cultivation in West Bengal, India .