What are the agricultural products in vietnam

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  • The agricultural products industry consists of the production of Cereals (such as wheat, rice, barley etc.), Nuts (almonds, hazelnuts, pistachios etc.), Oilcrops (cottonseed, groundnuts, olives etc.), Spices & Stimulants (coffee, …
  • The Vietnamese agricultural products industry had total revenues of $49.8bn in 2019, representing a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.6% between 2015 and 2019.
  • Industry consumption volume increased with a CAGR of 4% between 2015 and 2019, to reach a total of 104.9 million tonnes in 2019.
  • Vegetable production has increased in recent years. Farmers in the North of Vietnam have started to diversify to focus on higher value vegetables instead of rice.

Rice is the most important crop. It is grown principally in the Red and Mekong river deltas. Other major food crops are sugarcane, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), sweet potatoes, and nuts. Agriculture is highly labour-intensive in Vietnam, and much plowing is still done by water buffalo.

What are the main agricultural crops of Vietnam?

Vietnam’s main agricultural crops are rice, cassava, maize and sweet potatoes. The rice consumption in Vietnam reached 21.5 million metric tons, ranking it on fifth place after China, India, Indonesia and Bangladesh.

How has the trade of agricultural products changed in Vietnam?

The trade of agricultural products has been liberalized internally and externally. Since then, Vietnam changed dramatically from a country heavily affected by hunger after the war to become one of the largest food exporters in the world. At the beginning of the 1980s, Vietnam turned from an importer to a net exporter of agricultural products.

What are the biggest industries in Vietnam?

Other important manufactures include footwear, tobacco products, paints, soaps, and pharmaceuticals. The State Bank of Vietnam, the central bank, issues the national currency, the dong, and oversees the country’s banking system.

Is Vietnam’s agriculture poor?

Even though many consider the country to be poor, agriculture is the base of the country’s economy. With a 12-month growing season, the country can get two or three harvests in a single year. One of the biggest problems in this sector is that much of Vietnam ‘s agricultural industry is driven by manual processes.

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What agricultural products does Vietnam Export?

Due to the trade liberalization and agricultural reforms in Vietnam, the value of exports in the agricultural sector increased manifold with the main export commodities being rice, coffee, pepper and cashew nut, but also rubber, tea, groundnut, soybean, fruit and vegetables, and pork.


What are the manufactured products in Vietnam?

The top manufacturing sectors—food processing, cigarettes and tobacco, textiles, chemicals, and electrical goods—experienced rapid growth. Almost a third of manufacturing and retail activity is concentrated in Ho Chi Minh City.


Is Vietnam rich in agriculture?

Vietnam is well known for cheap agricultural exports like coffee beans, rice, cotton, peanuts, sugarcane and tea. The country comes in second for rice exports, with 19.6 percent farmland and 69 percent irrigated land available for farming. At least 30 percent of exports are crops grown year around.


What are agriculture products?

(1) Agricultural product The term “agricultural product” means any agricultural commodity or product, whether raw or processed, including any commodity or product derived from livestock that is marketed in the United States for human or livestock consumption.


What is Vietnam famous for producing?

Vietnam is a key source of electronics, furniture, clothing, footwear, and fish for Americans. It also is a key global exporter of coffee, rice, and other food.


What is Vietnam’s biggest export?

Electronics. Vietnam has emerged as an important electronics exporter, with electrical and electronic products overtaking coffee, textiles, and rice to become the country’s top export item. Samsung is Vietnam’s largest exporter and has helped the country achieve a trade surplus for the first time in many years.


What is Vietnam’s biggest industry?

Main Sectors of Industry Vietnam’s economy is based on large state-owned industries such as textiles, food, furniture, plastics and paper as well as tourism and telecommunications. Agriculture represented 14.8% of GDP and employs 38% of the total workforce in 2021 (World Bank, 2022).


Are Vietnam Farmers poor?

Despite the countries progressive development, 59 percent of the small family farms in Viet Nam remain below the national poverty line. For more than half of Viet Nam’s smallholders, on-farm income is the major source of income, with crop production being the most frequent form (38 percent).


What food does Vietnam import?

In 2020, fresh fruit was the leading imported food product in Vietnam with an import value of 2.7 billion U.S. dollars. Tree nuts had the second-highest import value that year, followed by fresh vegetables.


What are 5 agricultural products?

agricultural products means agronomic, horticultural, viticultural, aquacultural, forestry, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, and any other farm or ranch products. agricultural products as used in this chapter means pears, sweet corn, and potatoes produced for sale from farms in this state.


What are 4 agricultural products?

The four categories are foods, fuels, fibers, and raw materials. Crops and animal products are used for food, animal feed, and non-food products used by humans. Some non-food product examples are clothing, cleaning products, cosmetics, and energy.


What are the main agricultural products?

Top 10 Produce CropsCorn. It is the most widely produced feed grain in the United States, the majority of which goes towards feeding livestock. … Cotton. … Fruit. … Tree Nuts. … Rice. … Soybean and Oil Crops. … Sugar and Sweeteners. … Vegetables.More items…•


What are the main exports of Vietnam?

Due to the trade liberalization and agricultural reforms in Vietnam, the value of exports in the agricultural sector increased manifold with the main export commodities being rice, coffee, pepper and cashew nut, but also rubber, tea, groundnut, soybean, fruit and vegetables, and pork. Vietnam produced, in 2018:


What were the problems with Vietnam’s agriculture?

Foremost among Vietnam’s agricultural troubles was exceptionally adverse weather, including a drought in 1977 and major typhoons and widespread flooding in 1978. The drought overtaxed Vietnam’s modest irrigation systems which were also damaged in the floods. In addition, the floods reportedly reduced herds of cattle by 20 percent.


What were the incentives for farmers in 1978 and 1979?

Improved incentives for farmers in 1978 and 1979 included efforts to boost availability of consumer goods in the countryside and to raise state procurement prices. They were reinforced by adoption of a contract system that sought to guarantee producers access to agricultural inputs in exchange for farm products.


How many tons of cassava are there in the world?

9.8 million tons of cassava (7th largest producer in the world); 4.8 million tons of maize; 2.6 million tonnes of cashew nut (largest producer in the world); 2.0 million tons of banana (20th largest producer in the world); 1.6 million tons of coffee (2nd largest producer in the world, only behind Brazil);


What were the main cash crops in 2005?

Other cash crops are coffee, cotton, peanuts, rubber, sugarcane, and tea.


What are the advantages of Vietnam?

Vietnam possesses certain comparative advantages in agriculture and forestry due to the country’s abundance of factors in favor of productive crop like cultivation land, forest cover, sea territories, tropical climate and labor (availability and cost).


What percentage of the national income was agriculture in 1986?

In 1986 agriculture still accounted for about 44 percent of national income (the figure for developed nations is closer to 10 percent).


What is Vietnam’s most important agricultural product?

Since the Doi Moi economic reform in the 1980s, Vietnam has changed from being a nation heavily affected by food shortage to one of the world’s leading producers and exporters of many agricultural products, such as coffee, peanuts, and rice.


What are the challenges of Vietnam agriculture?

The agriculture sector of Vietnam has been facing certain challenges due to the changing climate in recent years. Rice production in the Mekong Delta, the most important growing region for rice, has been particularly impacted the effects of climate change.


Why is rice decreasing in the Mekong Delta?

Due to drought and related saltwater intrusion, the volume of rice produced in the Mekong Delta has been forecasted to decrease. On the other hand, the increased salination levels created an opportunity for farmers to switch from cultivating rice to farming shrimp, which have a higher export value.


What was the impact of Vietnam’s trade liberalization?

After Vietnam’s trade liberalization and agricultural reforms, both the volume of production and the value of exports of the agriculture sector increased significantly. Since the 1990s, several major intensive monoculture systems emerged across the country, such as the rice monoculture in the Mekong Delta and the intensive production …


Is Vietnam a paddy rice country?

For instance, Vietnam’s rice consumption is one of the highest worldwide, Vietnam is also one of the largest paddy rice producers in the world. Meanwhile, several other agricultural products have become major export commodities such as coffee, pepper, cashew nut, and rubber. In recent years, Vietnam has constantly been the second- largest coffee …


Is Vietnam a coffee exporter?

In recent years, Vietnam has constantly been the second- largest coffee exporter in the world, after Brazil. The country also accounted for over 40 percent of pepper production share in the Asia Pacific region. Climate change impacts on Vietnam’s agriculture sector.


Will Vietnam double its shrimp exports by 2025?

By 2025, Vietnam aims to double its current earnings from shrimp exports. This text provides general information. Statista assumes no liability for the information given being complete or correct. Due to varying update cycles, statistics can display more up-to-date data than referenced in the text.


What are the fruits that grow in Vietnam?

Fields, groves, and kitchen gardens throughout Vietnam include a wide variety of fruit trees (banana, orange, mango, jackfruit, and coconut) and vegetables. Kapok trees are found in many villages, and the Vietnamese cultivate areca palms and betel peppers for their nuts and leaves and mulberry bushes to feed silkworms.


Which countries export Vietnamese goods?

Other important non-Asian recipients of Vietnamese goods have included Australia, Germany, and France.


Why did Vietnam move to Asia?

Because trade with these areas was drastically reduced, Vietnam shifted its orientation more heavil y toward Asia, and was admitted to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ( ASEAN) in 1995. Shortly thereafter, Singapore, along with Japan and China, emerged as Vietnam’s major bidirectional trading partners.


How did Vietnam’s reforms affect the economy?

Vietnam’s aggressive reform measures increased exports and narrowed the trade deficit considerably. However, rapid industrialization fueled by foreign direct investment caused the deficit to begin growing again. In 2001 the country opened its state markets to foreign competitors, and in January 2007 it joined the World Trade Organization (WTO). Although the government maintains some restrictions on foreign exchange and upholds various bans, quotas, and surcharges, its efforts to liberalize its markets have had an overwhelmingly positive effect on the country’s economy.


What is Vietnam’s main source of raw materials?

Yet, agriculture is the main source of raw materials for the processing industries and a major contributor to exports; by the late 1980s Vietnam was again exporting rice after years of shortages. Permanent cultivation covers large areas of the country’s lowlands and smaller portions of the highlands.


What is the most important economic sector in Vietnam?

Agriculture , forestry, and fishing. Agriculture is fading as the most important economic sector in Vietnam. Although agriculture still employs more than half of the population and manufacturing accounts for a mere 8 percent of all employment, the output value of both manufacturing and services surpassed that of agriculture in the early 1990s.


Where is the garment factory?

Workers in a garment factory, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.


Where are farmers in Vietnam?

The primary areas where farming is done are near the Red River Delta and Mekong River Delta. Vietnam’s agricultural industry involves intensive labor, so water buffalo is used on many farms today. Farmers use dikes which are like dams to control the rivers. This lets the farmers control more or less water in certain areas so the crops can get the right amount and grow properly. Some farmers gather wild plants by the rivers and in forests to cultivate seeds, hoping to increase crop revenue from the rare wild plants and it also brings diversity to the agriculture. Farmers created a new way to prevent pests from affecting the rice plants by using an electric device to find them instead of pesticides. If farmers planted the rice immediately after infestation, the plants grew stronger and built resistance to the pests, known as brown planthoppers. Many policies are being rolled out to increase diversity in the products, finding new markets and retaining more natural ways to produce and protect crops.


What is the agricultural pillar of Vietnam?

Agriculture in Vietnam is the pillar of the economy. Though the country produces a large number of crops, the quality is low and so is the competitiveness. The more agricultural products produced, the lower the cost and Vietnam cannot seem to break the vicious cycle.


How did farmers prevent pests from affecting rice plants?

Farmers created a new way to prevent pests from affecting the rice plants by using an electric device to find them instead of pesticides. If farmers planted the rice immediately after infestation, the plants grew stronger and built resistance to the pests, known as brown planthoppers.


What is Vietnam known for?

Vietnam is well known for cheap agricultural exports like coffee beans, rice, cotton, peanuts, sugarcane and tea. The country comes in second for rice exports, with 19.6 percent farmland and 69 percent irrigated land available for farming.


How does irrigation help Vietnam?

The upgraded irrigation system will bring water on demand with pressurized pipe systems. This will help improve agricultural productivity and give access to grow high-end crops such as dragonfruit, grapes and mango. It will improve the quality of Vietnam’s coffee beans and the variety of peppers the country grows. This system will also improve the quality of groundwater and minimize management services. Providing water on demand will ensure crops get exactly how much water they need and even provide water during unfavorable climate change. The new system could increase diversity in the market, gross profit and fight poverty within the country.


Why do farmers gather wild plants?

Some farmers gather wild plants by the rivers and in forests to cultivate seeds, hoping to increase crop revenue from the rare wild plants and it also brings diversity to the agriculture.


How many harvests can Vietnam get in a year?

Even though many consider the country to be poor, agriculture is the base of the country’s economy. With a 12-month growing season, the country can get two or three harvests in a single year. One of the biggest problems in this sector is that much of Vietnam ‘s agricultural industry is driven by manual processes.

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Overview


Production and trade

In Viet Nam, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, are important sectors of the economy, accounting for 21 percent of GDP in 2009. Vietnam possesses certain comparative advantages in agriculture and forestry due to the country’s abundance of factors in favor of productive crop like cultivation land, forest cover, sea territories, tropical climate and labor (availability and cost).
In 1986, the Vietnamese government’s agricultural policy has changed from a centrally planning …


History

Agricultural production, the backbone of Vietnam’s main development strategy, varied considerably from year to year following the national reunification in 1975. A particularly strong performance in agriculture was recorded in 1976—up more than 10 percent from 1975. However, production dropped back to approximately 95 percent of the 1976 level in 1977 and 1978, and recovered to a level higher …


Current problems

According to Dave D’Haeze, Vietnamese farmers growing coffee rely on monocultures and use far too much fertilizer, and water, and have very little knowledge on farming in general. He mentions that little information/training is available to farmers. According to Will Frith, some climate change models predict 50% of the fields available in Vietnam to have a significant reduction of yield and/or even fail completely.


See also

• Irrigation in Vietnam


Resources

• Improving resource allocation and incomes in Vietnamese agriculture:A case study of farming in the Dong Nai River Basin, an International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) discussion paper.
• Vietnam Gardening and Agriculture

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