The major branches of agriculture are
- Agronomy. Agronomy is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water…
- Horticulture. Horticulture is the science that also includes the art of growing plants (vegetables, fruits, flowers).
- Agricultural Engineering. It is the discipline in engineering that involves the study of…
What are the different areas of Agriculture?
- Type of crop
- Livestock combinations
- Means of distribution of farm produce
- Level of mechanization
What are the 10 branches of Agriculture?
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What are the fields of Agriculture?
List of Career Opportunities in the Field of Agriculture
- Agricultural Engineering. …
- Agribusiness/Agricultural Economics. …
- Agronomy and Seed. …
- Agricultural Education. …
- Animal Science. …
- Food Science. …
- Agricultural Communication. …
What areas of Nevada are good for agriculture?
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- 17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations
- 19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
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What are the major areas of agriculture?
Terms in this set (8)Agronomy. the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fiber, and land reclamation (a.k.a. crop production and research)Horticulture. … Animal Production. … Aquaculture. … Agriculture Mechanics. … Forestry and Natural Resources. … Soil Science. … Agriscience and Biotechnology.
What are the 5 areas of agriculture?
Agricultural Science – 5 Specialties WithinGlobal Food Health and Security.Agribusiness.Agricultural Economics.Integrative Health and Wellness.International Agricultural Sciences.
What are the 6 major areas of agriculture?
These seven branches of agriculture are as follows:Agronomy.Horticulture.Forestry.Animal husbandry.Fishery science.Agricultural Engineering and.Home science.
What are the 7 sectors in agriculture?
Sectors related to agriculture include: food and beverage manufacturing; food and beverage stores; food service and eating and drinking places; textiles, apparel, and leather products; and forestry and fishing.
What are the 10 areas of agriculture?
Originally Answered: What are the 10 branches of agriculture? 1- Agronomy 2- Genetics and plant breeding, 3- soil science & soil chemistry, 4- plant physiology, 5- Entomology, 6- Horticulture, 7- Agricultural Extension, 8- Agricultural Economics, 9- Agricultural Engineering, 10- Animal Husbandry, 11- Plant Pathology.
What are the 8 major areas of agriculture?
Terms in this set (8)Agriculture Production. farming and ranching.Agriculture Processing and Products (Marketing)(Distribution) … Agriculture Mechanics and Technology. … Ornamental Horticulture. … Forestry. … Agriculture Profession. … Agriculture Renewable Natural Resources. … Agriculture Supplies and Services (Marketing.
What are the 4 types of agriculture?
Considering all the classes of variations available, the different types of agriculture can be divided into these popular variations:Nomadic Herding. … Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage. … Livestock Ranching. … Intensive Subsistence Farming (Rice) … Intensive Subsistence Farming (Millet/Wheat) … Shifting Cultivation.More items…
What are the 11 types of agriculture?
Top 11 Types of Agricultural PracticesPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Shifting Agriculture.Mixed Farming.Nomadic Agriculture.Sedentary Agriculture.Subsistence Farming.Commercial Agriculture.More items…•
What are the types of agriculture?
Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming: … Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop): … Mediterranean Farming: … Commercial Grain Agriculture: … Arable Farming: … Shifting Cultivation: … Nomadic Herding: … Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•
What are 3 agricultural industries?
About the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector The establishments in this sector are often described as farms, ranches, dairies, greenhouses, nurseries, orchards, or hatcheries.
What is agriculture and food sector?
The Food and Agriculture Sector is almost entirely under private ownership and is composed of an estimated 2.1 million farms, 935,000 restaurants, and more than 200,000 registered food manufacturing, processing, and storage facilities. This sector accounts for roughly one-fifth of the nation’s economic activity.
What is the primary sector?
The primary sector includes all those activities the end purpose of which consists in exploiting natural resources: agriculture, fishing, forestry, mining, deposits.
What is an agricultural mechanic?
Agricultural mechanics are professional farming technicians that deal with the maintenance and repair of cultivation machines. In addition, mechanics may test machine systems and troubleshoot problems if errors occur.
What are the places that store grain, meat, and supplements?
These are places like SunGlo, Co-ops, and Sullivans. These places are meant to store grain, meat, or supplements and distribute them to the public.
What is the art of growing and managing plants?
Horticulture is the art or practice of garden cultivation and management. Gardening fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, and seaweed are some examples.
What are natural resources?
Natural resources are materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land. They are found in nature and can be used for economic gain.
What is the science of caring for, managing, and/or planting trees?
Forestry is the science of caring for, managing, and/or planting trees. This is done to benefit humans and the environment itself sometimes.
What are the branches of agriculture?
Branches of agriculture include aqua farming, farming, apiculture or beekeeping, fishing, forestry, ranching and whaling. Forestry is further divided into the four categories of agroforestry, analog forestry, forest gardening and forest farming. Agronomy is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed.
Which type of agriculture is most commonly used in the United States?
The use of pesticides is either reduced or eliminated. In the United States, conventional agriculture is the type of agriculture most used. Some crops are grown with a specific type of agriculture. Soybeans and wheat are more likely to be grown through conventional agriculture .
How does sustainable agriculture help the environment?
Sustainable agriculture promotes maintaining the natural environment of the land using techniques that promote ecological principles.
What is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed?
Agronomy is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed. Animal husbandry refers to raising and breeding livestock. Agriculture is classified by the type of life produced or harvested, and it is thought of as sustainable or conventional.
What is the science of agriculture?
Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.
Where did agriculture originate?
The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.
How do farmers protect their crops from pests?
Traditionally, farmers have used a variety of methods to protect their crops from pests and diseases. They have put herb-based poisons on crops, handpicked insects off plants, bred strong varieties of crops, and rotated crops to control insects. Now, almost all farmers, especially in developed countries, rely on chemicals to control pests. The definition of “pest” ranges from insects to animals such as rabbits and mice, as well as weeds and disease-causing organisms—bacteria, viruses, and fungi. With the use of chemicals, crop losses and prices have declined dramatically.
What animals did people domesticate?
People also domesticated cattle and pigs. Most of these animals had once been hunted for hides and meat. Now many of them are also sources of milk, cheese, and butter. Eventually, people used domesticated animals such as oxen for plowing, pulling, and transportation. Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food.
How did agriculture help people?
Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.
What tools did people use to make food?
Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.
How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations?
Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.
What are the major branches of agriculture?
The major branches of agriculture are. To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: Agronomy. Horticulture.
What are the factors of agriculture?
Agricultural sciences comprise research, development as well as a study on the following factors: Minimizing the harmful effects of pests on the crop as well as animal production systems. Improvement of productivity of agriculture in terms of both quantity and quality.
What is the role of agronomy in crop production?
Agronomy takes into consideration the entire range of influences on crop production, which typically includes climate as well as adaptation, soil, water availability, the typical properties of the soil, and also mentions how the soil will interact with the growing crop.
What is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science?
Agronomy: Agronomy is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science, pest management, genetics, etc. to improve and manage the main food crops of the world. It is quite different from the plant sciences of pomology, horticulture, range science, …
What is the role of agronomy in the environment?
Agronomy considers how to grow the crops effectively and profitably and also helps in the conservation of natural resources and protection of the environment. It requires the combined integration of many sciences, including collaborations among various diverse fields, which includes the soil, plant, or weed sciences.
What is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective?
They are also sometimes called ‘field crops’. They comprise a large majority of the agricultural acreage as well as crop revenue. Agronomy is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective, imposing a practical decision that pertains to food production.
What is an agronomic crop?
Agronomic crops are those crops which occupy a large area and form the bases of the food production systems of the world, which are often mechanized.
What type of agriculture is most of the plantations?
Most of the plantations were developed to provide tropical crops to the European markets. This is a highly capital-intensive type of farming and most of the crops are tree crops. pinterest-pin-it. Mediterranean Agriculture.
Where do farmers live?
This type of farming has developed on a commercial basis in areas of the world where large plots of land are available for animal grazing, such as the low rainfall areas of North America, South America and Australia.
What are the products of commercial farming?
The major products of this type of farming are tropical crops such as tea, coffee, rubber and palm oil.
What is the dominant crop in intensive subsistence farming?
Intensive Subsistence Farming With Rice Dominant. Intensive subsistence farming is practiced in tropical regions that have high populations and receive a large amount of precipitation. Rice is the dominant crop when it comes to this type of farming, as it can employ and feed a large number of people per unit of area.
What are the major crops in the Mediterranean?
The typically rugged terrain of the Mediterranean region has resulted in typical livestock and crop combinations. Wheat, vineyards and citrus fruits are the major crops, and small animals are the major livestock reared in the region.
How is shifting cultivation used in agriculture?
This type of farming is most often adopted in the tropics. Under this system, the land is obtained by clearing forest areas using a slash and burn technique. The land is then cultivated for a few years, or until the fertility declines or the land is overtaken by the weeds and other native flora.
What is a rudimentary tillage?
Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage. This is a subsistence type of agriculture and it differs from the aforementioned types because the same plot of land is cultivated continuously year after year. Fallowing of land is commonly adopted to maintain soil fertility, and is a technique often adopted in tropical regions.
Why is agriculture important?
Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.
How did agriculture affect the world?
Since 1900 agriculture in developed nations, and to a lesser extent in the developing world, has seen large rises in productivity as mechanization replaces human labor, and assisted by synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and selective breeding. The Haber-Bosch method allowed the synthesis of ammonium nitrate fertilizer on an industrial scale, greatly increasing crop yields and sustaining a further increase in global population. Modern agriculture has raised or encountered ecological, political, and economic issues including water pollution, biofuels, genetically modified organisms, tariffs and farm subsidies, leading to alternative approaches such as the organic movement.
How does livestock affect the environment?
A senior UN official, Henning Steinfeld, said that “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems”. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2. It produces 65% of human-related nitrous oxide (which has 296 times the global warming potential of CO 2) and 37% of all human-induced methane (which is 23 times as warming as CO 2 .) It also generates 64% of the ammonia emission. Livestock expansion is cited as a key factor driving deforestation; in the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures and the remainder used for feedcrops. Through deforestation and land degradation, livestock is also driving reductions in biodiversity. Furthermore, the UNEP states that ” methane emissions from global livestock are projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2030 under current practices and consumption patterns.”
What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?
Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples.
How does agriculture increase yield?
Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.
What was the Arab agricultural revolution?
The Arab Agricultural Revolution, starting in Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain), transformed agriculture with improved techniques and the diffusion of crop plants.
How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?
At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.
What are the four branches of agriculture?
There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely; Livestock production. Crop production. agricultural economics. agricultural engineering. a) Livestock production. a)nomadic pastralism..this is the keeping of cattle,while moving from one region in search of pasture and clean water.
What is olericulture in agriculture?
Olericulture is the growing of vegetables such as French beans, Cabbages and Tomatoes.
What is agriculture engineering?
Agriculture engineering is a branch of agriculture that deals with use and maintenance of farm tools, machinery and structures.