What are the branches of agricultural science


These seven branches of agriculture are as follows: Agronomy Horticulture Forestry Animal husbandry Fishery science Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural engineering

Agricultural engineering is the engineering discipline that studies agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles with a knowledge of agricultural principles according to technological principles. A key goal of this discipline is to improve the efficacy and sustainability of agricultural practices. On…

and Home science

To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows:
  • Agronomy.
  • Horticulture.
  • Agricultural engineering.
  • Animal science.
  • Agricultural economics.


What are the major branches of Agriculture?

The major branches of agriculture are To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: 1 Agronomy 2 Horticulture 3 Agricultural engineering 4 Animal science 5 Agricultural economics

What is agricultural science?

In simple terms, it is a multidisciplinary field in biology, which consists of the natural, economic as well as social sciences that find application in the understanding and practice of agriculture. Agricultural sciences comprise research, development as well as a study on the following factors:

What are the special branches of plant science?

Special branches of these sciences have developed to deal with each of the numerous classes of plant crops—e.g., vegetables, small fruits, citrus fruits and other tree fruits, and flowers and other ornamental plants.

What are the different branches of Agronomy?

To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: Agronomy is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science, pest management, genetics, etc. to improve and manage the main food crops of the world.


How many branches are there in agricultural science?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely; Livestock production. Crop production. agricultural economics.

What are the 8 branches of agriculture?

Branches of agricultureAquafarming.Farming.Apiculture (Beekeeping)Fishery.Forestry.Ranching.Agricultural chemistry.Agricultural communication.More items…

Which of the following are the branches of agriculture?

These seven branches of agriculture are as follows:Agronomy.Horticulture.Forestry.Animal husbandry.Fishery science.Agricultural Engineering and.Home science.

Which branch is best in agriculture?

Some top specializations are listed below:Agronomy.Horticulture.Floriculture.Agriculture Economics.Forestry.Plant Breeding.Agriculture Genetics.Hydroponics.More items…

What are the 11 types of agriculture?

Top 11 Types of Agricultural PracticesPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Shifting Agriculture.Mixed Farming.Nomadic Agriculture.Sedentary Agriculture.Subsistence Farming.Commercial Agriculture.More items…•

What are the 5 branches of horticulture?

Branches of HorticulturePomology: refers to cultivation of fruit crops.Olericulture: refers to cultivation of vegetables.Floriculture: refers to cultivation of flower crops.Plantation Crops: refers to cultivation of crops like coconut, arecanut, rubber, coffee etc.More items…•

What are 10 branches of agriculture?

Originally Answered: What are the 10 branches of agriculture? 1- Agronomy 2- Genetics and plant breeding, 3- soil science & soil chemistry, 4- plant physiology, 5- Entomology, 6- Horticulture, 7- Agricultural Extension, 8- Agricultural Economics, 9- Agricultural Engineering, 10- Animal Husbandry, 11- Plant Pathology.

What are the three types of agriculture?

Subsistence agriculture is often divided into three different types, including intensive subsistence, which is the traditional method, shifting cultivation, which relies on clearing forest to create new farm plots every few years and pastoral nomadism, which relies on traveling with herds of animals.

What are 3 major areas of agriculture?

1 AnswerAgronomy: Agronomy is about the soil, and how the crops will grow in different kinds of soil.Agriculture Engineering: Agriculture Engineering is learning about how the different machines work.Horticulture: Horticulture is all about the fruits and vegetables and how to grow them.More items…•

Is agriculture hard to study?

Agriculture is an easy as well as a lively course to study. The credit hours for the course vary with the universities. In each semester you will study up to a maximum of 12 subjects. For most of the subjects except some of the allied subjects, there will be both practical and theory classes.

Can I study agriculture without maths?

No, Mathematics is not a compulsory subject for BSC in Agriculture. You can leave maths but make sure you are good in physics , chemistry and biology. To get a seat in BSC Agriculture , you should be science student, with PCB or PCM. But you should score minimum 50% or 60% ( depending on Institute) .

Which branch is best in agriculture BSc?

Popular Agriculture Branches in IndiaPlant PathologyEntomologySoil Science and Agricultural ChemistryPlant Breeding and GeneticsAgronomyHorticultureAgriculture StatisticsExtension Education8 more rows•May 26, 2022

What are the major branches of agriculture?

The major branches of agriculture are. To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: Agronomy. Horticulture.

What is agricultural science?

Agricultural science is a branch of science that deals with the production of food as well as fiber. In simple terms, it is a multidisciplinary field in biology itself, which consists of the natural, and economic as well as social sciences that find the application in the understanding and practice of agriculture.

What is the role of agronomy in crop production?

Agronomy takes into consideration the entire range of influences on crop production, which typically includes climate as well as adaptation, soil, water availability, the typical properties of the soil, and also mentions how the soil will interact with the growing crop.

What is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science?

Agronomy: Agronomy is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science, pest management, genetics, etc. to improve and manage the main food crops of the world. It is quite different from the plant sciences of pomology, horticulture, range science, …

What are the factors of agriculture?

Agricultural sciences comprise research, development as well as a study on the following factors: Minimizing the harmful effects of pests on the crop as well as animal production systems. Improvement of productivity of agriculture in terms of both quantity and quality.

What is the role of agronomy in the environment?

Agronomy considers how to grow the crops effectively and profitably and also helps in the conservation of natural resources and protection of the environment. It requires the combined integration of many sciences, including collaborations among various diverse fields, which includes the soil, plant, or weed sciences.

What is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective?

They are also sometimes called ‘field crops’. They comprise a large majority of the agricultural acreage as well as crop revenue. Agronomy is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective, imposing a practical decision that pertains to food production.

How many groups are there in the agricultural sciences?

The agricultural sciences can be divided into six groups. In all fields, the general pattern of progress toward the solution of specific problems or the realization of opportunities is: (1) research to more accurately define the functional requirements to be served; (2) design and development of products, processes, and other means of better serving these requirements; and (3) extension of this information to introduce improved technologies to the agricultural industries. This has proved to be a tremendously successful approach and is being used the world over.

What are the two major types of plant science?

Plant sciences. The plant sciences include applied plant physiology, nutrition, ecology, breeding and genetics, pathology, and weed science, as well as crop management. They deal primarily with two major types of crops: (1) those that represent direct human food, such as cereals, vegetables, fruits, and nuts; and …

What is soil science?

A generation later, Liebig introduced experimental science, including a theory of the supply of soil with mineral nutrients. In the 20th century a general theory of soil fertility developed, embracing soil cultivation, the enrichment of soil with humus and nutrients, and the preparation of soil in accordance with crop demands. Water regulation, principally drainage and irrigation, is also included.

What was the result of the Cultivation of Plants by Varieties?

Cultivation of plants by varieties had already led in the late 18th century to the systematic selection of cereal varieties according to predicted yield. The rediscovery at the start of the 20th century of Gregor Mendel’s laws of heredity and later of ways to cause mutations led to modern plant breeding, with momentous results that included the tailoring of crop varieties for regions of climatic extremes. Agronomist Norman E. Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for 1970 for the development of short-stemmed wheat, a key element in the so-called Green Revolution in developing countries.

Where did the plant sciences come from?

The stimulus for the development of the plant sciences did not come from botany but from agricultural chemistry, the application of which led to the development of plant physiology. Field experiments were started in Rothamsted, England, in 1834, and elsewhere in Europe soon after. Improved methods of experiment design and statistical analysis made possible the comparative study of plants and their cultivation systems.

When did plant production start?

Although scientifically based plant production came of age at the end of the 19th century, it started much earlier. Instructions on sowing dates are reported in Egypt by 2000 bce. Throughout the centuries, numerous treatises have included recommendations on how to achieve higher and more efficient yields.

How many branches of agriculture are there?

The agriculture can be categories into seven branches. These seven branches of agriculture are as follows: Agronomy. Horticulture. Forestry. Animal husbandry.

What is the branch of agriculture that deals with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other?

Animal husbandry . Animal husbandry deals with agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock in order to provide food for humans and to provide power (draught) and manure for crops. It is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.

What is the purpose of agronomy?

The aim is to improve the use of soil and increase the production of food and fiber crops.

What is home science?

Home Science deals with application and utilization of agricultural produces in a better manner in order to provide nutritional security, including value addition and food preparation

What is agricultural engineering?

Agricultural Engineering deals with the design, construction and improvement of farming equipment and machinery. It also involves farm machinery for filed preparation, inter-cultivation, harvesting and post harvest processing including soil and water conservation engineering and bio-energy.

What is forest management?

it also provides raw materials for industries. It is the management of forested land, together with associated waters and wasteland, primarily for harvesting timber

What is agricultural science?

Agricultural sciences, sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use. Food is the most basic human need.

Who was the first scientist to study agriculture?

The scientific approach was inaugurated in 1840 by Justus von Liebig of Darmstadt, Germany. His classic work, Die organische Chemie in ihrer Anwendung auf Agrikulturchemie und Physiologie (1840; Organic Chemistry in Its Applications to Agriculture and Physiology ), launched the systematic development of the agricultural sciences. In Europe, a system of agricultural education soon developed that comprised secondary and postsecondary instruction. The old empirical-training centres were replaced by agricultural schools throughout Europe and North America. Under Liebig’s continuing influence, academic agriculture came to concentrate on the natural sciences.

What did the USDA do in the early 21st century?

In the early 21st century the USDA had a number of grants to promote agricultural education at all grade levels, and many major universities, both private and public, continued to offer programs in agricultural sciences.

How does agricultural technology affect the world?

From a global perspective, the international flow of agricultural technology allows for the increase of agricultural productivity in developed and developing countries alike. From 1965 to 1985, for example, world trade in grains tripled, as did net exports from the United States. In 1995 the total value of U.S. agricultural exports exceeded $56 billion, and it increased to more than $138 billion by 2017, making U.S. agriculture heavily dependent upon international markets. Similarly, China is both a major importer and exporter of agricultural products and is an important driver of global crop production.

How did agricultural research help the economy?

Until the 1930s, the benefits of agricultural research derived mostly from labour-saving inventions, like the cotton gin. Once the yield potentials of the major economic crops were increased through agricultural research, however, crop production per acre increased dramatically. Between 1940 and 1980 in the United States, for example, per-acre yields of corn tripled, those of wheat and soybeans doubled, and farm output per hour of farm work increased almost 10-fold as capital was substituted for labour. New techniques of food preservation made it possible to transport them over greater distances, in turn facilitating adjustments among locations of production and consumption, with further benefits to production efficiency.

Did the agricultural sciences gain a place in the academic structure?

Although much was written about agriculture during the Middle Ages, the agricultural sciences did not then gain a place in the academic structure.

What do students learn in agriculture?

Students do learn about agricultural extension, phychology, statistics, computer program like c+, rural agriculture development programme and other information in horticulture, forestry also.

What are some industries that are considered agricultural?

Pesticides, fertilisers, agricultural equipments, machineries for harvesting and sowing, irrigation, agri market are some of the industries.

Why is it easier to talk about traditional farming than commercial farming?

It’s easier to talk about traditional farming than commercial farming because a lot of people wouldn’t mind a garden and have actually seen one. A few advantages would include:

What is the name of the branch of soil science that deals with the production of crops?

These minerals are usually essential plant nutrients and are referred to as agrominerals. Agrology – branch of soil science dealing with the production of crops. Agrominerals – minerals of importance to agriculture and horticulture, and are usually essential plant nutrients.

What is the definition of agriculture?

Agriculture – cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.

What is land use?

Land use – management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as fields, pastures, and settlements.

What is crop science?

Crop science – broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.

What is agricultural philosophy?

Agricultural philosophy – discipline devoted to the systematic critique of the philosophical frameworks (or ethical world views) that are the foundation for decisions regarding agriculture.

What is agricultural education?

Agricultural education – instruction about crop production, livestock management, soil and water conservation, and various other aspects of agriculture. Farmers acquire adequate knowledge required on the correct amount use of agrochemicals and other agriculture related technologies.

What is artificial selection?

Artificial selection – describes intentional breeding for certain traits, or combination of traits. Field day (agriculture) – related to a show is the “field day”, with elements of a trade show for machinery, equipment and skills required for broadacre farming.


Leave a Comment