what are the challenges faced by agricultural sector



These three challenges – feeding a growing population, providing a livelihood for farmers, and protecting the environment – must be tackled together if we are to make sustainable progress in any of them.Jun 6, 2019

What are the four major challenges of Agriculture?

The key challenges include the following: High cost of investment/finance. Inadequate physical infrastructure to support the sector Poor farming techniques Limited access to quality farm inputs Too much relying on rain; Lack of marketing data and information Inadequate production and post harvest …

What are the problems facing agriculture?

 · Our demands on agriculture don’t stop at production, the sector must also contribute to economic prosperity and the social wellbeing of rural areas, and help preserve natural resources such as land, water and biodiversity – in the face of pressures from urban expansion, industrialisation and a changing climate.

What are the problems faced by the agricultural sector?

 · There are a number of challenges faced by the spread of Covid-19 on the agricultural sector and ultimately on fertilizer consumption. One of these is the reduction in manpower available to harvest crops, particularly cash crops where migrant workers are often widely used and where lockdowns, quarantine and border controls are already causing …

What are the challenges UNICEF is facing?

Modern agriculture. has many complex challenges. Farming is a complex, unpredictable and individual business. Farmers must meet the changing needs of our planet and the expectations of regulators, consumers, and food processors and retailers. There are increasing pressures from climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss and from consumers’ changing tastes in …


What is the biggest challenge facing agriculture today?

To gain a clearer perspective of the scale of challenge, here are ten issues that are currently facing modern farmers:Climate change.The ongoing trade war between the United States and China.Rapidly depleting reserves of freshwater around the world.The looming food crisis.Economic insecurity in the United States.More items…•

What are the problems faced by agriculture sector in India?

Average farm size, poor infrastructure, low use of farm technologies and best farming techniques, decrease of soil fertility due to over fertilization and sustained pesticide use, are leading contributors to low agricultural productivity.

What are the challenges faced by agricultural sector in Malaysia?

Three problems faced by the agriculture sector in Malaysia1) Not enough Research & Development (R&D) in food cropsThis is because agricultural is very vulnerable to factors like change of climate, disease and pest infestation.In the case of large scale aquaculture, disease outbreaks will be major problem until quality …

What are the challenges faced by farmers today Class 10?

1) Small and fragmented lands provided to them. 2) Seeds which they get are not of proper quality, which definitely affects the growth. Distribution of seeds is also in poor condition. 3) The average yields of crops are lowest in India due to soil degradation and improper use of manure, fertilizer and herbicides.

What are the five problems of agriculture?

Problems Facing Agriculture in Nigeria and Possible SolutionsAccess to farmland.Inadequate financing.Poor transport system.Poor road network.Aging farmer population.Education.Farming System and techniques.Insecurity.More items…•

What are the 10 problems of agriculture?

10 Major Agricultural Problems of India and their Possible…Small and fragmented land-holdings: … Seeds: … Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides: … Irrigation: … Lack of mechanisation: … Soil erosion: … Agricultural Marketing: … Inadequate storage facilities:More items…

What are some agricultural issues?

Five Major Challenges Facing North American AgricultureResource Depletion: The Costs of Industrial Agriculture. … Land Management: Degrading and Undervaluing Farmland. … Food Waste: Compromising Food Security. … Demographic Changes: A Disconnected Public. … Political Issues: The Business of Food.


What is the challenge of sustainable agriculture?

As society embraces the challenge of sustainable agriculture, there is growing consensus on the need to combine high agricultural productivity with well-considered environmental protection ; however, Europe’s full potential will only be realised with ambitious science-based policy and political support for innovation. The combined challenges of agricultural production and biodiversity protection require that we exploit proven technologies whilst continuing to invest in the research and development of solutions for tomorrow.

How does agriculture affect biodiversity?

Protect habitats, conserve biodiversity. Agriculture is a major contributo r to land use change, which often implies the destruction of natural habitats – the single most important driver of biodiversity loss.

What is the purpose of EU crop protection?

While their use is certainly not without risk, a sensible, risk-based approach to EU legislation ensures farmers have access to products that when used correctly have no unacceptable effects on their health or the environment. This same stringent legislation allows European consumers a high degree of confidence in the safety, availability and affordability of their food.

How do pesticides protect crops?

Pesticides are formulated to protect crops by discouraging, confusing, altering the behaviour, or killing target pests, diseases and pathogens. When we consider biodiversity protection, this raises questions about the impact on non-target species that may be unintentionally exposed to pesticides.

How much can crop losses be without crop protection?

Without crop protection, losses for certain crops can exceed 80% of potential yield, and low input farming – as typified by organic agriculture – is estimated as averaging up to 34% lower yields than productive agriculture within the EU.

How can farmers protect their crops from pests?

By protecting crops from pests and disease, farmers can optimise yields on the existing agricultural land base, make efficient use of resources (inc. fuel, time, and capital) and prevent the loss of natural habitat that occurs when agricultural land expands to compensate for crop losses.

Why is it important to protect and restore farmland?

There is also a pressing need to protect and restore the quality of existing farmland. Highly productive and resource efficient agriculture mitigates the problems associated with all of these challenges, because it enables us to have more of everything – more crops, and more biodiversity and natural habitats.

What are the challenges facing the global food system?

Let’s start with the most obvious one. The global food system is expected to provide safe and nutritious food to a population that will likely grow from 7.5 billion people today, to nearly 10 billion by 2050. Not only will there be more mouths to feed, but as incomes grow in emerging …

How does agriculture affect the environment?

In addition, irrigation of agricultural crops comprises 70% of global water use, and agriculture directly contributes to around 11% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (mostly through cattle). Expanding agricultural land can also lead to deforestation, additional GHG emissions, and a loss of biodiversity.

What are the three challenges that must be tackled together?

These three challenges – feeding a growing population, providing a livelihood for farmers, and protecting the environment – must be tackled together if we are to make sustainable progress in any of them. But making progress on this “triple challenge” is difficult, as initiatives in one domain can have unintended consequences in another.

How many farms are there in the world?

There are an estimated 570 million farms worldwide today, and millions of other people work in food-related jobs. The global food system also has a large environmental footprint. In fact, agriculture occupies nearly 40% of the earth’s surface, far more than any other human activity.

Is food production only one aspect of the food system?

However, food production is only one aspect of the food system. The agro-food sector also provides a livelihood for millions of people . Globally, most of the people living in extreme poverty are in rural areas where food production is often the most important economic activity. There are an estimated 570 million farms worldwide today, …

Is farm productivity positive or negative?

Sometimes, the consequences are positive. For instance, raising farm productivity can generate income growth in agriculture, make more food available for consumers at lower prices, and – in some cases – reduce pressure on the environment. But sometimes the consequences are negative and require balancing trade-offs.

How does loss of revenue affect farmers?

Any loss of revenue whether through lower prices or loss of crop, will affect the purchasing power of farmers going into the next crop year and therefore potentially the demand for fertilizers. Bottlenecks in logistics and stranded product could lead to less being applied this year leading to a greater carryover of stored product and therefore less demand again for fresh supplies.

Is Brazil optimistic about crop production?

Nevertheless, there is a certain optimism about crop production going forward in anticipation of the need to ensure global food security at this challenging time. The outlook in Brazil, although pessimistic for sugar due to the drop in ethanol demand, is currently optimistic for corn and soy basis good margins and expectations of robust demand. Provided the logistics allow, and currently the government is supporting the movement of fertilizers as an essential commodity, this should prompt a steady flow of fertilizer into the country over the coming weeks and months. However, any constraints in deliveries by truck caused by the spread of the virus, as seen in China earlier this year, will impact eventual consumption.

What are the problems farmers face?

Farmers need to deal with many problems, including how to: Cope with climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss. Satisfy consumers’ changing tastes and expectations. Meet rising demand for more food of higher quality. Invest in farm productivity.

How do farmers deal with problems?

Farmers need to deal with many problems, including how to: 1 Cope with climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss 2 Satisfy consumers’ changing tastes and expectations 3 Meet rising demand for more food of higher quality 4 Invest in farm productivity 5 Adopt and learn new technologies 6 Stay resilient against global economic factors 7 Inspire young people to stay in rural areas and become future farmers

What are the factors that affect a farmer’s business decisions?

A farmer’s business decisions are complicated by global economic factors, like fluctuating commodity prices and trade issues, and the fact that a harvest can be affected by weather, insects or disease.

How does Agtech help farmers?

Agtech is raising crop productivity, but farmers need to invest in such technology, from treated seeds and crop protection products to data-analysis apps and precision spraying. While large-scale farmers may be able to afford to invest, smallholders don’t always have access to an affordable source of credit.

How does soil erosion affect crops?

Soil erosion is reducing the amount of land available for agriculture, and declining biodiversity affects the pollination of crops.

Why is farming not always the same?

While modern agriculture provides a large number of solutions, the outcome is not always the same because each farm is unique: different landscapes, soils, available technology and potential yields.

Why is there a shift in focus from concern about enough food to good food?

In recent years, there has been a shift in focus from concern about ‘enough food’ to ‘good food’. Society has rising expectations of farmers to reduce their impact on the environment, to increase the nutritional content of crops and to further minimize chemical residues in crops and the environment.

What are the effects of poverty on farmers?

Most farmers are living in abject poverty and cannot afford modern machinery or good quality seeds and pesticides, which results in low per hectare production and fewer exports, ultimately affecting the country’s overall economy.

What is the agriculture sector in Pakistan?

The agriculture sector is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy. It contributes around 18.9% to Pakistan’s GDP and employs 42.3% of its labour force (Ministry of Finance). Agricultural production caters to approximately 68% of the rural population and plays a pivotal role in stabilizing Pakistan’s food security.

What is low land productivity?

Low land productivity is a product of soil impoverishment (removal of nutrients and fertilizers from the soil) and negative soil nutrients (less nutrient application and more nutrient removal). Fertilizers and plant nutrients are pertinent to attain higher levels of food production.

Is there a lack of up to date agricultural research?

Agricultural credit of over 50 billion per annum is not provided to the small farmer and nor does it fulfil the requirements.

Why do poor farmers use low quality traditionally obtained seeds?

Because of this vast gap, poor farmers use low quality traditionally obtained seeds that are more susceptible to poor growth, insects, weeds and diseases, resulting in a low per hectare yield production and high food insecurity. Read more: Changes in tax policy likely to benefit agriculture sector & exports.

What is high per hectare production?

High per hectare production goes hand in hand with good quality inputs like branded seeds and fertilizers. Small farmers do not have the financial stability to afford quality certified seeds; thus, they turn to substandard seeds which of course affects the quality of the crop harvested.

Is Pakistan’s agriculture endemic?

Pakistan’s agricultural sector suffers from major endemic problems – its per hectare yield is the poorest in the region. We examine why this is so and where priorities should be set for improvement. The agriculture sector is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy.

What is the problem with agriculture?

This problem of agriculture is faced by people all over the world. The steady industrial growth coupled with the ever-increasing urbanization is leaving little to no room for any agricultural land. Deforestation and concrete jungles are taking up maximum area leaving little to no room for farming.

What are the problems farmers face?

Insects, poverty, and lack of irrigation facilities are only a few of the issues that farmers face on a daily basis. Even in developed countries, it is not difficult to spot farmers who lack basic financial and technical support.

Is the storage of crops finite?

The storage facilities for crops, after harvesting, are also finite. The number of people willing to actually go out there are toil in the fields is decreasing day by day. If nothing else, the machinery and equipment needed for farming are also scarce in most countries.

Is agriculture a good business idea?

This article is just to inform you and not to discourage you. I am sure you already know that agriculture or farming in particular is a good business idea.

Why do farmers need to upgrade their machinery?

The machinery for farming also need to be upgraded if one intends to see agriculture growing as a capital sector.

Is agriculture a major occupation?

In almost all developing countries, agriculture is the main occupation of a majority of people. However, it is not given its due importance. Farmers in such countries are hardly given any financial benefits, and the schemes designed in their favor rarely make it to them.

Can agriculture improve?

Until the issue of enough availability of agricultural land exists, one cannot expect significant improvement in this sector.

Current Challenges Facing The Global Food System

Setting The Table to Address The Triple Challenge

Future Policies May Require New Recipes

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